The nonmonotonic nature of the operator not requires us to use a modal nonmonotonic logic as means of reasoning from modal images of programs . Both interpretations ( 5 ) and ( 6 ) were studied in the context of autoepistemic logic .
Author: Lua-S Moniz Pereira
Publisher: MIT Press
Category: Logic programming
This is the second in a series of workshops that are bringing together researchers from the theoretical end of both the logic programming and artificial intelligence communities to discuss their mutual interests. This workshop emphasizes the relationship between logic programming and non-monotonic reasoning.Luis' Moniz Pereira is Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the Universidade Nova Lisboa, Portugal. Anil Nerode is Professor and Director of the Mathematical Sciences Institute at Cornell University.Topics include: Stable Semantics. Autoepistemic Logic. Abduction. Implementation Issues. Well-founded Semantics. Truth Maintenance. Probabilistic Theories. Applications. Default Logic. Diagnosis. Complexity and Theory. Handling Inconsistency.
Non-monotonic Reasoning Supporting Wireless Sensor Networks for Intelligent Monitoring: The SINDI System Alessandra Mileo, Davide Merico, andRobertoBisiani Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication, University of ...
Author: Esra Erdem
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning (LPNMR 2009), held during September 14–18, 2009 in Potsdam, Germany. LPNMR is a forum for exchanging ideas on declarative logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning and knowledge representation. The aim of the c- ference is to facilitate interaction between researchers interested in the design and implementation of logic-based programming languages and database s- tems, and researchers who work in the areas of knowledge representation and nonmonotonic reasoning. LPNMR strives to encompass theoretical and expe- mental studies that have led or will lead to the construction of practical systems for declarative programming and knowledge representation. The special theme of LPNMR 2009 was “Applications of Logic Progr- ming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning” in general and “Answer Set Programming (ASP)” in particular. LPNMR 2009 aimed at providing a comprehensive survey of the state of the art of ASP/LPNMR applications. The special theme was re?ected by dedicating an entire dayof the conference to applications. Apart from special sessions devoted to original and signi?cant ASP/LPNMR applications, we solicited contributions providing an overview of existing successful applications of ASP/LPNMR systems. The presentations on applications were accompanied by two panels, one on existing and another on future applications of ASP/LPNMR.
In L. M. Pereira and A. Nerode , editors , Logic Programming and Non - monotonic Reasoning , Proc . of the Second Int . Workshop ( LPNMR'93 ) , pages 23–42 . MIT Press , 1993 . 2. S. Brass . Bottom - up query evaluation in extended ...
Author: J. Dix
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Development and environment problems have reached such alarming proportions that the very survival of humanity is now subject to critical and unprecedented threats. In its latest report, the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) criticizes Germany's global change research community for its lack of international orientation, its bias towards individual disciplines and for its weaknesses in translating scientific results into a form readily accessible to policymakers. The Council identifies alternatives for restructuring the research landscape, focusing primarily on a new 'Syndrome Approach' for global change research. By applying this tool, scientists can systematically describe and analyze the 'diseases' afflicting the Earth System, and thus elaborate response options.
We have presented a formalization of evidence based non-monotonic reasoning based on formal concept analysis. To this end, we have used formal contexts to model the set of experiences a person has. Using the notion of confidence, ...
Author: Pedro Cabalar
This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2013, held in September 2013 in Corunna, Spain. The 34 revised full papers (22 technical papers, 9 application description, and 3 system descriptions) and 19 short papers (11 technical papers, 3 application descriptions, and 5 system descriptions) presented together with 2 invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 91 submissions. Being a forum for exchanging ideas on declarative logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning, and knowledge representation, the conference aims to facilitate interactions between those researchers and practitioners interested in the design and implementation of logic-based programming languages and database systems, and those who work in the area of knowledge representation and nonmonotonic reasoning.
Non - Monotonic Reasoning - Formalization of commonsense reasoning . Ellis Horwood 1990 . [ 48 ] D. Makinson . On the Status of the Postulate of Recovery in the Logic of Theory Change . Journal of Philosophical Logic , 16 ( 1987 ) : 383 ...
Author: Grigoris Antoniou
Publisher: MIT Press
Nonmonotonic reasoning provides formal methods that enable intelligent systems to operate adequately when faced with incomplete or changing information. In particular, it provides rigorous mechanisms for taking back conclusions that, in the presence of new information, turn out to be wrong and for deriving new, alternative conclusions instead. Nonmonotonic reasoning methods provide rigor similar to that of classical reasoning; they form a base for validation and verification and therefore increase confidence in intelligent systems that work with incomplete and changing information. Following a brief introduction to the concepts of predicate logic that are needed in the subsequent chapters, this book presents an in depth treatment of default logic. Other subjects covered include the major approaches of autoepistemic logic and circumscription, belief revision and its relationship to nonmonotonic inference, and briefly, the stable and well-founded semantics of logic programs.
1 Introduction Non-monotonic reasoning (NMR) has a rich variety of formalizations such as McCarthy's circumscription , Moore's autoepistemic logic  and Reiter's default logic .
Author: Michael Gelfond
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR '99, held in El Paso, Texas, USA, in December 1999. The volume presents 26 contributed papers and four invited talks, three appearing as extended abstracts and one as a full paper. Topics covered include logic programming, non-monotonic reasoning, knowledge representation, semantics, complexity, expressive power, and implementation and applicatons.
Logic. Programming. and. Non-monotonic. Reasoning. to. AA/ABA. The AA/ABA semantics of admissible, preferred, complete, grounded, stable and ideal extensions [Dun95,BDKT97,DMT07] differ in which additional desirable requirements they ...
Author: Marcello Balduccini
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2017, held in Espoo, Finland, in July 2017. The 16 full papers and 11 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 47 submissions. The book also contains 4 invited talks. The papers were organized in topical sections named: nonmonotonic reasoning; answer set programming; LPNMR systems; and LPNMR applications.
154–159 . [ 75 ] W. Łukaszewicz , Considerations on default logic , Proceedings of the international workshop on non - monotonic reasoning ( R. Reiter , ed . ) , 1984 , New Paltz , NY , pp . 165-193 . [ 76 ] Two results on default logic ...
Author: Dritan Berzati
Publisher: Nova Publishers
The capability to reason in a world full of uncertainties, vagueness and ignorance is what distinguishes humans. This ability to argument in a partially known world is the informal definition of common-sense reasoning. The question how common-sense reasoning is performed occupied humanity since we can think of. Last century this issue reached an immense importance. Especially during the last three decades the study of common-sense reasoning became one of the major research topics in Artificial Intelligence (AI). Several formalisms to capture the mechanism of common-sense reasoning have been proposed so far. This book concentrates on presenting the most important formalisms for common-sense reasoning, and, showing that one of the discussed formalisms serves perfectly to capture the mechanism of common-sense reasoning, since this formalism subsumes all other in this book introduced formalisms dealing with common-sense reasoning.
Classifying semi-normal default logic on the basis of its expressive power. In M. Gelfond, N. Leone, and G. Pfeifer, editors, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Logic Programming and Non-Monotonic Reasoning, LPNMR'99, ...
Author: Thomas Eiter
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2001, held in Vienna, Austria in September 2001. The 22 revised full papers and eleven system descriptions presented with five invited papers were carefully reviewed and rigorously selected. Among the topics addressed are computational logic, declarative information extraction, model checking, inductive logic programming, default theories, stable logic programming, program semantics, incomplete information processing, concept learning, declarative specification, Prolog programming, many-valued logics, etc.
Knowledge Acquisition via Non-monotonic Reasoning in Distributed Heterogeneous Environments Stefania Costantini(B) Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Scienze dell'Informazione e Matematica (DISIM), Universitá degli Studi dell'Aquila, ...
Author: Francesco Calimeri
This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2015, held in September 2015 in Lexington, KY, USA. The 290long and 11 short papers presented together with 3 invited talks, the paper reporting on the Answer Set Programming competition, and four papers presented by LPNMR student attendees at the doctoral consortium were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 submissions. LPNMR is a forum for exchanging ideas on declarative logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning, and knowledge representation. The aim of the LPNMR conferences is to facilitate interactions between researchers interested in the design and implementation of logic-based programming languages and database systems, and researchers who work in the areas of knowledge representation and nonmonotonic reasoning.