Neuroethics and Nonhuman Animals

Neuroethics and Nonhuman Animals

This edited volume represents a unique addition to the available literature on animal ethics, animal studies, and neuroethics.

Author: L. Syd M Johnson

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030310110

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 713

This edited volume represents a unique addition to the available literature on animal ethics, animal studies, and neuroethics. Its goal is to expand discussions on animal ethics and neuroethics by weaving together different threads: philosophy of mind and animal minds, neuroscientific study of animal minds, and animal ethics. Neuroethical questions concerning animals’ moral status, animal minds and consciousness, animal pain, and the adequacy of animal models for neuropsychiatric disease have long been topics of debate in philosophy and ethics, and more recently also in neuroscientific research. The book presents a transdisciplinary blend of voices, underscoring different perspectives on the broad questions of how neuroscience can contribute to our understanding of nonhuman minds, and on debates over the moral status of nonhuman animals. All chapters were written by outstanding scholars in philosophy, neuroscience, animal behavior, biology, neuroethics, and bioethics, and cover a range of issues and species/taxa. Given its scope, the book will appeal to scientists and students interested in the debate on animal ethics, while also offering an important resource for future researchers. Chapter 13 is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.
Categories: Medical

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

Andrew Fenton and Adam Shriver Introduction Can neuroscience help us to
determine whether nonhuman animals have morally relevant capacities? In this
chapter, we demonstrate how evidence from the neurosciences can be combined
 ...

Author: L. Syd M Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317483519

Category: Philosophy

Page: 510

View: 799

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.
Categories: Philosophy

Neuroethics

Neuroethics

Analogy 3 You stub your toe You feel pain Your ACC activates Joe stubs his toe
→ Joe feels pain Joe's ACC activates 6.3.3 The Problem of Other , Nonhuman ,
Minds Non - human animals have limited communicative abilities , and this ...

Author: Martha J. Farah

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262514606

Category: Medical

Page: 379

View: 499

Neuroethics : an overview -- Better brains -- Brain, self, and authenticity -- Brain reading -- Neuroscience and justice -- Brains and persons.
Categories: Medical

Frontiers in Neuroethics

Frontiers in Neuroethics

One viable integrative solution is testing not only the presence of the geniculo-
striate pathway in non-human animals, but also of striateextrastriate pathways,
extrastriate areas themselves and of the areas responsible for attention. 3.5.

Author: Andrea Lavazza

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443888387

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 191

Neuroethics is a recent field of study with an increasingly widening scope. More than any other, such a discipline could act as a central aggregator for the new knowledge on human beings that is emerging from contemporary neuroscience and its very relevant ethical, social and legal implications. This volume provides an updated overview of the theoretical perspectives and empirical research related to neuroethics. The eight chapters offer a cross-section of a lively debate that will surely serve as the focus of scientific, cultural, and political reflection in years to come.
Categories: Philosophy

Neuroethics in Practice

Neuroethics in Practice

The foundations of bioethics. New York: Oxford University Press. Farah, M. J. (
2008). Neuroethics and the problem of other minds: Implications of neuroscience
evidence for the moral status of brain-damaged patients and nonhuman animals.

Author: Anjan Chatterjee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199874927

Category: Psychology

Page: 290

View: 370

Neuroethics is concerned with the wide array of ethical, legal and social issues that are raised in research and practice. The field has grown rapidly over the last five years, becoming an active interdisciplinary research area involving a much larger set of academic fields and professions, including law, developmental psychology, neuropsychiatry, and the military. Neuroethics and Practice helps to define and foster this emerging area at the intersection of neuroethics and clinical neuroscience, which includes neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and their pediatric subspecialties, as well as neurorehabiliation, clinical neuropsychology, clinical bioethics, and the myriad other clinical specialties (including nursing and geriatrics) in which practitioners grapple with issues of mind and brain. Chatterjee and Farah have brought together leading neuroethicists working in clinically relevant areas to contribute chapters on an intellectually fascinating and clinically important set of neuroethical topics, involving brain enhancements, brain imaging, competence and responsibility, severe brain damage, and consequences of new neurotechnologies. Although this book will be of direct interest to clinicians, as the first edited volume to provide an overall comprehensive perspective on neurethics across disciplines, it is also a unique and useful resource for a wide range of other scholars and students interested in ethics and neuroscience.
Categories: Psychology

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9. Farah, M. J. (2008). 'Neuroethics and the
problem of other minds: Implications of neuroscience for the moral status of brain-
damaged patients and nonhuman animals'. Neuroethics, 1. Giacino, J. T. et al. (
2002).

Author: Tim Bayne

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191021039

Category: Psychology

Page: 670

View: 723

Consciousness is undoubtedly one of the last remaining scientific mysteries and hence one of the greatest contemporary scientific challenges. How does the brain's activity result in the rich phenomenology that characterizes our waking life? Are animals conscious? Why did consciousness evolve? How does science proceed to answer such questions? Can we define what consciousness is? Can we measure it? Can we use experimental results to further our understanding of disorders of consciousness, such as those seen in schizophrenia, delirium, or altered states of consciousness? These questions are at the heart of contemporary research in the domain. Answering them requires a fundamentally interdisciplinary approach that engages not only philosophers, but also neuroscientists and psychologists in a joint effort to develop novel approaches that reflect both the stunning recent advances in imaging methods as well as the continuing refinement of our concepts of consciousness. In this light, the Oxford Companion to Consciousness is the most complete authoritative survey of contemporary research on consciousness. Five years in the making and including over 250 concise entries written by leaders in the field, the volume covers both fundamental knowledge as well as more recent advances in this rapidly changing domain. Structured as an easy-to-use dictionary and extensively cross-referenced, the Companion offers contributions from philosophy of mind to neuroscience, from experimental psychology to clinical findings, so reflecting the profoundly interdisciplinary nature of the domain. Particular care has been taken to ensure that each of the entries is accessible to the general reader and that the overall volume represents a comprehensive snapshot of the contemporary study of consciousness. The result is a unique compendium that will prove indispensable to anyone interested in consciousness, from beginning students wishing to clarify a concept to professional consciousness researchers looking for the best characterization of a particular phenomenon.
Categories: Psychology

The Disordered Mind

The Disordered Mind

Farah, M. (2008) Neuroethics and the problem of other minds: implications of
neuroscience for the moral status of brain-damaged patients and nonhuman
animals, Neuroethics, 1, 9-18. Feinberg, J. (1970) What is so special about
mental ...

Author: George Graham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135088842

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 464

The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness, second edition examines and explains, from a philosophical standpoint, what mental disorder is: its reality, causes, consequences, and more. It is also an outstanding introduction to philosophy of mind from the perspective of mental disorder. Revised and updated throughout, this second edition includes new discussions of grief and psychopathy, the problems of the psychophysical basis of disorder, the nature of selfhood, and clarification of the relation between rationality and mental disorder. Each chapter explores a central question or problem about mental disorder, including: what is mental disorder and can it be distinguished from neurological disorder? what roles should reference to psychological, cultural, and social factors play in the medical/scientific understanding of mental disorder? what makes mental disorders undesirable? Are they diseases? mental disorder and the mind–body problem is mental disorder a breakdown of rationality? What is a rational mind? addiction, responsibility and compulsion ethical dilemmas posed by mental disorder, including questions of dignity and self-respect. Each topic is clearly explained and placed in a clinical and philosophical context. Mental disorders discussed include clinical depression, dissociative identity disorder, anxiety, religious delusions, and paranoia. Several non-mental neurological disorders that possess psychological symptoms are also examined, including Alzheimer’s disease, Down’s syndrome, and Tourette’s syndrome. Containing chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, The Disordered Mind, second edition is a superb introduction to the philosophy of mental disorder for students of philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, and related mental health professions.
Categories: Philosophy

Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics

Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics

... with observations in animal research that has shown that immature nerve cells
not only survive and mature following ... the striatum of substantia nigra-lesioned
rats reversed the motor disturbances, and similar studies in non-human primate ...

Author: James J. Giordano

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139487276

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 997

While neuroscience has provided insights into the structure and function of nervous systems, hard questions remain about the nature of consciousness, mind, and self. Perhaps the most difficult questions involve the meaning of neuroscientific information, and how to pursue and utilize neuroscientific knowledge in ways that are consistent with some construal of social 'good'. Written for researchers and graduate students in neuroscience and bioethics, Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics explores important developments in neuroscience and neurotechnology, and addresses the philosophical, ethical, and social issues and problems that such advancements generate. It examines three core questions. First, what is the scope and direction of neuroscientific inquiry? Second, how has progress to date affected scientific and philosophical ideas, and finally, what ethical issues and problems does this progress and knowledge incur, both now and in the future?
Categories: Medical

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience

The first section of the volume focuses on ethical challenges for experimental
approaches in behavioral neuroscience research using nonhuman subjects. It
represents the ethical challenges of experimental animal research on how the
brain ...

Author: Grace Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662448663

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 958

Behavioral neuroscience encompasses the disciplines of neurobiology and psychology to study mechanisms of behavior. This volume provides a contemporary overview of the current state of how ethics informs behavioral neuroscience research. There is dual emphasis on ethical challenges in experimental animal approaches and in clinical and nonclinical research involving human participants.
Categories: Medical

The Philosopher s Index

The Philosopher s Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079746015

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 891

Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.
Categories: Philosophy

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

Developing Human - Nonhuman Chimeras in Human Stem Cell Research :
Ethical Issues and Boundaries . ” Kennedy Institute ... Robert , Jason S. “ The
Science and Ethics of Making Part - Human Animals in Stem Cell Biology . " The
FASEB ...

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: UOM:39015074227300

Category: Medical

Page: 806

View: 806

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN BIOETHICS brings you balanced coverage of the most pressing topics in bioethics, including partial-birth abortion, organ transplants, and global pandemics, to name a few. With a diverse range of classic and current essays as well as actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding medical ethics scholars, this anthology will help you understand each issue from a variety of standpointsï'including those of medical researchers and practitioners, legal experts, and philosophers.
Categories: Medical

T T Clark Handbook of Christian Ethics

T T Clark Handbook of Christian Ethics

With contributions by theological ethicists known for their excellence in scholarship and teaching, the essays in this volume offer fresh purchase on, and an agenda for, the discipline of Christian ethics in the 21st century.

Author: Tobias L. Winright

Publisher:

ISBN: 0567677206

Category: Christian ethics

Page:

View: 521

"The T&T Clark Handbook of Christian Ethics provides an ecumenical introduction to Christian ethics, its sources, methods, and applications. With contributions by theological ethicists known for their excellence in scholarship and teaching, the essays in this volume offer fresh purchase on, and an agenda for, the discipline of Christian ethics in the 21st century. The essays are organized in three sections, following an introduction that presents the four-font approach and elucidates why it is critically employed through these subsequent sections. The first section explores the sources of Christian ethics, including each of the four fonts: scripture, tradition, experience, and reason. The second section examines fundamental or basic elements of Christian ethics and covers different methods, approaches, and voices in doing Christian ethics, such as natural law, virtue ethics, conscience, responsibility, narrative, worship, and engagement with other religions. The third section addresses current moral issues in politics, medicine, economics, ecology, criminal justice and other related spheres from the perspective of Christian ethics, including war, genetics, neuroethics, end-of-life decisions, marriage, family, work, sexuality, nonhuman animals, migration, aging, policing, incarceration, capital punishment, and more"--
Categories: Christian ethics

T T Clark Handbook of Christian Ethics

T T Clark Handbook of Christian Ethics

With contributions by theological ethicists known for their excellence in scholarship and teaching, the essays in this volume offer fresh purchase on, and an agenda for, the discipline of Christian ethics in the 21st century.

Author: Tobias Winright

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567677181

Category: Religion

Page: 512

View: 448

The T&T Clark Handbook of Christian Ethics provides an ecumenical introduction to Christian ethics, its sources, methods, and applications. With contributions by theological ethicists known for their excellence in scholarship and teaching, the essays in this volume offer fresh purchase on, and an agenda for, the discipline of Christian ethics in the 21st century. The essays are organized in three sections, following an introduction that presents the four-font approach and elucidates why it is critically employed through these subsequent sections. The first section explores the sources of Christian ethics, including each of the four fonts: scripture, tradition, experience, and reason. The second section examines fundamental or basic elements of Christian ethics and covers different methods, approaches, and voices in doing Christian ethics, such as natural law, virtue ethics, conscience, responsibility, narrative, worship, and engagement with other religions. The third section addresses current moral issues in politics, medicine, economics, ecology, criminal justice and other related spheres from the perspective of Christian ethics, including war, genetics, neuroethics, end-of-life decisions, marriage, family, work, sexuality, nonhuman animals, migration, aging, policing, incarceration, capital punishment, and more.
Categories: Religion