New Perspectives on Aristotle s De Caelo

New Perspectives on Aristotle s De Caelo

This volume is the first collection of scholarly articles in any modern language devoted to Aristotle s "De caelo." It grew out of series of workshops held at Princeton, Cambridge, and Paris in the late 1990 s.

Author: Alan C. Bowen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004173767

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 182

This volume is the first collection of scholarly articles in any modern language devoted to Aristotle s "De caelo." It grew out of series of workshops held at Princeton, Cambridge, and Paris in the late 1990 s. Since Aristotle s "De caelo" had a major influence on cosmological thinking until the time of Galileo and Kepler and helped to shape the way in which Western civilization imagined its natural environment and place at the center of the universe, familiarity with the main doctrines of the "De caelo" is a prerequisite for an understanding of much of the thought and culture of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Categories: Philosophy

New Perspectives on Aristotle s De caelo

New Perspectives on Aristotle s De caelo

Merlan, P. (1966) “Two Theological Problems In Aristotle's Met A: 6–9 and De Caelo A1: 9, Apeiron 1:3–13. Mignucci, M. (1990) “Aristotle's De Caelo I, ...

Author: Alan Bowen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004189829

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 744

Aristotle's great ambition in his De caelo was to determine the nature and structure of the geocentric universe. This collection of essays addresses key epistemological and methodological issues raised by the numerous arguments that Aristotle offers.
Categories: Philosophy

Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle s Science of Nature

Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle s Science of Nature

New Perspectives on Aristotle's De Caelo, Leiden, 89–132. Hassing, R. (ed.) (1997), Final Causality in Nature and Human Affairs, Studies in Philosophy and ...

Author: Mariska Leunissen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139490412

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 363

In Aristotle's teleological view of the world, natural things come to be and are present for the sake of some function or end (for example, wings are present in birds for the sake of flying). Whereas much of recent scholarship has focused on uncovering the (meta-)physical underpinnings of Aristotle's teleology and its contrasts with his notions of chance and necessity, this book examines Aristotle's use of the theory of natural teleology in producing explanations of natural phenomena. Close analyses of Aristotle's natural treatises and his Posterior Analytics show what methods are used for the discovery of functions or ends that figure in teleological explanations, how these explanations are structured, and how well they work in making sense of phenomena. The book will be valuable for all who are interested in Aristotle's natural science, his philosophy of science, and his biology.
Categories: Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

that Aristotle defends in greater detail elsewhere (Phys. I. 7; 4. I– 5). ... New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo (Leiden, 2009), 21.5–37 at 235; cf.

Author: Victor Caston

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192515483

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 894

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. "'Have you seen the latest OSAP?' is what scholars of ancient philosophy say to each other when they meet in corridors or on coffee breaks. Whether you work on Plato or Aristotle, on Presocratics or sophists, on Stoics, Epicureans, or Sceptics, on Roman philosophers or Greek Neoplatonists, you are liable to find OSAP articles now dominant in the bibliography of much serious published work in your particular subject: not safe to miss." - Malcolm Schofield, Cambridge University "OSAP was founded to provide a place for long pieces on major issues in ancient philosophy. In the years since, it has fulfilled this role with great success, over and over again publishing groundbreaking papers on what seemed to be familiar topics and others surveying new ground to break. It represents brilliantly the vigour—and the increasingly broad scope—of scholarship in ancient philosophy, and shows us all how the subject should flourish." - M.M. McCabe, King's College London
Categories: Philosophy

Aristotle on How Animals Move

Aristotle on How Animals Move

J. G. Lennox, De caelo 2.2 and its Debt to the De incessu animalium, in A. C. Bowen and Ch. Wildberg (eds.), New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo.

Author: Andrea Falcon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108865272

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 199

The De incessu animalium forms an integral part of Aristotle's biological corpus but is one of the least studied Aristotelian works both by ancient and modern interpreters. Yet it is a treatise where we can see, with some clarity and detail, Aristotle's methodology at work. This volume contains a new critical edition of the Greek text, an English translation, and nine in-depth interpretative essays. A general introduction that focuses on the explanatory strategies adopted by Aristotle in the De incessu animalium plus a historical essay on the reception of this work in antiquity and beyond open the volume. No other work of this kind has been published in any modern language.
Categories: Philosophy

Cosmology and Biology in Ancient Philosophy

Cosmology and Biology in Ancient Philosophy

2009. 'De caelo II.2 and Its Debt to De incessu animalium' in A. C. Bowen and C. Wildberg (eds.), New Perspectives on Aristotle's De Caelo.

Author: Ricardo Salles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108872102

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 767

In antiquity living beings are inextricably linked to the cosmos as a whole. Ancient biology and cosmology depend upon one another and therefore a complete understanding of one requires a full account of the other. This volume addresses many philosophical issues that arise from this double relation. Does the cosmos have a soul of its own? Why? Is either of these two disciplines more basic than the other, or are they at the same explanatory level? What is the relationship between living things and the cosmos as a whole? If the cosmos is an animate intelligent being, what is the nature of its thoughts and actions? How do these relate to our own thoughts and actions? Do they pose a threat to our autonomy as subjects and agents? And what is the place of zoogony in cosmogony? A distinguished international team of contributors provides original essays discussing these questions.
Categories: Philosophy

Dialectic after Plato and Aristotle

Dialectic after Plato and Aristotle

Boyancé, P. (1964) 'Le stoïcisme à Rome', in Actes du VIIe Congrès de l'Association ... in De caelo I.12', in New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo, eds.

Author: Thomas Bénatouïl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108676250

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 840

Ancient dialectic started as an art of refutation and evolved into a science akin to our logic, grammar and linguistics. Scholars of ancient philosophy have traditionally focused on Plato's and Aristotle's dialectic without paying much attention to the diverse conceptions and uses of dialectic presented by philosophers after the classical period. To bridge this gap, this volume aims at a comprehensive understanding of the competing Hellenistic and Imperial definitions of dialectic and their connections with those of the classical period. It starts from the Megaric school of the fourth century BCE and the early Peripatetics, via Epicurus, the Stoics, the Academic sceptics and Cicero, to Sextus Empiricus and Galen in the second century CE. The philosophical foundations and various uses of dialectic are closely analysed and systematically examined together with the numerous objections that were raised against them.
Categories: Philosophy

New Perspectives on Galileo

New Perspectives on Galileo

Aristotle in the third De caelo, 47, and in the first Meteores, first summary, third chapter, followed by the Doctores Parisienses, establishes a tenfold ...

Author: Robert E. Butts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400997998

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 841

The essays in this volume (except for the contribution of Dr. Le Grand) are extremely revised versions of papers originally delivered at a workshop on Galileo held in Blacksburg, Virginia in October, 1975. The meeting was organized by Professor Joseph Pitt and sponsored by the Department of Philosophy and Religion, The College of Arts and Sciences, and the Division of Research of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. The papers that follow deal with problems OIf Galileo's philosophy of science, specific and general problems connected with his methodology, and with historical and conceptual questions concerning the relationship of his work to that of contemporaries and both earlier and later scientists. New perspectives take many forms. In this book the 'newness' has, for the most part, two forms. First, in the papers by Wisan, Shea, Le Grand and Wallace (the concerns will also appear in some of the other contributions), greatly enriched historical discoveries of how Galileo's science and its method ology developed are provided. It should be stressed that these papers are attempts to recapture a deep sense of the kind of science Galileo was creating. Other papers in the volume, for example, those by McMullin, Machamer, Butts and Pitt, underscore the importance of this historical venture by discussing various aspects of the philosophical background of Galileo's thought. The historical and philosophical evaluations and analyses compliment one another.
Categories: Science

Aristotle on Inquiry

Aristotle on Inquiry

“Heaps or Wholes: Aristotle's Explanation of Compound Bodies.” Isis 70(1): 11–29. ... New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Author: James G. Lennox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009038188

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 259

Aristotle is a rarity in the history of philosophy and science - he is a towering figure in the history of both disciplines. Moreover, he devoted a great deal of philosophical attention to the nature of scientific knowledge. How then do his philosophical reflections on scientific knowledge impact his actual scientific inquiries? In this book James Lennox sets out to answer this question. He argues that Aristotle has a richly normative view of scientific inquiry, and that those norms are of two kinds: a general, question-guided framework applicable to all scientific inquiries, and domain-specific norms reflecting differences in the target of inquiry and in the means of observation available to researchers. To see these norms of inquiry in action, the second half of this book examines Aristotle's investigations of animals, the soul, material compounds, the motions of heavenly bodies, and respiration.
Categories: Philosophy

Aristotelianism in the First Century BCE

Aristotelianism in the First Century BCE

New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo. Leiden/Boston: 83–118. Hataway, R. F. (2002) “Plotinus and the Possibility of Natural Science,” in M. F. Wagner ...

Author: Andrea Falcon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139502528

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 427

This book is a full study of the remaining evidence for Xenarchus of Seleucia, one of the earliest interpreters of Aristotle. Andrea Falcon places the evidence in its context, the revival of interest in Aristotle's philosophy that took place in the first century BCE. Xenarchus is often presented as a rebel, challenging Aristotle and the Aristotelian tradition. Falcon argues that there is more to Xenarchus and his philosophical activity than an opposition to Aristotle; he was a creative philosopher, and his views are best understood as an attempt to revise and update Aristotle's philosophy. By looking at how Xenarchus negotiated different aspects of Aristotle's philosophy, this book highlights elements of rupture as well as strands of continuity within the Aristotelian tradition.
Categories: Philosophy

Structure and Method in Aristotle s Meteorologica

Structure and Method in Aristotle s Meteorologica

(2009) New Perspectives on Aristotle's De Caelo. Leiden. Boyer, C. (1946) “Aristotelian references to the law of reflection,” Isis 36: 92–5.

Author: Malcolm Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107660076

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 736

In the first full-length study in any modern language dedicated to the Meteorologica, Malcolm Wilson presents a groundbreaking interpretation of Aristotle's natural philosophy. Divided into two parts, the book first addresses general philosophical and scientific issues by placing the treatise in a diachronic frame comprising Aristotle's predecessors and in a synchronic frame comprising his other physical works. It argues that Aristotle thought of meteorological phenomena as intermediary or 'dualizing' between the cosmos as a whole and the manifold world of terrestrial animals. Engaging with the best current literature on Aristotle's theories of science and metaphysics, Wilson focuses on issues of aetiology, teleology and the structure and unity of science. The second half of the book illustrates Aristotle's principal concerns in a section-by-section treatment of the meteorological phenomena and provides solutions to many of the problems that have been raised since the time of the ancient commentators.
Categories: Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo (Leiden, 2009), 29–50. Burnyeat, M., et al., Notes on Eta and Theta of Aristotle's Metaphysics (Oxford, 1984).

Author: Brad Inwood

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199644384

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 997

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback.
Categories: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

(1987b) 'Aristotle's use of division and differentiae', in A. Gotthelf and J.G. ... eds., New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo (Philosophia antiqua vol.

Author: Christopher Shields

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195187489

Category: History

Page: 710

View: 275

This book reflects the lively international character of Aristotelian studies, drawing contributors from Europe, North America, and Asia. It also reflects the broad range of activity Aristotelian studies comprise today, informed by cutting-edge philological research and focusing as its core activity on textual exegesis and philosophical criticism.
Categories: History

Aristotle on God s Life Generating Power and on Pneuma as Its Vehicle

Aristotle on God s Life Generating Power and on Pneuma as Its Vehicle

Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2010. ———. “De Caelo 2.2 and its Debt to De Incessu Animalium.” In New Perspectives on Aristotle's De Caelo, ...

Author: Abraham P. Bos

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438468310

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 477

Proposes an innovative rethinking of Aristotle’s work as a system that integrates his theology with his doctrine of reproduction and life. In this deep rethinking of Aristotle’s work, Abraham P. Bos argues that scholarship on Aristotle’s philosophy has erred since antiquity in denying the connection between his theology and his doctrine of reproduction and life in the earthly sphere. Beginning with an analysis of God’s role in the Aristotelian system, Bos explores how this relates to other elements of his philosophy, especially to his theory of reproduction. The argument he develops is that in talking about the cosmos, Aristotle rejected Plato’s metaphor of artisanal production by a divine Demiurge in favor of a biotic metaphor based on the transmission of life in reproduction, in which pneuma—not breath as it is often interpreted but the life-bearing spirit in animals and plants—plays a key and sustaining role as the vital principle in all that lives. In making this case, he defends the authenticity of the treatises De Mundo and De Spiritu as Aristotle’s, and demonstrates Aristotle’s works as a unified system that sharply and comprehensively refutes Plato’s, and in particular replaces Plato’s doctrine of the soul with a theory in which the soul is clearly distinguished from the intellect. “Bos offers a fresh, interesting, and important perspective. His interpretation will be very controversial, but if he is right, the standard Anglo-American interpretation of Aristotle will have to change radically.” — Malcolm Wilson, author of Structure and Method in Aristotle’s Meteorologica: A More Disorderly Nature
Categories: Philosophy

New Perspectives on the History of Islamic Science

New Perspectives on the History of Islamic Science

1048), which is rich in doubts expressed by the latter on various aspects of Aristotle's physics, especially his De Caelo (On the Heavens)14 The new ...

Author: Muzaffar Iqbal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351914772

Category: Social Science

Page: 570

View: 253

Recent studies in the history of Islamic science based on the discovery and study of new primary texts and instruments have substantially revised the views of nineteenth-century historians of science. This volume presents some of these ground-breaking studies as well as articles which shed new light on the ongoing academic debate surrounding the question of the decline of Islamic scientific tradition.
Categories: Social Science

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle s Biology

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle s Biology

“De Caelo 2.2 and its Debt to the de Incessu Animalium,” in A. C. Bowen and C. Wildberg (eds.), New Perspectives on Aristotle's De Caelo (Leiden: Brill).

Author: S. M. Connell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107197732

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 642

Comprehensive overview of all the key issues in Aristotle's biological works and their place within his broader philosophy and theology.
Categories: History

Heavenly Stuff

Heavenly Stuff

The Constitution of the Celestial Objects and the Theory of Homocentric Spheres
in Aristotle's Cosmology Theokritos ... La scienza del cielo nel periodo
pretolemaico ” , in S. Petruccioli ( ed . ) ... New Perspectives on Aristotle's De
caelo .

Author: Theokritos Kouremenos

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: IND:30000134319197

Category: History

Page: 150

View: 845

This book offers a reappraisal of basic aspects of Aristotelian cosmology. Aristotle believed that all celestial objects consisted of the same substance that pervade the heavens, a stuff unlike those found near the center of the cosmos that compose us and everything in our immediate surroundings. Kouremenos argues that, contrary to the received view, Aristotle originally introduced this heavenly stuff as the matter of the stars alone, the remotest celestial objects from the Earth, and as filler of the outermost part of the heavens, forming a diurnally rotating spherical shell whose fixed parts are the stars, the crust of the cosmos which has the Earth at its center. The author also argues that, contrary to another common view, at no point in the development of his cosmological thought did Aristotle believe the heavens to be structured according to the theory of homocentric spheres developed by his older contemporary Eudoxus of Cnidus, in which the other celestial objects, the five planets known in antiquity, the Sun and the Moon, were hypothesized to move uniformly in circles, as if they were fixed stars.
Categories: History

Action Contemplation and Happiness

Action  Contemplation  and Happiness

... to take a comprehensive view of the agreed-upon facts is lack of experience. ... Aristotle's De Caelo,” in New Perspectives on Aristotle's De Caelo, ed.

Author: C. D. C. Reeve

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674065475

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 577

"The notion of practical wisdom is one of Aristotle's greatest inventions. It has inspired philosophers as diverse as Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Elizabeth Anscombe, Michael Thompson, and John McDowell. Now a leading scholar of ancient philosophy offers a challenge to received accounts of practical wisdom by situating it in the larger context of Aristotle's views on knowledge and reality. That happiness is the end pursued by practical wisdom is commonly agreed. What is disputed is whether happiness is to be found in the practical life of political action, in which we exhibit courage, temperance, and other virtues of character, or in the contemplative life, where theoretical wisdom is the essential virtue. C.D.C. Reeve argues that the dichotomy is bogus, that these lives are in fact parts of a single life, which is the best human one. In support of this view, he develops innovative accounts of many of the central notions in Aristotle's metaphysics, epistemology, and psychology, including matter and form, scientific knowledge, dialectic, educatedness, perception, understanding, political science, practical truth, deliberation, and deliberate choice. These accounts are based directly on freshly translated passages from many of Aristotle's writings. Action, Contemplation, and Happiness is an accessible essay not just on practical wisdom but on Aristotle's philosophy as a whole."--book jacket.
Categories: Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

Johansen, T. K., “From Plato's Timaeus to Aristotle's De caelo: The Case of the Missing World-Soul', in A. C. Bowen and C. Wildberg (eds.), New Perspectives ...

Author: Brad Inwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198712923

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 214

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. 'The serial Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (OSAP) is fairly regarded as the leading venue for publication in ancient philosophy. It is where one looks to find the state-of-the-art. That the serial, which presents itself more as an anthology than as a journal, has traditionally allowed space for lengthier studies, has tended only to add to its prestige; it is as if OSAP thus declares that, since it allows as much space as the merits of the subject require, it can be more entirely devoted to the best and most serious scholarship.' Michael Pakaluk, Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Categories: Philosophy

Maximus the Confessor as a European Philosopher

Maximus the Confessor as a European Philosopher

Bodnár, István M. “Movers and Elemental Motions in Aristotle. ... In New Perspectives on Aristotle's De caelo, edited by Alan C. Bowen and Christian ...

Author: Sotiris Mitralexis

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498295581

Category: Philosophy

Page: 366

View: 269

The study of Maximus the Confessor’s thought has flourished in recent years: international conferences, publications and articles, new critical editions and translations mark a torrent of interest in the work and influence of perhaps the most sublime of the Byzantine Church Fathers. It has been repeatedly stated that the Confessor’s thought is of eminently philosophical interest. However, no dedicated collective scholarly engagement with Maximus the Confessor as a philosopher has taken place—and this volume attempts to start such a discussion. Apart from Maximus’ relevance and importance for philosophy in general, a second question arises: should towering figures of Byzantine philosophy like Maximus the Confessor be included in an overview of the European history of philosophy, or rather excluded from it—as is the case today with most histories of European philosophy? Maximus’ philosophy challenges our understanding of what European philosophy is. In this volume, we begin to address these issues and examine numerous aspects of Maximus’ philosophy—thereby also stressing the interdisciplinary character of Maximian studies. Contributors include: Fr. Maximos Constas, Justin Shaun Coyle, Vladimir Cvetković, Natalie Depraz, Demetrios Harper, Michael Harrington, Georgi Kapriev, Karolina Kochańczyk-Bonińska, Nicholas Loudovikos, Andrew Louth, John Panteleimon Manoussakis, Michail Mantzanas, Smilen Markov, Sotiris Mitralexis, Marcin Podbielski, Dionysios Skliris, Georgios Steiris, Stoyan Tanev, Torstein Theodor Tollefsen, Jordan Daniel Wood
Categories: Philosophy