New Mexico and the Pimería Alta

The Colonial Period in the American Southwest

Author: John G. Douglass,William Graves

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607325748

Category: Social Science

Page: 452

View: 5714


Focusing on the two major areas of the Southwest that witnessed the most intensive and sustained colonial encounters, New Mexico and the Pimería Alta compares how different forms of colonialism and indigenous political economies resulted in diverse outcomes for colonists and Native peoples. Taking a holistic approach and studying both colonist and indigenous perspectives through archaeological, ethnohistorical, historical, and landscape data, contributors examine how the processes of colonialism played out in the American Southwest. Although these broad areas—New Mexico and southern Arizona/northern Sonora—share a similar early colonial history, the particular combination of players, sociohistorical trajectories, and social relations within each area led to, and were transformed by, markedly diverse colonial encounters. Understanding these different mixes of players, history, and social relations provides the foundation for conceptualizing the enormous changes wrought by colonialism throughout the region. The presentations of different cultural trajectories also offer important avenues for future thought and discussion on the strategies for missionization and colonialism. The case studies tackle how cultures evolved in the light of radical transformations in cultural traits or traditions and how different groups reconciled to this change. A much needed up-to-date examination of the colonial era in the Southwest, New Mexico and the Pimería Alta demonstrates the intertwined relationships between cultural continuity and transformation during a time of immense change and highlights contemporary thought on the colonial experience. Contributors: Joseph Aguilar, Jimmy Arterberry, Heather Atherton, Dale Brenneman, J. Andrew Darling, John G. Douglass, B. Sunday Eiselt, Severin Fowles, William M. Graves, Lauren Jelinek, Kelly L. Jenks, Stewart B. Koyiyumptewa, Phillip O. Leckman, Matthew Liebmann, Kent G. Lightfoot, Lindsay Montgomery, Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman, Robert Preucel, Matthew Schmader, Thomas E. Sheridan, Colleen Strawhacker, J. Homer Thiel, David Hurst Thomas, Laurie D. Webster

The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

Author: Barbara Mills,Severin Fowles

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190697466

Category: Social Science

Page: 888

View: 8096


The American Southwest is one of the most important archaeological regions in the world, with many of the best-studied examples of hunter-gatherer and village-based societies. Research has been carried out in the region for well over a century, and during this time the Southwest has repeatedly stood at the forefront of the development of new archaeological methods and theories. Moreover, research in the Southwest has long been a key site of collaboration between archaeologists, ethnographers, historians, linguists, biological anthropologists, and indigenous intellectuals. This volume marks the most ambitious effort to take stock of the empirical evidence, theoretical orientations, and historical reconstructions of the American Southwest. Over seventy top scholars have joined forces to produce an unparalleled survey of state of archaeological knowledge in the region. Themed chapters on particular methods and theories are accompanied by comprehensive overviews of the culture histories of particular archaeological sequences, from the initial Paleoindian occupation, to the rise of a major ritual center in Chaco Canyon, to the onset of the Spanish and American imperial projects. The result is an essential volume for any researcher working in the region as well as any archaeologist looking to take the pulse of contemporary trends in this key research tradition.

Pueblo Sovereignty

Indian Land and Water in New Mexico and Texas

Author: Malcolm Ebright,Rick Hendricks

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806163437

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 3096


Over five centuries of foreign rule—by Spain, Mexico, and the United States—Native American pueblos have confronted attacks on their sovereignty and encroachments on their land and water rights. How five New Mexico and Texas pueblos did this, in some cases multiple times, forms the history of cultural resilience and tenacity chronicled in Pueblo Sovereignty by two of New Mexico’s most distinguished legal historians, Malcolm Ebright and Rick Hendricks. Extending their award-winning work Four Square Leagues, Ebright and Hendricks focus here on four New Mexico Pueblo Indian communities—Pojoaque, Nambe, Tesuque, and Isleta—and one now in Texas, Ysleta del Sur. The authors trace the complex tangle of conflicting jurisdictions and laws these pueblos faced when defending their extremely limited land and water resources. The communities often met such challenges in court and, sometimes, as in the case of Tesuque Pueblo in 1922, took matters into their own hands. Ebright and Hendricks describe how—at times aided by appointed Spanish officials, private lawyers, priests, and Indian agents—each pueblo resisted various non-Indian, institutional, and legal pressures; and how each suffered defeat in the Court of Private Land Claims and the Pueblo Lands Board, only to assert its sovereignty again and again. Although some of these defenses led to stunning victories, all five pueblos experienced serious population declines. Some were even temporarily abandoned. That all have subsequently seen a return to their traditions and ceremonies, and ultimately have survived and thrived, is a testimony to their resilience. Their stories, documented here in extraordinary detail, are critical to a complete understanding of the history of the Pueblos and of the American Southwest.

From Savages to Subjects

Missions in the History of the American Southwest

Author: Robert H. Jackson

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765605979

Category: History

Page: 151

View: 1052


Robert H. Jackson has produced a catalog of the evils of the mission system on the northern frontier of New Spain, Mexico. The book focuses on mission areas that now form part of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas, and Baja California. Organized by theme, chapters cover mission economics and construction, social and cultural change, Indian resistance and social control, the decline of the mission populations, and the demise of the mission system. Different circumstances characterized these areas, making generalizations difficult. Relying on quantitative data from earlier studies, Jackson convincingly argues that the conventional view of population decline among Native American populations, emphasizing epidemic disease as the main cause, does not adequately explain the situation at every mission.

Indian Revolts in Northern New Spain

A Synthesis of Resistance, 1680-1786

Author: Roberto Mario Salmón

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780819179838

Category: History

Page: 145

View: 9801


This book surveys and evaluates Indian revolts in northern New Spain during the years 1680-1786 in terms of specific Indian revolts, Spanish Indian policy over time, and relations between Spaniards, mestizo frontiersmen, and Indians. In this study, northern New Spain refers to what is now the Mexican North and the southwestern United States. This northern frontier came to encompass the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya, New Mexico, Sonora, Coahuila, Texas, Sinaloa, and the two Californias. This territory eventually became a separate, distinct administrative unit of colonial Spanish America. Contents: Settlement of Northern New Spain; Times of Trouble: Rise of the Tepehuan and Tarahumara Barrier; The Pueblo and Tarahumara Revolts; Missionaries and Bureaucrats: A Chaotic Arrangement; Frontier Warfare: A Legacy of Revolt 1724-1754; The Reorganization of Presidio Defenses; Creation of the Commandancy General and the Yuma Bid for Freedom, 1776-1782; Seri, Tarahumara, and Gileno Resist Military Defense on the Northern Frontier.

Frontiers of Colonialism

Author: Christine D. Beaule

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813054346

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 4200


For decades archaeologists have limited studies of frontiers and colonialism to a single polity, empire, or epoch. This has been especially true of historical archaeologists; but in this intriguing collection, Beaule assembles archaeologists from around the world to determine the commonalities and differences of colonialism across the self-imposed divide of contact v. pre-contact. The work considers the expanding frontiers of the Romans, Iroquois, Egyptians, Filipinos, and the more familiar Mayan and Incan empires. The goal of this volume is to expand the theoretical interpretations and perspectives to all archaeologists working in frontier/colonial contexts, not just those of the European empires.

Livestock Management in the American Southwest

Ecology, Society, and Economics

Author: Roy Jemison,Carol Raish

Publisher: Elsevier


Category: Medical

Page: 597

View: 4942


Grazing, land use history, and grazing systems of the southwest; Range ecosystems; Economic, social, and cultural aspects of livestock production and management; Research and information needs and conclusions.

Between the Conquests

Readings in the Early Chicano Historical Experience

Author: Michael R. Ornelas

Publisher: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780787270797

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9529