On Grand Strategy

On Grand Strategy

A master class in strategic thinking, distilled from the legendary program the author has co-taught at Yale for decades For almost two decades, Yale students have competed for admission each year to the "Studies in Grand Strategy" seminar ...

Author: John Lewis Gaddis

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780525557296

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 821

A master class in strategic thinking, distilled from the legendary program the author has co-taught at Yale for decades For almost two decades, Yale students have competed for admission each year to the "Studies in Grand Strategy" seminar taught by John Lewis Gaddis, Paul Kennedy, and Charles Hill. Its purpose has been to prepare future leaders for responsibilities they will face, through lessons drawn from history and the classics. Now Gaddis has distilled that teaching into a succinct, sharp and potentially transformational book, surveying statecraft from the ancient Greeks to Franklin D. Roosevelt and beyond. An unforgettable guide to the art of leadership, On Grand Strategy is, in every way, its own master class.
Categories: History

Summary of John Lewis Gaddis s On Grand Strategy

Summary of John Lewis Gaddis s On Grand Strategy

#14 Grand strategies are meant to prevent the alignment of unlimited aspirations with limited capabilities. They have traditionally been associated with the planning and fighting of wars, but the necessity for such alignment goes back ...

Author: Everest Media,

Publisher: Everest Media LLC

ISBN: 9781669380696

Category: History

Page: 34

View: 873

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The Persian king Xerxes had a dream that his armies would be defeated by the Greeks. His adviser and uncle Artabanus told him not to worry, because if he did not attack Greece, he would be punished by being humiliated again. #2 Xerxes was the king of Persia, and he wanted to conquer Greece. He prayed to the sun for the strength to conquer not just Greece, but all of Europe. He ordered his priests to burn incense. #3 The distinction between hedgehogs and foxes is simple but not frivolous: it offers a point of view from which to look and compare, a starting point for genuine investigation. It reflects one of the deepest differences between writers and thinkers, and perhaps human beings in general. #4 Tolstoy’s essay was a response to Berlin’s theory of foxes and hedgehogs, which he had applied to the Russian Revolution. Berlin had stumbled upon two of the best ways to become intellectually indelible: be Delphic, and turn your ideas into animals.
Categories: History

The Domestic Bases of Grand Strategy

The Domestic Bases of Grand Strategy

[ 7 ] Internal and External Constraints on Grand Strategy : The Soviet Case Matthew Evangelista The dramatic changes in Soviet foreign policy during the second half of the 1980s produced an ambivalent and contradictory response in the ...

Author: Richard Rosecrance

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801481163

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 449

Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Grand Strategy

The Oxford Handbook of Grand Strategy

and crucially the conceptual framework of grand strategy have evolved over time. Whether fully aware of this history or not, contemporary writing on grand strategy necessarily bears its fingerprints. Debates over how to conceptualize ...

Author: Thierry Balzacq

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198840299

Category: Political Science

Page: 752

View: 966

The Oxford Handbook of Grand Strategy addresses the conceptual and historical foundations, production, evolution, and future of grand strategy from a wide range of standpoints.
Categories: Political Science

China s Grand Strategy

China s Grand Strategy

Chapter 1 Foundation for Chinese Research on Grand Strategy In ancienttimes great rulers kept a watchful eye on the politicaldevelopment status of their vassal states.If not they wouldn't know about the overall strength of different ...

Author: Honghua Men

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811542572

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 111

This book aims to build the ideal model of China's grand strategy framework, which is based on three key variables: national power, strategic concept and international institution. Taking the rise of China as an opportunity, this book adopts the assessment of national strategic resources as the beginning, focuses on the evaluation of strategic capability, the choice of strategic orientation, the establishment of strategic objectives, the planning of strategic content and the implementation of strategic means. Further, following this main line, this book establishes a China's grand strategy framework based on active participation and integration-transformation-shaping process. This book emphasizes that to achieve the goals of China's grand strategy; China should uphold this strategic attitude: It should not be seduced by praise and should not be made aggressive by criticism. It should learn to be glorious but remain humble, maintain a wealthy, influential but modest position by restraint. This book can be regarded as the essence of the author's 20 years long-term focus and research on the China's grand strategy. The author's postdoctoral tutor Professor Hu Angang’s comment of this book can hit the nail on the head: "This book is a pioneering theoretical study of China's great strategic research and makes a significant contribution to this research field. The basic arguments of this book have been submitted through various approaches to decision-making references or published in academic papers, and have received numerous positive responses and resonance. In my opinion, the basic ideas and important findings of this book will provide imperative reference to long-term strategy decision-making process. In addition, the fundamental theory and analysis method of the book will have an important influence in both domestic and international academic field."
Categories: Political Science

The Grand Strategies of Great Powers

The Grand Strategies of Great Powers

More than 500 books on grand strategy saw print in the roughly three decades since the end of the Cold War. Proposing, debating, and criticizing grand strategy has become so commonplace that in 2011, a Foreign Affairs article observed ...

Author: Tudor A. Onea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351975872

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 781

What is grand strategy and what is it good for? What are great powers, and which states are great powers today? What are the grand strategies available to great powers? What are the conditions under which a certain strategy is suitable and when should it be rejected? What are the factors affecting the success or failure of a given grand strategy? The present volume provides answers to these questions by introducing a typology of great power grand strategies, as strategies of rising, status quo, and declining powers, as well as through historical illustrations of each type. The reader is thus exposed to strategies such as divide and conquer, biding your time, opportunity strike, primacy, semi-detachment, concert, and appeasement through the experiences of leaders such as Bismarck, Peter the Great, Metternich, Deng Xiaoping, Neville Chamberlain, and Stalin. This analysis is then brought to bear on present developments in the grand strategies of the United States, China, and Russia. The volume should be of interest to both the academic and foreign policy-making communities, and in particular to students of international relations, diplomacy, history, and current international affairs.
Categories: History

Grand Strategy in Theory and Practice

Grand Strategy in Theory and Practice

To a considerable extent, the nation and its leaders have lacked a basic consensus on grand strategy. Debates about grand strategy, war, and diplomacy reflect considerable confusion about the broad purposes that animate American foreign ...

Author: William C. Martel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107082069

Category: Political Science

Page: 530

View: 966

This book explores fundamental questions about grand strategy, as it has evolved across generations and countries. It provides an overview of the ancient era of grand strategy and a detailed discussion of its philosophical, military, and economic foundations in the modern era. The author investigates these aspects through the lenses of four approaches - those of historians, social scientists, practitioners, and military strategists. The main goal is to provide contemporary policy makers and scholars with a historic and analytic framework in which to evaluate and conduct grand strategy. By providing greater analytical clarity about grand strategy and describing its nature and its utility for the state, this book presents a comprehensive theory on the practice of grand strategy in order to articulate the United States' past, present, and future purpose and position on the world stage.
Categories: Political Science

India s Grand Strategy and Foreign Policy

India   s Grand Strategy and Foreign Policy

and on the other hand with the “self”, that is how India's state identity is perceived (Figure 3.5). One can argue that these normative ... Thus, to describe the range of ideological positions or worldviews on grand strategy and the ...

Author: Bernhard Beitelmair-Berini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000411348

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 917

The book explores the competing grand strategic worldviews shaping India’s foreign and security policies by analyzing the interaction between normative modern international relations theories and vernacular concepts of statecraft and strategy. To assess the diverse competing ideas which characterize India’s debates on grand strategy and foreign policy, the author presents the subculture-cleavage model of grand strategic thought. This innovative analytical framework reveals the complexities of India’s strategic pluralism and offers the building blocks for a systematic analysis of grand strategy formation. The book demonstrates that the strategic paradigms, or strategic subcultures, are marked by contending ideas of Indian statehood and civilization, held by policymakers and the informed public, and are a result of ideology-driven perceptions of the country’s strategic environment. The author argues that the apparent hybridization and stretching of modern and traditional concepts of international relations in India has become a widespread feature of Indian foreign policy to meet the needs of state formation and nation-building. A unique approach to organizing and understanding the debates and discourse in Indian strategic thinking, the book will be of interest to specialists and students in the field of International Relations, political theory, South Asian Studies, and India’s foreign and security policy.
Categories: Political Science

Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump

Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump

1945–46 the dominant strategy was defensive liberalism based on the perception that the Soviet Union was not threatening (a WWII ally) and was relatively weak (as a result of the war devastation). Second, in 1947 there was a transition ...

Author: Benjamin Miller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226735153

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 922

American foreign policy is the subject of extensive debate. Many look to domestic factors as the driving forces of bad policies. Benjamin Miller instead seeks to account for changes in US international strategy by developing a theory of grand strategy that captures the key security approaches available to US decision-makers in times of war and peace. Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump makes a crucial contribution to our understanding of competing grand strategies that accounts for objectives and means of security policy. Miller puts forward a model that is widely applicable, based on empirical evidence from post-WWII to today, and shows that external factors—rather than internal concerns—are the most determinative.
Categories: Political Science

Rethinking American Grand Strategy

Rethinking American Grand Strategy

See, for example, Murray, “Thoughts on Grand Strategy,” 1. 48. This follows the classic typology of power developed in Michael Mann, The Sources of Social Power, 4 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986–2013). 49.

Author: Elizabeth Borgwardt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190695699

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 512

A wide-ranging rethinking of the many factors that comprise the making of American Grand Strategy. What is grand strategy? What does it aim to achieve? And what differentiates it from normal strategic thought--what, in other words, makes it "grand"? In answering these questions, most scholars have focused on diplomacy and warfare, so much so that "grand strategy" has become almost an equivalent of "military history." The traditional attention paid to military affairs is understandable, but in today's world it leaves out much else that could be considered political, and therefore strategic. It is in fact possible to consider, and even reach, a more capacious understanding of grand strategy, one that still includes the battlefield and the negotiating table while expanding beyond them. Just as contemporary world politics is driven by a wide range of non-military issues, the most thorough considerations of grand strategy must consider the bases of peace and security--including gender, race, the environment, and a wide range of cultural, social, political, and economic issues. Rethinking American Grand Strategy assembles a roster of leading historians to examine America's place in the world. Its innovative chapters re-examine familiar figures, such as John Quincy Adams, George Kennan, and Henry Kissinger, while also revealing the forgotten episodes and hidden voices of American grand strategy. They expand the scope of diplomatic and military history by placing the grand strategies of public health, race, gender, humanitarianism, and the law alongside military and diplomatic affairs to reveal hidden strategists as well as strategies.
Categories: History