Norwegian Shipping in the 20th Century

Norwegian Shipping in the 20th Century

This book is open access under a CC BY NC ND 4.0 license.

Author: Stig Tenold

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319956398

Category: Maritime Economics

Page: 327

View: 182

This book is open access under a CC BY NC ND 4.0 license. This open access book discusses how Norwegian shipping companies played a crucial role in global shipping markets in the 20th century, at times transporting more than ten per cent of world seaborne trade. Chapters explore how Norway managed to remain competitive, despite being a high labour-cost country in an industry with global competition. Among the features that are emphasised are market developments, business strategies and political decisions The Norwegian experience was shaped by the main breaking points in 20th century world history, such as the two world wars, and by long-term trends, such as globalization and liberalization. The shipping companies introduced technological and organizational innovations to build or maintain a competitive advantage in a rapidly changing world. The growing importance of offshore petroleum exploration in the North Sea from the 1970s was both a threat and an opportunity to the shipping companies. By adapting both business strategies and the political regime to the new circumstances, the Norwegian shipping sector managed to maintain a leading position internationally.
Categories: Maritime Economics

Tankers in Trouble

Tankers in Trouble

This book analyses the causes and effects of the shipping market crisis in the 1970s and 1980s - the most severe of the twentieth century.

Author: Stig Tenold

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781786949042

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 858

This book analyses the causes and effects of the shipping market crisis in the 1970s and 1980s - the most severe of the twentieth century. It approaches the subject from three viewpoints. The first is the tanker sector, where the crisis began, spread, and caused the most damage. The second is from a national perspective - focusing on the impact on Norwegian shipping and shipowners. The third, narrowed further in scope, analyses the crisis from the business perspective of four individual tanker owners - taking into account their business strategies and eventual fates. The aim of the journal is to add to the knowledge of recent maritime history by examining the transformation of the industry during a period of rapid change. One distinct conclusion is that shipowners, to their detriment, assumed that the demand for tankers would continue to increase as it had consistently done so throughout the century thus far. The overall conclusion is that shipping is a cyclical industry, and that the oversupply of ships produced during the 1970s took its toll toward the end of the century. By 2004 and 2005, however, the industry began to bounce back, offering hope for the future. The book consists of an introductory chapter, seven chapters of analysis, a concluding chapter, select bibliography, and three appendices tabling Norwegian tanker statistics.
Categories: History

International Merchant Shipping in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

International Merchant Shipping in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

... start of the twentieth century . In this essay I will present a broad overview of five different aspects of Norwegian shipping : networks and economic ...

Author: Lewis R. Fischer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781786948991

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 646

This book compiles seven essays concerning changes to merchant shipping over the hundred and fifty years between 1850 and 2000, and spanning a range of countries, with particular focus on Norway, Greece, Japan, and England. The essays are linked by the theme of change: from traditional to modern shipping; in fluctuating cargo demands; from sail to steam; wood to iron; in improvements in communication technologies; in political natures and affiliations; in seafaring skillsets; in the advent of containerisation and advent of globalisation. The overall aim is to construct a solid international context for the merchant shipping industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries - primarily to aid a major Norwegian deep-sea merchant marine project. The book contains an introduction that sets out these aims, and seven essays by maritime historians which form part of the international contextual whole, though all can be approached individually.
Categories: History

Passenger Ships of the 20th Century

Passenger Ships of the 20th Century

Every day for nine months from September 1944 to the end of the war, young British, Commonwealth and Norwegian airmen flew from Banff aerodrome in northern Scotland in their Mosquitoes and Beaufighters to target the German U-Boats, ...

Author: David W. Latimer

Publisher:

ISBN: 1898392706

Category: Ocean liners

Page: 400

View: 390

Every day for nine months from September 1944 to the end of the war, young British, Commonwealth and Norwegian airmen flew from Banff aerodrome in northern Scotland in their Mosquitoes and Beaufighters to target the German U-Boats, merchantmen and freighters plying along the coast and in the fjords and leads of southwest Norway, encountering the Luftwaffe and flakships every step of the way.
Categories: Ocean liners

Historical Dictionary of Norway

Historical Dictionary of Norway

This development continued during the second half of the 20th century. As of 2001 , the Norwegian shipping fleet consisted of 1,631 registered ships, ...

Author: Jan Sjåvik

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810864085

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 660

The Historical Dictionary of Norway supplies a wealth of information that illuminates Norway's remarkable history, society, and culture. This is done through a chronology, a bibliography, an introductory essay, appendixes, and over 250 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering events and individuals of historical, political, social, and cultural significance. Both past and present political parties are discussed, major economic sectors are described, and basic economic facts are provided. Several entries describe the history and attractions of major Norwegian cities, and Norway's role in the international community is detailed as well providing a full portrait of this vibrant country.
Categories: History

The A to Z of Norway

The A to Z of Norway

This development continued during the second half of the 20th century. As of 2001, the Norwegian shipping fleet consisted of 1,631 registered ships, ...

Author: Jan Sjåvik

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810872134

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 862

One of the smallest countries in Europe, Norway has created for itself a position in the world community, which is completely out of proportion to the size of its population. Originally the home of sub-Arctic hunters and gatherers, then of ferocious Vikings, it lost perhaps half of its population to the Black Death in 1349, ended up in a union with Denmark that lasted until 1814, and then became united with Sweden, gaining complete independence only as recently as 1905. Over the centuries the Norwegians eked out a meager living from stony fields and treacherous seas while suffering through hunger, darkness, and cold, however, its recent productive use of such natural resources as hydroelectric power, natural gas, and oil has made the Norwegians some of the richest people in the world. The A to Z of Norway supplies a wealth of information that illuminates Norway's remarkable history, society, and culture. This is done through a chronology, a bibliography, an introductory essay, appendixes, and over 250 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering events and individuals of historical, political, social, and cultural significance. Both past and present political parties are discussed, major economic sectors are described, and basic economic facts are provided. Several entries describe the history and attractions of major Norwegian cities, and Norway's role in the international community is detailed as well providing a full portrait of this vibrant country.
Categories: History

Creating Global Shipping

Creating Global Shipping

The first half of the twentieth century was characterized on the one hand by ... and comprehensive account of Norwegian shipping in the twentieth century.

Author: Gelina Harlaftis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108475396

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 465

This study of shipping makes visible a sector that has led European economic growth for centuries, yet rarely appears in business or economic histories.
Categories: Business & Economics

Shipping and Globalization in the Post War Era

Shipping and Globalization in the Post War Era

Norwegian Shipping in the 20th Century—Norway's Successful Navigation of the World's Most Global Industry. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Author: Niels P. Petersson

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030260026

Category: Business

Page: 290

View: 466

This book is open access under a CC BY NC ND 4.0 license. This book belongs to the Maritime Business and Economic History strand of the Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics book series. This volume highlights the contribution of the shipping industry to the transformations in business and society of the postwar era. Shipping was both an example and an engine of globalization and structural change. In turn, the industry experienced and pioneered, mirrored and enabled key developments that led to the present-day globalized economy. Contributions address issues such as the macro-level shift of shippings centre of gravity from Europe to Asia, the political and legal frameworks within which it developed, the strategies and performance of both successful and unsuccessful firms, and the links between the shipping industry and the wider economy and society. Without shipping and its ability to forge connections and networks of a global reach, the modern world would look very different. By bringing together scholars from various disciplinary and national backgrounds, this book advances our understanding of the linkages that bind economies and societies together.
Categories: Business

New Directions in Norwegian Maritime History

New Directions in Norwegian Maritime History

More specifically , I ask how Norway's merchant marine was transformed from ... and Structural Transformation in Twentieth - Century Norwegian Shipping .

Author: Lewis R. Fischer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781786948892

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 290

This book is a wide-reaching study of Norwegian maritime history and developments within the discipline. It brings together the research efforts of a University of Oslo project aiming to further understand Norwegian shipping history between 1814 and 2014, and the work of a new generation of maritime historians. Structured into three sections - global integration, political issues, and success and failure - the volume covers a broad range of maritime topics that have influenced both Norwegian economic development and Norwegian cultural identity. Through analysis it discovers that in the last few decades Norwegian shipping has been plagued by multiple troubles, whilst simultaneously becoming less crucial to the Norwegian economy in favour of offshore petroleum production. However, it reiterates the historical importance of shipping to the economic development of Norway, and asserts that historians have begun to treat it as the centre from which other industries grew.
Categories: History

Diversity in the Knowledge Economy and Society

Diversity in the Knowledge Economy and Society

Throughout the early 20th century, Norwegian maritime industries formed the basis of dynamic transnational communities of sailors, ship-owners, ...

Author: Elias G. Carayannis

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781848441286

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 555

The key message of this book is that heterogeneity should be seen as an intrinsic and indispensable element of knowledge systems. The authors address the concept of heterogeneity in a multi-disciplinary fashion, including perspectives from evolutionary economics and innovation system studies, and relate this approach to existing theories in a broad range of fields. The book postulates that one approach to such a re-conceptualization is what we call the Mode 3 system consisting of Innovation Networks and Knowledge Clusters for knowledge creation, diffusion and use. This is a multi-layered, multi-modal, multi-nodal and multi-lateral system, encompassing mutually and complementary reinforcing innovation networks and knowledge clusters consisting of human and intellectual capital, shaped by social capital and underpinned by financial capital. Diversity in the Knowledge Economy and Society will appeal to academics and researchers of innovation and science, knowledge management and economics.
Categories: Business & Economics

Norwegian Catch Up

Norwegian Catch Up

A popular anecdote on the rebirth of the Norwegian shipping industry illustrates the ... Norway, at the turn of the 20th century, was no exception.

Author: Jonathon W Moses

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351585132

Category:

Page:

View: 130

Categories:

Global Shipping in Small Nations

Global Shipping in Small Nations

... Table 2.8 is that the criterion for inclusion in the Norwegian shipping top ten ... as they did in the early twentieth century, and their positions as ...

Author: Stig Tenold

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230294547

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 237

View: 916

The Nordic countries have played a key role in shipping for over a century, but have had to contend with declining employment and loss of markets over the last fifty years. Globalization has led to a series of new challenges and opportunities in the maritime industries - both the rules of the game and the playing field have changed. This book analyzes how shipping companies and authorities in Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland have adapted to these changes. It explains why important parts of Nordic shipping failed to respond effectively to the economic integration process, while other parts were able to exploit the global growth opportunities. By linking company strategies to changes in political and institutional frameworks, this book maps out the transformation of an entire industry.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Handbook of Maritime Economics and Business

The Handbook of Maritime Economics and Business

The success of the Norwegian shipping industry during the nineteenth century is related to the “collective mobilisation of resources” at ...

Author: Costas Grammenos

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781135134068

Category: Law

Page: 1096

View: 136

This book is the founding title in the Grammenos Library. The diversity of the subjects covered is unique and the results of research developed over many years are not only comprehensive, but also have important implications on real life issues in maritime business. The new edition covers a vast number of topics, including: • Shipping Economics and Maritime Nexus • International Seaborne Trade • Economics of Shipping Market and Shipping Cycles • Economics of Shipping Sectors • Issues in Liner Shipping • Economics of Maritime Safety and Seafaring Labour Market • National and International Shipping Policies • Aspects of Shipping Management and Operations• Shipping Investment and Finance • Port Economics and Management • Aspects of International Logistics
Categories: Law

The World s Key Industry

The World s Key Industry

This collection of essays from distinguished economists and historians takes an international and comparative perspective, covering topics ranging from technological advance and the role of the state to maritime business development.

Author: G. Harlaftis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137003751

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 829

Maritime transport has been the main driver of trade growth, and the emergence and development of a global economy. This collection of essays from distinguished economists and historians takes an international and comparative perspective, covering topics ranging from technological advance and the role of the state to maritime business development.
Categories: Business & Economics

Rick Steves Snapshot Norway

Rick Steves Snapshot Norway

To try Norwegian jerky, pick up a bag of dried cod snacks (tørrfisk). ... Europe's ships; 19th century—whaling; 20th centuryshipping and war.

Author: Rick Steves

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781641710633

Category: Travel

Page: 260

View: 262

You can count on Rick Steves to tell you what you really need to know when traveling in Norway. In this slim guide excerpted from Rick Steves Scandinavia, you'll get Rick's firsthand, up-to-date advice on the best sights, restaurants, and hotels in Norway. You'll wander through Viking history, explore snowcapped mountains and mighty glaciers, stroll through a lively fish market, and relax in a cozy fjordside hamlet. Rick also covers day trips, scenic drives, and the famed "Norway in a Nutshell" ride, with helpful maps and self-guided tours to keep you on track. You'll learn to travel smart and get around like a local as you explore Oslo, the Sognefjord, Gudbrandsdal Valley, Jotunheimen Mountains, Bergen Stavanger, and more. More than just reviews and directions, Rick Steves Snapshot Norway is truly a tour guide in your pocket. Exploring beyond Norway? Pick up Rick Steves Scandinavia for in-depth coverage, detailed itineraries, and important planning information for a longer trip.
Categories: Travel

Firms Boards and Gender Quotas

Firms  Boards and Gender Quotas

The original form of shipping company was the local part-ownership, ... Norwegian ship owner firms which made a successful transition into the 20th century ...

Author: Mari Teigen

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781780526720

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 693

Discusses gender quota reform from an economic, political and philosophical point of view. This title looks at whether the economic performance of companies is influenced, positively or negatively. It provides a comparative study of the access of women to top positions in business in Europe.
Categories: Social Science

Twentieth Century Germany From Bismarck to Brandt

Twentieth Century Germany  From Bismarck to Brandt

Norwegian port of Narvik, from where it went to Germany by ship in Norwegian territorial waters. The British Admiralty was keen to intercept this traffic, ...

Author: A.J. Ryder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349001439

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 974

Categories: History

William L Shirer Twentieth Century Journey

William L  Shirer  Twentieth Century Journey

During the cold months the Swedish ore had to be shipped by rail to the Norwegian port of Narvik and brought down the Norwegian coast by ship to Germany.

Author: William L. Shirer

Publisher: Rosetta Books

ISBN: 9780795351082

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 1604

View: 994

Now in one volume: the three-part autobiography from the National Book Award–winning author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. The former CBS foreign correspondent and historian provides an invaluable look back at his life—and the events that forged the twentieth century. The Start (1904-1930): In the first of a three-volume series, Shirer tells the story of his early life, growing up in Cedar Rapids, and later serving as a new reporter in Paris. The Nightmare Years (1930-1940): In the second of a three-volume series, Shirer chronicles his time in Europe as Hitler dominated Germany and began one of the most dangerous conflicts in world history. A Native’s Return (1945-1988): The most personal of the three volumes, this edition offers an honest look at the many personal and professional setbacks Shirer experienced after World War II ended—and delivers a fascinating take on the aftermath of the war. Series praise “Mr. Shirer stirs the ashes of memory in a personal way that results in both a strong view of world events and of the need for outspoken journalism. Had Mr. Shirer been merely a bland ‘objective’ reporter without passion while covering Hitler’s Third Reich, this book and his other histories could never have been written.” —The New York Times “Included in Shirer’s well-wrought narrative are such little-known events as the trials of American broadcasters who propagandized for the Third Reich during WWII, as well as such more familiar matters as the McCarthyism of the 1950s. The author’s comments are refreshingly unfettered by self-consciousness . . . A fine, fitting conclusion to an important work of autobiography.” —Kirkus Reviews
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Faith Fatherland and the Norwegian Seaman

Faith  Fatherland and the Norwegian Seaman

In the course of the twentieth century, coal fuel was replaced with oil, leading to more managable work processes on the new motor ships.

Author: Virginia Hoel

Publisher: Uitgeverij Verloren

ISBN: 9789087045647

Category: Merchant mariners

Page: 476

View: 548

Categories: Merchant mariners