National Systems of Innovation

National Systems of Innovation

These and other issues are addressed in this volume. Available for the first time in paperback, the book is an invaluable resource for scholars and policy-makers.

Author: Bengt-Åke Lundvall

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9780857286741

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 375

'National Systems of Innovation' presents a new perspective on the dynamics of the national and the global economy. Its starting point is that the international competitiveness of nations is founded on innovation. Which role do different parts of the national system play in determining the long-term dynamics of the economy? What is happening to the coherence of national systems of innovation in an era characterised by far-reaching internationalisation and globalisation? These and other issues are addressed in this volume. Available for the first time in paperback, the book is an invaluable resource for scholars and policy-makers.
Categories: Business & Economics

National Innovation Systems

National Innovation Systems

This study surveys the manner in which 17 different countries have evolved systems for technological innovation.

Author: Richard R. Nelson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195076172

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 541

View: 954

This study surveys the manner in which 17 different countries have evolved systems for technological innovation. Methods are compared not only in large, industrialized nations, but also in developing countries and smaller nations with high incomes.
Categories: Business & Economics

National Systems of Innovation in Comparison

National Systems of Innovation in Comparison

In this book, the innovation structures of a broad set of countries are compared.

Author: Ulrich Schmoch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402049491

Category: Computers

Page: 302

View: 960

The concept of National Systems of Innovation was introduced as a method to describe the various elements which contribute to innovation performance and their interaction. In this book, the innovation structures of a broad set of countries are compared. It provides more than a pure compilation of quantitative indicators for international benchmarking, supporting an appropriate interpretation of the referring results and suggesting relevant conclusions for innovation policy.
Categories: Computers

National Systems of Innovation

National Systems of Innovation

This book draws together literature from the fields of strategy, management and innovation to examine the importance of a firm's national base at a sectoral level in an era of globalization.

Author: S. Peters

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230512603

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 167

This book draws together literature from the fields of strategy, management and innovation to examine the importance of a firm's national base at a sectoral level in an era of globalization. By considering two very dynamic high-technology industries - semiconductors and liquid crystal displays, the author shows how national systems of innovation are of great importance in determining competitive success.
Categories: Business & Economics

Systems of Innovation

Systems of Innovation

Introduction The concept of 'innovation systems' relates both to geographically
defined systems, like national ones (Freeman, 1987; Lundvall, 1988; Nelson,
1993), and sectorally or technologically defined systems (Carlsson and
Stankiewicz, ...

Author: Charles Edquist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136600586

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 408

View: 399

The systems of innovation approach is considered by many to be a useful analytical approach for better understanding innovation processes as well as the production and distribution of knowledge in the economy. It is an appropriate framework for the empirical study of innovations in their contexts and is relevant for policy makers. This text is the result of the work within an international inter-disciplinary network or "working seminar" with the task of building a more solid and sophisticated conceptual and theoretical foundation for the continued study of innovations in a systemic context. The book has three parts. The first presents an overview and tries to work out some conceptual problems. In the second, the systems of innovation approach is related to innovation theory. Part three is devoted to increasing understanding of the functioning and dynamics of systems of innovation. There is also an introduction where the genesis and anatomy of different systems of innovation approaches are discussed and where the systems of innovation approach is characterized in nine dimensions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Trames

Trames

The ISE policy statement - the innovation policy implications of the 'Innovation
systems and European integration ... Freeman, C. (2002) "Continental, national
and sub-national innovation systems — complementarity and economic growth".

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 136

View: 191

Categories:

Developing National Systems of Innovation

Developing National Systems of Innovation

Building technological capability in the less developed countries: the role of a
national system of innovation. Science and Public Policy, 29(2), 95–104. Adeoti,
J.O. (2009). University–Firm Interaction in Nigeria: An Analysis of the Constraints
 ...

Author: Eduardo Albuquerque

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781784711108

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 945

Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. This book focuses on those interactions in developing countries, presenting studies based on fresh empirical material prepared by research teams in 12 countries
Categories: Business & Economics

Managing National Innovation Systems

Managing National Innovation Systems

This study defines the aims and tools of a new innovation policy and identifies examples of good policy practice recently implemented in OECD countries.

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264189416

Category:

Page: 120

View: 993

This study defines the aims and tools of a new innovation policy and identifies examples of good policy practice recently implemented in OECD countries.
Categories:

Canada s National System of Innovation

Canada s National System of Innovation

The theory of national systems of innovation ( NSIS ) tries to explain different
growth rates in various countries on the basis of national performances in
production and adoption of innovation . National performance depends not only
on the ...

Author: Jorge Niosi

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773568204

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 234

Niosi looks at the history of Canada's National System of Innovation (NSI), particularly during the post-war period, illuminating the fact that during and after World War II over 30 research universities, 150 government laboratories, and dozens of government policies aimed at nurturing innovation in private firms, academia, and government organizations were developed. He uses data obtained through questionnaire responses from all the large research and development organizations in Canada to analyse Canada's domestic system of innovation, finding increasing collaboration between universities, government laboratories, and private firms. He concludes that Canada has been quite successful in creating a national system of innovation and that the federal government, through its initiatives and innovative techniques, has been the main factor in the creation of this system.
Categories: Political Science

Systems of Innovation and Development

Systems of Innovation and Development

Information technology and the United States national system of innovation Chris
Freeman INTRODUCTION This chapter deals with a topic that has not so far
featured in the recent efflorescence of NSI literature, and might be considered as
 ...

Author: José Eduardo Cassiolato

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781009899

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 643

View: 328

This book represents a significant contribution to the debates surrounding globalization and local systems of innovation. The diverse perspectives on global and local processes combined with original insights on developing countries should be of value to scholars and students of economics, social science, political science and business administration. The book should also be of interest to policymakers in governmental and non-governmental bodies, particularly international development agencies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Systems of Innovation

Systems of Innovation

Information technology and the United States national system of innovation * 1.
INTRODUCTION This paper deals with a topic , which has not so far featured in
the recent efflorescence of literature on national systems of innovation and might
 ...

Author: Christopher Freeman

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131789740

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 827

This set of essays by Chris Freeman, founder of SPRU and one of the pioneers of innovation studies, will be of interest to anyone wanting to gain a deeper understanding of technical and social change.
Categories: Business & Economics

Local and Regional Systems of Innovation

Local and Regional Systems of Innovation

However, one cannot proceed with the development of a new array of policy-
relevant tools or statistical indicators pertaining to sub-national systems of
innovation until a more comprehensive and realistic picture of the real economic
dynamics ...

Author: John de la Mothe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792382870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 341

View: 531

In an era of intense globalization, the critical role of the region as a center for economic development has sometimes been overlooked. Moreover, innovation is increasingly being recognized as being a critical driver of economic growth and development. However, innovation is no longer being seen as a function of research and development; nor is R&D being seen as being sufficient for the creation of technology-intensive industries and the valuable economic spillovers that result in high value-added jobs and exports. Indeed, much more than ever before, it is the combination of factors that contributes to innovation - ranging over skills, finance, production, user-producer linkages, the capacity of organizations to learn, and multilayered government policies - that make local regions the favorites of fortune. Using an evolutionary economic perspective, and drawing on a range of disciplines and accomplished scholars, Local and Regional Systems of Innovation explores important issues at a conceptual, methodological and comparative level concerning how successful locations actually construct their comparative advantage.
Categories: Business & Economics

Small Country Innovation Systems

Small Country Innovation Systems

Charles Edquist and Leif Hommen 1 INTRODUCTION The concept of national
systems of innovation (NSI) emerged in the late 1980s and started to diffuse more
rapidly in the early 1990s with the seminal contributions of Lundvall (1992) and ...

Author: Charles Edquist

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781847209993

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 360

What are the challenges that small countries face concerning innovation and what are the effects of globalization on their innovation systems? In this very interesting, rich and timely book, Edquist and Hommen compare ten different small national innovation systems from the Asia Pacific and Northern Europe that are rather advanced in their development. The answers that the authors give are convincing and relate not only to the unique characteristics of each national system that shapes innovative activity, but also to some commonalities that exist across these countries. Franco Malerba, Bocconi University, Italy This major book presents case studies of ten small country national systems of innovation (NSIs) in Europe and Asia, namely, Denmark, Finland, Hong Kong, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden and Taiwan. These cases have been carefully selected as examples of success within the context of globalization and as new economies where competition is increasingly based on innovation. To facilitate comparative analysis the ten studies follow a common structure, informed by an activities-based approach to describing and analysing NSIs, which addresses the critical issues of globalization and the consequences of innovation for economic performance. The final chapter compares fast growth and slow growth countries, concentrating on issues of innovation policy. The results illustrate the usefulness of an activities-based approach to studying NSIs, point to distinctive national roles within an increasingly differentiated international division of labour and address the key themes of selectivity and coordination in innovation policy. This valuable book presents one of the most significant, comprehensive and comparative country studies of NSIs in the last decade. It will have great import and should be widely read by every serious student and scholar of innovation studies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Advanced Introduction to National Innovation Systems

Advanced Introduction to National Innovation Systems

Is it meaningful to study national systems in a globalizing economy? What are the legitimate policy implications? This book provides an in depth analysis of all these questions as well as recommending future avenues of research.

Author: Cristina Chaminade

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785362011

Category:

Page: 192

View: 597

Innovation studies is an evolving interdisciplinary field that has moved away from the weaknesses of neoclassical thinking and embraced evolutionary theory. In this timely book, the authors offer a precise introduction to the nature of national innovation systems (NIS), examining the history of the concept and its use in today's world.This book uses language appropriate for both social science and engineering scholars to offer an accurate synopsis of the emergence of the concept, its theoretical core and its evolution. It analyses both developed and developing countries in terms of their NIS and its application to current societal challenges, such as economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability, in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world. Key features include:* three authors from three different generations and countries offer an overview of NIS from around the world* extensive use of examples from the Global North and Global South* recommended in-depth reading after each topical chapter* overview of future research challenges* up-to-date review of the literature and engagement in current debates.Erudite and accessible, this unique book on NIS can easily be used for undergraduate and graduate teaching. It is a valuable, and much-needed resource for teachers, students and researchers at all levels.
Categories:

Innovation Policy in a Global Economy

Innovation Policy in a Global Economy

5 Regional systems of innovation ? JEREMY HOWELLS Introduction This
chapter explores the possible existence and form of regional systems of
innovation ( RSI ) . Christopher Freeman has defined a national system of
innovation ( NSI ) as ...

Author: Lecturer Judge Institute for Management Studies and Fellow Jonathan Michie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521633613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 313

Third in a series: argues that flexible organisations alone will benefit from the trend towards globalisation.
Categories: Business & Economics

Innovation and Institutions

Innovation and Institutions

National. innovation. systems. Marius. Meeus. and. Leon. Oerlemans. 1.
INTRODUCTION. The concept national systems of innovation (NSI) was made
explicit in a number of contributions in the second half of the 1980s.' In B.-A.
Lundvall's ...

Author: Steven Casper

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 184542672X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 307

View: 141

The idea behind this book is that institutions are important when it comes to explaining the specialisation and performance of national innovation systems. The idea is not new. But largely the institution-concept has remained somewhat vague and unspecified in the literature. This book is valuable since it succeeds in opening up the black box of institutions and organisations. The distinction between institutions at different levels and how they link up and form a systemic whole is especially original and fruitful. The interdisciplinary team behind the book has also produced a welcome antidote to the current tendency to benchmark innovation systems exclusively on the basis of quantitative indicators. The analysis demonstrates that some national systems do better in some specific areas because of being supported by institutions that are sometimes deeply rooted in history and culture. This is why imitating best-practice across countries is not a straight forward thing to do. Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Aalborg University, Denmark Innovation and Institutions is an extensive elaboration on the make up of systems of innovation. It examines why some countries are more innovative than others, why national styles of innovation differ, and goes on to explore why some countries make radical innovations but fail to successfully market them, whilst others making incremental innovations have more commercial success. The book draws on a variety of different literatures and perspectives to illustrate the organizational and institutional dimensions of national innovation systems. Literatures discussed include the economics of innovation, organizational sociology, administrative science, institutional economics, organizational learning, network analysis, business systems, economic governance and regulation. This truly interdisciplinary book will be invaluable to academics and researchers focussing on innovation in a wide range of fields. It will also strongly appeal to practitioners and policymakers concerned with innovation.
Categories: Business & Economics

Multinational Enterprises Innovative Strategies and Systems of Innovation

Multinational Enterprises  Innovative Strategies and Systems of Innovation

The national system of innovation is the network of institutions in the public and
private sectors of each country that support the initiation, modification and
diffusion of new technologies (Freeman, 1987; 1995). The nationally distinctive
features ...

Author: John Cantwell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781009872

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 462

This volume explores the extent to which multinational enterprises (MNEs) are decentralizing the creation of new technological capabilities to various countries. The book contends that technological strategies and innovation activities undertaken by firms are a critical part of the increasing internationalization of economic activity and that MNEs are the main actors for these changes. It goes on to explain that MNEs must now effectively manage new technological assets in order to cope with the extensive changes in the nature of international competition.
Categories: Business & Economics

Creating Systems of Innovation in Africa

Creating Systems of Innovation in Africa

There are different approaches to the system of innovation building process.
There is the linear ... But the most popularised concept in the economics of
innovation litera— ture has been the national system of innovation (NSI). It is in
the late ...

Author: Mammo Muchie

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9780798303477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 664

The most popularised concept in the economics of innovation literature has been the national system of innovation (NSI). It was in the late 1980s that the concept that Frederik List coined as the 'National Political Economy of Production' took off again with different thinkers writing about the peculiarities and distinctions of the Japanese, American, British, German, East Asian Tigers and other varieties of system construction. Freeman defines National System of Innovation as 'the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diff use new technologies.' Richard Nelson defines it as 'a set of institutions whose interactions determine the innovative performance of national firms. Lundvall defines the system of innovation as the 'elements and relationships which interact in the production, diffusion and use of new and economically useful knowledge and are either located within or rooted inside the borders of a nation state.' The normative assumption is that those nations that succeeded in building economic strength relied on the science, engineering, technology and innovation capability that made them to achieve an innovation advantage to put them ahead in the world, acquiring national or regional economic leadership as the case may be depending on what level of analyses is selected to look at particular failure, success or progress they made. In this volume we have a glimpse of how in different African economies from Ghana, Uganda, Kenya, South Africa and Nigeria specific cases have been taken to explore how systems of innovation is evolving.
Categories: Business & Economics

International Journal of Technology Management

International Journal of Technology Management

moved from describing firm routines to industry technology trajectories , to
national systems of innovation . But the notion of a national system of innovation
is a loose one that has not been well specified . To date , the efforts to specify the
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822017457664

Category: Industrial management

Page:

View: 489

Categories: Industrial management

Innovative People Mobility of Skilled Personnel in National Innovation Systems

Innovative People Mobility of Skilled Personnel in National Innovation Systems

Mobility of Skilled Personnel in National Innovation Systems OECD. Chapter 3
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH, SOCIAL CAPABILITY AND HUMAN MOBILITY by
Mark Tomlinson CRIC, University of Manchester Introduction: the national
systems ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264195585

Category:

Page: 308

View: 350

Based on new empirical evidence, this publication compares the rates and patterns of mobility of high-skilled labour in a sample of OECD countries.
Categories: