In addition, important devices and recently, highly-cited research outcomes are also cited. This differentiates the book from other titles on the market whose primary focus is more research-oriented and aimed at more of a niche market.
Author: John X. J. Zhang
Publisher: Academic Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Molecular Sensors and Nanodevices: Principles, Designs and Applications in Biomedical Engineering, Second Edition is designed to be used as a foundational text, aimed at graduates, advanced undergraduates, early-career engineers and clinicians. The book presents the essential principles of molecular sensors, including theories, fabrication techniques and reviews. In addition, important devices and recently, highly-cited research outcomes are also cited. This differentiates the book from other titles on the market whose primary focus is more research-oriented and aimed at more of a niche market. Covers the fundamental principles of device engineering and molecular sensing, sensor theories and applications in biomedical science and engineering Introduces nano/micro fabrication techniques, including MEMS, bioMEMS, microTAS and nanomaterials science that are essential in the miniaturization of versatile molecular sensors Explores applications of nanomaterials and biomaterials, including proteins, DNAs, nanoparticles, quantum dots, nanotubes/wires and graphene in biomedicine
Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.
Author: Rebecca Cunningham
Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form "nanotechnologies" as well as "nanoscale technologies" to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Through its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the USA has invested 3.7 billion dollars. The European Union has invested[when?] 1.2 billion and Japan 750 million dollars.
CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Molecular Sensors Chapter Outline 1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Principles of Molecular Sensors 3 1.2.1 Definition of Molecular Sensors 3 1.2.
2 Applications of Molecular Sensors 4 1.2.3 Model ofa Molecular Sensor 5 ...
Author: John X J Zhang
Publisher: William Andrew
With applications ranging from medical diagnostics to environmental monitoring, molecular sensors (also known as biosensors, chemical sensors, or chemosensors), along with emerging nanotechnologies offer not only valuable tools but also unlimited possibilities for engineers and scientists to explore the world. New generation of functional microsystems can be designed to provide a variety of small scale sensing, imaging and manipulation techniques to the fundamental building blocks of materials. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the current and emerging technologies of molecular sensing, explaining the principles of molecular sensor design and assessing the sensor types currently available. Having explained the basic sensor structures and sensing principles, the authors proceed to explain the role of nano/micro fabrication techniques in molecular sensors, including MEMS, BioMEMS, MicroTAS among others. The miniaturization of versatile molecular sensors opens up a new design paradigm and a range of novel biotechnologies, which is illustrated through case studies of groundbreaking applications in the life sciences and elsewhere. As well as the techniques and devices themselves, the authors also cover the critical issues of implantability, biocompatibility and the regulatory framework. The book is aimed at a broad audience of engineering professionals, life scientists and students working in the multidisciplinary area of biomedical engineering. It explains essential principles of electrical, chemical, optical and mechanical engineering as well as biomedical science, intended for readers with a variety of scientific backgrounds. In addition, it will be valuable for medical professionals and researchers. An online tutorial developed by the authors provides learning reinforcement for students and professionals alike. Reviews of state-of-the-art molecular sensors and nanotechnologies Explains principles of sensors and fundamental theories with homework problems at the end of each chapter to facilitate learning Demystifies the vertical integration from nanomaterials to devices design Covers practical applications the recent progress in state-of-the-art sensor technologies Includes case studies of important commercial products Covers the critical issues of implantability, biocompatibility and the regulatory framework
In order to focus this work within the very broad array between nanoelectronic and molecular electronics, we define the new field of Molecular Engineering, which will have the mission to design molecular and atomistic devices and set them ...
Author: Norma Lucia Rangel
Molecular electrostatic potentials (MEPs) and vibrational electronics ("vibronics") have developed into novel scenarios proposed by our group to process information at the molecular level. They along with the traditional current-voltage scenario can be used to design and develop molecular devices for the next generation electronics. Control and communication features of these scenarios strongly help in the production of "smart" devices able to take decisions and act autonomously in aggressive environments. In sensor science, the ultimate detector of an agent molecule is another molecule that can respond quickly and selectively among several agents. The purpose of this project is the design and development of molecular sensors based on the MEPs and vibronics scenarios to feature two different and distinguishable states of conductance, including a nano-micro interface to address and interconnect the output from the molecular world to standard micro-technologies. In this dissertation, theoretical calculations of the electrical properties such as the electron transport on molecular junctions are performed for the components of the sensor system. Proofs of concept experiments complement our analysis, which includes an electrical characterization of the devices and measurement of conductance states that may be useful for the sensing mechanism. In order to focus this work within the very broad array between nanoelectronic and molecular electronics, we define the new field of Molecular Engineering, which will have the mission to design molecular and atomistic devices and set them into useful systems. Our molecular engineering approach begins with a search for an optimum fit material to achieve the proposed goals; our published results suggest graphene as the best material to read signals from molecules, amplify the communication between molecular scenarios, and develop sensors of molecular agents with high sensitivity and selectivity. Specifically, this is possible in the case of sensors, thanks to the graphene atomic cross section (morphology), plasmonic surface (delocalized charge) and exceptional mechanical and electrical properties. Deliverables from this work are molecular devices and amplifiers able to read information encoded and processed at the molecular level and to amplify those signals to levels compatible with standard microelectronics. This design of molecular devices is a primordial step in the development of devices at the nanometer scale, which promises the next generation of sensors of chemical and biological agents molecularly sensitive, selective and intelligent.
This book focuses on cell- and molecule-based biosensors using micro/nano devices as transducers.
Author: Ping Wang
This book focuses on cell- and molecule-based biosensors using micro/nano devices as transducers. After providing basic information on micro/nano cell- and molecule-based biosensors, it introduces readers to the basic structures and properties of micro/nano materials and their applications. The topics covered provide a comprehensive review of the current state of the art in micro/nano cell- and molecule-based biosensors as well as their future development trends, ensuring the book will be of great interest to the interdisciplinary community active in this area: researchers, engineers, biologists, medical scientists, and all those whose work involves related interdisciplinary research and applications. Dr. Ping Wang is a Professor in Department of Biomedical Engineering at Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Dr. Chunsheng Wu is a Professor in Medical School at Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China. Dr. Ning Hu is an Assistant researcher in Department of Biomedical Engineering at Zhejiang University and a Postdoctoral researcher in Medical School at Harvard University, Boston, USA. Dr. K. Jimmy Hsia is a Professor in Department of Biomedical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
Accurate virus detection is important for diagnosis in a timely manner to facilitate rapid interventions and treatments.
Author: Lina Stella Franco
Accurate virus detection is important for diagnosis in a timely manner to facilitate rapid interventions and treatments. RNA viruses affect an extensive amount of the worlds population, particularly in tropical countries where emerging infectious agents often arise. Current diagnostic methods have three main problems: they are time consuming, typically not field-portable, and expensive. My research goal is to develop rapid, field-portable and cost sensitive diagnostic methods for RNA viruses. Herein, two different approaches to detect RNA viruses were proposed: Conjugated gold nanoparticles for detection of viral particles or virus-specific antibodies by monitoring changes in their optical properties, and Tentacle Probes coupled with qPCR for detection and differentiation of closely-related viral strains. The first approach was divided into two projects: the study and characterization of the gold nanoparticle-antibody system for detection of virus particles using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and UV-Vis spectrophotometry, and development of a detection method for antibodies using static light scattering (SLS) and antigen-conjugated gold nanoparticles. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugated gold nanoparticles could successfully detect BSA-specific antibodies in vitro, and protein E from Dengue Virus serotype 2 conjugated gold nanoparticles could detect Dengue-specific antibodies, both in vitro and in serum samples. This method is more accurate than currently used detection methods such as dot blots. The second approach uses Tentacle Probes, which are modified molecular beacons, to detect with high specificity two different strains of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV), Armstrong and Clone-13, which differ in only one nucleotide at the target sequence. We successfully designed and use Tentacle Probes for detection of both strains of LCMV, in vitro and in serum from infected mice. Moreover, detection of as little as 10% of Clone-13 strain was possible when diluted in 90% Armstrong strain. This approach enables the detection of different strains of virus even within a mixed quasispecies and may be important for improving intervention strategies for reducing disease. The detection methods provide rapid detection of viruses, including viral strains within mixed populations, and should enhance our ability in providing early responses to emerging infectious diseases due to RNA viruses including Zika or Dengue virus.
Author: Kourosh Kalantar-zadehPublish On: 2007-09-19
This book provides the reader with information on how nanotechnology enabled sensors are currently being used and how they will be used in the future in such diverse fields as communications, building and facilities, medicine, safety, and ...
Author: Kourosh Kalantar-zadeh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Nanotechnology provides tools for creating functional materials, devices, and systems by controlling materials at the atomic and molecular scales and making use of novel properties and phenomena. Nanotechnology-enabled sensors find applications in several fields such as health and safety, medicine, process control and diagnostics. This book provides the reader with information on how nanotechnology enabled sensors are currently being used and how they will be used in the future in such diverse fields as communications, building and facilities, medicine, safety, and security, including both homeland defense and military operations.
This work offers comprehensive and up-to-date information for a deeper understanding of the relationship between macro- and micro-environments, ion channels, and pathophysiological responses, and for developing novel therapies for treating ...
Author: D.H. Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The biomolecular basis underlying essential hypertension and end organ damage associated with hypertension is characterized as polygenic diseases with complexities such as "environment gene" and "gene-gene" interactions. Despite intensive research in this field, this molecular book is aimed at providing the state-of-the-art reviews which define how the biologic systems sense changes in environment, alter their activities or function, and cross talk with other neurohormonal systems to modulate cardiovascular/renal function and blood pressure. This title will attract scientists and investigators in both academic and industrial fields, and clinicians.
Nanoscale devices offer the technological advances to enable a new era in computing.
Author: Constantin Pistol
Category: Electronic dissertations
Nanoscale devices offer the technological advances to enable a new era in computing. Device sizes at the molecular-scale have the potential to expand the domain of conventional computer systems to reach into environments and application domains that are otherwise impractical, such as single-cell sensing or micro-environmental monitoring. New potential application domains, like biological scale computing, require processing elements that can function inside nanoscale volumes (e.g. single biological cells) and are thus subject to extreme size and resource constraints. In this thesis we address these critical new domain challenges through a synergistic approach that matches manufacturing techniques, circuit technology, and architectural design with application requirements. We explore and vertically integrate these three fronts: a) assembly methods that can cost-effectively provide nanometer feature sizes, b) device technologies for molecular-scale computing and sensing, and c) architectural design techniques for nanoscale processors, with the goal of mapping a potential path toward achieving molecular-scale computing. We make four primary contributions in this thesis. First, we develop and experimentally demonstrate a scalable, cost-effective DNA self-assembly-based fabrication technique for molecular circuits. Second, we propose and evaluate Resonance Energy Transfer (RET) logic, a novel nanoscale technology for computing based on single-molecule optical devices. Third, we design and experimentally demonstrate selective sensing of several biomolecules using RET-logic elements. Fourth, we explore the architectural implications of integrating computation and molecular sensors to form nanoscale sensor processors (nSP), nanoscale-sized systems that can sense, process, store and communicate molecular information. Through the use of self-assembly manufacturing, RET molecular logic, and novel architectural techniques, the smallest nSP design is about the size of the largest known virus.
Plasmons as Sensors covers the fundamental developments of plasmonic nanosenor design over the last few years.
Author: Jan Becker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Plasmons as Sensors covers the fundamental developments of plasmonic nanosenor design over the last few years. In his acclaimed thesis, Jan Becker addresses the relevant theoretical concepts and then applies these to discuss the properties and trends in nanoparticles of various shapes and sizes. The first discovery Jan makes in his PhD research is that there is an optimal shape for plasmonic nanoparticles used for sensing purposes. In further chapters he goes on to describe novel experimental methods to use plasmonic nanoparticles for molecular sensing. The approach he develops in parallel sensing is one which revolutionizes the field and allows investigation of a variety of topics from nanoparticle growth to membrane protein attachment. Many of the experiments described in this thesis have led to highly visible publications in international journals.
This book explores the methods for the development and design of environmentally-friendly, simple, reliable, and cost effective electrochemical nanosensors using powerful nanostructured materials.
Publisher: Springer Nature
Advanced materials and nanotechnology is a promising, emerging field involving the use of nanoparticles to facilitate the detection of various physical and chemical parameters, including temperature, humidity, pH, metal ion, anion, small organic or inorganic molecules, gases, and biomolecules responsible for environmental issues that can lead to diseases like cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, bacterial infections, and brain, retinal, and cardiovascular diseases. By monitoring environmental samples and detecting these environmental issues, advanced nanotechnology in this type of sensory technology is able to improve daily quality of life. Although these sensors are commercially available for the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, many existing models require significant power and lack advanced technology for more quality selectivity and sensitivity. There is room in these sensors to optimize their selectivity, reversibility, on/off ratio, response time, and their environmental stability in real-world operating conditions. This book explores the methods for the development and design of environmentally-friendly, simple, reliable, and cost effective electrochemical nanosensors using powerful nanostructured materials. More specifically, it highlights the use of various electrochemical-based biosensor sensors involved in the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, with the ultimate goal of seeing these technologies reach market.
IEEE NEMS is a premier conference series sponsored by the IEEE Nanotechnology Council focusing on the promotion of advanced research areas related to MEMS, nanotechnology, and molecular technology We invite contributions describing the ...
Author: IEEE Staff
IEEE NEMS is a premier conference series sponsored by the IEEE Nanotechnology Council focusing on the promotion of advanced research areas related to MEMS, nanotechnology, and molecular technology We invite contributions describing the latest scientific and technological research results in subjects including, but not limited to Micro Nano Electro Mechanical Systems (M NEMS) Micro Nano Molecular Fabrication Nanomaterials Nanophonotics & Nanoscale Imaging Nanoscale Robotics, Assembly & Automation Molecular Sensors, Actuators & Systems Micro Nano Fluidics Micro Nano Mechanics Nanobiology Nanomedicine
This book outlines the microfabrication technology needed to fabricate a gas sensor on a MEMS platform.
Author: Sunipa Roy
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
How Can We Lower the Power Consumption of Gas Sensors? There is a growing demand for low-power, high-density gas sensor arrays that can overcome problems relative to high power consumption. Low power consumption is a prerequisite for any type of sensor system to operate at optimum efficiency. Focused on fabrication-friendly microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and other areas of sensor technology, MEMS and Nanotechnology for Gas Sensors explores the distinct advantages of using MEMS in low power consumption, and provides extensive coverage of the MEMS/nanotechnology platform for gas sensor applications. This book outlines the microfabrication technology needed to fabricate a gas sensor on a MEMS platform. It discusses semiconductors, graphene, nanocrystalline ZnO-based microfabricated sensors, and nanostructures for volatile organic compounds. It also includes performance parameters for the state of the art of sensors, and the applications of MEMS and nanotechnology in different areas relevant to the sensor domain. In addition, the book includes: An introduction to MEMS for MEMS materials, and a historical background of MEMS A concept for cleanroom technology The substrate materials used for MEMS Two types of deposition techniques, including chemical vapour deposition (CVD) The properties and types of photoresists, and the photolithographic processes Different micromachining techniques for the gas sensor platform, and bulk and surface micromachining The design issues of a microheater for MEMS-based sensors The synthesis technique of a nanocrystalline metal oxide layer A detailed review about graphene; its different deposition techniques; and its important electronic, electrical, and mechanical properties with its application as a gas sensor Low-cost, low-temperature synthesis techniques An explanation of volatile organic compound (VOC) detection and how relative humidity affects the sensing parameters MEMS and Nanotechnology for Gas Sensors provides a broad overview of current, emerging, and possible future MEMS applications. MEMS technology can be applied in the automotive, consumer, industrial, and biotechnology domains.
A complete and authoritative guide to nanosensors, this book offers up-to-date information on the fabrication, properties, and operating mechanisms of these fast and reliable sensors.
Author: Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Bringing together widely scattered information, Nanosensors: Physical, Chemical, and Biological explores sensor development in the nanotechnology age. This easy-to-read book presents a critical appraisal of the new opportunities in the area of sensors provided by nanotechnologies and nanotechnology-enabled advancements. After introducing nanosensor classification and fundamental terms, the book outlines the properties of important nanomaterials and nanotechnologies used in nanosensor fabrication. Subsequent chapters are organized according to nanosensor type: physical (mechanical and acoustical, thermal and radiation, optical, and magnetic); chemical (atomic and molecular energies); and biological. The final chapter summarizes the current state of the field and discusses future trends. A complete and authoritative guide to nanosensors, this book offers up-to-date information on the fabrication, properties, and operating mechanisms of these fast and reliable sensors. It addresses progress in the field, fundamental issues and challenges facing researchers, and prospects for future development.
We invite contributions describing the latest scientific and technological research results in subjects including, but are not limited to Nanophotonics Nanomaterials Nanobiology, Nanomedicine, Nano bio informatics Micro Nano Fluidics, ...
Author: IEEE Staff
We invite contributions describing the latest scientific and technological research results in subjects including, but are not limited to Nanophotonics Nanomaterials Nanobiology, Nanomedicine, Nano bio informatics Micro Nano Fluidics, BioMEMS, and Lab on Chips Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems Micro Nano Sensors, Actuators, and Systems Carbon Nanotube Graphene Diamond based Devices Micro Nano Molecular Heat Transfer & Energy Conversion Micro Nano Molecular Fabrication Nanoscale Metrology Micro Nano Robotics, Assembly & Automation Integration & Application of MEMS NEMS Flexible MEMS, Sensors and Printed Electronics Commercialization of MEMS NEMS Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Safety and Education
Academic Paper from the year 2018 in the subject Physics - Nuclear Physics, Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, , language: English, abstract: This book can be useful for an academic course on nanoscience and nanotechnology.
Author: Jaysukh Markna
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Academic Paper from the year 2018 in the subject Physics - Nuclear Physics, Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, , language: English, abstract: This book can be useful for an academic course on nanoscience and nanotechnology. This book is very useful for the beginner in nanotechnology and nanoelectronics. The book is divided into seven chapters: The first chapter contains the introduction of nanodevices, definition and classification of nanostructures materials and nanodevices. The second chapter contains the detailed summary of the semiconductors and various semiconductor nanodevices. This will be helpful to study the changes occur at the nanoscale in bulk materials or bulk devices when they approach the nanoscale. The third chapter contains the introduction, principles, and applications of various quantum confined structures and devices. The fourth chapter gives the idea about the molecular junction, single molecular devices and their applications in other devices as an incorporated structures or hybrid applications. It contains the overview of natural and artificial nanodevices. It has given the knowledge of molecular nanoelectronics. The fifth chapter contains the overview and advanced knowledge of natural and artificial nanosensors. It explains the various nanosensors and their applications.
Micro Nano Electro Mechanical Systems (M NEMS) Micro Nano Molecular Fabrication Nanomaterials Nonmaterial Based Devices and Systems Nanophotonics and Nanoscale Imaging Nanoscale Robotics, Assembly, and Automation Molecular Sensors, ...
Author: IEEE Staff
Micro Nano Electro Mechanical Systems (M NEMS) Micro Nano Molecular Fabrication Nanomaterials Nonmaterial Based Devices and Systems Nanophotonics and Nanoscale Imaging Nanoscale Robotics, Assembly, and Automation Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems Micro Nano Fluidics Micro Nano Mechanics Nanobiology Nanomedicine Nano Energy, Micro Energy Harvesting, Energy Materials Flexible Soft Materials, Sensors and Actuators Micro Nanotechnology in Neural Prostheses Micro Nano Lens and Nanoscale Imaging Nanophotonics and Microoptics 2D Nanomaterials Plasmonic and Metamaterials Others
1 Nanophotonics 2 Nanomaterials 3 Carbon Nanotube based Devices and Systems 4 Nanoscale Robotics, Assembly, and Automation 5 Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems 6 Integration of MEMS NEMS with Molecular Sensors Actuators 7 ...
Author: IEEE Staff
1 Nanophotonics 2 Nanomaterials 3 Carbon Nanotube based Devices and Systems 4 Nanoscale Robotics, Assembly, and Automation 5 Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems 6 Integration of MEMS NEMS with Molecular Sensors Actuators 7 Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 8 Micro and Nano Heat Transfer 9 BioMEMS, Nanobiology, Nano bio informatics, Nanomedicine 10 Micro and Nano Fabrication 11 Micro Nano Sensors and Actuators 12 Micro Nanoelectromechanical Systems (M NEMS)
This book provides readers with an overview of the design, fabrication, simulation, and reliability of nanoscale semiconductor devices, MEMS, and sensors, as they serve for realizing the next-generation internet of things.
Author: Ting Li
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book provides readers with an overview of the design, fabrication, simulation, and reliability of nanoscale semiconductor devices, MEMS, and sensors, as they serve for realizing the next-generation internet of things. The authors focus on how the nanoscale structures interact with the electrical and/or optical performance, how to find optimal solutions to achieve the best outcome, how these apparatus can be designed via models and simulations, how to improve reliability, and what are the possible challenges and roadblocks moving forward.