Ordinary Jews

Ordinary Jews

Although some became urban or even cosmopolitan types, most, like the people
depicted in Ordinary Jews, remained provincial, uncomprehending of the
ideological ferment swirling around them. They were consumed by the daily
struggle for ...

Author: Yehoshua Perle

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438435527

Category: Jewish fiction

Page: 358

View: 906

A new translation of a modern Yiddish masterpiece. Since its original publication in 1935, Ordinary Jews has come to be regarded as one of the masterpieces of Yiddish literature. In his portrayal of the lives of ordinary Polish Jews in a small provincial city at the end of the nineteenth century, Yehoshue Perle offers a glimpse at a way of life that was already changing by the time of the novel’s publication and would soon be brutally exterminated in the Holocaust. Through the eyes of the novel’s young protagonist, Mendl Shonash, we are introduced to an intricate society of housewives, beggars, tailors, doctors, maidservants, tavern keepers, teachers, gravediggers, rabbinical students, and a whole range of people living close to the bottom of the social scale, as well as the various social hierarchies, shady dealings, pretensions, grotesqueries, and superstitions that color and order their world. Like a star whose light is visible to us only light years after its creation, Ordinary Jews provides a glimpse into a particular culture and unique way of life that might otherwise be lost to history. “Excelsior Editions of the State University of New York Press has performed a valuable service in publishing Ordinary Jews, and Kumove provides a fine introduction and notes that will be illuminating to students and scholars alike … an important and timely publication on the basis of its comparative value in Jewish studies, which is decidedly international.” — H-Net Reviews (H-German) “Perle’s rich and vivid picture brings to life the smells and the grit, the mud and the homely meals, the curses and the struggle to piece a living together … [he] fulfills the promise of his title, Ordinary Jews, and gives today’s readers entry to a world that is now dust.” — Jewish Book World “Shirley Kumove is the ideal translator who is aware of the problematics of translation (particularly from Yiddish), is sensitive to both the original and target languages, and is familiar with the vanished culture conveyed in this novel. This translation is an important contribution to our knowledge of a culture that has disappeared and the literature that is unavailable to most English readers.” ― Barbara Harshav, translator of Meir Shalev’s novel Four Meals “Shirley Kumove has magnificently preserved the flavor of Perle’s highly idiomatic autobiographical Yiddish masterpiece in her flowing translation as well as provided a helpful scholarly apparatus for those who wish to delve deeper into the ethnographic and historical nuances of Polish Jewry. She has done a profound service not only to those who are interested in the complex dynamics of Jewish life and inter-ethnic relations in the Polish provinces of the early twentieth-century Russian empire, has also made accessible to an English-speaking audience a truly great portrait of humanity.” — Kalman Weiser, author of Jewish People, Yiddish Nation: Noah Prylucki and the Folkists in Poland
Categories: Jewish fiction

Ordinary Jews

Ordinary Jews

... Joe, 119 Dadasheva, Daria, 133 Darden, Keith, 10 data (specific data
employed in Ordinary Jews), 14–15, 199–207; data from the Zionist Organization
(ZO) Congress elections (1937 and 1939), 16, 217–18; Jewish ghettos dataset,
15–16; ...

Author: Evgeny Finkel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691197180

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 153

How Jewish responses during the Holocaust shed new light on the dynamics of genocide and political violence Focusing on the choices and actions of Jews during the Holocaust, Ordinary Jews examines the different patterns of behavior of civilians targeted by mass violence. Relying on rich archival material and hundreds of survivors' testimonies, Evgeny Finkel presents a new framework for understanding the survival strategies in which Jews engaged: cooperation and collaboration, coping and compliance, evasion, and resistance. Finkel compares Jews' behavior in three Jewish ghettos—Minsk, Kraków, and Białystok—and shows that Jews' responses to Nazi genocide varied based on their experiences with prewar policies that either promoted or discouraged their integration into non-Jewish society. Finkel demonstrates that while possible survival strategies were the same for everyone, individuals' choices varied across and within communities. In more cohesive and robust Jewish communities, coping—confronting the danger and trying to survive without leaving—was more organized and successful, while collaboration with the Nazis and attempts to escape the ghetto were minimal. In more heterogeneous Jewish communities, collaboration with the Nazis was more pervasive, while coping was disorganized. In localities with a history of peaceful interethnic relations, evasion was more widespread than in places where interethnic relations were hostile. State repression before WWII, to which local communities were subject, determined the viability of anti-Nazi Jewish resistance. Exploring the critical influences shaping the decisions made by Jews in Nazi-occupied eastern Europe, Ordinary Jews sheds new light on the dynamics of collective violence and genocide.
Categories: History

American Jewish Loss after the Holocaust

American Jewish Loss after the Holocaust

Ordinary. Jews. In his analysis of Alain Resnais' film Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959
), cultural critic Michael S. Roth explains why the filmmaker could not directly
address the legacy of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, why he
could ...

Author: Laura Levitt

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814752314

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 714

Many of us belong to communities that have been scarred by terrible calamities. And many of us come from families that have suffered grievous losses. How we reflect on these legacies of loss and the ways they inform each other are the questions Laura Levitt takes up in this provocative and passionate book. An American Jew whose family was not directly affected by the Holocaust, Levitt grapples with the challenges of contending with ordinary Jewish loss. She suggests that although the memory of the Holocaust may seem to overshadow all other kinds of loss for American Jews, it can also open up possibilities for engaging these more personal and everyday legacies. Weaving in discussions of her own family stories and writing in a manner that is both deeply personal and erudite, Levitt shows what happens when public and private losses are seen next to each other, and what happens when difficult works of art or commemoration, such as museum exhibits or films, are seen alongside ordinary family stories about more intimate losses. In so doing she illuminates how through these “ordinary stories” we may create an alternative model for confronting Holocaust memory in Jewish culture.
Categories: Religion

Ordinary Men

Ordinary Men

Police AUGUST Regiment South shot 1,324 Jews. 25: AUGUST According to the
first of two reports, Police Regiment South shot 549 Jews and 27: Battalion 314
shot 69 Jews. The second credited Police Regiment South with shooting ...

Author: Christopher R. Browning

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 9780062303035

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 103

Christopher R. Browning’s shocking account of how a unit of average middle-aged Germans became the cold-blooded murderers of tens of thousands of Jews—now with a new afterword and additional photographs. Ordinary Men is the true story of Reserve Police Battalion 101 of the German Order Police, which was responsible for mass shootings as well as round-ups of Jewish people for deportation to Nazi death camps in Poland in 1942. Browning argues that most of the men of RPB 101 were not fanatical Nazis but, rather, ordinary middle-aged, working-class men who committed these atrocities out of a mixture of motives, including the group dynamics of conformity, deference to authority, role adaptation, and the altering of moral norms to justify their actions. Very quickly three groups emerged within the battalion: a core of eager killers, a plurality who carried out their duties reliably but without initiative, and a small minority who evaded participation in the acts of killing without diminishing the murderous efficiency of the battalion whatsoever. While this book discusses a specific Reserve Unit during WWII, the general argument Browning makes is that most people succumb to the pressures of a group setting and commit actions they would never do of their own volition. Ordinary Men is a powerful, chilling, and important work with themes and arguments that continue to resonate today. “A remarkable—and singularly chilling—glimpse of human behavior...This meticulously researched book...represents a major contribution to the literature of the Holocaust."—Newsweek
Categories: History

The Holocaust and History

The Holocaust and History

A REPLY TO THE CRITICS In the spring of 1992 , I published a book entitled
Ordinary Men , the case study of a reserve police battalion from Hamburg that
became the chief unit for killing Jews in the northern Lublin district of the General
 ...

Author: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253215293

Category: History

Page: 836

View: 410

Essays discuss the study of Holocaust history, Nazi Germany, concentration camps, Jewish resistance, rescuers of Jews, and survivors.
Categories: History

Hugh Schonfield

Hugh Schonfield

He thinks this has come about because of the structure of the decision-making
within Jewish religious law; there is no central ... His claim that most “ordinary
Jews” would not have regarded Brother Daniel as Jewish because he was now a
 ...

Author: Owen Power

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781621895961

Category: Religion

Page: 138

View: 771

With this book, Owen Power offers the first full-length intellectual history of the thinker Hugh Schonfield (1901-1988). Power contextualises Schonfield and his work in the spheres of Jewish ideology and Messianic Jewish politics as a means to explain the complicated nature of Messianic Jewish identity. There are many problems in making sense of the varied claims made about the Jewishness of Jewish Believers in Jesus--as there is a striking lack of agreement as to their Jewish status among halakhic authorities--and there is no real consensus among Messianic Jews themselves in answering the question, "Who is a (Messianic) Jew?" On the other hand, the attitude of many Jewish commentators regarding Messianic Jews is that they are traitors and apostates pretending to be Jews--Christian missionaries hell-bent on enticing Jews from their communities to the welcoming embrace of the Church. Normative Jewish opinion tends to treat Jewish Believers in Jesus as a monolithic group and thus fails to recognise the wide range of groups and individuals who claim to be Messianic Jews, even if there is among them little consensus as to what such a label means. Schonfield's case both reinforces such convictions and problematizes them.
Categories: Religion

A History of the Jews in Babylonia

A History of the Jews in Babylonia

All the exilarch actually could do was to shift the burden of taxes to others , so that
the rabbis ' share would devolve upon ordinary Jews . He naturally was not ready
to do so , and I do not think ordinary people would have wanted him to .

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: Brill Archive

ISBN:

Category: Jews

Page:

View: 307

Categories: Jews

History of the Jews in Babylonia

History of the Jews in Babylonia

All the exilarch actually could do was to shift the burden of taxes to others, so that
the rabbis' share would devolve upon ordinary Jews. He naturally was not ready
to do so, and I do not think ordinary people would have wanted him to. The tax ...

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004021469

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 354

Categories: History

A History of the Jews in Babylonia Part IV

A History of the Jews in Babylonia  Part IV

All the exilarch actually could do was to shift the burden of taxes to others, so that
the rabbis' share would devolve upon ordinary Jews. He naturally was not ready
to do so, and I do not think ordinary people would have wanted him to. The tax ...

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781606080771

Category: Religion

Page: 496

View: 861

Categories: Religion

Jews the Japanese

Jews   the Japanese

Japan had no equivalents to Marx, Freud, or Einstein, because its society and
value system were not structured to encourage opponents of conventional
wisdom. Many Jews who entered European society became wealthy and,
although many ...

Author: Ben-Ami Shillony

Publisher: Tuttle Publishing

ISBN: 9781462903962

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 198

"Few peoples have drawn the 'us' and 'them' line so clearly and maintained it for so long." —From The Jews and the Japanese It is difficult to imagine two more widely different—almost incompatible—societies than those of the Jews and the Japanese: a people spread over the four corners of the world versus a people with an almost uninterrupted history of sovereignty in its own land: geographical heterogeneity versus linguistic and cultural homogeneity; a cosmopolitan experience versus an island mentality; strict religious and moral commandments versus group–based and aesthetically bound values. Yet, there are also surprising analogies between these two peoples. It is this extraordinary combination of similarities and differences that are explored. In The Jews and the Japanese, Professor Shillony describes how these two peoples, both rich in cultural heritage and historical experiences, have interacted with the Christian West, their outstanding achievements and immense tragedies, and their attempts to integrate with the West and its repeated rejection of them.
Categories: History

Jewish Bioethics

Jewish Bioethics

This is a scholarly book on medical ethics in Jewish law (Halakhah). ... or the
Jewish contribution to medicine; rather, it is about the ways rabbis have guided
ordinary, observant Jews in coping with illness and with the regulation of
healthcare.

Author: Yechiel Michael Barilan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107024663

Category: Religion

Page: 294

View: 938

Presents the discourse in Jewish law and rabbinic literature on bioethical issues, highlighting practical problems in their socio-historical contexts.
Categories: Religion

The Jewish Year Book

The Jewish Year Book

What the Rabbanim , or a majority of them , have enjoined determines the
orthodox Jew . Rabbanites . The name given to ordinary Jews , who believe in
the Rabbinical tradition , to distinguish them from the Karaites ( q.v. ) . Rabbi ( 27 ,
lit.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B403234

Category:

Page:

View: 695

Categories:

The Columbia History of Jews and Judaism in America

The Columbia History of Jews and Judaism in America

American Jewish life by inspiring ordinary Jews to greater Jewish practice,
Jewish learning, and Jewish culture. The success of JPS signaled American
Jewry's maturity, and in 1895 Moravian-born Isidore Singer, an editor and prolific
author in ...

Author: Marc Lee Raphael

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231507066

Category: Religion

Page: 300

View: 630

This is the first anthology in more than half a century to offer fresh insight into the history of Jews and Judaism in America. Beginning with six chronological survey essays, the collection builds with twelve topical essays focusing on a variety of important themes in the American Jewish and Judaic experience. The volume opens with early Jewish settlers (1654-1820), the expansion of Jewish life in America (1820-1901), the great wave of eastern European Jewish immigrants (1880-1924), the character of American Judaism between the two world wars, American Jewish life from the end of World War II to the Six-Day War, and the growth of Jews' influence and affluence. The second half of the book includes essays on the community of Orthodox Jews, the history of Jewish education in America, the rise of Jewish social clubs at the turn of the century, the history of southern and western Jewry, Jewish responses to Nazism and the Holocaust; feminism's confrontation with Judaism, and the eternal question of what defines American Jewish culture. The contributions of distinguished scholars seamlessly integrate recent scholarship. Endnotes provide the reader with access to the authors' research and sources. Comprehensive, original, and elegantly crafted, The Columbia History of Jews and Judaism in America not only introduces the student to this thrilling history but also provides new perspectives for the scholar. Contributors: Dianne Ashton (Rowan University), Mark K. Bauman (Atlanta Metropolitan College), Kimmy Caplan (Bar-Ilan University, Israel), Eli Faber (City University of New York), Eric L. Goldstein (University of Michigan), Jeffrey S. Gurock (Yeshiva University), Jenna Weissman Joselit (Princeton University), Melissa Klapper (Rowan University), Alan T. Levenson (Siegal College of Judaic Studies), Rafael Medoff (David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies), Pamela S. Nadell (American University), Riv-Ellen Prell (University of Minnesota), Linda S. Raphael (George Washington University), Jeffrey Shandler (Rutgers University), Michael E. Staub (City University of New York), William Toll (University of Oregon), Beth S. Wenger (University of Pennsylvania), Stephen J. Whitfield (Brandeis University)
Categories: Religion

The Persecution of the Jews in Russia

The Persecution of the Jews in Russia

With an Appendix Containing a Summary of Special and Restrictive Laws Russo-
Jewish Committee ... Hitherto , ordinary Jews , if prevented from going beyond
the Pale , could move from town to village , and from village to village , within the
 ...

Author: Russo-Jewish Committee

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044057268229

Category: Jewish question

Page: 71

View: 572

Categories: Jewish question

YIVO and the Making of Modern Jewish Culture

YIVO and the Making of Modern Jewish Culture

He sought to develop the tongue into a suitable medium for all topics and forms
of expression, for only in this way, he argued, could ordinary Jews have access to
world culture and all Jews live a fully Jewish life without the need to turn to ...

Author: Cecile Esther Kuznitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107014206

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 385

This book is the first history of YIVO, an important center for Jewish culture and politics in the early twentieth century.
Categories: History

Visualizing Jews Through the Ages

Visualizing Jews Through the Ages

Jewish. Female. Iconography. Israel. M. Sandman. Mediaeval Judaism and
Christianity each claimed to be God's chosen ... to multiple audiences, including
Jewish cognoscenti and intelligentsia, ordinary Jews, Jewish children or
antagonistic ...

Author: Hannah Ewence

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317630289

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 694

This volume explores literary and material representations of Jews, Jewishness and Judaism from antiquity to the twenty-first century. Gathering leading scholars from within the field of Jewish Studies, it investigates how the debates surrounding literary and material images within Judaism and in Jewish life are part of an on-going strategy of image management - the urge to shape, direct, authorize and contain Jewish literary and material images and encounters with those images - a strategy both consciously and unconsciously undertaken within multifarious arenas of Jewish life from early modern German lands to late twentieth-century North London, late Antique Byzantium to the curation of contemporary Holocaust exhibitions.
Categories: History

Jews and the Imperial State

Jews and the Imperial State

I was born in the 1830s , " the merchant explained , " when the state hardly
affected the lives of ordinary Jews and was registered at birth as Yokhel
Girshovich Saker . " After moving to St. Petersburg from a small town in the pale ,
Saker had ...

Author: Eugene M. Avrutin

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080144862X

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 486

This absorbing book is a fine contribution to the growing literature on official identification and the administrative life of the state, including its characteristic product, the paper document.--Jane Caplan, University of Oxford --Jane Caplan, University of Oxford "Choice"
Categories: History

Jesus the Sabbath and the Jewish Debate

Jesus  the Sabbath and the Jewish Debate

It is also possible that the very public example and inÀuence of Jesus, who must
certainly be counted as an ordinary Jewish person as far as his social status is
concerned, helped to moderate the strict, pious attitude of at least some of the ...

Author: Nina L. Collins

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567270344

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 656

The claim that Jesus was criticised by the Pharisees for performing cures on the Sabbath has been continuously repeated for almost 2,000 years. But a meticulous, unprejudiced evaluation of the relevant gospel texts shows that the historical Jesus was never criticised by historical Pharisees for performing Sabbath cures. In fact, Jesus and the Pharisees were in complete agreement for the need for cures on the Sabbath day. It is also clear that the Sabbath healing events in the gospels have preserved a significant part of the history of the early Jewish debate which sought to resolve the apparent conflict between the demands of Jewish law, and the performance of deeds of healing and/or saving life. This debate, from its Maccabean origins through to the end of the second century CE, is the subject of this book. The story of the debate has escaped the attention of historians partly because it relies on the evidence of both the early postbiblical Jewish texts and the Christian gospels, which are not generally studied together.
Categories: Religion

Salvation is from the Jews John 4 22

Salvation is from the Jews  John 4 22

Instead of having the priests direct the reading and the interpretation of Torah ,
the Pharisees gave every male Jew the ... In local synagogues ( which were
frequently in private homes or in open spaces ) , ordinary Jews experienced
greater ...

Author: Aaron Milavec

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 0814659896

Category: Religion

Page: 201

View: 493

Growing up in an ethnic suburb in Cleveland, Aaron Milavec was an impressionable adolescent whose religious and cultural influences made it natural for him to ?pity, blame, and despise Jews.? All of that began to change in 1955 when Mr. Martin, a Jewish merchant, hired Milavec as a stock boy. Milavec?s initial anxieties over working for a Jew surprisingly gave way to profound personal admiration. This, in turn, plunged Milavec into a troubling theological dilemma: ?How could God consign Mr. Martin to eternal hellfire due to his ancestral role in the death of Jesus when it was clear that Mr. Martin would not harm me, a Christian, even in small ways?? This book is not for the faint-hearted. Most Christians imagine that the poison of anti-Judaism has been largely eliminated. In contrast, Milavec reveals how this poison has gone underground?disfiguring not only the role of Israel in God?s plan of salvation but also horribly twisting the faith, the forgiveness, and the salvation that Christians find through Jesus Christ. This painful realization serves as the necessary first step for our healing. At each step of the way, Milavec?s sure hand builds bridges of mutual understanding that enable both Christians and Jews to cross the chasm of distrust and distortion that has infected both church and synagogue over the centuries. In the end, Milavec securely brings his readers to that place where Rabbinic Judaism and Christianity can again be admired as sister religions intimately united to one other in God?s drama of salvation.?For the last fifteen years Aaron Milavec has done groundbreaking scholarly work on the first century Jewish-Christian document, the Didache, and he is a veteran of local Christian-Jewish dialogue. His Salvation Is from the Jews is a stirring work that incorporates provocative theological perspectives along with numerous insights from recent official Church teaching. The author is specifically concerned that Church leaders, both lay and ordained, follow through with the trajectory defined in the study document, Covenant and Mission. In addition, he seeks to foster a more honest and soul-searching dialogue in living rooms, in congregations, and on the web.? Louise Barnes Vera Office for Ecumenical and Interfaith Relations Cincinnati, Ohio ?A personal, theological, and historical journey, Milavec's volume offers numerous reflections that challenge, that provoke, and that inspire.? Amy-Jill Levine E. Rhodes and Leona B. Carpenter Professor of New Testament Studies Vanderbilt Divinity School and Graduate Department of Religion Nashville, Tennessee ?The integration of the new understanding of the Christian-Jewish relationship that emerged from Vatican II?s Nostra Aetate still awaits completion. Aaron Milavec has moved ahead that process to a significant degree in Salvation Is from the Jews: Saving Grace in Judaism and Messianic Hope in Christianity. He has brought together the best of the biblical and theological scholarship on this question in the past several decades from with the official Catholic statements in a comprehensive framework that breaks new ground.? John T. Pawlikowski, O.S.M., Ph.D. Director, Catholic-Jewish Studies Program Catholic Theological Union Chicago, Illinois ?With extraordinary candor, Aaron Milavec challenges traditionally held Christian misconceptions about the Jewish Faith and sets the record straight. Salvation Is from the Jews makes it abundantly clear that unlike its relationship to other religions, Christianity shares an intimate bond with Judaism?a common spiritual pilgrimage that deserves to be affirmed and celebrated.? Keith F. Pecklers, S.J. Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome?Dr. Milavec has elegantly and passionately reframed the dialogue between Judaism and Christianity in purely theological terms and has taken into account both the past and the contemporary scene. He has created a Christian theology of Judaism and it is one well in advance of what is presently in hand.? Jacob Neusner Distinguished Service Professor of the History and Theology of Judaism Senior Fellow, Institute of Advanced Theology Bard College
Categories: Religion

The Nazi Holocaust Part 5 Public Opinion and Relations to the Jews in Nazi Europe

The Nazi Holocaust  Part 5  Public Opinion and Relations to the Jews in Nazi Europe

Polish-Jewish Relations During the Second World War by Josrarn KERMISH The
work by Dr. Ringelblum, “Polish-Jewish Relations During ... writers, teachers,
people in public office, members of the underground, and simple, ordinary Jews.

Author: Michael Robert Marrus

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110970449

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 928

Diese Reihe bietet erstmals eine Basissammlung von Faksimiles englischsprachiger historischer Artikel zu allen Aspekten der Vernichtung der europäischen Juden. Die große Anzahl von annähernd 300 Aufsätzen aus 84 Zeitschriften und Sammlungen ermöglicht den Lesern, sich einen Überblick über diesen Themenkomplex zu verschaffen. Die Reihe beginnt mit einem Rückblick auf die Wurzeln des Antisemitismus und einer Darstellung der verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Methoden zur Erforschung des Holocaust. Die Reihe endet mit der Dokumentation der Befreiung der Konzentrationslager und mit Aufsätzen zu den Kriegsverbrecherprozessen. Der Erscheinungszeitraum umfasst die Jahre 1950 bis 1987, zu den Verfassern gehören beispielsweise Jakob Katz, Saul Friedländer, Eberhard Jäckel, Bruno Bettelheim und Herbert A. Strauss.
Categories: History