Infant Mortality: A Continuing Social Problem

Author: Eilidh Garrett,Robert Woods,Dr Chris Galley,Dr Nicola Shelton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409487229

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 312

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In 1906, Sir George Newman's 'Infant Mortality: A Social Problem', one of the most important health studies of the twentieth century, was published. To commemorate this anniversary, this volume brings together an interdisciplinary team of leading academics to evaluate Newman's critical contribution, to review current understandings of the history of infant and early childhood mortality, especially in Britain, and to discuss modern approaches to infant health as a continuing social problem. The volume argues that, even after 100 years of health programmes, scientific advances and medical interventions, early childhood mortality is still a significant social problem and it also proposes new ways of defining and tracking the problem of persistent mortality differentials.
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Maternal Mortality in 2000

Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA

Author: Carla Abou Zahr,Tessa M. Wardlaw

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241562706

Category: Medical

Page: 30

View: 8474

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This document presents estimates of maternal mortality by country and region for the year 2000. It describes the background, rationale and history of estimates of maternal mortality and the methodology used in 2000 compared with the approaches used in previous exercises in 1990 and 1995.
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Infant and Child Mortality in the Past

Author: Alain Bideau,Héctor Pérez Brignoli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198289951

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 1152

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The main demographic revoulution in modern history has been the increased survival of children - the gradual elimination of the biological waste linked to the high mortality of the past. This volume examines the trends of early-age mortality across time and space and the methodological and theoretical problems inherent in such studies. It widens the discussion beyond the standard European focus by including data from Asian and American sources, showing that they offer enormous potential for researchers. At the same time, it makes clear the need for cautious treatment of historical data and points towards the design of techniques for appraising their quality, correcting distortions, and filling gaps. The analysis demonstrates that levels of infant and child mortality are linked not only to material conditions of life but also to social and cultural factors. The authors argue that a better understanding of these interactions can only come from an interdisciplinary approach, where demography joins forces with biology, medicine, public health, and social and economic history.
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Adult Mortality in Latin America

Author: Ian Timaeus,Juan Chackiel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198289944

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 3869

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The adult population accounts for a rising proportion of premature deaths worldwide. Adult health issues have often been overshadowed by international concern to improve child survival. Yet, increasingly, developing countries need to confront many of the challenges and dilemmas in the health sector that are familiar to the Western world. At the same time, most continue to experience a heavy burden of mortality arising from widespread poverty, from the tropical environment, or from highlevels of violence. This book considers major issues of public health importance for adults in Latin America. The interdisciplinary nature of mortality analyses, and, in particular, the complementary of demographic and epidemiological research is emphasized throughout. Following a review of the demographic trends shaping public health priorities in Latin America, the book considers the value and limits of the available data on adult deaths. Recent advances in methods for measuring adult mortality are explained. Next, the book examines the mortality transition and accompanying epidemiological transition in the region. The experience is compared with that of other parts of the world. Beyond this point, investigations must become disease or condition specific if they are to inform health planning. Thus, the second half of the book discusses the impact on adults of several major infectious diseases and of non-communicable diseases, the reproductive health of women, and deaths from accidents and violence.
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Differential Mortality

Methodological Issues and Biosocial Factors

Author: Lado Ruzicka,Penny Kane,Guillaume Wunsch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198288824

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

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There are strongly pronounced differentials between survival chances for different social classes in less developed countries. This book gives insight into the variety of factors-biological, social, economic and cultural-associated with these inequalities in mortality rates. Certain of thepapers deal with new conceptual approaches and methodological issues, while others cover particular countries in Asia and Latin America, providing overall an important and provoking study of inequality in death. Contributors: L. Ruzicka, J. Duchene, G. Wunsch, R. H. Gray, S. Horiuchi, S. D'Souza, E. E. Arriaga, J. M. Guzman, B. Utomo, M. B. Iskandar, N. H. Fisek, A. Palloni, G. C. Myers, A. Bouckaert, P. Kane
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Embryonic Mortality in Farm Animals

Author: J.M. Sreenan,M.G. Diskin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400950381

Category: Medical

Page: 292

View: 5232

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Reproductive wastage is a major inefficiency in all livestock production with embryonic mortality accounting for a major portion of this loss. Accordingly the Commission of the European Communities encouraged the organisation of a seminar on embryonic mortality in farm animals which was held in Brussels on the 11th and 12th of December 1984. This book contains the text of the papers, discussions and final summary presented at that Seminar. As a background to the Seminar, the extent and timing of embryonic loss was described for farm animals. Particular consideration was then given to the various mechanisms and signals, both embryonic and uterine in origin, that are so far known to be involved in the establishment of pregnancy. Possible causes of embryonic death including physiological, endocrinological, genetic and immunological components were outlined and discussed. The final summary contains general conclusions from the Seminar and recommendations for future research work on this topic. J.M. Sreenan M.G. Diskin July 1985. ******************** THE EXTENT AND TIMING OF EMBRYONIC MORTALITY IN THE COW J. M. Sreenan & M. G. Diskin, The Agricultural Institute, Belclare, Tuam, Galway, Ireland ABSTRACT The extent and timing of embryonic mortality in heifers, normal cows and repeat breeder cows has been reviewed.
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Reducing Maternal Mortality

Learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe

Author: Marjorie A. Koblinsky

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821353929

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 2766

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"To assist countries in their efforts to improve maternal health and reduce maternal mortality, the World Bank is publishing two volumes - Investing in Maternal Health: Learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka and Reducing Maternal Mortality: Learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. These two books offer success stories and lessons learned in improving health and reducing maternal mortality in a range of developing countries. The first book is based on the experiences of Malaysia and Sri Lanka during the past five to six decades. The second book discusses the more recent experiences of Bolivia, China (Yunnan), Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. These nine countries have made important strides in improving maternal health, and these two books outline what worked and what did not."--BOOK JACKET.
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