This new book argues that medieval Hungary was, nevertheless, familiar with many institutions characteristic of noble society in Europe.
Author: M. Rady
The absence in medieval Hungary of fief-holding and vassalage has often been cited by historians as evidence of Hungary's early 'deviation' from European norms. This new book argues that medieval Hungary was, nevertheless, familiar with many institutions characteristic of noble society in Europe. Contents include the origins of the Hungarian nobility and baronage, lordship and clientage, the role of the noble kindred, conditional landholding, the organization of the frontier, the administration of the counties, and the establishment of representative institutions.
"Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary" is the first Western language account of medieval landholding and noble society in Hungary.
Author: Martyn C. Rady
"Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary" is the first Western language account of medieval landholding and noble society in Hungary. Rady indicates that although all noble land was held by the ruler, a complex web of relationships still permeated the Hungarian nobility. In his discussion of the institutions of lordship, clientage and office-holding, the author draws direct parallels between medieval Hungary and its better-known Western neighbors.
This is the first comprehensive treatment in any language of the history of customary law in Hungary, from the thirteenth to the twentieth centuries.
Author: Martyn Rady
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This is the first comprehensive treatment in any language of the history of customary law in Hungary, from the thirteenth to the twentieth centuries. Hungary's customary law was described by Stephen Werboczy in 1517 in the extensive law code known as the Tripartitum. As Werboczy explained, Hungarian law derived from the interplay of Romano-canonical law, statute, written instruments, and court judgments. It was also responsive, however, to popular conceptions of the law's content and application, as communicated through the lay membership of the kingdom's courts. Publication of the Tripartitum was intended to make the law more certain by fixing it in writing. Nevertheless, its text was customized by actual use, in the same way as the statute laws of the kingdom were adjusted as a consequence of court practice and of errors in their transmission. The reputation attaching to the Tripartitum and Hungary's insulation from the Roman Law Reception meant that the Tripartitum continued to retain authority until well into the nineteenth century. Attempts to replace it foundered and it was the principal text on which the courts and the schools relied, not only in Habsburg Hungary but also in Transylvania. Courts, nevertheless, continued to modify its provisions in the interests of rendering judgments that they deemed either to be right or in conformity with developing practices. Even after the establishment of a parliamentary form of government in the nineteenth century, a strong customary element attached to Hungarian law, which was amplified by the association of customary law with national traditions. The consequence was that Hungary maintained aspects of a customary law regime until the Communist period.
This comprehensive treatment of the history of customary law in Hungary starts with Stephen Werbőczy's 16th-century customary law code, the 'Tripartitum'.
Author: Martyn C. Rady
Category: Customary law
This comprehensive treatment of the history of customary law in Hungary starts with Stephen Werbőczy's 16th-century customary law code, the 'Tripartitum'. This code influenced the composition, structure and procedures of the courts and retained authority even when a parliamentary government was established in the 19th century. Even after the establishment of a parliamentary form of government in the nineteenth century, a strong customary element attached to Hungarian law, which was amplified by the association of customary law with national traditions.
Military History ofHungary. Available through: http://en.wikipedia .org/wiki/MilitaryihistoryiofiHungary. Access Date: March 24, 2010. 3. Martyn Radi. 2000. Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Author: Rita J. Simon
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Social Science
This book focuses on military conscription in 22 countries that represent the world's regions. The purpose is to shed light on the history, politics, and main events that led to the choice of conscription or professional military forces in the countries under study. While we acknowledge that practical and technological developments played major roles in this choice, we also understand that racial and gender relations, social group and political regime dynamics, regional influences, and international forces also affected military composition and relations to the rest of the society. Through this review, we aim at providing an easy-to-access source of knowledge about military mobilization policies and historical developments as well as the main ideas, politics, and events that shaped them. Through this review, we offer a glimpse on developments that influenced societies and political systems and were reflected in their militaries.
Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, c.900–c.1300 Nora Berend, Przemysław Urbańczyk, Przemysław Wiszewski ... of Medieval Studies at the CEU (1996/1997), 204–11; Martyn Rady, Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary (Basingstoke, 2000).
Author: Nora Berend
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A groundbreaking comparative history of the formation of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, from their origins in the eleventh century.
M. Rady, Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary (Basingstoke, 2000), 35–9, 144–6. 191 B. and P. Sawyer, Medieval Scandinavia (Minneapolis, 1993), 92. 192 F. L. Carsten, The Origins of Prussia (Oxford, 1954), 24–5, 77.
Author: J. R. Maddicott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
A magisterial study of the evolution of the English parliament from its earliest origins in the late Anglo-Saxon period through to the fully fledged parliament of lords and commons which sanctioned the deposition of Edward II in 1327.
Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000. Ságvári, György and Somogyi, Győző. Nagy huszárkönyv (The Great Book of Hussars), Budapest: Magyar Könyv Klub kiadó, 1999. Sándorfy, Kamill.
Author: Nathalie Kalnoky
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In 13th century, the Szeklers were granted a territory (Terra Sirulorum) on the eastern border of the kingdom of Hungary. These lands were donated by the king to the community as a whole, in exchange for the armed border guard service. The use of Szekler customary law, based on a military-judicial -- and most likely multi-ethnic – clan structure was confirmed by the Hungarian crown. Based on extensive archival sources from the 13th to 16th centuries, this fascinating book examines how customary law maintains complex structures of clan membership as a condition of access to judicial and military dignities, and how the Szeklers developed rules for land ownership and devolution. These documents recall legal principles in which the clan has pre-eminence over individuals, all free and equal before their laws. In this period, one can observe an evolution towards individual property, a factor of inequality, constantly shaped and limited by the Szeklers' determination to safeguard their freedom. This unique text is vital reading for scholars interested in Hungarian history, medieval law, and clan structures.
The Habsburg Empire reached at various times across most of Europe and the New World.
Author: Martyn Rady
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Habsburgs are the most famous dynasty in continental Europe. From the thirteenth to the twentieth centuries, they ruled much of Central Europe, and for two centuries were also rulers of Spain. Through the Spanish connection, they acquired lands around the Mediterranean and a chunk of the New World, spreading eastwards to include the Philippines. Reaching from South-East Asia to what is now Ukraine, the Habsburg Empire was truly global. In this Very Short Introduction Martin Rady looks at the history of the Habsburgs, from their tenth-century origins in Switzerland, to the dissolution of the Habsburg Empire in 1918. He introduces the pantheon of Habsburg rulers, which included adventurers, lunatics, and at least one monarch who was so malformed that his true portrait could never be exhibited. He also discusses the lands and kingdoms that made up the Habsburg Empire, and the decisive moments that shaped their history. Dynasty, Europe, global power, and the idea of the multi-national state all converge on the history of the Habsburg Empire. Martin Rady shows how. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Rady, M. 2000, Nobility, Land and Service in Medieval Hungary. New York: Palgrave. Raukar, T. 1995, “I fiorentini in Dalmazia nel secolo XIV,” Archivio Storico Italiano 153, 657–680. Rausch, W. 1996, “Jahrmärkte, ...
The Economy of Medieval Hungary is the first concise, English-language volume on the economic life of medieval Hungary, covering the structures of economic life, human-nature interactions in production, taxation, money and commerce.