North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence

North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence

These essays document specific acts of Native American violence across the North American continent.

Author: Richard J. Chacon

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816525323

Category: Social Science

Page: 283

View: 919

Despite evidence of warfare and violent conflict in pre-Columbian North America, scholars argue that the scale and scope of Native American violence is exagerated. They contend that scholarly misrepresentation has denigrated indigenous peoples when in fact they lived together in peace and harmony. In rebutting that contention, this groundbreaking book presents clear evidenceÑfrom multiple academic disciplinesÑthat indigenous populations engaged in warfare and ritual violence long before European contact. In ten well-documented and thoroughly researched chapters, fourteen leading scholars dispassionately describe sources and consequences of Amerindian warfare and violence, including ritual violence. Originally presented at an American Anthropological Association symposium, their findings construct a convincing case that bloodshed and killing have been woven into the fabric of indigenous life in North America for many centuries. The editors argue that a failure to acknowledge the roles of warfare and violence in the lives of indigenous North Americans is itself a vestige of colonial repressionÑdepriving native warriors of their history of armed resistance. These essays document specific acts of Native American violence across the North American continent. Including contributions from anthropologists, archaeologists, historians, and ethnographers, they argue not only that violence existed but also that it was an important and frequently celebrated component of Amerindian life. CONTENTS Acknowledgments Introduction Richard J. Chacon and RubŽn G. Mendoza 1.ÊÊTraditional Native Warfare in Western Alaska Ernest S. Burch Jr. 2.ÊÊBarbarism and Ardour of War from the Tenderest YearsÓ: Cree-Inuit Warfare in the Hudson Bay Region Charles A. Bishop and Victor P. Lytwyn 3.ÊÊAboriginal Warfare on the Northwest Coast: Did the Potlatch Replace Warfare? Joan A. Lovisek 4.ÊÊEthnohistoric Descriptions of Chumash Warfare John R. Johnson 5.ÊÊDocumenting Conflict in the Prehistoric Pueblo Southwest Polly Schaafsma 6.ÊÊCahokia and the Evidence for Late Pre-Columbian War in the North American Midcontinent Thomas E. Emerson 7.ÊÊIroquois-Huron Warfare Dean R. Snow 8.ÊÊDesecrating the Sacred Ancestor Temples: Chiefly Conflict and Violence in the American Southeast David H. Dye and Adam King 9.ÊÊWarfare, Population, and Food Production in Prehistoric Eastern North America George R. Milner 10.ÊÊThe Osteological Evidence for Indigenous Warfare in North America Patricia M. Lambert 11.ÊÊEthical Considerations and Conclusions Regarding Indigenous Warfare and Violence in North America Richard J. Chacon and RubŽn G. Mendoza References About the Contributors Index
Categories: Social Science

Latin American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence

Latin American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence

This groundbreaking multidisciplinary book presents significant essays on historical indigenous violence in Latin America from Tierra del Fuego to central Mexico.

Author: Richard J. Chacon

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816525277

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 293

This groundbreaking multidisciplinary book presents significant essays on historical indigenous violence in Latin America from Tierra del Fuego to central Mexico. The collection explores those uniquely human motivations and environmental variables that have led to the native peoples of Latin America engaging in warfare and ritual violence since antiquity. Based on an American Anthropological Association symposium, this book collects twelve contributions from sixteen authors, all of whom are scholars at the forefront of their fields of study. All of the chapters advance our knowledge of the causes, extent, and consequences of indigenous violenceÑincluding ritualized violenceÑin Latin America. Each major historical/cultural group in Latin America is addressed by at least one contributor. Incorporating the results of dozens of years of research, this volume documents evidence of warfare, violent conflict, and human sacrifice from the fifteenth century to the twentieth, including incidents that occurred before European contact. Together the chapters present a convincing argument that warfare and ritual violence have been woven into the fabric of life in Latin America since remote antiquity. For the first time, expert subject-area work on indigenous violenceÑarchaeological, osteological, ethnographic, historical, and forensicÑhas been assembled in one volume. Much of this work has heretofore been dispersed across various countries and languages. With its collection into one English-language volume, all future writersÑregardless of their discipline or point of viewÑwill have a source to consult for further research. CONTENTS Acknowledgments Introduction Richard J. Chacon and RubŽn G. Mendoza 1.ÊÊStatus Rivalry and Warfare in the Development and Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Matt OÕMansky and Arthur A. Demarest 2.ÊÊAztec Militarism and Blood Sacrifice: The Archaeology and Ideology of Ritual Violence RubŽn G. Mendoza 3.ÊÊTerritorial Expansion and Primary State Formation in Oaxaca, Mexico Charles S. Spencer 4.ÊÊImages of Violence in Mesoamerican Mural Art Donald McVicker 5.ÊÊCircum-Caribbean Chiefly Warfare Elsa M. Redmond 6.ÊÊConflict and Conquest in Pre-Hispanic Andean South America: Archaeological Evidence from Northern Coastal Peru John W. Verano 7.ÊÊThe Inti Raymi Festival among the Cotacachi and Otavalo of Highland Ecuador: Blood for the Earth Richard J. Chacon, Yamilette Chacon, and Angel Guandinango 8.ÊÊUpper Amazonian Warfare Stephen Beckerman and James Yost 9.ÊÊComplexity and Causality in Tupinamb‡ Warfare William BalŽe 10.ÊÊHunter-GatherersÕ Aboriginal Warfare in Western Chaco Marcela Mendoza 11.ÊÊThe Struggle for Social Life in Fuego-Patagonia Alfredo Prieto and Rodrigo C‡rdenas 12.ÊÊEthical Considerations and Conclusions Regarding Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence in Latin America Richard J. Chacon and RubŽn G. Mendoza References About the Contributors Index
Categories: Social Science

Violence and Warfare Among Hunter Gatherers

Violence and Warfare Among Hunter Gatherers

North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence. University of Arizona
Press, Tucson. ——— 2007b. Latin American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual
Violence. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. Chagnon, Napoleon 1988.

Author: Mark W Allen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315415963

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 508

How did warfare originate? Was it human genetics? Social competition? The rise of complexity? Intensive study of the long-term hunter-gatherer past brings us closer to an answer. The original chapters in this volume examine cultural areas on five continents where there is archaeological, ethnographic, and historical evidence for hunter-gatherer conflict despite high degrees of mobility, small populations, and relatively egalitarian social structures. Their controversial conclusions will elicit interest among anthropologists, archaeologists, and those in conflict studies.
Categories: Social Science

Prehistoric Warfare and Violence

Prehistoric Warfare and Violence

North American indigenous warfare and ritual violence. Tucson: University of
Arizona Press. ... Chacon, R., & Mendoza, R. (2012). The ethics of anthropology
and Amerindian research: Reporting on environmental degradation and warfare.

Author: Andrea Dolfini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319788289

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 366

This is the first book to explore prehistoric warfare and violence by integrating qualitative research methods with quantitative, scientific techniques of analysis such as paleopathology, morphometry, wear analysis, and experimental archaeology. It investigates early warfare and violence from the standpoint of four broad interdisciplinary themes: skeletal markers of violence and weapon training; conflict in prehistoric rock-art; the material culture of conflict; and intergroup violence in archaeological discourse. The book has a wide-ranging chronological and geographic scope, from early Neolithic to late Iron Age and from Western Europe to East Asia. It includes world-renowned sites and artefact collections such as the Tollense Valley Bronze Age battlefield (Germany), the UNESCO World Heritage Site at Tanum (Sweden), and the British Museum collection of bronze weaponry from the late Shang period (China). Original case studies are presented in each section by a diverse international authorship. The study of warfare and violence in prehistoric and pre-literate societies has been at the forefront of archaeological debate since the publication of Keeley’s provocative monograph ‘War Before Civilization’ (Oxford 1996). The problem has been approached from a number of standpoints including anthropological and behavioural studies of interpersonal violence, osteological examinations of sharp lesions and blunt-force traumas, wear analysis of ancient weaponry, and field experiments with replica weapons and armour. This research, however, is often confined within the boundaries of the various disciplines and specialist fields. In particular, a gap can often be detected between the research approaches grounded in the humanities and social sciences and those based on the archaeological sciences. The consequence is that, to this day, the subject is dominated by a number of undemonstrated assumptions regarding the nature of warfare, combat, and violence in non-literate societies. Moreover, important methodological questions remain unanswered: can we securely distinguish between violence-related and accidental trauma on skeletal remains? To what extent can wear analysis shed light on long-forgotten fighting styles? Can we design meaningful combat tests based on historic martial arts? And can the study of rock-art unlock the social realities of prehistoric warfare? By breaking the mould of entrenched subject boundaries, this edited volume promotes interdisciplinary debate in the study of prehistoric warfare and violence by presenting a number of innovative approaches that integrate qualitative and quantitative methods of research and analysis.
Categories: Social Science

Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Joan A. Lovisek, “Aboriginal Warfare on the Northwest Coast,” in North American
Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence, ed. Richard J. Chacon and Ruben G.
Mendoza (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2007), 73. 16. Dean R. Snow ...

Author: David A. Nibert

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231525510

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 914

Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing epidemics of infectious disease. Nibert centers his study on nomadic pastoralism and the development of commercial ranching, a practice that has been largely controlled by elite groups and expanded with the rise of capitalism. Beginning with the pastoral societies of the Eurasian steppe and continuing through to the exportation of Western, meat-centered eating habits throughout today's world, Nibert connects the domesecration of animals to violence, invasion, extermination, displacement, enslavement, repression, pandemic chronic disease, and hunger. In his view, conquest and subjugation were the results of the need to appropriate land and water to maintain large groups of animals, and the gross amassing of military power has its roots in the economic benefits of the exploitation, exchange, and sale of animals. Deadly zoonotic diseases, Nibert shows, have accompanied violent developments throughout history, laying waste to whole cities, societies, and civilizations. His most powerful insight situates the domesecration of animals as a precondition for the oppression of human populations, particularly indigenous peoples, an injustice impossible to rectify while the material interests of the elite are inextricably linked to the exploitation of animals. Nibert links domesecration to some of the most critical issues facing the world today, including the depletion of fresh water, topsoil, and oil reserves; global warming; and world hunger, and he reviews the U.S. government's military response to the inevitable crises of an overheated, hungry, resource-depleted world. Most animal-advocacy campaigns reinforce current oppressive practices, Nibert argues. Instead, he suggests reforms that challenge the legitimacy of both domesecration and capitalism.
Categories: Nature

The Great Awakening and Southern Backcountry Revolutionaries

The Great Awakening and Southern Backcountry Revolutionaries

His publications include: North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual
Violence (Eds., Richard Chacon and Rubén Mendoza) Tucson: University of
Arizona Press, 2007. Latin American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence (
Eds., Richard ...

Author: Richard J. Chacon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319045979

Category: Social Science

Page: 117

View: 286

This work documents the impact that the Great Awakening had on the inhabitants of colonial America’s Southern Backcountry. Special emphasis is placed on how this religious revival furrowed the ground on which the seeds of the American Revolution would sprout. The investigation shows how the Great Awakening can be traced to the Europe’s Age of Enlightenment. This effort also demonstrates how and why this revival spread so rapidly throughout the colonies. Special focus is placed on how the Great Awakening impacted the mindset of colonists of the Southern Backcountry. Most significantly, this research demonstrates how this 18thcentury revival not only cultivated a sense of American national identity, but how it also fostered a colonial mindset against established authority which, in turn, facilitated the success of the American Revolution. Additionally, this investigation will document (from a cross-cultural perspective) how religious revivals have fueled other revolutionary movements around the world. Such analysis will include the Celtic Druid Revolt, the Maji-Maji Rebellion of East Africa along with the Mad Man’s War in Southeast Asia. Lastly, the ethical ramifications of minimizing (or denying) the role that religion played in political and social transformations around the world will be addressed. This final point is of paramount importance given current trend in academia to minimize the role that religion played in spurring revolutions while emphasizing material (i.e. economic) causal factors. This attempt at divorcing religion from history is misguided and unethical because it is not only misleading but it also fails to fully acknowledge the beliefs and values that motivated individuals to take certain actions in the first place.
Categories: Social Science

Archaeological Review from Cambridge

Archaeological Review from Cambridge

North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence Edited by Richard J .
Chacon and Rubén G . Mendoza 2007 . Tucson : University of Arizona Press Hbk
. 304 pp . 7 photos . 17 illus . ISBN : 978 - 0 - 8165 - 2532 - 4 Latin American ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000125383657

Category: Archaeology

Page:

View: 332

Categories: Archaeology

The Journal of Military History

The Journal of Military History

North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence . Edited by Richard J .
Chacon and Rubén G . Mendoza . Tucson : University of Arizona Press , 2007 .
ISBN 978 - 0 - 8165 - 2532 - 4 . Photographs . Figures . References . Index .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015078326967

Category: United States

Page:

View: 375

Categories: United States

The Interior World

The Interior World

More than the violence entailed in Quechans rapidly diminished in number.
raiding, this period of warfare incurred major ... North American Indigenous
Warfare and Ritual Violence (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 207) argues
for a local, ...

Author: Natale A. Zappia

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X78275

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 522

View: 671

Categories: Indians of North America

Latin American Antiquity

Latin American Antiquity

A Journal of the Society for American Archaeology ... Essay 560 Warfare and
Violence in the Americas North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual
Violence, edited by Richard J. Chacon and Rubén G. Mendoza; Latin American
Indigenous ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106020073133

Category: Indians of Central America

Page:

View: 296

Categories: Indians of Central America

The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research

The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research

Collectively, the contributions in this volume, which extend across the disciplines of archaeology, anthropology, ethnohistory, ethnic studies, philosophy, and medicine, argue that the non-reporting of environmental mismanagement and ...

Author: Richard J. Chacon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461410652

Category: Social Science

Page: 524

View: 112

The decision to publish scholarly findings bearing on the question of Amerindian environmental degradation, warfare, and/or violence is one that weighs heavily on anthropologists. This burden stems from the fact that documentation of this may render descendant communities vulnerable to a host of predatory agendas and hostile modern forces. Consequently, some anthropologists and community advocates alike argue that such culturally and socially sensitive, and thereby, politically volatile information regarding Amerindian-induced environmental degradation and warfare should not be reported. This admonition presents a conundrum for anthropologists and other social scientists employed in the academy or who work at the behest of tribal entities. This work documents the various ethical dilemmas that confront anthropologists, and researchers in general, when investigating Amerindian communities. The contributions to this volume explore the ramifications of reporting--and, specifically,--of non-reporting instances of environmental degradation and warfare among Amerindians. Collectively, the contributions in this volume, which extend across the disciplines of archaeology, anthropology, ethnohistory, ethnic studies, philosophy, and medicine, argue that the non-reporting of environmental mismanagement and violence in Amerindian communities generally harms not only the field of anthropology but the Amerindian populations themselves.
Categories: Social Science

Choice

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of
the American Library Association ... revisionist historians claim that the
indigenous populations of what is now Mexico , Central America , the Caribbean
islands , and South America were ... 00 Undertaking an impartial assessment of
the evidence for ritual warfare and violence in prehistoric North America , the
editors solicited ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079680503

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 126

Categories: Academic libraries

Chiricahua and Janos

Chiricahua and Janos

Communities of Violence in the Southwestern Borderlands, 1680-1880 Lance R.
Blyth ... Review Essay : Violence , Exchange , and Renewal in the American
Southwest . ... North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence . Tucson
 ...

Author: Lance R. Blyth

Publisher: University of Nebraska Press

ISBN: UCR:31210023646233

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 944

This study of Chiricahua Apaches and the presidio of Janos in the U.S.-Mexican borderlands reveals how no single entity had a monopoly on coercion, and how violence became the primary means by which relations were established, maintained, or altered both within and between communities, to include the Spanish-Mexican settlement of Janos in Nueva Vizcaya, present-day Chihuahua, and the Chiricahua Apaches.
Categories: History

History in Africa

History in Africa

261 For North America , Russell Means and Marvin Wolf put the flower - war
argument most inimitably : “ [ b ] efore the ... Development and Collapse of
Classic Maya Civilization ” in Latin American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual
Violence , ed .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079722180

Category: Africa

Page:

View: 171

Categories: Africa

The Anthropology of War

The Anthropology of War

Cree - Inuit Warfare in the Hudson Bay Region . ” In North American Indigenous
Warfare and Ritual Violence . Richard Chacon and Ruben Mendoza ( eds . ) .
Tucson : University of Arizona Press . Blanchard , D. Caroline , Mark Hebert , and
 ...

Author: Keith F. Otterbein

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: IND:30000124503776

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 868

Categories: Social Science

War Paths Peace Paths

War Paths  Peace Paths

Desecrating the Sacred Ancestor Temples: Chiefly Conflict and Violence in the
American Southeast. In North American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual, edited by
Richard J. Chacon and Ruben G. Mendoza, pp. 160-81. University of ...

Author: David H. Dye

Publisher: Altamira Press

ISBN: UCSC:32106019858452

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 895

Focusing on four major issues in prehistoric warfare studies: settlement data, skeletal trauma, weaponry, and iconography, David H. Dye presents a new interpretation of prehistoric warfare in the eastern United States.
Categories: History

International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008

International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences 2008

Author: K. g. Saur

Publisher: De Gruyter Saur

ISBN: 3598694296

Category: Reference

Page: 2952

View: 337

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.1 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.
Categories: Reference

The Bibliography of Appalachia

The Bibliography of Appalachia

Author:

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: UOM:39015078808030

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 166

"This bibliography of books, articles, monographs, and dissertations features more than 4,700 entries, divided into twenty-four subject areas such as activism and protest; Appalachian studies; arts and crafts; community culture and folklife; education; environment; ethnicity, race and identity; health and medicine; media and stereotypes; recreation and tourism; religion; and women and gender. Two indexes conclude the bibliography"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: History

The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians

The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians

Additionally, they present objectively and discuss dispassionately the topic of human proclivity toward ritual violence. This book fills the gap in literature on this subject.

Author: Richard J. Chacon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387483030

Category: Social Science

Page: 680

View: 666

This edited volume mainly focuses on the practice of taking and displaying various body parts as trophies in both North and South America. The editors and contributors (which include Native Peoples from both continents) examine the evidence and causes of Amerindian trophy taking. Additionally, they present objectively and discuss dispassionately the topic of human proclivity toward ritual violence. This book fills the gap in literature on this subject.
Categories: Social Science

IBR

IBR

nimm nur mit , was du tragen kannst > moser , achill nineteenth - century
american fiction on screen > palmer , r . barton ( ed . ) ... the north american folk
music revival > mitchell , gillian north american indigenous warfare and ritual
violence ...

Author: De Gruyter

Publisher:

ISBN: 3598694520

Category:

Page: 2579

View: 344

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.
Categories: