Muscatine s Pearl Button Industry

Muscatine s Pearl Button Industry

The Mississippi River town of Muscatine produced billions of pearl buttons.

Author: Melanie K. Alexander

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 0738550930

Category: History

Page: 127

View: 793

The Mississippi River town of Muscatine produced billions of pearl buttons. By 1905, Muscatine made 37 percent of the world's buttons and earned the title of "Pearl Button Capital of the World." The rise and fall of the pearl button occurred over a period of 75 years. John Frederick Boepple, a German immigrant button maker, launched the industry in 1891. The button and clamming industries started small but quickly overwhelmed the town. Clamming became the Mississippi River's gold rush while large automated factories and shell-cutting shops employed nearly half the local workforce. Entire families--men, women, and children--contributed to the industry, giving weight to the popular local saying "No Muscatine resident can enter Heaven without evidence of previous servitude in the button industry." Although the industry peaked in 1916, several decades passed before the American-made pearl button buckled under the pressure of foreign competition, changing fashion, limited availability of shell, and the development and refinement of plastic buttons.
Categories: History

What the River Carries

What the River Carries

Mississippi Harvest Alexander, Melanie K. Muscatine's Pearl Button Industry.
charleston, sc: Arcadia, 2007. Anfinson,John o. The River We Have Wrought:A
History of the UpperMississippi. Minneapolis: university of Minnesota Press, 2005
.

Author: Lisa Knopp

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780826272768

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 262

In this informed and lyrical collection of interwoven essays, Lisa Knopp explores the physical and cultural geography of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Platte, rivers she has come to understand and cherish. At the same time, she contemplates how people experience landscape, identifying three primary roles of environmental perception: the insider, the outsider, and the outsider seeking to become an insider. Viewing the waterways through these approaches, she searches for knowledge and meaning. Because Knopp was born and raised just a few blocks away, she considers the Mississippi from the perspective of a native resident, a “dweller in the land.” She revisits places she has long known: Nauvoo, Illinois, the site of two nineteenth-century utopias, one Mormon, one Icarian; Muscatine, Iowa, once the world’s largest manufacturer of pearl (mussel shell) buttons; and the mysterious prehistoric bird- and bear-shaped effigy mounds of northeastern Iowa. On a downriver trip between the Twin Cities and St. Louis, she meditates on what can be found in Mississippi river water—state lines, dissolved oxygen, smallmouth bass, corpses, family history, wrecked steamboats, mayfly nymphs, toxic perfluorinated chemicals, philosophies. Knopp first encountered the Missouri as a tourist and became acquainted with it through literary and historical documents, as well as stories told by longtime residents. Her journey includes stops at Fort Bellefontaine, where Lewis and Clark first slept on their sojourn to the Pacific; Little Dixie, Missouri’s slaveholding, hemp-growing region, as revealed through the life of Jesse James’s mother; Fort Randall Dam and Lake Francis Case, the construction of which destroyed White Swan on the Yankton Sioux Reservation; and places that produced unique musical responses to the river, including Native American courting flutes, indie rock, Missouri River valley fiddling, Prohibition-era jazz jam sessions, and German folk music. Knopp’s relationship with the Platte is marked by intentionality: she settled nearby and chose to develop deep and lasting connections over twenty years’ residence. On this adventure, she ponders the half-million sandhill cranes that pass through Nebraska each spring, the ancient varieties of Pawnee corn growing at the Great Platte River Road Archway Monument, a never-broken tract of tallgrass prairie, the sugar beet industry, and the changes in the river brought about by the demands of irrigation. In the final essay, Knopp undertakes the science of river meanders, consecutive loops of water moving in opposite directions, which form around obstacles but also develop in the absence of them. What initiates the turning that results in a meander remains a mystery. Such is the subtle and interior process of knowing and loving a place. What the River Carries asks readers to consider their own relationships with landscape and how one can most meaningfully and responsibly dwell on the earth’s surface. Winner of the 2013 Nebraska Book Award for Nonfiction Honorable Mention for the Association for Literature and the Environment's 2013 Environmental Creative Nonfiction Award
Categories: Nature

Social Ecological Resilience and Sustainability

Social Ecological Resilience and Sustainability

booming pearl button industry. What follows is the story of Muscatine and the
pearl buttons, mussels, ecosystems, and economics that built, consumed, and
helped deteriorate the city—in short, it is a story about R&S. When John Boepple
 ...

Author: Shelley Ross Saxer

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

ISBN: 9781454898351

Category: Law

Page: 700

View: 603

Social-Ecological Resilience and Sustainability by Shelley Ross Saxer and Jonathan Rosenbloom is designed to help students understand and address new, changing, and complex economic, environmental, and social systems. This book introduces resilience and sustainability as analytical frameworks and illustrates how these concepts apply in various contexts: water, food, shelter/land use, energy, natural resources, pollution, disaster law, and climate change. The first two chapters (Part I) provide students with a conceptual foundation to explore the interdisciplinary nature of resilience and sustainability and the meanings of, complexities embedded in, and the overlap and differences between these frameworks. Each of the remaining eight chapters (Part II) views resilience and sustainability in a specific law and policy context. Strategically placed throughout Part II, the authors describe eight useful tools — “Strategies to Facilitate Implementation”—to help identify, assess, integrate, or utilize resilience and sustainability as analytical frameworks. Key Features: A two-part approach that first provides students with a conceptual foundation and then allows students to view resilience and sustainability in eight law and policy contexts (described above) Numerous graphics throughout to illustrate concepts, depict events described, and otherwise enliven the content Case studies that examine human decisions that led to unsustainable and non-resilient systems and societies New and innovative ways to explain complex systems and in turn rethink traditional notions of law and policy
Categories: Law

Muscatine

Muscatine

He discovered his dream in the thick mussels found in the Mississippi River near
Muscatine. In 1891, Boepple opened a factory and launched the local pearl
button industry. Residents questioned the factory's viability, but Muscatine would
 ...

Author: Kristin McHugh-Johnston

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 9781439641170

Category: Photography

Page: 128

View: 789

Muscatine, situated on one of the largest east–west bends of the Mississippi River, grew from a small territorial trading post into an Iowa community rich in agricultural bounty and manufacturing ingenuity. Mussels harvested from the mighty Mississippi propelled the city to the status of the “Pearl Button Capital of the World” by the turn of the 20th century. Booming lumber yards, sash and door manufacturers, and the first H. J. Heinz canning facility built outside of Pittsburg added to the town’s growth and prosperity. An aspiring writer named Samuel Clemens, civil rights pioneer Alexander Clark Sr., the self-proclaimed cancer cure of Norman Baker, and other notables add even more texture to the town’s rich heritage. The story of Muscatine is traced through these businesses and the men and women who left a legacy of work ethic that defines the Midwest.
Categories: Photography

History of Muscatine County Iowa

History of Muscatine County  Iowa

From that small beginning one of the great industries of this city has grown until
today the pearl button output from the Muscatine factories rivals, if it does not
surpass, that of any city in the world. It is said that at least 4,000 people, men,
women ...

Author: Irving Berdine Richman

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081920955

Category: Muscatine County (Iowa)

Page:

View: 839

Categories: Muscatine County (Iowa)

Iowa Travel Guide

Iowa Travel Guide

Sat. Discover Muscatine's pearl button past with an exhibit On the button industry.
Muscatine Once produced 1.5 billion buttons annually from Mississippi River
clams and was known as the "Pearl Button Capital of the World." Try your hand at
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858060128232

Category: Iowa

Page:

View: 317

Categories: Iowa

Pathfinder

Pathfinder

The mussels occasionally produce pearls . Some , valued at more than $ 1,000 ,
reportedly have been taken from Iowa streams . Pearl for Plastic . Dean of
America's pearl button industry is C. C. Hagermann , 75 , president of Muscatine's
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059172131352312

Category:

Page:

View: 111

Categories:

Annals of Iowa

Annals of Iowa

These same plants in the East had previously processed only ocean pearl into
buttons . Muscatine also boasted one “ button machinery ” plant and one “ button
saw manufacturer " in 1898 . ... the industry in 1910 encompassed seventy
factories , 3 , 376 employees , a product value of $ 4 , 035 , 000 , and wages of $
1 , 412 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X001083355

Category: Iowa

Page:

View: 333

Categories: Iowa

Mobil Travel Guide Great Plains

Mobil Travel Guide Great Plains

( TuesSun ; closed holidays ) FREE Pearl Button Museum . Iowa Ave and 2nd St ,
Muscatine ( 52761 ) . Dedicated to the pearl button industry . Exhibits on making
buttons from Mississippi River mussel shells . ( Tues - Sat ) FREE Saulsbury ...

Author: Mobil Travel Guide

Publisher: Mobil Travel Guide

ISBN: 0762742550

Category: Travel

Page: 272

View: 272

Provides information on accommodations, restaurants, and attractions for Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebrska, and Oklahoma.
Categories: Travel

Power Boating

Power Boating

Pearl Buttons and Power Boats The part which power workboats play in a
tremendously important business - Up - to - the ... The pearl button industry
centers in Muscatine , Ia . , probably Having taken aboard a sufficient cargo of
shells , the for ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:098478904

Category: Motorboats

Page:

View: 464

Categories: Motorboats

The Palimpsest

The Palimpsest

These are said to be the first fresh water pearl buttons manufactured in the United
States and marked the beginning of the fabulous Muscatine button industry .
Boepple ' s industry and perseverance , coupled with his ability to find a ready ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X030227157

Category: Iowa

Page:

View: 412

Categories: Iowa

The Wisconsin Archeologist

The Wisconsin Archeologist

The initiator of the freshwater pearl - button industry in Muscatine was J. F.
Boepple , an immigrant German button maker . Recognizing the suitability of
native mussels for button material , Boepple began collecting the mollusks and
cutting ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3821793

Category: Indians of North America

Page:

View: 843

Categories: Indians of North America

Iowa State Gazetteer and Business Directory

Iowa State Gazetteer and Business Directory

Muscatine has taken the lead in the matter of river terminal development. This city
now has a modern terminal, çapable of handling all the river traffic for a long
period of years. Muscatine is the home of the fresh water Pearl button industry.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858045045196

Category: Iowa

Page:

View: 915

Vol. 1 (1880/81); v. 2 (1882/83); v. 3 (1884/85); v. 4 (1887/88); v. 5 (1889/90); v. 6 (1891/92); v. 7 (1892/93); v. 8 (1895/96); v. 9 (1897/98); v. 10 (1899/1900); v. 11 (1901/02); v. 12 (1903/04); v. 13 (1905/06); v. 14 (1908/09); v. 15 (1910/11); v. 16 (1912/13); v. 17 (1914/15); v. 18 (1916/17); v. 19 (1918/19); v. 20 (1922/23).
Categories: Iowa

Proceedings of the Convention of the United Mine Workers of America

Proceedings of the     Convention of the United Mine Workers of America

This little band of workers in Muscatine is composed of the people who
manufacture pearl buttons . ... Because of reductions year after year , the workers
in the pearl button industry in Muscatine , a little more than a year ago , had to
resort to ...

Author: United Mine Workers of America

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924054288547

Category: Coal miners

Page:

View: 540

Categories: Coal miners

Proceedings of The constitutional Convention of the United Mine Workers of America

Proceedings of The   constitutional Convention of the United Mine Workers of America

This little band of workers in Muscatine is composed of the people wko
manufacture pearl buttons . ... Because of reductions year after year , the workers
in the pearl button industry in Muscatine , a little more than a year ago , had to
resort to ...

Author: United Mine Workers of America

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112108175370

Category: Coal miners

Page:

View: 276

Categories: Coal miners

Proceedings of The consecutive Constitutional Convention of the United Mine Workers of America

Proceedings of The   consecutive Constitutional Convention of the United Mine Workers of America

This little band of workers in Muscatine is composed of the people wło
manufacture pearl buttons . ... Because of reductions year after year , the workers
in the pearl button industry in Muscatine , a little more than a year ago , had to
resort to the ...

Author: United Mine Workers of America

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435054449475

Category: Coal miners

Page:

View: 443

Categories: Coal miners

The Lee Papers a Saga of Midwestern Journalism by Colleagues and Associates

The Lee Papers  a Saga of Midwestern Journalism by Colleagues and Associates

sissippi which sprang up after the end of the Black Hawk War , Muscatine , then
Bloomington , soon leaped ahead of its ... beginning of the industry which made
Muscatine the world ' s center for the production of fresh - water pearl buttons .

Author: Donald Wells Anderson

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4593626

Category:

Page: 419

View: 443

Categories:

Great River

Great River

Boepple and his partners then opened the first freshwater pearl - button factory in
the basement of a Muscatine cooper ' s shop . ... In less than a decade ,
Muscatine became the capital city of a new and rapidly expanding industry .
Boepple ...

Author: Philip V. Scarpino

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015009820591

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 219

View: 726

This study examines the evolving relationship between the river and the people who lived along its shores, focusing on the period from 1890 to 1950. The analysis proceeds from the assumption that in modern urban, industrial societies, such as the United States, people have increasingly transformed the natural environment into a human artifact. Such is certainly the case with the upper Mississippi. Between the late nineteenth century and the mid-twentieth century, both the river and its valley underwent major alterations that affected both the face of the land and the underlying fabric of the original ecosystems.
Categories: Business & Economics

Bulletin

Bulletin

Firms by Industrial Classification Location Butter, Cheese and Condensed Milk —
Continued Wilton Milk Products Co Wilton Junction Cudahy ... Dairy Products)
BUTTONS, PEARL AND BLANKS Thompson, Fred Buffalo Vance, Jess Buffalo
Mississippi Pearl Button Co Burlington ... Keokuk Lansing Button Co Lansing
Automatic Button Co., 303 Mulberry St Muscatine Batterson-Wessels Co., 212 W.
2nd St ...

Author: Iowa. Bureau of Labor

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015063762531

Category:

Page:

View: 230

Categories: