The Early Universe and Observational Cosmology

The Early Universe and Observational Cosmology

This book has emerged from selected lectures given at the Mexican School on Gravitation and Mathematical Physics by leaders in their field.

Author: Nora Bretón

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540218475

Category: Science

Page: 469

View: 963

Spectacular experimental advances in observational cosmology have helped raise cosmology to the status of a genuine science, and it is now possible to test many speculative theoretical issues and to obtain reliable values for the key parameters defining our observable universe. This book has emerged from selected lectures given at the Mexican School on Gravitation and Mathematical Physics by leaders in their field. Conceived as both a broad survey and as topical coverage of the latest developments, it will benefit graduate students and newcomers to this field and provide researchers in the field with a modern source of reference.
Categories: Science

Observational Cosmology

Observational Cosmology

It is therefore an opportune time to summarise progress in this field with a workshop. This book comprises the proceedings of the `Observational Cosmology with the New Radio Surveys' workshop, held on Tenerife, January 13-15, 1997.

Author: M.N. Bremer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401152389

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 449

Radio surveys play an important role in observational cosmology. However, until recently the surveys have been either of wide area but with low sensitivity or of small area with high sensitivity. Both limit the kinds of cosmology that can be carried out with radio surveys. This situation has been revolutionised in the past few years by the availability of new, large-area, high-sensitivity radio surveys at both low and high radio frequencies. These significant improvements allow studies based on both the statistics of the surveys themselves and multiwavelength follow-up of the galaxies and AGN responsible for the radio emission. It is therefore an opportune time to summarise progress in this field with a workshop. This book comprises the proceedings of the `Observational Cosmology with the New Radio Surveys' workshop, held on Tenerife, January 13-15, 1997. Topics covered include: lessons learned and important results from earlier surveys, descriptions of some of the new surveys, clusters of galaxies and large-scale structure, radio source evolution, CMB studies, gravitational lensing and multiwavelength studies of distant radio sources.
Categories: Science

Theoretical and Observational Cosmology

Theoretical and Observational Cosmology

PREFACE This volume contains the talks given at the NATO Advanced Study
Institute summer school on Theoretical and Observational Cosmology. The
school was held in Cargese on the island of Corsica (France), from august 17 to
august ...

Author: Marc Lachièze-Rey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401144551

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 817

A complete account of the fundamental techniques of general relativity and their application to cosmology. The book includes reviews of the different cosmological models and their classification, including such topics as causality and horizons, the cosmological parameters, observational tests and constraints of cosmology, symmetries and the large scale topology of space and space-time, and the use of supernovas as cosmological indicators. The perturbations to the cosmological models are discussed throughout the volume. The cosmic microwave background is presented, with an emphasis in secondary distortions in relation to cosmological models and large scale structures. Recent results on dark matter are summarised. A general review of primordial nucleosynthesis is given. Gravitational lensing is discussed in great detail. Most contributions show a balance between theory and observation. Readership: A solid background for students and researchers intending to work in the field of theoretical and observational cosmology.
Categories: Science

Modern Theoretical and Observational Cosmology

Modern Theoretical and Observational Cosmology

Proceedings of the second Hellenic Cosmology Meeting, held in the National Observatory of Athens (Penteli, 19-20 April 2001)

Author: Manolis Plionis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402008082

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 305

Proceedings of the second Hellenic Cosmology Meeting, held in the National Observatory of Athens (Penteli, 19-20 April 2001)
Categories: Science

Observational Cosmology

Observational Cosmology

OBSERVATIONAL COSMOLOGY 1920–1985: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE
CONFERENCE Allan Sandage Center for Astrophysical Sciences Department of
Physics and Astronomy The Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Maryland
21218, ...

Author: Adelaide Hewitt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400938533

Category: Science

Page: 880

View: 475

The Symposium was held at the Great Wall Sheraton Hotel in Beijing, China in the period August 25-30, 1986. The decision to concentrate on the observational aspects of modern cosmology was taken in part because this conference has come in a period when there have been several international meetings on one aspect of modern cosmology, namely the early universe and its possible relationship to particle physics. While that approach is extremely exciting, it has the disadvantage that its connection with much of observational cosmology is very indirect. Thus there has been little opportunity to discuss critically the wealth of new data that are now becoming available which bear on the structure and evolution of the Universe but not always on its early history. This Symposium was planned to cover all aspects of observational cosmology, with only comparatively minor excursions into theory. Nearly 200 participants attended from 21 countries. A total of 26 invited papers and 73 contributed papers were given. This meant that everyone worked hard and long from 9 A.M. to about 5:30 P.M. for five of the six days of the conference. In addition to oral contributions, space was made available for poster papers and 56 of these were available for study for the duration of the conference.
Categories: Science

New Horizons for Observational Cosmology

New Horizons for Observational Cosmology

This volume contains the lectures and talks given at the International School of
Physics “Enrico Fermi” entitled New Horizons for Observational Cosmology,
which was held in the town of Varenna, by the lake Como, from July 1 to July 6,
2013.

Author: A. Cooray

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614994763

Category: SCIENCE

Page: 416

View: 712

Our understanding of the universe has been revolutionized by observations of the cosmic microwave background, the large-scale structure of the universe, and distant supernovae. These studies have shown that we are living in a strange universe: 96% of the present day energy density of the universe is dominated by so-called dark matter and dark energy. But we still do not know what dark matter and dark energy actually are. This book presents lectures from the 186th Course in the Enrico Fermi International School of Physics entitled New Horizons for Observational Cosmology, held in Varenna, Italy, in July 2013. Topics covered at this school included: cosmic microwave background anisotropies; galaxy clustering; weak lensing; dark energy; dark matter; inflation; modified gravity; neutrino physics; reionization; galaxy formation; and first stars. The anticipated release of Planck data at the end of 2014 will provide a more complete view of temperature anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background, and the reporting of other important results is also expected soon. These new data will undoubtedly address fundamental questions about the universe. This book prepares the ground for future work which may answer some of these exciting questions.
Categories: SCIENCE

Observational Cosmology

Observational Cosmology

Author: Giuliano Giuricin

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015043405508

Category: Astronomy

Page: 497

View: 329

Categories: Astronomy

Observational Cosmology

Observational Cosmology

Author: Guido L. Chincarini

Publisher: Astronomical Society of the pacific

ISBN: UOM:39015033089825

Category: Science

Page: 711

View: 156

Categories: Science

Observational Cosmology

Observational Cosmology

Providing a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of observational cosmology, this advanced undergraduate textbook enables students to use quantitative physical methods to understand the Universe.

Author: Stephen Serjeant

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521157153

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 731

Providing a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of observational cosmology, this advanced undergraduate textbook enables students to use quantitative physical methods to understand the Universe. The textbook covers recent developments such as precision cosmology and the concordance cosmological model, inflation, gravitational lensing, the extragalactic far-infrared and X-ray backgrounds, downsizing and baryon wiggles. It also explores the future missions and facilities likely to dominate cosmological research in the future, including radio, X-ray, submillimeter-wave and gravitational wave astronomy. Each chapter contains full-color figures, worked examples and exercises with complete solutions. Clearly identified key facts and equations help students easily locate important information. Suggestions for further reading provide jumping-off points for students aiming to further their studies. Reflecting decades of Open University experience in undergraduate teaching, this textbook brings students to the forefront of the rapidly developing field of observational cosmology. Accompanying resources to this textbook are available at: http://www.cambridge.org/features/astrophysics.
Categories: Science

Lectures on Observational Cosmology

Lectures on Observational Cosmology

Then it was a rather sterile and static subject with much theory and little
observational support. Perhaps, the only observation of cosmological interest
was the expansion of the universe. Today the position has entirely changed. This
has been ...

Author: Dennis William Sciama

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015076297913

Category: Cosmogony

Page: 100

View: 608

Categories: Cosmogony

Observational Cosmology from Z

Observational Cosmology from Z

... the application of methods dating back to the 1920's to galaxies that were too
distant to be studied then , the second half of this thesis focuses on applying
methods from the recent revival of observational cosmology at much greater
distance ...

Author: Jeffrey Allen Newman

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:C3445828

Category:

Page: 246

View: 884

Categories:

Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data

Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data

Proceedings of IAU Symposium No. 63, held in Cracow, Poland, September 10-12, 1973

Author: Malcolm S. Longair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9027704562

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 807

Proceedings of IAU Symposium No. 63, held in Cracow, Poland, September 10-12, 1973
Categories: Science

Theoretical Foundations of Cosmology

Theoretical Foundations of Cosmology

The direction of research in observational cosmology is just the opposite:
investigations in this field always tend to narrow a certain domain in the solution
space, i.e., to distinguishing this class of solutions (or, in the highly idealized case
, this ...

Author: Micha? Heller

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810207565

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 287

The book's principal aim is to clarify fundamental concepts, decipher mathematical structures used to model space-time and relativistic worlds, and to disclose their physical meaning. After each chapter, philosophical implications of the presented material are commented upon.Both special and general theories of relativity are presented in the book with the stress on their global aspects. Although global mathematical methods are extensively used throughout the book, the definitions of new concepts, short comments and examples make reading smooth without the need to consult other textbooks or review papers.
Categories: Science

An Introduction to Galaxies and Cosmology

An Introduction to Galaxies and Cosmology

CHAPTER 7 OBSERVATIONAL COSMOLOGY – MEASURING THE UNIVERSE
7.1 Introduction Observational cosmology is the branch of science concerned
with measuring the parameters that characterize the Universe. Some of the most
 ...

Author: David John Adams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521546230

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 383

An elementary university text about galaxies and cosmology for introductory courses in astronomy and astrophysics.
Categories: Science

Modern Cosmology

Modern Cosmology

11.1 Synopsis In this chapter, we focus on the fundamental methods of
observational cosmology and summarize some of the recent observational
results which have deepened our understanding of the structure and evolution of
the universe.

Author: S Bonometto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420033908

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 136

Cosmology is a relatively new science, but cosmological questions are as old as mankind. Turning philosophical and metaphysical problems into problems that physics can treat, and hopefully solve, has been an achievement of the twentieth century. Modern Cosmology brings together contributions from a number of outstanding scientists currently working in various research fields in cosmology. Topics covered range over several different aspects of modern cosmology, from observational matters to advanced theoretical speculations.
Categories: Science

Modern Cosmology in Retrospect

Modern Cosmology in Retrospect

The book concludes with a tribute to some of the pioneers of cosmology. This is fascinating reading for astronomers, professional cosmologists, general physicists, historians, philosophers of science and general readers.

Author: B. Bertotti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521372135

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 772

This volume recounts the development of modern cosmology, in chapters contributed by many of the leading protagonists. Modern cosmology aims to determine the origin, evolution, and ultimate fate of the universe. It is an area of modern science that has engendered fierce debates that have captured public interest. This is an absorbing account of physical and observational cosmology, the great cosmological debates, important observations and the riddle of the dark matter. The enormous controversy surrounding the Big Bang theory is retold in personal recollections from H. Bondi, W. McCrea, and Fred Hoyle. Next are three chapters on the discovery of cosmic radio waves and the contributions made by radio astronomers to current cosmology. The book concludes with a tribute to some of the pioneers of cosmology. This is fascinating reading for astronomers, professional cosmologists, general physicists, historians, philosophers of science and general readers.
Categories: Science

Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology  the Fabric of Spacetime

The last two took place in 1993 with “Cosmology and large scale structure” and in
1999 with “The primordial universe”. Over the last decade, a fast tightening of the
links between observational cosmology, the physics of the early universe and ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080550602

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 321

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime . It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations
Categories: Science

The Deep Universe

The Deep Universe

Observational cosmology, often called the "old cosmology" by the new
astronomers, was about these functions until high energy astrophysics expanded
into the discipline with the discovery of the microwave background suggested by
Gamow ...

Author: A.R. Sandage

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540589136

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 435

Written by three celebrated astronomers renowned for their excellence in both research and teaching, the central theme is approached in three complementary ways: the smooth evolution of the universe from the Big Bang to the present structures of matter; as a meandering road paved by our observations of stars, galaxies, and clusters; and how these approaches have been gradually developed and intertwined in the historical process leading to modern-day cosmology.
Categories: Science