Monotheism and Human Nature

Monotheism and Human Nature

The main question of this Element is how the existence, supremacy, and uniqueness of an almighty and immaterial God bear on our own nature.

Author: Andrew M. Bailey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108968027

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 509

The main question of this Element is how the existence, supremacy, and uniqueness of an almighty and immaterial God bear on our own nature. It aims to uncover lessons about what we are by thinking about what God might be. A dominant theme is that Abrahamic monotheism is a surprisingly hospitable framework within which to defend and develop the view that we are wholly material beings. But the resulting materialism cannot be of any standard variety. It demands revisions and twists on the usual views. We can indeed learn about ourselves by learning about God. One thing we learn is that, though we are indeed wholly material beings, we're not nearly as ordinary as we might seem.
Categories: Religion

Monotheism and Religious Diversity

Monotheism and Religious Diversity

If there is one God, why are there so many religions? Might all be false? Some revert to a relativism that allows different 'truth's' for different people, but this is incoherent.

Author: Roger Trigg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108787673

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 678

If there is one God, why are there so many religions? Might all be false? Some revert to a relativism that allows different 'truth's' for different people, but this is incoherent. This Element argues that monotheism has provided the basis for a belief in objective truth. Human understanding is fallible and partial, but without the idea of one God, there is no foundation for a belief in one reality or a common human nature. The shadow of monotheism lies over our understanding of science, and of morality.
Categories: Religion

The Good Book of Human Nature

The Good Book of Human Nature

In The Good Book of Human Nature, evolutionary anthropologist Carel van Schaik and historian Kai Michel advance a new view of Homo sapiens' cultural evolution.

Author: Carel van Schaik

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780465098675

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 634

How reading the Bible as a work of cultural and scientific evolution can reveal new truths about how our species conquered the Earth
Categories: Science

Monotheism

Monotheism

This is inscribed in human nature ; before birth every man or woman has
professed the monotheistic faith in preeternity ( Koran 7 , 172 – 173 ) . This '
covenant ' between God and man , the substitute for the biblical covenant ,
concerns every ...

Author: Claude Geffré

Publisher: SCM Press

ISBN: UOM:39015009395636

Category: Religion

Page: 114

View: 979

Imprecise boundaries of notions of the ultimate / Etienne Cornelis -- God and power / Giuseppe Ruggieri -- Anthropological function of monotheism / Michel Meslin -- No God but Yahweh! / Bernard Lang -- Inviting unity of the triune God / Jurgen Moltmann -- Monotheism and unitary ideology / Christian Duquoc -- Permanent significance of Islam's monotheism / Robert Caspar -- Attraction of neo-paganism / Andre Dumas -- Monotheism and popular religion -- Monotheism and the critique of idols yesterday and today / Gabriel Vahanian.
Categories: Religion

Monotheism and Tolerance

Monotheism and Tolerance

Monotheism and Tolerance suggests a way to deal with the intractable problem of religiously motivated and justified violence.

Author: Robert Erlewine

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253221568

Category: Philosophy

Page: 246

View: 980

Why are religious tolerance and pluralism so difficult to achieve? Why is the often violent fundamentalist backlash against them so potent? Robert Erlewine looks to a new religion of reason for answers to these questions. Drawing on Enlightenment writers Moses Mendelssohn, Immanuel Kant, and Hermann Cohen, who placed Christianity and Judaism in tension with tolerance and pluralism, Erlewine finds a way to break the impasse, soften hostilities, and establish equal relationships with the Other. Erlewine's recovery of a religion of reason stands in contrast both to secularist critics of religion who reject religion for the sake of reason and to contemporary religious conservatives who eschew reason for the sake of religion. Monotheism and Tolerance suggests a way to deal with the intractable problem of religiously motivated and justified violence.
Categories: Philosophy

Radical Monotheism and Western Culture

Radical Monotheism and Western Culture

It presents a selection of important and otherwise unavailable texts in easily accessible form. Volumes in this series will enable sustained dialogue with predecessors though reflection on classic works in the field.

Author: Helmut Richard Niebuhr

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 0664253261

Category: Religion

Page: 144

View: 998

This reissue of a classic work of H. Richard Niebuhr, one of the most influential and creative theological ethicists of the twentieth century, highlights his mature thinking. By using path-breaking interpretations of faith as a basic dimension of human life and culture as an arena of faith in conflict, Niebuhr encourages further thought. This volume should be required reading for anyone interested in recent perspectives on theology and ethics. The Library of Theological Ethics series focuses on what it means to think theologically and ethically. It presents a selection of important and otherwise unavailable texts in easily accessible form. Volumes in this series will enable sustained dialogue with predecessors though reflection on classic works in the field.
Categories: Religion

Monotheism and Faith in God

Monotheism and Faith in God

After offering a brief overview of the role of faith within Judaism, Christianity and Islam, an interdisciplinary analysis of faith, belief, belief systems and the act of believing is undertaken.

Author: Ian G. Wallis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108988070

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 808

After offering a brief overview of the role of faith within Judaism, Christianity and Islam, an interdisciplinary analysis of faith, belief, belief systems and the act of believing is undertaken. The debate over the nature of doctrine between George Lindbeck and Alister McGrath brings into focus four ways in which beliefs can be employed: expressive, interpretative, formative and referential/relational. An analysis of monotheistic belief ensues which demonstrates how it can function meaningfully in each of these modes, including the last, where insights from phenomenology and relational ontology, as well as philosophical theology, favour a participatory approach in which God is encountered not as an object of investigation, but as that transcendent Other whose worship is the fulfilment of human being. The study concludes by highlighting convergences between the nature of faith presented in the initial scriptural overview and that developed throughout the rest of the study.
Categories: Religion

Sci Fi Bible

Sci Fi Bible

"One day the Torah / Bible / Koran might be unified by science and all fields of science unified by the "new" found God of all human kind.

Author: Olimpia Nera

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595284498

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 594

"One day the Torah / Bible / Koran might be unified by science and all fields of science unified by the "new" found God of all human kind." Such ideas are part of our "obsolete future". Could it be that we experience our own future in the present? The duality of our human nature will dictate the type of future we will experience. Our mind and body are connected by our soul but only the mind can "feed" the body or the soul. Science will discover many biblical truths as scientific facts and that will lead to change the biblical fiction to plausible reality. The idea of immortality and resurrection will be proven as fact. Only then humanity will have the choice to follow the "obsolete future" or finally accept the everlasting truth.
Categories: Philosophy

The Idea of Monotheism

The Idea of Monotheism

Jack Shechter explores the idea of monotheism as it has evolved over the centuries: the belief in the existence of the One God who fashioned the world and remains involved in it and with humanity and its values.

Author: Jack Shechter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780761870449

Category: Religion

Page: 186

View: 764

Jack Shechter explores the idea of monotheism as it has evolved over the centuries: the belief in the existence of the One God who fashioned the world and remains involved in it and with humanity and its values.
Categories: Religion

Science and Epistemology in the Koran Monotheism applied to social issues in the Koran

Science and Epistemology in the Koran  Monotheism applied to social issues in the Koran

It forms the essence of the epistemic - ontic circular causation and continuity
model of Tawhidi unified reality presented by ... In this context , the science of
culture becomes integrated with the uniform invocation of Allah in human lives
that has ...

Author: Masudul Alam Choudhury

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105129813593

Category: Religion

Page: 452

View: 698

Presents an epistemological inquiry of social-scientific phenomenology premised solely on the Oneness of God. This book shows how the Qur'an associates this cardinal principle of divine oneness with the episteme of unity of knowledge.
Categories: Religion

The Concept of Monotheism in Islam and Christianity

The Concept of Monotheism in Islam and Christianity

Concept of Momotheism in Islam & Christianity

Author: Hans Köchler

Publisher: International Progress Organization

ISBN: 3700303394

Category: Religion

Page: 135

View: 278

Concept of Momotheism in Islam & Christianity
Categories: Religion

God

God

More than just a history of our understanding of God, this book is an attempt to get to the root of this humanizing impulse in order to develop a more universal spirituality.

Author: Reza Aslan

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9780553394733

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 645

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • The bestselling author of Zealot and host of Believer explores humanity’s quest to make sense of the divine in this concise and fascinating history of our understanding of God. In Zealot, Reza Aslan replaced the staid, well-worn portrayal of Jesus of Nazareth with a startling new image of the man in all his contradictions. In his new book, Aslan takes on a subject even more immense: God, writ large. In layered prose and with thoughtful, accessible scholarship, Aslan narrates the history of religion as a remarkably cohesive attempt to understand the divine by giving it human traits and emotions. According to Aslan, this innate desire to humanize God is hardwired in our brains, making it a central feature of nearly every religious tradition. As Aslan writes, “Whether we are aware of it or not, and regardless of whether we’re believers or not, what the vast majority of us think about when we think about God is a divine version of ourselves.” But this projection is not without consequences. We bestow upon God not just all that is good in human nature—our compassion, our thirst for justice—but all that is bad in it: our greed, our bigotry, our penchant for violence. All these qualities inform our religions, cultures, and governments. More than just a history of our understanding of God, this book is an attempt to get to the root of this humanizing impulse in order to develop a more universal spirituality. Whether you believe in one God, many gods, or no god at all, God: A Human History will challenge the way you think about the divine and its role in our everyday lives. Praise for God “Timely, riveting, enlightening and necessary.”—HuffPost “Tantalizing . . . Driven by [Reza] Aslan’s grace and curiosity, God . . . helps us pan out from our troubled times, while asking us to consider a more expansive view of the divine in contemporary life.”—The Seattle Times “A fascinating exploration of the interaction of our humanity and God.”—Pittsburgh Post-Gazette “[Aslan’s] slim, yet ambitious book [is] the story of how humans have created God with a capital G, and it’s thoroughly mind-blowing.”—Los Angeles Review of Books “Aslan is a born storyteller, and there is much to enjoy in this intelligent survey.”—San Francisco Chronicle
Categories: Religion

Early Christian and Jewish Monotheism

Early Christian and Jewish Monotheism

This is volume 1 in the Early Christianity in Context series and volume 263 in the Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series>

Author: Loren T. Stuckenbruck

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567082938

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 494

Early Christology must focus not simply on "historical" but also on theological ideas found in contemporary Jewish thought and practice. In this book, a range of distinguished contributors considers the context and formation of early Jewish and Christian devotion to God alone—the emergence of "monotheism". The idea of monotheism is critically examined from various perspectives, including the history of ideas, Graeco-Roman religions, early Jewish mediator figures, scripture exegesis, and the history of its use as a theological category. The studies explore different ways of conceiving of early Christian monotheism today, asking whether monotheism is a conceptually useful category, whether it may be applied cautiously and with qualifications, or whether it is to be questioned in favor of different approaches to understanding the origins of Jewish and Christian beliefs and worship. This is volume 1 in the Early Christianity in Context series and volume 263 in the Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series>
Categories: Religion

Early Monotheism

Early Monotheism

Author: Ezra Hall Gillett

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:AH4ARE

Category: Literature and morals

Page:

View: 772

Categories: Literature and morals

Hindu Monotheism

Hindu Monotheism

It is a Hindu monotheism and its nature that is the topic of this Element.

Author: Gavin Dennis Flood

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108605380

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 427

If by monotheism we mean the idea of a single transcendent God who creates the universe out of nothing (creatio ex nihilo), as in the Abrahamic religions, then that is not found in the history of Hinduism. But if we mean a supreme, transcendent deity who impels the universe, sustains it and ultimately destroys it before causing it to emerge once again, who is the ultimate source of all other gods who are her or his emanations, then this idea does develop within that history. It is a Hindu monotheism and its nature that is the topic of this Element.
Categories: Religion

Freud and Monotheism

Freud and Monotheism

Over the last few decades, vibrant debates regarding post-secularism have found inspiration and provocation in the works of Sigmund Freud.

Author: Gilad Sharvit

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823280049

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 428

Over the last few decades, vibrant debates regarding post-secularism have found inspiration and provocation in the works of Sigmund Freud. A new interest in the interconnection of psychoanalysis, religion and political theory has emerged, allowing Freud’s illuminating examination of the religious and mystical practices in “Obsessive Neurosis and Religious Practices,” and the exegesis of the origins of ethics in religion in Totem and Taboo, to gain currency in recent debates on modernity. In that context, the pivotal role of Freud’s masterpiece, Moses and Monotheism, is widely recognized. Freud and Monotheism brings together fundamental new contributions to discourses on Freud and Moses, as well as new research at the intersections of theology, political theory, and history in Freud’s psychoanalytic work. Highlighting the broad impact of Moses and Monotheism across the humanities, the contributors hail from such diverse disciplines as philosophy, comparative literature, cultural studies, German studies, Jewish studies and psychoanalysis. Jan Assmann and Richard Bernstein, whose books pioneered the earlier debate that initiated the Freud and Moses discourse, seize the opportunity to revisit and revise their groundbreaking work. Gabriele Schwab, Gilad Sharvit, Karen Feldman, and Yael Segalovitz engage with the idiosyncratic, eccentric and fertile nature of the book as a Spӓtstil, and explore radical interpretations of Freud’s literary practice, theory of religion and therapeutic practice. Ronald Hendel offers an alternative history for the Mosaic discourse within the biblical text, Catherine Malabou reconnects Freud’s theory of psychic phylogenesis in Moses and Monotheism to new findings in modern biology and Willi Goetschel relocates Freud in the tradition of works on history that begins with Heine, while Joel Whitebook offers important criticisms of Freud’s main argument about the advance in intellectuality that Freud attributes to Judaism.
Categories: Psychology

Ubuntu and Western Monotheism

Ubuntu and Western Monotheism

This book offers a unique comparative study of ubuntu, a dominant ethical theory in African philosophy, and western monotheism.

Author: Kirk Lougheed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000435443

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 333

This book offers a unique comparative study of ubuntu, a dominant ethical theory in African philosophy, and western monotheism. It is the first book to bring ubuntu to bear on the axiology of theism debate in contemporary analytic philosophy of religion. A large motivating force behind this book is to explore the extent to which there is intersubjective ethical agreement and disagreement between ubuntu and Western worldviews like monotheism and naturalism. First, the author assesses the various arguments for anti-theism and pro-theism on the assumption that ubuntu is true. Ubuntu’s communitarian focus might be so different from the Western tradition that it completely changes how we evaluate theism and atheism. Second, the author assesses the advantages and disadvantages of the truth of ubuntu for the world. Third and finally, he assesses the axiological status of faith for both monotheism and ubuntu. Ubuntu and Western Monotheism will be of interest to scholars and advanced students specializing in philosophy of religion, African religion and philosophy, and religious ethics.
Categories: Philosophy

Idolatry

Idolatry

... limit.5 *** Hume in his essay on the natural history of religion analyzes the sources of both polytheism and monotheism in human nature and in history.

Author: Moshe Halbertal

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674264199

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 728

“You shall have no other gods besides Me.” This injunction, handed down through Moses three thousand years ago, marks one of the most decisive shifts in Western culture: away from polytheism toward monotheism. Despite the momentous implications of such a turn, the role of idolatry in giving it direction and impetus is little understood. This book examines the meaning and nature of idolatry—and, in doing so, reveals much about the monotheistic tradition that defines itself against this sin. The authors consider Christianity and Islam, but focus primarily on Judaism. They explore competing claims about the concept of idolatry that emerges in the Hebrew Bible as a “whoring after false gods.” Does such a description, grounded in an analogy of sexual relations, presuppose the actual existence of other gods with whom someone might sin? Or are false gods the product of “men’s hands,” simply a matter of misguided belief? The authors show how this debate, over idolatry as practice or error, has taken shape and has in turn shaped the course of Western thought—from the differentiation between Jewish and Christian conceptions of God to the distinctions between true and false belief that inform the tradition of religious enlightenment. Ranging with authority from the Talmud to Maimonides, from Marx to Nietzsche and on to G.E. Moore, this brilliant account of a subject central to our culture also has much to say about metaphor, myth, and the application of philosophical analysis to religious concepts and sensibilities. Its insights into pluralism and intolerance, into the logic and illogic of the arguments religions aim at each other, make Idolatry especially timely and valuable in these days of dark and implacable religious difference.
Categories: Religion

The Good Book of Human Nature

The Good Book of Human Nature

there has been a great deal of discussion in Europe about whether violence is inherent to monotheistic religions.10 The debate was triggered when Jan ...

Author: Carel van Schaik

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780465098675

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 484

How reading the Bible as a work of cultural and scientific evolution can reveal new truths about how our species conquered the Earth The Bible is the bestselling book of all time. It has been venerated -- or excoriated -- as God's word, but so far no one has read the Bible for what it is: humanity's diary, chronicling our ancestors' valiant attempts to cope with the trials and tribulations of life on Earth. In The Good Book of Human Nature, evolutionary anthropologist Carel van Schaik and historian Kai Michel advance a new view of Homo sapiens' cultural evolution. The Bible, they argue, was written to make sense of the single greatest change in history: the transition from egalitarian hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies. Religion arose as a strategy to cope with the unprecedented levels of epidemic disease, violence, inequality, and injustice that confronted us when we abandoned the bush -- and which still confront us today. Armed with the latest findings from cognitive science, evolutionary biology, archeology, and religious history, van Schaik and Michel take us on a journey through the Book of Books, from the Garden of Eden all the way to Golgotha. The Book of Genesis, they reveal, marked the emergence of private property-one can no longer take the fruit off any tree, as one could before agriculture. The Torah as a whole is the product of a surprisingly logical, even scientific, approach to society's problems. This groundbreaking perspective allows van Schaik and Michel to coax unexpected secrets from the familiar stories of Adam and Eve, Cain and Able, Abraham and Moses, Jesus of Nazareth and Mary. The Bible may have a dark side, but in van Schaik and Michel's hands, it proves to be a hallmark of human indefatigability. Provocative and deeply original, The Good Book of Human Nature offers a radically new understanding of the Bible. It shows that the Bible is more than just a pillar for religious belief: it is a pioneering attempt at scientific inquiry.
Categories: Science