Nature-Worship and Taboo. Hartford, Conn.: Hartford Seminary Press. In his preparatory remarks to the second of three planned works on "Bantu" religion, ...
Author: David Chidester
In a changing South Africa, recovering the meaning and power of African tradition is a matter of crucial importance. This work participates in that recovery by providing a comprehensive guide to research on the indigenous religious heritage of this dynamic country. Detailed reviews of over 600 books, articles, and theses are offered along with introductory essays and detailed annotations that define the field of study. This work plus two forthcoming volumes, Christianity in South Africa: An Annotated Bibliography and Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism in South Africa: An Annotated Bibliography will become the standard reference work on South African religions. Scholars and students in Religious Studies, Social Anthropology, History, and African Studies will find this set particularly useful. This work organizes and annotates all the relevant literature on Khoisan, Xhosa, Zulu, Sotho-Tswana, Swazi, Tsonga, and Venda traditions. The annotations are concise yet detailed essays written in an engaging and accessible style and supported by an exhaustive index, which comprise a full and complex profile of African traditional religion in South Africa.
298. W. C. Willoughby, Nature-Worship and Taboo (Hartford, Conn.: Hartford Seminary Press, 1932), 244–45. 299. Mead, “Tabu,” 502–5. 300. See above, pp.
Author: Arthur P. Wolf
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Social Science
Why do most people never have sex with close relatives? And why do they disapprove of other people doing so? Incest Avoidance and Incest Taboos investigates our human inclination to avoid incest and the powerful taboo against incest found in all societies. Both subjects stir strong feelings and vigorous arguments within and beyond academic circles. With great clarity, Wolf lays out the modern assumptions about both, concluding that all previous approaches lack precision and balance on insecure evidence. Researchers he calls "constitutionalists" explain human incest avoidance by biologically-based natural aversion, but fail to explain incest taboos as cultural universals. By contrast, "conventionalists" ignore the evolutionary roots of avoidance and assume that incest avoidant behavior is guided solely by cultural taboos. Both theories are incomplete. Wolf tests his own theory with three natural experiments: bint'amm (cousin) marriage in Morocco, the rarity of marriage within Israeli kibbutz peer groups, and "minor marriages" (in which baby girls were raised by their future mother-in-law to marry an adoptive "brother") in China and Taiwan. These cross-cultural comparisons complete his original and intellectually rich theory of incest, one that marries biology and culture by accounting for both avoidance and taboo.
Sometimes the act was deified, as in the phallic ceremonials connected with nature worship, where the procreative principle in man became identified with ...
PART I THE NEW BIOLOGY AND THE SEX PROBLEM IN SOCIETY BY M. M. KNIGHT, PH.D. CHAPTER I CHAPTER II CHAPTER III CHAPTER IV CHAPTER V PART II THE INSTITUTIONALIZED SEX TABOO BY IVA LOWTHER PETERS, PH.D. CHAPTER I CHAPTER II CHAPTER III CHAPTER IV PART III THE SEX PROBLEM IN THE LIGHT OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY BY PHYLLIS BLANCHARD, PH.D. CHAPTER I CHAPTER II CHAPTER III
... 16; but his ignorance not absolute, 18, 19 Nature-worship, ritual used in, ... 191 New Zealand, chiefs taboo, 62; mourners taboo, 69 ; terror of taboo, ...
Author: F. B. Jevons
First published in 1902, this book investigates the history and development of early religion from an anthropological perspective. Rather than dealing with religions that grew from the teachings of their original founders, such as Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism, Jevons considers those religions that were practised as a matter of custom and tradition. The title considers such subjects as the supernatural, life and death, animal sacrifice, and the worship of nature. It provides an introduction to the history of religion for students of religion, anthropology and folklore.
offering to worship their ancestors for the New Year and the Zhuang tomb sweeping ... Colored black, red, yellow, white, and purple by steeping with natural ...
Author: Ken Taylor
Category: Social Science
An interesting resource for learning about the cultural differences and characteristics of people across the globe, this encyclopedia covers the "do's" and "don'ts" of a breadth of countries and major ethnic groups. • Provides comprehensive coverage of many of the world's countries and cultures that enables readers to make insightful cross-cultural comparisons • Directly supports the National Geography Standards by examining cultural mosaics • Provides relevant and useful information for readers preparing for study-abroad excursions or other international travel
The worship of Osun goddess and other deities in the Grove is guided with taboos and myths. Osun goddess worship, the mythical pact between a deity and ...
Author: Michelle L. Cocks
This book showcases the diversity of ways in which urban residents from varying cultural contexts view, interact, engage with and give meaning to urban nature, aiming to counterbalance the dominance of Western depictions and values of urban nature and design. Urban nature has up to now largely been defined, planned and managed in a way that is heavily dominated by Western understandings, values and appreciations, which has spread through colonialism and globalisation. As cities increasingly represent a diversity of cultures, and urban nature is being increasingly recognised as contributing to residents' wellbeing, belonging and overall quality of life, it is important to consider the numerous ways in which urban nature is understood and appreciated. This collection of case studies includes examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and reflects on the multi-dimensional aspects of engagements with urban nature through a biocultural diversity lens. The chapters cover several themes such as how engagements with nature contribute to a sense of wellbeing and belonging; the implications that diversity has on the provision, design and management of urban environments; and the threats inhibiting residents’ abilities to engage meaningfully with nature. The book challenges the dominant discourse, Western ideological understandings and meta-narratives of modernisation and unilineal urban transitions. A timely addition to the literature, Urban Nature: Enriching Belonging, Wellbeing and Bioculture offers an alternative to Western ideological understandings of nature and values and will be of great interest to those working in human and environmental urban ecology. It will also be key reading for students in the relevant fields of anthropology, development studies, geography, social ecology and urban studies.
Violation of such taboos is not only thought to result in misfortune for the ... as a form of worship performed by scientists in the temple of nature .
Author: B. Alan Wallace
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book takes a bold new look at ways of exploring the nature, origins, and potentials of consciousness within the context of science and religion. Alan Wallace draws careful distinctions between four elements of the scientific tradition: science itself, scientific realism, scientific materialism, and scientism. Arguing that the metaphysical doctrine of scientific materialism has taken on the role of ersatz-religion for its adherents, he traces its development from its Greek and Judeo-Christian origins, focusing on the interrelation between the Protestant Reformation and the Scientific Revolution. He looks at scientists' long term resistance to the firsthand study of consciousness and details the ways in which subjectivity has been deemed taboo within the scientific community. In conclusion, Wallace draws on William James's idea for a "science of religion" that would study the nature of religious and, in particular, contemplative experience. In exploring the nature of consciousness, this groundbreaking study will help to bridge the chasm between religious belief and scientific knowledge. It is essential reading for philosophers and historians of science, scholars of religion, and anyone interested in the relationship between science and religion.