Natural Woodland

Ecology and Conservation in Northern Temperate Regions

Author: George F. Peterken

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367929

Category: Nature

Page: 522

View: 3006

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An appreciation of the natural processes of woodlands is essential for the development of a rationale and practices for woodland nature conservation and management. In this book, Dr. Peterken describes how woodlands grow, die, and regenerate in the absence of human influence, and the structures and range of habitats found in natural woods. He describes examples of virgin and old-growth forests in Europe and North America, and outlines the dynamics and structure of natural temperate woodlands. This knowledge is then applied to nature conservation issues in British woods and forests, particularly the maintenance of "untouched" reserves, the management of native broadleaved woods, and the design of coniferous plantations. Natural Woodlands is a fascinating account of woodland natural history for all those concerned with the management and ecology of natural or commercial woodlands.
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Woodland Conservation and Management

Author: G. F. Peterken

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 148992857X

Category: Nature

Page: 328

View: 2375

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Professor John Harper, in his recent Population Biology of Plants (1977), made a comment and asked a question which effectively states the theme of this book. Noting that 'one of the consequences of the development of the theory of vegetational climax has been to guide the observer's mind forwards', i. e. that 'vegetation is interpreted asa stage on the way to something', he commented that 'it might be more healthy and scientifically more sound to look more often backwards and search for the explanation of the present in the past, to explain systems in relation to their history rather than their goal'. He went on to contrast the 'disaster theory' of plant succession, which holds that communities are a response to the effects of past disasters, with the 'climax theory', that they are stages in the approach to a climax state, and then asked 'do we account most completely for the characteristics of a population by a knowledge of its history or of its destiny?' Had this question been put to R. S. Adamson, E. J. Salisbury, A. G. Tansley or A. S. Watt, who are amongst the giants of the first forty years of woodland ecology in Britain, their answer would surely have been that understanding lies in a knowledge of destiny. Whilst not unaware of the historical facts of British woodlands, they were preoccupied with ideas of natural succession and climax, and tended to interpret their observations in these terms.
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Native Woodlands of Scotland

Author: Scott Wilson

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 074869286X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6880

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This book presents up-to-date information about Scotland's native woodlands. It draws upon professional experience of scientific research, survey and management, where the author has studied many important native woodlands in Scotland and beyond.
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Woodland Habitats

Author: Mark Frater,Helen J. Read

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134677715

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 2125

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Woodland habitats explores the history and ecology of British woodland and explains why they a re such a valuable resource. It examines the wide range of different types of woodland habitats and the typical species that live within them. It offers a practical guide to all the key woodland issues including: *conservation and management * coppicing * grazing in woodlands * fire breaks * recreation * management for game * pasture woodland and commercial forestry Woodland Habitats also includes a guide to notable sites with location maps and illustrations, suggested practical projects and a full glossary of terms.
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The Nature of the Cairngorms

Diversity in a Changing Environment

Author: Philip Shaw,Des B.A. Thompson

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0114973261

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 6347

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The Cairngorms area is arguably the most significant for nature conservation in the British Isles and contains its largest National Park. In this book, 35 authors, drawing on published and unpublished sources, present an up-to-date review of the area's natural features, including plants, animals, habitats, geology and landforms. The review falls into three parts. The first and largest part describes the area's rich diversity of nature, with each chapter summarising recent research findings, trends and conservation issues for a different landform, habitat or species group. The second part considers deer management, recreation and projected climate change impacts. Part three focuses on rare and threatened species, and identifies areas and habitats rich in species for which the Cairngorms are nationally and internationally important.
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Restoring Natural Capital

Science, Business, and Practice

Author: James Aronson,Suzanne J. Milton,James N. Blignaut

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597267791

Category: Nature

Page: 400

View: 1269

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How can environmental degradation be stopped? How can it be reversed? And how can the damage already done be repaired? The authors of this volume argue that a two-pronged approach is needed: reducing demand for ecosystem goods and services and better management of them, coupled with an increase in supply through environmental restoration. Restoring Natural Capital brings together economists and ecologists, theoreticians, practitioners, policy makers, and scientists from the developed and developing worlds to consider the costs and benefits of repairing ecosystem goods and services in natural and socioecological systems. It examines the business and practice of restoring natural capital, and seeks to establish common ground between economists and ecologists with respect to the restoration of degraded ecosystems and landscapes and the still broader task of restoring natural capital. The book focuses on developing strategies that can achieve the best outcomes in the shortest amount of time as it: • considers conceptual and theoretical issues from both an economic and ecological perspective • examines specific strategies to foster the restoration of natural capital and offers a synthesis and a vision of the way forward Nineteen case studies from around the world illustrate challenges and achievements in setting targets, refining approaches to finding and implementing restoration projects, and using restoration of natural capital as an economic opportunity. Throughout, contributors make the case that the restoration of natural capital requires close collaboration among scientists from across disciplines as well as local people, and when successfully executed represents a practical, realistic, and essential tool for achieving lasting sustainable development.
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Ecology and Management of Coppice Woodlands

Author: G.P. Buckley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401123624

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 3253

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Contributed to by leading experts, this book looks at the history of coppice woodlands, their physical environment, the different management techniques used and their effects on the flora and fauna. The implications of this for conservation is controversial and this is debated in a lively way in many of the chapters.
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The Niger Household Energy Project

Promoting Rural Fuelwood Markets and Village Management of Natural Woodlands

Author: Gerald Foley

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821339183

Category: Science

Page: 103

View: 3956

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World Bank Discussion Paper No. 360. Over the last two decades banking systems in Latin America have been subject to considerable banking distress and numerous crises. This conference looked at proposals for preventing such episodes. The discussions covered the genesis and implications of deposit insurance cum fractional reserve requirements; the experience with market-based regulations in Chile and in New Zealand and the narrow banking proposal (100 percent reserves on demand deposits), with a discussion of how Argentina's path towards this type of banking system helped this country weather its 1995 banking crisis. Contributors include central bank presidents (Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica and Nicaragua) and directors (Colombia); heads of regulatory agencies and banking centers (Bolivia and Mexico); rating agencies (Brazil), private bankers, World Bank economists, and academics.
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Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

Author: John A. Wiens,Gregory D. Hayward,Hugh D, Safford,Catherine Giffen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118329759

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 1627

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In North America, concepts of Historical Range of Variability are being employed in land-management planning for properties of private organizations and multiple government agencies. The National Park Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy all include elements of historical ecology in their planning processes. Similar approaches are part of land management and conservation in Europe and Australia. Each of these user groups must struggle with the added complication of rapid climate change, rapid land-use change, and technical issues in order to employ historical ecology effectively. Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management explores the utility of historical ecology in a management and conservation context and the development of concepts related to understanding future ranges of variability. It provides guidance and insights to all those entrusted with managing and conserving natural resources: land-use planners, ecologists, fire scientists, natural resource policy makers, conservation biologists, refuge and preserve managers, and field practitioners. The book will be particularly timely as science-based management is once again emphasized in United States federal land management and as an understanding of the potential effects of climate change becomes more widespread among resource managers. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/wiens/historicalenvironmentalvariation.
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