Narratives and Jewish Bioethics

Narratives and Jewish Bioethics

Narratives and Jewish Bioethics searches for answers to the critical question of what roles ancient narratives play in creating modern norms by Jewish bioethicists utilizing the Jewish textual tradition.

Author: J. Crane

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137021090

Category: Religion

Page: 202

View: 346

Narratives and Jewish Bioethics searches for answers to the critical question of what roles ancient narratives play in creating modern norms by Jewish bioethicists utilizing the Jewish textual tradition.
Categories: Religion

Beastly Morality

Beastly Morality

Rather than claim animal morality is the same as human morality, this book builds an appreciation of the variety and character of animal sensitivities and perceptions across multiple disciplines, moving animal welfarism in promising new ...

Author: Jonathan K. Crane

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231540537

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 876

We have come to regard nonhuman animals as beings of concern, and we even grant them some legal protections. But until we understand animals as moral agents in and of themselves, they will be nothing more than distant recipients of our largesse. Featuring original essays by philosophers, ethicists, religionists, and ethologists, including Marc Bekoff, Frans de Waal, and Elisabetta Palagi, this collection demonstrates the ability of animals to operate morally, process ideas of good and bad, and think seriously about sociality and virtue. Envisioning nonhuman animals as distinct moral agents marks a paradigm shift in animal studies, as well as philosophy itself. Drawing not only on ethics and religion but also on law, sociology, and cognitive science, the essays in this collection test long-held certainties about moral boundaries and behaviors and prove that nonhuman animals possess complex reasoning capacities, sophisticated empathic sociality, and dynamic and enduring self-conceptions. Rather than claim animal morality is the same as human morality, this book builds an appreciation of the variety and character of animal sensitivities and perceptions across multiple disciplines, moving animal welfarism in promising new directions.
Categories: Nature

Eating Ethically

Eating Ethically

A new eating strategy is urgently needed, one grounded in ethics, informed by biology, supported by philosophy and theology, and, ultimately, personally achievable. Eating Ethically argues persuasively for more adaptive eating practices.

Author: Jonathan K. Crane

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231545877

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 250

View: 531

Few activities are as essential to human flourishing as eating, and fewer still are as ethically fraught. Eating well is particularly confusing. We live amid excess, faced with conflicting recommendations, contradictory scientific studies, and complex moral, medical, and environmental consequences that influence our choices. A new eating strategy is urgently needed, one grounded in ethics, informed by biology, supported by philosophy and theology, and, ultimately, personally achievable. Eating Ethically argues persuasively for more adaptive eating practices. Drawing on religion, medicine, philosophy, cognitive science, art, ethics, and more, Jonathan K. Crane shows how distinguishing among the eater, the eaten, and the act of eating promotes a radical reorientation away from external cues and toward internal ones. This turn is vital for survival, according to classic philosophy on appetite and contemporary studies of satiety, metabolic science as well as metaphysics and religion. By intertwining ancient wisdom from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam with cutting-edge research, Crane concludes that ethical eating is a means to achieve both personal health and social cohesion. Grounded in science and tradition, Eating Ethically shows us what it truly means to eat well.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Quality of Life in Jewish Bioethics

Quality of Life in Jewish Bioethics

The book addresses tension between the 'quality of life' and the 'sanctity of life' issues, and will be of interest to lay readers, graduate students of bioethics, and rabbis.

Author: Noʻam Zohar

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739114468

Category: Science

Page: 139

View: 681

This anthology of original essays by leading thinkers in the field gathers together in one place voices from diverse theological and practical commitments. Unlike other publications on Jewish bioethics, it adopts an explicitly pluralistic stance. The book addresses tension between the 'quality of life' and the 'sanctity of life' issues, and will be of interest to lay readers, graduate students of bioethics, and rabbis.
Categories: Science

Quality of Life in Jewish Bioethics

Quality of Life in Jewish Bioethics

But let us at least say that narrative suggests the playing out of the core values of American culture. While Jewish bioethics will not specifically be ...

Author: Noam J. Zohar

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739159811

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 965

This anthology of original essays by leading thinkers in the field gathers together in one place voices from diverse theological and practical commitments. Unlike other publications on Jewish bioethics, it adopts an explicitly pluralistic stance. The book addresses tension between the 'quality of life' and the 'sanctity of life' issues, and will be of interest to lay readers, graduate students of bioethics, and rabbis.
Categories: Science

Between Jewish Tradition and Modernity

Between Jewish Tradition and Modernity

Jonathan Crane, Narrative and Bioethics. And to quote James Childress of the University of Virginia: “Once generated, norms still require interpretations, ...

Author: Michael A. Meyer

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814338605

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 451

Although the ideas of “tradition” and “modernity” may seem to be directly opposed, David Ellenson, a leading contemporary scholar of modern Jewish thought, understood that these concepts can also enjoy a more fluid relationship. In honor of Ellenson, editors Michael A. Meyer and David N. Myers have gathered contributors for Between Jewish Tradition and Modernity: Rethinking an Old Opposition to examine the permutations and adaptations of these intertwined forms of Jewish expression. Contributions draw from a range of disciplines and scholarly interests and vary in subject from the theological to the liturgical, sociological, and literary. The geographic and historical focus of the volume is on the United States and the State of Israel, both of which have been major sites of inquiry in Ellenson’s work. In twenty-one essays, contributors demonstrate that modernity did not simply replace tradition in Judaism, but rather entered into a variety of relationships with it: adopting or adapting certain elements, repossessing rituals that had once been abandoned, or struggling with its continuing influence. In four parts—Law, Ritual, Thought, and Culture—contributors explore a variety of subjects, including the role of reform in Israeli Orthodoxy, traditions of twentieth-century bar/bat mitzvah, end-of-life ethics, tensions between Zionism and American Jewry, and the rise of a 1960s New York Jewish counterculture. An introductory essay also presents an appreciation of Ellenson's scholarly contribution. Bringing together leading Jewish historians, anthropologists, sociologists, philosophers and liturgists, Between Jewish Tradition and Modernity offers a collective view of a historically and culturally significant issue that will be of interest to Jewish scholars of many disciplines.
Categories: History

Jews and Genes

Jews and Genes

Jews and Genes brings together leaders in their fields, from all walks of Judaism, to explore these most timely and intriguing topics--the intricacies of the genetic code and the wonders of life, along with cutting-edge science and the ...

Author: Elliot N. Dorff

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780827611924

Category: History

Page: 456

View: 179

Well aware of Jews having once been the victims of Nazi eugenics policies, many Jews today have an ambivalent attitude toward new genetics and are understandably wary of genetic forms of identity and intervention. At the same time, the Jewish tradition is strongly committed to medical research designed to prevent or cure diseases. Jews and Genes explores this tension against the backdrop of various important developments in genetics and bioethics--new advances in stem cell research; genetic mapping, identity, testing, and intervention; and the role of religion and ethics in shaping public policy. Jews and Genes brings together leaders in their fields, from all walks of Judaism, to explore these most timely and intriguing topics--the intricacies of the genetic code and the wonders of life, along with cutting-edge science and the ethical issues it raises.
Categories: History

Midrash Medicine

Midrash   Medicine

This groundbreaking volume examines the spiritual shortfalls of our current healing environment and explores how midrash can help you see beyond the physical aspects of healing to tune in to your spiritual source.

Author: William Cutter

Publisher: Jewish Lights Publishing

ISBN: 9781580234849

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 352

View: 432

This groundbreaking volume examines the spiritual shortfalls of our current healing environment and explores how midrash can help you see beyond the physical aspects of healing to tune in to your spiritual source.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Jews Gentiles and Other Animals

Jews  Gentiles  and Other Animals

Jeffrey L. Rubenstein, Talmudic Stories: Narrative Art, Composition, ... See his Narratives and Jewish Bioethics (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), 30.

Author: Mira Beth Wasserman

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812294088

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 429

In Jews, Gentiles, and Other Animals, Mira Beth Wasserman undertakes a close reading of Avoda Zara, arguably the Talmud's most scandalous tractate, to uncover the hidden architecture of this classic work of Jewish religious thought. She proposes a new way of reading the Talmud that brings it into conversation with the humanities, including animal studies, the new materialisms, and other areas of critical theory that have been reshaping the understanding of what it is to be a human being. Even as it comments on the the rabbinic laws that govern relations between Jews and non-Jews, Avoda Zara is also an attempt to reflect on what all people share in common, and on how humans fit into a larger universe of animals and things. As is typical of the Talmud in general, it proceeds by incorporating a vast and confusing array of apparently digressive materials, but Wasserman demonstrates that there is a whole greater than the sum of the parts, a sustained effort to explore human identity and difference. In centuries past, Avoda Zara has been a flashpoint in Jewish-Christian relations. It was partly due to its content that the Talmud was subject to burning and censorship by Christian authorities. Wasserman develops a twenty-first-century reading of the tractate that aims to reposition it as part of a broader quest to understand what connects human beings to each other and to the world around them.
Categories: Religion

Religious Methods and Resources in Bioethics

Religious Methods and Resources in Bioethics

Barbara Hilkert Andolsen illustrates this issue in this volume when she defines one of her crucial cate gories, gender justice, as being both procedural and substantive/normative.

Author: P.F. Camenisch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401583626

Category: Religion

Page: 345

View: 619

A volume on religious/theological methods in biomedical ethics inevitably of whether the methodological dimension can be distin raises the question guished from the various other things that go on in ethical discourse. It is difficult to answer this question definitively since many elements in moral conversation can be interpreted in different ways. Barbara Hilkert Andolsen illustrates this issue in this volume when she defines one of her crucial cate gories, gender justice, as being both procedural and substantive/normative. This difficulty of finally separating the methodological from the normative arises in many areas of contemporary ethical writing, both feminist and otherwise. Nevertheless, it seems that in many cases we can separate out the method ological issues with considerable precision. Albert Jonsen and James Childress achieve just such a sharp focus in their essays. This does not mean that a careful dissecting of their papers would not reveal normative elements lurking about their methodological points. It is simply to say that the issues they analyze and the positions they take are, at least prima facie, overwhelmingly method ological. They are much more about how we think about ethical matters than they are about what we think about them.
Categories: Religion

Healing and the Jewish Imagination

Healing and the Jewish Imagination

Through unique--and sometimes controversial--perspectives, a group of celebrated thinkers pushes the boundaries of Jewish knowledge, investing the search for healing with new ideas and new ways to look at old texts.

Author: William Cutter

Publisher: Jewish Lights Publishing

ISBN: 9781580233736

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 219

View: 476

Through unique--and sometimes controversial--perspectives, a group of celebrated thinkers pushes the boundaries of Jewish knowledge, investing the search for healing with new ideas and new ways to look at old texts.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Elliot N Dorff

Elliot N  Dorff

Within bioethics, it is the margins of life that have drawn his attention most: ... Jewish bioethics, see Jonathan K. Crane, Narratives and Jewish Bioethics ...

Author: Hava Tirosh-Samuelson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004279025

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 857

Rabbi Elliot N. Dorff, the Sol and Anne Dorff Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Rector of American Jewish University in Los Angeles, is one of today’s leading Jewish ethicists. In Search of a Good Life presents influential essays by Dorff and explains his contribution to Jewish religious thought in the second half of the 20th century.
Categories: Religion

Feasting and Fasting

Feasting and Fasting

The History and Ethics of Jewish Food Aaron S. Gross, Jody Myers, ... Religion and Science for a Better Diet (2018), Narratives and Jewish Bioethics (2013), ...

Author: Aaron S. Gross

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479827794

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 268

How Judaism and food are intertwined Judaism is a religion that is enthusiastic about food. Jewish holidays are inevitably celebrated through eating particular foods, or around fasting and then eating particular foods. Through fasting, feasting, dining, and noshing, food infuses the rich traditions of Judaism into daily life. What do the complicated laws of kosher food mean to Jews? How does food in Jewish bellies shape the hearts and minds of Jews? What does the Jewish relationship with food teach us about Christianity, Islam, and religion itself? Can food shape the future of Judaism? Feasting and Fasting explores questions like these to offer an expansive look at how Judaism and food have been intertwined, both historically and today. It also grapples with the charged ethical debates about how food choices reflect competing Jewish values about community, animals, the natural world and the very meaning of being human. Encompassing historical, ethnographic, and theoretical viewpoints, and including contributions dedicated to the religious dimensions of foods including garlic, Crisco, peanut oil, and wine, the volume advances the state of both Jewish studies and religious studies scholarship on food. Bookended with a foreword by the Jewish historian Hasia Diner and an epilogue by the novelist and food activist Jonathan Safran Foer, Feasting and Fasting provides a resource for anyone who hungers to understand how food and religion intersect.
Categories: Social Science

Dealing with Bioethical Issues in a Globalized World

Dealing with Bioethical Issues in a Globalized World

By doing that, this book fills an important gap in bioethics literature. This book addresses the complexity of talking about normativity in bioethics within the context of contemporary multicultural and multi-religious society.

Author: Joris Gielen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030304324

Category: Philosophy

Page: 209

View: 211

This book addresses the complexity of talking about normativity in bioethics within the context of contemporary multicultural and multi-religious society. It offers original contributions by specialists in bioethics exploring new ways of understanding normativity in bioethics. In bioethical publications and debates, the concept of normativity is often used without consideration of the difficulties surrounding it, whereas there are many competing claims for normativity within bioethics. Examples of such competing normative bioethical discourses can be perceived in variations and differences in bioethical arguments within individual religions, and the opposition between bioethical arguments from specific religions and arguments from bioethicists who do not claim religious allegiance. We also cannot merely assume that a Western understanding of normative bioethics will be unproblematic in bioethics in non-Western cultures and religions. Through an analysis of normativity in Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, Islamic, and Jewish bioethics, the book creates awareness of the complexity of normativity in bioethics. The book also covers normative bioethics outside an explicitly religiously committed context, and specific attention is paid to bioethics as an interdisciplinary endeavor. It reveals how normativity relates to empirical and global bioethics, which challenges it faces in bioethics in secular pluralistic society, and how to overcome these. By doing that, this book fills an important gap in bioethics literature.
Categories: Philosophy

Jewish Bioethics

Jewish Bioethics

At this stage, we may discern two master narratives of the value of human life. ... This is the narrative behind ... 216 Jewish Bioethics.

Author: Yechiel Michael Barilan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107512184

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 208

This book presents the discourse in Jewish law and rabbinic literature on bioethical issues, highlighting practical problems in their socio-historical contexts. Yechiel Michael Barilan discusses end-of-life care, abortion, infertility treatments, the brain death debate, and the organ market. Barilan also presents the theology and spirituality of Jewish medical law, the communal responsibility for healthcare, and the charitable sick-care societies that flourished in the Jewish communities until the beginning of the twentieth century.
Categories: Religion

The Art of Mystical Narrative

The Art of Mystical Narrative

Some Perspectives on the Limitations and Enhancements of Narrative Ethics.” In Quality of Life in Jewish Bioethics, edited by Noam J. Zohar, pp. 55–66.

Author: Eitan Fishbane

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199948635

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 536

View: 554

In the study of Judaism, the Zohar has captivated the minds of interpreters for over seven centuries, and continues to entrance readers in contemporary times. Yet despite these centuries of study, very little attention has been devoted to the literary dimensions of the text, or to formal appreciation of its status as one of the great works of religious literature. The Art of Mystical Narrative offers a critical approach to the zoharic story, seeking to explore the interplay between fictional discourse and mystical exegesis. Eitan Fishbane argues that the narrative must be understood first and foremost as a work of the fictional imagination, a representation of a world and reality invented by the thirteenth-century authors of the text. He claims that the text functions as a kind of dramatic literature, one in which the power of revealing mystical secrets is demonstrated and performed for the reading audience. The Art of Mystical Narrative offers a fresh, interdisciplinary perspective on the Zohar and on the intersections of literary and religious studies.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology

For examples of narrative ethics , see Kleinman A. The Illness Narratives : Suffering ... For sources on Jewish bioethics , see Rosner F , Bleich JD , eds .

Author: James L. Bernat

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0781790603

Category: Medical

Page: 524

View: 211

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated material on palliative sedation, advance directives, ICU withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy, gene therapy, the very-low-birth-weight premature infant, the developmentally disabled patient, informed consent, organizational ethics, brain death controversies, and fMRI and PET studies relating to persistent vegetative state.
Categories: Medical

Sacred Encounter

Sacred Encounter

Ethics, he coedited with Rabbi Elliot N. Dorff The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality and authored Narratives and Jewish Bioethics.

Author: Lisa L. Grushcow

Publisher: CCAR Press

ISBN: 9780881232240

Category: Religion

Page: 808

View: 248

This wide-ranging anthology takes a close look at the breadth of human sexuality from a Jewish perspective. The essays begin with a look at biblical and rabbinic views on sexuality, and then proceed to explorations of sexuality at different moments in the life cycle, sexuality and the marital model, diverse expressions of sexuality, examples of sexuality education, the nexus of sexuality and theology, and the challenges of contemporary sexual ethics. The Sacred Encounter is a thought-provoking and important Jewish resource. Perfect for personal study, or for high school or adult classes.
Categories: Religion

Jewish and Catholic Bioethics

Jewish and Catholic Bioethics

( For Braithwaite it is not even necessary that religious stories be believed to be true by believers . ) Religious statements thus express a commitment to ...

Author: Edmund D. Pellegrino MD

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589013506

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 560

Drawing on multiple interconnected scriptural and spiritual sources, the Jewish tradition of ethical reflection is intricate and nuanced. This book presents scholarly Jewish perspectives on suffering, healing, life, and death, and it compares them with contemporary Christian and secular views. The Jewish perspectives presented in this book are mainly those of orthodox scholars, with the responses representing primarily Christian-Catholic points of view. Readers unfamiliar with the Jewish tradition will find here a practical introduction to its major voices, from Spinoza to Jewish religious law. The contributors explore such issues as active and passive euthanasia, abortion, assisted reproduction, genetic screening, and health care delivery. Offering a thoughtful and thought-provoking dialogue between Jewish and Christian scholars, Jewish and Catholic Bioethics is an important contribution to ecumenical understanding in the realm of health care.
Categories: Medical

Jewish Identity and Civil Rights in America

Jewish Identity and Civil Rights in America

... that a significant part of the contemporary narrative of Jewish identity ... and the Jewish Narrative of Genetic Return, 3 Developing World Bioethics ...

Author: Kenneth L. Marcus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139491198

Category: Law

Page:

View: 505

Given jurisdiction over race and national origin but not religion, federal agents have had to determine whether Jewish Americans constitute a race or national origin group. They have been unable to do so. This has led to enforcement paralysis, as well as explosive internal confrontations and recriminations within the federal government. This book examines the legal and policy issues behind the ambiguity involved with civil rights protections for Jewish students. Written by a former senior government official, this book reveals the extent of this problem and presents a workable legal solution.
Categories: Law