No Rule of Law, No Democracy

Conflicts of Interest, Corruption, and Elections as Democratic Deficits

Author: Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438462654

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

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Argues that new democracies face consolidation challenges due to campaign finance corruption and the unwillingness of politicians to reform rule of law enforcement. Mainstream theories assert that democracy cures corruption. In market economies, however, elections are expensive and parties, with ever-thinning memberships, cannot legally acquire the necessary campaign funds. In order to secure electoral funds, a large number of politicians misappropriate public funds. Due to the illicit character of these transactions, high officials with conflicts of interest prefer to leave anticorruption enforcement mechanisms unreformed and reserve the right to intervene in the judicial process, with dire consequences for the rule of law. In No Rule of Law, No Democracy, Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner demonstrates that when corrupt politicians are in power—true of nearly all new democracies—they will protect their office and fail to implement rule of law reforms. Consequently, these polities never reach a point where democracy could and would cure corruption. This dysfunction is tested in one hundred cases over sixteen years with significant results. In the case of the Czech Republic, for example, which is regarded as a consolidated democracy, there is systematic corruption, misappropriation of state funds, an unreformed judiciary, and arbitrary application of law. The only solution is a powerful, independent, well-funded anticorruption agency. Romania, one of the most corrupt countries in Europe, established, at the European Union’s request, powerful anticorruption bodies and punished corrupt leaders, which created the predictability of enforcement. It is the certainty of punishment that curtails corruption and establishes true rule of law.
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Is This Any Way to Run a Democratic Election?

Author: Stephen J. Wayne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000650588

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 9525

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The 2016 and 2018 elections are over, but looking ahead to the 2019–2020 election cycle, the debate over the fairness and accuracy of our electoral process has never been more contentious. Hacking, fake news, a "rigged system," voter ID challenges, Super PACs, and an Electoral College defying the popular vote count all lead to a common question and concern: Is this any way to run a democratic election? New to the Seventh Edition: New data and timely illustrations from the 2016 and 2018 elections, looking ahead to 2020 election. The growing importance of social media (Facebook, YouTube, Twitter) and its impact, good and bad, on recent campaigns. Foreign interference in the 2016 and 2018 national elections. The integrity of campaign communications—hacking, rumoring, instantaneous news, and the effect of fact-checking. Money: the role of Super PACs and billionaire donors; the impact of campaign spending on the candidates and on election outcomes. New connections between the "Did you know that" chapter introductions to the exercises at the end. More online references in the suggested readings.
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Corruption and Democracy

Political Finances, Conflicts of Interest, Lobbying, Justice

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287163554

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 4484

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Political corruption contributes to the decline of citizens' trust and confidence in democracy and weakens democratic principles and processes. The contributions in this book identify risks that corruption poses to the future of democracy in Europe, and propose a wide range of measures for action which are aimed at preventing political corruption (including undue influence on the justice system), enhancing transparency and accountability, and rebuilding confidence in democracy.--Publisher's description.
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Rethinking Popular Representation

Author: O. Törnquist,N. Webster,K. Stokke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230102093

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 2715

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This book starts out from the deep concern with contemporary tendencies towards depoliticisation of public issues and popular interests and makes a case for rethinking more democratic popular representation. It outlines a framework for popular representation, examines key issues and experiences and provides a policy-oriented conclusion.
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Democratic institutions and politics in contexts of inequality, poverty, and conflict

a conceptual framework

Author: Robin Luckham,University of Sussex. Institute of Development Studies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 83

View: 2600

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An analysis of democracy and its relevance to the challenges of broadening popular participation, reducing poverty and social exclusion and managing violent conflict, especially in the present day East and South. The paper argues that the spread of democratic institutions does not necessarily mean the spread of democratic politics but that the former will only flourish when they are actively supported by the latter. The design and structure of democratic institutions also makes a difference, both creating space for democratic politics and shaping how elected governments deal with the issues of participation, socio-economic justice and conflict.
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Democracy, Conflict and Human Security

Pursuing Peace in the 21st Century

Author: Judith Large,Timothy D. Sisk,Reginald Austin

Publisher: International Idea

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 4985

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Tackles questions on how democracies can deliver social and economic rights, include all citizens in decision making and reduce poverty. This new publication is a two-volume set that explores ways in which democratic practice can contribute to the management of contemporary conflicts and promote the realization of security and development objectives. Volume I contains analysis and recommendations based on wide-ranging research and evaluation of lessons learned from democratization processes, past and ongoing. Volume II presents essays and case studies by leading specialists from around the world that further develop the themes and findings presented in Volume I. Democracy, Conflict and Human Security argues that effective democracy building moves beyond the process of elections and technical assistance and examines how democratic practice relates to human security. Governments may hold free elections but fall short in other democratic measures such as the separation of powers, the freedom of the press, and guarantees of human rights. These two volumes are aimed at practitioners, parliamentarians, politicians, government officials and policy makers concerned with problems such as social exclusion, the quality of democracy and new forms of authoritarian regimes.
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Horticulture Commodity Chains

The Impact of the UK Market on the African Fresh Vegetable Industry

Author: Catherine Dolan,John Humphrey (D.Phil.),Carla Harris-Pascal

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781858642789

Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Page: 39

View: 8661

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Nations in Transit

Civil Society, Democracy, and Markets in East Central Europe and the Newly Independent States

Author: Adrian Karatnycky,Alexander J. Motyl,Aili Piano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil society

Page: N.A

View: 2076

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