The Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids

The Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids

Appropriate for graduate students and working scientists alike, this book details advanced concepts without sacrificing depth of coverage or technical detail.

Author: Joseph O. Hirschfelder

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UOM:39015030451374

Category: Science

Page: 1219

View: 486

An essential cross-disciplinary reference for molecular interactions Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids offers a rigorous, comprehensive treatment of molecular characteristics and behaviors in the gaseous and fluid states. A unique cross-disciplinary approach provides useful insight for students of chemistry, chemical engineering, fluid dynamics, and a variety of related fields, with thorough derivations and in-depth explanations throughout. Appropriate for graduate students and working scientists alike, this book details advanced concepts without sacrificing depth of coverage or technical detail.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Readable and accessible throughout, this book provides both thermodynamic and statistical points of view, covering thermodynamic potentials, such as entropy and free energy, whenever relevant.

Author: Anatoly I. Burshtein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527618125

Category: Science

Page: 349

View: 899

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.
Categories: Science

Gases Liquids and Solids

Gases  Liquids and Solids

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included.

Author: D. Tabor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521406676

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 751

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included. There are new sections on amorphous solids and liquid crystals, and completely new chapters on colloids and polymers. Using unsophisticated mathematics and simple models, Professor Tabor leads the reader skilfully and systematically from the basic physics of interatomic and intermolecular forces, temperature, heat and thermodynamics, to a coherent understanding of the bulk properties of gases, liquids and solids. The introductory material on intermolecular forces and on heat and thermodynamics is followed by several chapters dealing with the properties of ideal and real gases, both at an elementary and at a more sophisticated level. The mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of solids are considered next, before an examination of the liquid state. The author continues with chapters on colloids and polymers, and ends with a discussion of the dielectric and magnetic properties of matter in terms of simple atomic models. The abiding theme is that all these macroscopic material properties can be understood as resulting from the competition between thermal energy and intermolecular or interatomic forces. This is a lucid textbook which will continue to provide students of physics and chemistry with a comprehensive and integrated view of the properties of matter in all its many fascinating forms.
Categories: Science

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition.

Author: Richard Daniel Kleeman

Publisher: Theclassics.Us

ISBN: 1230447873

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: 68

View: 191

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... of gas from which the molecule comes, and thus increases with decrease of pressure. The difference between Va and Vc therefore also increases with decrease of pressure, which increases the value of the ratio Tj/iji according to the foregoing equation. This corresponds to a decrease of?, and thus the effect of slipping becomes the greater the lower the pressure. The dynamical mechanism underlying the result that the viscosity of a gas is independent of its density may be GASEOUS VISCOSITY AND THE TEMPERATURE 127 illustrated by the following considerations. A molecule transfers a certain amount of momentum to the gas at the end of each transfer distance on migrating at right angles to the motion of the gas in the direction of the decrease of motion. If the concentration of the gas is halved the length of each transfer distance is doubled, while the momentum transferred at the end of each transfer distance is also doubled since the velocity gradient of the gas remains the same. Since a change in molecular concentration of a gas does not alter the molecular velocities, the momentum transferred per second by a molecule moving between two parallel plates of material one of which is at rest while the other moves parallel to itself is in the latter case double that in the former. But since the number of molecules per cubic cm. available for momentum transference in the former case is half the number in the latter, the total momentum transferred is in each case the same, or the viscosity of the gas has not been altered by altering its density. The quantity K, is a function of the temperature. This is shown by the calculated values of K, contained in Table X for a number of gases at different temperatures. These values are not corrected for...
Categories: Kinetic theory of gases

Spectroscopy of Molecular Rotation in Gases and Liquids

Spectroscopy of Molecular Rotation in Gases and Liquids

A review of the fundamental concepts and models which underpin the spectroscopic study of gases and liquids, first published in 1994.

Author: A. I. Burshtein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521675588

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 725

A review of the fundamental concepts and models which underpin the spectroscopic study of gases and liquids, first published in 1994.
Categories: Science

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids Classic Reprint

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids  Classic Reprint

About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work.

Author: Richard D. Kleeman

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 0266485316

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 822

Excerpt from A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids In constructing a general Kinetic Theory the problem that presents itself first for investigation is the dependence of the velocity of translation of a molecule in a substance on its density and temperature. It is often assumed that this velocity is the same in the liquid as in the gaseous state at the same temperature. It can be shown, however, that this holds only for each molecule at the instant it passes through a point in the substance at which the forces of the surrounding molecules neutralize each other. The total average velocity corresponding to the whole path of a mole cule is usually much greater than the foregoing velocity in a liquid and dense gas on account of the effect of the molecular forces of attraction and repulsion. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Categories: Science

Osmosis The Molecular Theory

Osmosis  The Molecular Theory

Many other solutions have been proposed, no others fully explain the process and the many applications. This book introduces a new understanding of osmosis, solids, liquids, and vapor pressure and more.

Author: Larry Howlett

Publisher: eBookIt.com

ISBN: 9781628473759

Category: Science

Page: 94

View: 690

Finally: After 250 years, a solution to this intriguing and important phenomena of osmosis has been found. Many other solutions have been proposed, no others fully explain the process and the many applications. This book introduces a new understanding of osmosis, solids, liquids, and vapor pressure and more.... For those that already understand osmosis, we suggest that you begin with the last chapter. The first chapters may sound like heresy. For others, beginning with the first chapter will take you through the many levels of understanding that we followed to develop the Molecular Theory of Osmosis
Categories: Science

Properties of Gases Liquids and Solutions

Properties of Gases  Liquids  and Solutions

The book then takes a look at relaxation processes in gases, as well as excitation relaxation, molecular theory of relaxation times, and relaxation of a dissociation equilibrium.

Author: Warren P. Mason

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9781483275086

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 115

Physical Acoustics: Principles and Methods, Volume ll—Part A: Properties of Gases, Liquids, and Solutions ponders on high frequency sound waves in gases, liquids, and solids that have been proven as effective tools in examining the molecular, domain wall, and other types of motions. The selection first offers information on the transmission of sound waves in gases at very low pressures and the phenomenological theory of the relaxation phenomena in gases. Topics include free molecule propagation, phenomenological thermodynamics of irreversible processes, and simultaneous multiple relaxation processes. The book then takes a look at relaxation processes in gases, as well as excitation relaxation, molecular theory of relaxation times, and relaxation of a dissociation equilibrium. The manuscript surveys thermal, structural, and shear relaxation in liquids. Discussions focus on the basic theory for a single chemical reaction, structural viscosity, and cooperative effects on mechanical and dielectric processes. The book also underscores the propagation of ultrasonic waves in electrolytic solutions, including ultrasonic velocity and relaxation processes in electrolytic solutions. The selection is highly recommended for readers interested in physical acoustics.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.

Author: Walter Kauzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486273433

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 438

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.
Categories: Science