Visions of Democracy and Peace in Occupied Japan

Visions of Democracy and Peace in Occupied Japan

... returned home, hoping that the Diet would approve them. After all, the outcome
was favorable to Japan: its independence was promised following a short
occupation period of seven years; the importance of Japan's recovery was
recognized; ...

Author: Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781793622327

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 579

In Visions of Democracy and Peace in Occupied Japan, Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti examines American occupation of Japan during World War II and the evolution of Japan’s political parties to highlight the country’s struggles for a democratic and peaceful “Japanese Japan.” Using a dynamic analysis approach, Galanti examines the pre-war, pro-democratic ideals and legacies that built Japan’s political parties and the parties’ evolving views on regime matters, socioeconomic structure, international relations, and security both during and after the country’s occupation by American forces.
Categories: History

The Economic and Business History of Occupied Japan

The Economic and Business History of Occupied Japan

Motivated by falling catches in coastal waters and with encouragement from the
state, whaling interests began operating larger ships, embraced the latest
European technologies, and moved well beyond Japan's home waters.33
Japanese ...

Author: Thomas French

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317270089

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 988

The Occupation era (1945-1952) witnessed major change in Japan and the beginnings of its growth from of the ashes of defeat towards its status as a developmental model for much of the world. The period arguably saw the sowing of the seeds of the post-war flowering of what some term the ‘postwar Japanese economic miracle’. However, some scholars dispute this position and argue that the Occupation's policies and impacts actually hindered Japan's recovery. This volume addresses this question and others surrounding the business and economic history of this crucial period. The chapters presented in The Economic and Business History of Occupied Japan are authored by major scholars of the Occupation from the U.S., Japan, and Europe. The chapters are divided into three sections: 'Planning, reform and recovery', 'Industries under the Occupation', and 'Legacies of the Occupation era'. Following an introduction focusing on the historiographical background, the first section examines zaibatsu dissolution and its significance, the role of Japanese businessmen within the Occupation's reforms, the crucial impact of Japan's postwar Materials Crisis, and the impact of reform at the local level in Hokkaidō. Part two looks at a number of individual industries and their development during the era, including the fishing, automotive, and cotton spinning industries. The final section looks at the human impact of the changes of the initial postwar years, including the reintegration of repatriates into the Japanese labour force and the impact of changing working patterns on society and family life. This book covers a key period of the economic and business history of Japan and presents numerous new approaches and original contributions to the scholarship of the Occupation era. It will be of interest to scholars of modern Japan, economic history, business history, development studies and postwar U.S.-Japan relations.
Categories: Business & Economics

Democracy in Occupied Japan

Democracy in Occupied Japan

The occupation had the unintended effects of not only facilitating Japan's illicit
drug trade but also institutionalizing selective state responses to organized and ...
From control to epidemic Drug trafficking and abuse in Japan's home islands had
 ...

Author: Mark E. Caprio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134118625

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 777

With expert contributions from both the US and Japan, this book examines the legacies of the US Occupation on Japanese politics and society, and discusses the long-term impact of the Occupation on contemporary Japan. Focusing on two central themes – democracy and the interplay of US-initiated reforms and Japan's endogenous drive for democratization and social justice – the contributors address key questions: How did the US authorities and the Japanese people define democracy? To what extent did America impose their notions of democracy on Japan? How far did the Japanese pursue impulses toward reform, rooted in their own history and values? Which reforms were readily accepted and internalized, and which were ultimately subverted by the Japanese as impositions from outside? These questions are tackled by exploring the dynamics of the reform process from the three perspectives of innovation, continuity and compromise, specifically determining the effect that this period made to Japanese social, economic, and political understanding. Critically examines previously unexplored issues that influenced postwar Japan such as the effect of labour and healthcare legislation, textbook revision, and minority policy. Illuminating contemporary Japan, its achievements, its potential and its quandaries, this book will appeal to students and scholars of Japanese-US relations, Japanese history and Japanese politics.
Categories: History

Educational Reform in Occupied Japan

Educational Reform in Occupied Japan

institution in Japan seriously attempted to train teachers for the programs of
agricultural education and forestry ... The whole field of education known as
homemaking , after having tested and rejected various other names assigned to it
, is one ...

Author: Joseph C. Trainor

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015015559969

Category: Education

Page: 427

View: 362

Categories: Education

Warman s Antiques and Collectibles Price Guide

Warman s Antiques and Collectibles Price Guide

Author: Ellen T. Schroy

Publisher:

ISBN: 087341974X

Category: Antiques

Page: 639

View: 726

From native-American artifacts, Depression glass, and toys to lamps and lighting and paper ephemera, this authoritative "bible" is an essential field guide to more than 500 categories of collectibles. The 2001 edition features a new category of American paintings along with special emphasis on English and Continental furniture. 600 photos. (Antiques/Collectibles)
Categories: Antiques

Warman s Americana Collectibles

Warman s Americana   Collectibles

Occupied Japan Collecting Hints: Buyers should be aware that a rubber stamp
can be used to mark "Occupied Japan" on ... References: Florence Archambault,
Occupied Japan for the Home, Schiffer Publishing, 2000; Monica Lynn Clements
 ...

Author: Ellen T. Schroy

Publisher: Warman's

ISBN: 0873419766

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 400

View: 765

Provides descriptions and price listings for such American antiques as pottery, games, comic books, cookie cutters, children's toys, and beer bottles.
Categories: Antiques & Collectibles

Faking Liberties

Faking Liberties

Indeed, Thomas reveals that American occupiers also vehemently disagreed about the topic. By reconstructing these vibrant debates, Faking Liberties unsettles any notion of American authorship and imposition of religious freedom.

Author: Jolyon Baraka Thomas

Publisher: Class 200: New Studies in Reli

ISBN: 9780226618821

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 394

Religious freedom is a founding tenet of the United States, and it has frequently been used to justify policies towards other nations. Such was the case in 1945 when Americans occupied Japan following World War II. Though the Japanese constitution had guaranteed freedom of religion since 1889, the United States declared that protection faulty, and when the occupation ended in 1952, they claimed to have successfully replaced it with "real" religious freedom. Through a fresh analysis of pre-war Japanese law, Jolyon Baraka Thomas demonstrates that the occupiers' triumphant narrative obscured salient Japanese political debates about religious freedom. Indeed, Thomas reveals that American occupiers also vehemently disagreed about the topic. By reconstructing these vibrant debates, Faking Liberties unsettles any notion of American authorship and imposition of religious freedom. Instead, Thomas shows that, during the Occupation, a dialogue about freedom of religion ensued that constructed a new global set of political norms that continue to form policies today.
Categories: History

Medic

Medic

"Medic" is Sams's firsthand account of public health reforms in Japan during the occupation and their significance for the formation of a stable and democratic state in Asia after World War II. "Medic" also tells of the strenuous efforts to ...

Author: Crawford F. Sams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315503721

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 303

In the aftermath of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Crawford F. Sams led the most unprecedented and unsurpassed reforms in public health history, as chief of the Public Health and Welfare Section of the Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in East Asia. "Medic" is Sams's firsthand account of public health reforms in Japan during the occupation and their significance for the formation of a stable and democratic state in Asia after World War II. "Medic" also tells of the strenuous efforts to control disease among refugees and civilians during the Korean War, which had enormously high civilian casualties. Sams recounts the humanitarian, military, and ideological reasons for controlling disease during military operations in Korea, where he served, first, as a health and welfare adviser to the U.S. Military Command that occupied Korea south of the 38th parallel and, later, as the chief of Health and Welfare of the United Nations Command. In presenting a larger picture of the effects of disease on the course of military operations and in the aftermath of catastrophic bombings and depravation, Crawford Sams has left a written document that reveals the convictions and ideals that guided his generation of military leaders.
Categories: Medical

Military Review

Military Review

Of the more than 40 Army and Marine divisions in—theater or in various stages of
deployment for the assault on Japan's home islands, many were involved in the
initial occupation. However, only one army (US Eighth Army), two corps (I and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000010476509

Category: Military art and science

Page:

View: 632

Categories: Military art and science

Made in Occupied Japan

Made in Occupied Japan

Finally , it is especially helpful if the objects collected are not too space -
consuming and are attractive when displayed in the home . Merchandise made
for export during the American Occupation of Japan seems to satisfy all the
above criteria ...

Author: Marian Klamkin

Publisher: Outlet

ISBN: 0517526603

Category: Decorative arts

Page: 184

View: 334

Categories: Decorative arts

Occupied Japan for Collectors

Occupied Japan for Collectors

The book presents over 400 color photos of the items and shows 133 different manufacturers' marks.

Author: Florence Archambault

Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited

ISBN: 0887403786

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 201

View: 610

During the occupation of Japan between 1945 and 1952, a world market for small and inexpensive goods was correctly identified as a starting point for rebuilding the Japanese economy. This new book is filled with thousands of once-familiar items of ceramic, paper, glass, celluloid, wood, and papier-mache which were marked "Made in Occupied Japan," and shipped to the United States and the United Kingdom. Today, these items have increased in value and are avidly collected. The book presents over 400 color photographs of the items, shows 133 different manufacturers' marks, and includes a value guide.
Categories: Antiques & Collectibles

The Man Who Saved Kabuki

The Man Who Saved Kabuki

"Although Bowers is at the Center of the story, this lively and skillfully adapted translation from the original Japanese treats a critical period in the long history of kabuki as it was affected by a single individual who had a commanding ...

Author: Okamoto Shiro

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824824415

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 699

"Although Bowers is at the Center of the story, this lively and skillfully adapted translation from the original Japanese treats a critical period in the long history of kabuki as it was affected by a single individual who had a commanding influence over it. It offers fascinating the little-known details about Occupation censorship politics and kabuki performance while providing yet another perspective on the history of an enduring Japanese art form."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: History

Working Americans 1880 1999 Americans at war

Working Americans  1880 1999  Americans at war

... PROFILE OCCUPIED JAPAN Civilian When Nora Steiner decided to put away
her travel magazines and start visiting some of the places she'd read about , her
life was opened to possibilities she had never even considered . Life at Home ...

Author: Scott Derks

Publisher: Grey House Pub

ISBN: 1592370241

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 600

View: 175

Each volume in the widely-successful Working Americans series focuses on a particular type of American and illustrates what life was like for that group from the 1800s to the present time. The volumes are arranged into decade-long chapters, each introduci
Categories: Business & Economics

Those Days in Muramatsu

Those Days in Muramatsu

Bearing witness to the encounters of American soldiers and Japanese civilians in the aftermath of a savage war, the memoir of Mrs Yumi Goto is poignant testimony to the capacity of ordinary people for mutual curiousity, learning and ...

Author: Yumi Goto

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9789971697938

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 667

Bearing witness to the encounters of American soldiers and Japanese civilians in the aftermath of a savage war, the memoir of Mrs Yumi Goto is poignant testimony to the capacity of ordinary people for mutual curiousity, learning and generosity. In the summer of 1945, a contingent of 1,800 American soldiers was posted as a garrison force in the country town of Muramatsu, where they lived alongside a community feeling "depressed and fearful" at the prospect of foreign occupation. Mrs Goto, an English-speaking graduate of one of Japan's top universities for women, had relocated to Muramatsu with her family after their house in Tokyo was destroyed in a bombing raid. She became an interpreter while the Americans were in Muramatsu, and recorded light-hearted but perceptive observations of the Japanese-American encounter. Written in English for an American audience who "would like to read how their young men behaved in Japan", and revealing "their thoughts and sentiments of a 26-year-old girl in war-devastated Japan', her memoir is a charming and uplifting account of a woman's journey, and how ordinary people from very different backgrounds found common ground in difficult circumstances.
Categories: History

Japan Weekly Mail

Japan Weekly Mail

They repeat their demand that the a feeling almost of despair as to Korea's
capacity peninsula should be occupied by Japan ... The measure may reconduct
of the faithful retainers of Asano , and home , and strongly suspects that the
Govern- ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924057369054

Category: Aliens

Page:

View: 286

Categories: Aliens

Gender Power and Politics in the US Occupation of Japan 1945 1952

Gender  Power  and Politics in the US Occupation of Japan  1945 1952

The establishment of a " Woman ' s Bureau " in the Home Ministry was necessary
, the memo argued , " for the purpose of raising women ' s status in the New
Japan , " and once established , it would serve as " a research , fact - finding and
 ...

Author: Mire Koikari

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89057688152

Category: Japan

Page: 480

View: 326

Categories: Japan

The Broken Promises of America A F

The Broken Promises of America  A F

Be that as it may , it is necessary to keep prewar history in mind when
considering postwar U . S . behavior in the Pacific region — in occupied Japan
itself , but also as regards the other " hot spots ” of East Asia discussed above :
China ...

Author: Douglas Fitzgerald Dowd

Publisher:

ISBN: 1567513123

Category: History

Page: 807

View: 510

This is the next People's History of the United States.
Categories: History