is true even when there is agreement about “root problems” in hardhit neighborhoods. ... Will studying the relationship between neighborhoods and health help address any of these five barriers to effective action?
Author: Ichiro Kawachi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Do places make a difference to people's health and well-being? The authors of this groundbreaking textbook demonstrate convincingly how the physical and social characteristics of a neighborhood can shape the health of its residents. Drawing on the expertise of a renowned cast of researchers, this book presents a state-of-the art account of the theories, methods, and empirical evidence linking neighborhood conditions to population health. Represented in the volume are contributions from the world's leading investigators in the field, including social epidemiologists, demographers, medical geographers, sociologists, and medical practitioners. This comprehensive textbook lays out for the first time the methodological approaches to conducting neighborhood research, including multi-level and contextual analysis, geocoding and the use of small area-based measures of deprivation, as well as the evolving science of "ecometrics." Substantive chapters present the case for the relevance of neighborhood effects on health outcomes throughout the life cycle, from infant mortality and low birthweight, to childhood asthma, adult infectious diseases, and disability in old age. The approaches covered in the book range from testing the linkages between community-level variables, such as social capital and residential segregation, and population health to designing and implementing community interventions and policies to improve the health of the public. The book is a timely companion volume to Social Epidemiology (Oxford University Press, 2000), edited by the same authors, and an indispensable manual on neighborhood research for students, researchers, and practitioners.
Author: Kevin Michael FitzpatrickPublish On: 2013-10-28
Increasing the economic and racial diversity of neighborhoods is a means of improving both individual and community health. Yet, it is equally important to invest in community infrastructure that facilitates a health- enhancing ...
Author: Kevin Michael Fitzpatrick
Category: Social Science
A collection of in-depth essays focused on the health issues facing the poorest populations in the United States as it relates to the common good of all Americans. • Covers the plight of those most vulnerable in our current health care system, including the elderly, homeless people, and low-income minority youth • Brings together an interdisciplinary group of authors with diversified views on the relationship between health and poverty • Provides comprehensive coverage of both physical and mental health issues affecting Americans today • Details the causes of poor health for America's poverty-stricken infants, children, adolescents, and adults
Author: United States. Office of Economic OpportunityPublish On: 1968
A major innovation of the Neighborhood Health Center is the chance it offers for the direct involvement of the people who are served . Consumers are active participants in the health care system , rather than passive recipients of ...
Author: United States. Office of Economic Opportunity
This new edition retains the combination of radicalism, evidence-based advice and pragmatism that made earlier editions so popular.
Author: Hugh Barton
Shaping Neighbourhoods is unique in combining all aspects of the spatial planning of neighbourhoods and towns whilst emphasising positive outcomes for people’s health and global sustainability. This new edition retains the combination of radicalism, evidence-based advice and pragmatism that made earlier editions so popular. This updated edition strengthens guidance in relation to climate change and biodiversity, tackling crises of population health that are pushing up health-care budgets, but have elements of their origins in poor place spatial planning – such as isolation, lack of everyday physical activity, and respiratory problems. It is underpinned by new research into how people use their localities, and the best way to achieve inclusive, healthy, low-carbon settlements. The guide can assist with: • Understanding the principles for planning healthy and sustainable neighbourhoods and towns • Planning collaborative and inclusive processes for multi-sectoral working • Developing know-how and skills in matching local need with urban form • Discovering new ways to integrate development with natural systems • Designing places with character and recognising good urban form Whether you are a student faced with a local planning project; a public health professional, planner, urban designer or developer involved in new development or regeneration; a council concerned with promoting healthy and sustainable environments; or a community group wanting to improve your neighbourhood – you will find help here.
This edited volume incorporates an cross-disciplinary approach to the study of place, in order to come up with a comprehensive and useful definition of place.
Author: Linda M. Burton
Category: Social Science
Place is an important element in understanding health and health care disparities. More that merely a geographic location, place is a socio-ecological force with detectable effects on social life, independent well-being, and health. Despite the general enthusiasm for the study of place and the potential it could have for a better understanding of the distribution of health in different communities, research is at a difficult crossroads because of disagreements in how the construct should be conceptualized and measured. This edited volume incorporates an cross-disciplinary approach to the study of place, in order to come up with a comprehensive and useful definition of place. Topics covered include: Social Inequalities, Historical Definitions of Place, Biology and Place, Rural vs. Urban Places, Racialization of a Place, Migration, Sacred Places, Technological Innovations An understanding of place is essential for health care professionals, as interventions often do not have the same effects in the clinic as they do in varied, naturalistic social settings.
About half the neighborhoods were assessed by teams of two observers . Reliability Americans are being urged by scientific experts ( 1-3 ) , voluntary health associations ( 4,5 ) , and governmental agencies ( 6 , 7 ) to alter their ...
6 N e i g h b or h o o d H e a l t h COMMITTEE ON NEIGHBORHOOD HEALTH I DEPARTMENT OF HEALT DEPARTMENT ol Conwrait TEE ON N. El GHBOR, HOOD HEALTH DEve:-opMENT ExECuTive convanwittee comMITTEES COOPERATION with-r-- ...
At the heart of HNP are eight trained resident community organizers , a lead organizer , and close to 80 Neighborhood Health Advocates who make up Neighborhood Action Teams in each of the participating neighborhoods .
Most parents probably believe that neighborhood environments matter to some degree for how their children turn out, and certainly few parents who could avoid it would ... Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
Author: Phillip B. Levine
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Business & Economics
A substantial number of American children experience poverty: about 17 percent of those under the age of eighteen meet the government’s definition, and the proportion is even greater within minority groups. Childhood poverty can have lifelong effects, resulting in poor educational, labor market, and physical and mental health outcomes for adults. These problems have long been recognized, and there are numerous programs designed to alleviate or even eliminate poverty; as these programs compete for scarce resources, it is important to develop a clear view of their impact as tools for poverty alleviation. Targeting Investments in Children tackles the problem of evaluating these programs by examining them using a common metric: their impact on earnings in adulthood. The volume’s contributors explore a variety of issues, such as the effect of interventions targeted at children of different ages, and study a range of programs, including child care, after-school care, and drug prevention. The results will be invaluable to educational leaders and researchers as well as policy makers.
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, and Health, Education, and Welfare, and Related AgenciesPublish On: 1974
the extent of cooperation between these grant assisted programs and neighborhood health centers is not maintained , these control programs are directed toward public health problems which are particularly acute in populations such as ...
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, and Health, Education, and Welfare, and Related Agencies