Molecular Thermodynamics

Author: Donald A. McQuarrie,John D. Simon

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781891389054

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 9505

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Evolved from McQuarrie and Simon's best-sellingtextbook, Physical Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, thistext focuses in on the thermodynamics portion of the course. Although many of the chapters in MolecularThermodynamicsare similar to chapters in the larger physical chemistry text, new material has been added throughoutalong with three entirely new chapters on "The Energy Levels of Atoms andMolecules," "Thermodynamics of Electrochemical Cells," and"Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics." The text also includes fiveshort "MathChapters," each with a special set ofproblems that will help students review and summarize themathematical tools required to master the material. Workedexamples and chapter-ending problems with solutions are alsoincluded throughout the book.
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Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria

Author: John M. Prausnitz,Rudiger N. Lichtenthaler,Edmundo Gomes de Azevedo

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132440504

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 6350

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The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.
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Molecular Thermodynamics of Complex Systems

Author: Xiaohua Lu,Ying Hu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540691162

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 1447

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With the development of science and technology,more and more complex materials such as porous materials, ion liquid, liquid crystals, thin ?lms and colloids etc. are being developed in laboratories. However, it is dif?cult to prepare these advanced materials and use them on a large scale without some experience. Therefore, mo- cular thermodynamics, a method that laid emphasis on correlating and interpreting the thermodynamic properties of a variety of ?uids in the past, has been recently employed to study the equilibrium properties of complex materials and establish thermodynamic models to analyse the evolution process of their components, - crostructures and functions during the preparation process. In this volume, some important progress in this ?eld, from fundamental aspects to practical applications, is reviewed. In the ?rst chapter of this volume, Prof. Jianzhong Wu presents the application of Density Functional theory (DFT) for the study of the structure and thermodynamic properties of both bulk and inhomogeneous ?uids. This chapter presents a tut- ial overview of the basic concepts of DFT for classical systems, the mathematical relations linking the microstructure and correlation functions to measurable th- modynamic quantities, and the connections of DFT with conventional liquid-state theories. While for pedagogythe discussion is limited to one-componentsimple - ids, similar ideas and concepts are directly applicable to mixtures and polymeric systems of practical concern. This chapter also covers a few theoretical approaches to formulate the thermodynamic functional.
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Molecular Thermodynamics of Nonideal Fluids

Author: Lloyd L. Lee

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483102114

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 5395

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Molecular Thermodynamics of Nonideal Fluids serves as an introductory presentation for engineers to the concepts and principles behind and the advances in molecular thermodynamics of nonideal fluids. The book covers related topics such as the laws of thermodynamics; entropy; its ensembles; the different properties of the ideal gas; and the structure of liquids. Also covered in the book are topics such as integral equation theories; theories for polar fluids; solution thermodynamics; and molecular dynamics. The text is recommended for engineers who would like to be familiarized with the concepts of molecular thermodynamics in their field, as well as physicists who would like to teach engineers the importance of molecular thermodynamics in the field of engineering.
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Atkins' Physical Chemistry

Molecular Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Author: Peter Atkins,Julio de Paula,James Keeler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198823363

Category:

Page: 472

View: 4182

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Atkins' Physical Chemistry: Molecular Thermodynamics and Kinetics is designed for use on the second semester of a quantum-first physical chemistry course. Based on the hugely popular Atkins' Physical Chemistry, this volume approaches molecular thermodynamics with the assumption that students will have studied quantum mechanics in their first semester. The exceptional quality of previous editions has been built upon to make this new edition of Atkins' Physical Chemistry even more closely suited to the needs of both lecturers and students. Re-organised into discrete 'topics', the text is more flexible to teach from and more readable for students. Now in its eleventh edition, the text has been enhanced with additional learning features and maths support to demonstrate the absolute centrality of mathematics to physical chemistry. Increasing the digestibility of the text in this new approach, the reader is brought to a question, then the math is used to show how it can be answered and progress made. The expanded and redistributed maths support also includes new 'Chemist's toolkits' which provide students with succinct reminders of mathematical concepts and techniques right where they need them. Checklists of key concepts at the end of each topic add to the extensive learning support provided throughout the book, to reinforce the main take-home messages in each section. The coupling of the broad coverage of the subject with a structure and use of pedagogy that is even more innovative will ensure Atkins' Physical Chemistry remains the textbook of choice for studying physical chemistry.
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Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions

Author: Lloyd L. Lee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812814183

Category: Science

Page: 251

View: 3201

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The introductory textbook provides an update on electrolyte thermodynamics with a molecular perspective. It is eminently suited as an introduction to the solution thermodynamics of ionic mixtures at the undergraduate and graduate level. It is also invaluable for the understanding and design in the engineering of natural gas treating and adsorption refrigeration with electrolytes.
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Molecular Thermodynamics and Transport Phenomena

Author: Michael H. Peters

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071588906

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 1107

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Many newly developing fields of science and engineering, including nanotechnology, protein engineering, microfluidics, etc., require an in-depth molecular understanding and description of matter. Molecular Thermodynamics and Transport Phenomena: Complexities of Scales in Space and Time provides a rigorous molecular and statistical mechanical basis for the classical fundamental molecular description of matter. The author uniquely explores the disparities in spatial and temporal time scales in molecular mechanical dynamics and interactions that lead to the different observed behavior of matter, including equilibrium vs. nonequilibrium behavior, phase states, and irreversibility. This book provides a modern, comprehensive foundation for the classical molecular theory of matter that is demanded of today’s advancing fields of science and technology.
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Molecular thermodynamics of fluid-phase equilibria

Author: J. M. Prausnitz,Ruediger N. Lichtenthaler,Edmundo Gomes de Azevedo

Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 1971

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Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulations, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry toward solving realistic problems.
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