Nordic scenery

Protecting the Nordic countryside in the 20th century

Author: N.A

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9789289308724

Category: Nature

Page: 258

View: 7960

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State of biodiversity in the Nordic countries

Author: Bo Normander,Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9289318252

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 130

View: 6433

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The Nordic countries have agreed on a common target to halt the decline in biodiversity by 2010. This report aims at evaluating the 2010-target by presenting indicators that can describe trends in biodiversity in the Nordic countries. Our results comprise the most comprehensive documentation of land use in the Nordic countries to date. The area of important nature types such as mire, grassland and heathland have decreased significantly over the past one to two decades, whereas the area of constructed habitats, including city areas and transport networks, has grown considerably in all of the Nordic countries. Each of these trends in land use will cause biodiversity to decline. Looking into the quality aspect of biodiversity, our results reveal that two-thirds of the quality indicators presented show declines and the remaining one-third show improvements (or steady-state). Overall, our results indicate that biodiversity has declined in the Nordic countries since 1990. In particular, farmland, mire, grassland and heathland habitats show declines in biodiversity, but also the remaining habitats show negative trends. Therefore, based on the findings from this study, we conclude that it is highly unlikely that the target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 can be achieved by the Nordic countries. Our results should be perceived as a first attempt to make an overall assessment of biodiversity in the Nordic countries. We believe that if further efforts were directed towards scrutinising existing and historic monitoring programmes and data sources, additional indicators could be calculated and hence a better knowledge base would be achieved.
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Effects of Afforestation on Ecosystems, Landscape and Rural Development

Proceedings of the AFFORNORD Conference, Reykholt, Iceland, June 18-22, 2005

Author: Gudmundur Halldorsson,Edda Sigurdis Oddsdottir

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9289314435

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 5979

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43 videnskabelige artikler fra et fællesnordisk projekt omkring indflydelsen af beskovning på økosystemer, landskab og regional udvikling. Projektet sammenligner skov, landskab og samfund i forskellige nordiske lande som har lignende samfundsstruktur, men er på meget forskellige niveauer med hensyn til beskovning og brug af skoven. I Danmark, Norge og Sverige har man arbejdet systematisk med at opbygge skovressourcerne igen, hvorimod man på Island og Færøerne kun lige er begyndt at planlægge arbejdet.
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