The Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids

The Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids

Appropriate for graduate students and working scientists alike, this book details advanced concepts without sacrificing depth of coverage or technical detail.

Author: Joseph O. Hirschfelder

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UOM:39015030451374

Category: Science

Page: 1219

View: 966

An essential cross-disciplinary reference for molecular interactions Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids offers a rigorous, comprehensive treatment of molecular characteristics and behaviors in the gaseous and fluid states. A unique cross-disciplinary approach provides useful insight for students of chemistry, chemical engineering, fluid dynamics, and a variety of related fields, with thorough derivations and in-depth explanations throughout. Appropriate for graduate students and working scientists alike, this book details advanced concepts without sacrificing depth of coverage or technical detail.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Readable and accessible throughout, this book provides both thermodynamic and statistical points of view, covering thermodynamic potentials, such as entropy and free energy, whenever relevant.

Author: Anatoly I. Burshtein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527618125

Category: Science

Page: 349

View: 523

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory and Fluid Dynamics

Kinetic Theory and Fluid Dynamics

This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain.

Author: Yoshio Sone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461200611

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 829

This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain. A gas in a steady (or time-independent) state in a general domain is considered, and its asymptotic behavior for small Knudsen numbers is studied on the basis of kinetic theory. Fluid-dynamic-type equations and their associated boundary conditions, together with their Knudsen-layer corrections, describing the asymptotic behavior of the gas for small Knudsen numbers are presented. In addition, various interesting physical phenomena derived from the asymptotic theory are explained. The background of the asymptotic studies is explained in Chapter 1, accord ing to which the fluid-dynamic-type equations that describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit are to be studied carefully. Their detailed studies depending on physical situations are treated in the following chapters. What is striking is that the classical gas dynamic system is incomplete to describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit (or in the limit that the mean free path of the gas molecules vanishes). Thanks to the asymptotic theory, problems for a slightly rarefied gas can be treated with the same ease as the corresponding classical fluid-dynamic problems. In a rarefied gas, a temperature field is di rectly related to a gas flow, and there are various interesting phenomena which cannot be found in a gas in the continuum limit.
Categories: Science

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition.

Author: Richard Daniel Kleeman

Publisher: Theclassics.Us

ISBN: 1230447873

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: 68

View: 171

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... of gas from which the molecule comes, and thus increases with decrease of pressure. The difference between Va and Vc therefore also increases with decrease of pressure, which increases the value of the ratio Tj/iji according to the foregoing equation. This corresponds to a decrease of?, and thus the effect of slipping becomes the greater the lower the pressure. The dynamical mechanism underlying the result that the viscosity of a gas is independent of its density may be GASEOUS VISCOSITY AND THE TEMPERATURE 127 illustrated by the following considerations. A molecule transfers a certain amount of momentum to the gas at the end of each transfer distance on migrating at right angles to the motion of the gas in the direction of the decrease of motion. If the concentration of the gas is halved the length of each transfer distance is doubled, while the momentum transferred at the end of each transfer distance is also doubled since the velocity gradient of the gas remains the same. Since a change in molecular concentration of a gas does not alter the molecular velocities, the momentum transferred per second by a molecule moving between two parallel plates of material one of which is at rest while the other moves parallel to itself is in the latter case double that in the former. But since the number of molecules per cubic cm. available for momentum transference in the former case is half the number in the latter, the total momentum transferred is in each case the same, or the viscosity of the gas has not been altered by altering its density. The quantity K, is a function of the temperature. This is shown by the calculated values of K, contained in Table X for a number of gases at different temperatures. These values are not corrected for...
Categories: Kinetic theory of gases

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids

The final two chapters examine diffusion in gases and liquids, with emphasis on the methods used for estimating the coefficients of diffusion. This book will be of interest to chemists and students and research workers in chemistry.

Author: S. Bretsznajder

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483160719

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 721

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids reviews general methods for predicting the transport and other physical properties of fluids such as gases and liquids. Topics covered range from the theory of corresponding states and methods for estimating the surface tension of liquids to some basic concepts of the kinetic theory of gases. Methods of estimating liquid viscosity based on the principle of additivity are also described. This volume is comprised of eight chapters and opens by presenting basic information on gases and liquids as well as intermolecular forces and constitutive and additive properties of chemical compounds. The reader is then introduced to practical methods for computing the values of physico-chemical quantities necessary for designing technological processe. Subsequent chapters focus on the surface tension of liquids and its dependence on molecular properties; the phenomenon of internal friction (viscosity) in fluids; graphical interpolation and extrapolation of liquid viscosity data; and the thermal conductivity of gases and liquids. The final two chapters examine diffusion in gases and liquids, with emphasis on the methods used for estimating the coefficients of diffusion. This book will be of interest to chemists and students and research workers in chemistry.
Categories: Science

Molecular Gas Dynamics

Molecular Gas Dynamics

This self-contained book is an up-to-date description of the basic theory of molecular gas dynamics and its various applications.

Author: Yoshio Sone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817645731

Category: Science

Page: 658

View: 616

This self-contained book is an up-to-date description of the basic theory of molecular gas dynamics and its various applications. The book, unique in the literature, presents working knowledge, theory, techniques, and typical phenomena in rarefied gases for theoretical development and application. Basic theory is developed in a systematic way and presented in a form easily applied for practical use. In this work, the ghost effect and non-Navier–Stokes effects are demonstrated for typical examples—Bénard and Taylor–Couette problems—in the context of a new framework. A new type of ghost effect is also discussed.
Categories: Science

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids Classic Reprint

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids  Classic Reprint

About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work.

Author: Richard D. Kleeman

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 0266485316

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 782

Excerpt from A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids In constructing a general Kinetic Theory the problem that presents itself first for investigation is the dependence of the velocity of translation of a molecule in a substance on its density and temperature. It is often assumed that this velocity is the same in the liquid as in the gaseous state at the same temperature. It can be shown, however, that this holds only for each molecule at the instant it passes through a point in the substance at which the forces of the surrounding molecules neutralize each other. The total average velocity corresponding to the whole path of a mole cule is usually much greater than the foregoing velocity in a liquid and dense gas on account of the effect of the molecular forces of attraction and repulsion. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Categories: Science

Spectroscopy of Molecular Rotation in Gases and Liquids

Spectroscopy of Molecular Rotation in Gases and Liquids

A review of the fundamental concepts and models which underpin the spectroscopic study of gases and liquids, first published in 1994.

Author: A. I. Burshtein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521675588

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 507

A review of the fundamental concepts and models which underpin the spectroscopic study of gases and liquids, first published in 1994.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles Irreversible Thermodynamics and Generalized Hydrodynamics

Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles  Irreversible Thermodynamics  and Generalized Hydrodynamics

This book presents the fundamentals of irreversible thermodynamics for nonlinear transport processes in gases and liquids, as well as for generalized hydrodynamics extending the classical hydrodynamics of Navier, Stokes, Fourier, and Fick.

Author: Byung Chan Eu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319411477

Category: Science

Page: 603

View: 784

This book presents the fundamentals of irreversible thermodynamics for nonlinear transport processes in gases and liquids, as well as for generalized hydrodynamics extending the classical hydrodynamics of Navier, Stokes, Fourier, and Fick. Together with its companion volume on relativistic theories, it provides a comprehensive picture of the kinetic theory formulated from the viewpoint of nonequilibrium ensembles in both nonrelativistic and, in Vol. 2, relativistic contexts. Theories of macroscopic irreversible processes must strictly conform to the thermodynamic laws at every step and in all approximations that enter their derivation from the mechanical principles. Upholding this as the inviolable tenet, the author develops theories of irreversible transport processes in fluids (gases or liquids) on the basis of irreversible kinetic equations satisfying the H theorem. They apply regardless of whether the processes are near to or far removed from equilibrium, or whether they are linear or nonlinear with respect to macroscopic fluxes or thermodynamic forces. Both irreversible Boltzmann and generalized Boltzmann equations are used for deriving theories of irreversible transport equations and generalized hydrodynamic equations, which rigorously conform to the tenet. All observables described by the so-formulated theories therefore also strictly obey the tenet.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.

Author: Walter Kauzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486273433

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 435

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.
Categories: Science