Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Anthony Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198506126

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 7972

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The innovative text gives an introductory treatment of the optical properties of solids. The fundamental principles of absorption, reflection, luminescence and light scattering are discussed for a wide range of materials, including crystalline insulators and semiconductors, glasses, metals,and molecular materials. Classical and quantum models are used as appropriate, and the phenomena are well illustrated using recent experimental data. A particular feature is the inclusion of many new topics that have come to the fore in recent years and have not previously been covered in othersolid state texts at this level. Examples include semiconductor quantum wells, organic semiconductors, vibronic solid state lasers and nonlinear optics.The book is primarily written for physicists, but it will also be useful for electrical engineers, materials scientists, and physical chemists. The subject material is developed in a tutorial style, and includes worked examples, exercises, and chapter summaries for revision.
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Electrons in Solids

Mesoscopics, Photonics, Quantum Computing, Correlations, Topology

Author: Hendrik Bluhm,Thomas Brückel,Markus Morgenstern,Gero Plessen,Christoph Stampfer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110438321

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 3784

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As a continuation of classical condensed matter physics texts, this graduate textbook introduces advanced topics of correlated electron systems, mesoscopic transport,quantum computing, optical excitations and topological insulators. The book is focusing on an intuitive understanding of the basic concepts of these rather complex subjects.
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Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids

Volume II: Electronic Properties

Author: Jenö Sólyom

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540853154

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 6999

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The reader is holding the second volume of a three-volume textbook on sol- state physics. This book is the outgrowth of the courses I have taught for many years at Eötvös University, Budapest, for undergraduate and graduate students under the titles Solid-State Physics and Modern Solid-State Physics. The main motivation for the publication of my lecture notes as a book was that none of the truly numerous textbooks covered all those areas that I felt should be included in a multi-semester course. Especially, if the course strives to present solid-state physics in a uni?ed structure, and aims at d- cussing not only classic chapters of the subject matter but also (in more or less detail) problems that are of great interest for today’s researcher as well. Besides, the book presents a much larger material than what can be covered in a two- or three-semester course. In the ?rst part of the ?rst volume the analysis of crystal symmetries and structure goes into details that certainly cannot be included in a usual course on solid-state physics. The same applies, among others, to the discussion of the methods used in the determination of band structure, the properties of Fermi liquids and non-Fermi liquids, and the theory of unconventional superconductors in the present and third volumes. These parts can be assigned as supplementary reading for interested students, or can be discussed in advanced courses.
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Modern Classical Optics

Author: Geoffrey Brooker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198599654

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 397

View: 9423

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Praised as 'one of the best new optics books seen for some time', this book will provide a unique presentation of classical optics from the modern perspective. Written for advanced undergraduate students, the text stands out by its readability and stimulating discussions, close ties to experimental physics, and excellent choice of worked problem sets.
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Band Theory and Electronic Properties of Solids

Author: John Singleton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057460

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 3726

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This book provides an introduction to band theory and the electronic properties of materials at a level suitable for final-year undergraduates or first-year graduate students. It sets out to provide the vocabulary and quantum-mechanical training necessary to understand the electronic, optical and structural properties of the materials met in science and technology and describes some of the experimental techniques which are used to study band structure today. In order to leave space for recent developments, the Drude model and the introduction of quantum statistics are treated synoptically. However, Bloch's theorem and two tractable limits, a very weak periodic potential and the tight-binding model, are developed rigorously and in three dimensions. Having introduced the ideas of bands, effective masses and holes, semiconductor and metals are treated in some detail, along with the newer ideas of artificial structures such as super-lattices and quantum wells, layered organic substances and oxides. Some recent `hot topics' in research are covered, e.g. the fractional Quantum Hall Effect and nano-devices, which can be understood using the techniques developed in the book. In illustrating examples of e.g. the de Haas-van Alphen effect, the book focuses on recent experimental data, showing that the field is a vibrant and exciting one. References to many recent review articles are provided, so that the student can conduct research into a chosen topic at a deeper level. Several appendices treating topics such as phonons and crystal structure make the book self-contained introduction to the fundamentals of band theory and electronic properties in condensed matter physic today.
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Textbook of in vivo Imaging in Vertebrates

Author: Vasilis Ntziachristos,Anne Leroy-Willig,Bertrand Tavitian

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470029589

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 4684

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This book describes the new imaging techniques being developed to monitor physiological, cellular and subcellular function within living animals. This exciting field of imaging science brings together physics, chemistry, engineering, biology and medicine to yield powerful and versatile imaging approaches. By combining advanced non-invasive imaging technologies with new mechanisms for visualizing biochemical events and protein and gene function, non-invasive vertebrate imaging enables the in vivo study of biology and offers rapid routes from basic discovery to drug development and clinical application. Combined with the availability of an increasing number of animal models of human disease, and the ability to perform longitudinal studies of disease evolution and of the long-term effects of therapeutic procedures, this new technology offers the next generation of tools for biomedical research. Well illustrated, largely in colour, the book reviews the most common and technologically advanced methods for vertebrate imaging, presented in a clear, comprehensive format. The basic principles are described, followed by several examples of the use of imaging in the study of living multicellular organisms, concentrating on small animal models of human diseases. The book illustrates: The types of information that can be obtained with modern in vivo imaging; The substitution of imaging methods for more destructive histological techniques; The advantages conferred by in vivo imaging in building a more accurate picture of the response of tissues to stimuli over time while significantly reducing the number of animals required for such studies. Part 1 describes current techniques in in vivo imaging, providing specialists and laboratory scientists from all disciplines with clear and helpful information regarding the tools available for their specific research field. Part 2 looks in more detail at imaging organ development and function, covering the brain, heart, lung and others. Part 3 describes the use of imaging to monitor various new types of therapy, following the reaction in an individual organism over time, e.g. after gene or cell therapy. Most chapters are written by teams of physicists and biologists, giving a balanced coherent description of each technique and its potential applications.
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Superconductivity, Superfluids and Condensates

Author: James F. Annett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507567

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 9828

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Superconductivity, provides a basic introduction to one of the most innovative areas in condensed matter physics today. This book includes ample tutorial material, including illustrations, chapter summaries, graded problem sets, and concise examples. This book is part of the Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics.
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Statistical Mechanics

Entropy, Order Parameters, and Complexity

Author: James Sethna

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019856676X

Category: Computers

Page: 349

View: 8561

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Sethna distills the core ideas of statistical mechanics to make room for new advances important to information theory, complexity, and modern biology. He explores everything from chaos through to life at the end of the universe.
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Statistical Mechanics: Algorithms and Computations

Author: Werner Krauth

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0198515359

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 3452

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This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics, adopting simple language and an attractive format of many illustrations, tables and printed algorithms. The discussion of key subjects in classical and quantum statistical physics will appeal to students, teachers and researchers in physics and related sciences. The focus is on orientation with implementation details kept to a minimum. - ;This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics in a clear and accessible way and demonstrates its close relation to other approaches in theoretical physics. Individual chapters focus on subjects as diverse as the hard sphere liquid, classical spin models, single quantum particles and Bose-Einstein condensation. Contained within the chapters are in-depth discussions of algorithms, ranging from basic enumeration methods to modern Monte Carlo techniques. The emphasis is on orientation, with discussion of implementation details kept to a minimum. Illustrations, tables and concise printed algorithms convey key information, making the material very accessible. The book is completely self-contained and graphs and tables can readily be reproduced, requiring minimal computer code. Most sections begin at an elementary level and lead on to the rich and difficult problems of contemporary computational and statistical physics. The book will be of interest to a wide range of students, teachers and researchers in physics and the neighbouring sciences. An accompanying CD allows incorporation of the book's content (illustrations, tables, schematic programs) into the reader's own presentations. - ;'This book is the best one I have reviewed all year.' Alan Hinchliffe, Physical Sciences Educational Reviews -
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