Molecular Collisions and Gaseous Kinetics

Molecular Collisions and Gaseous Kinetics

Molecular Collisions and Gaseous Kinetics covers elastic collisions, inelastic collisions leading to energy transfer and electronic transitions, reactive collisions, and photoinduced dynamics.

Author: David A. Micha

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0470383739

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 170

Molecular Collisions and Gaseous Kinetics covers elastic collisions, inelastic collisions leading to energy transfer and electronic transitions, reactive collisions, and photoinduced dynamics. Collisions with surfaces, thermal rates of those phenomena, as well as transport and relaxation phenomena mediated by molecular collisions are also discussed. A final chapter on many-atom scattering theory serves as an introduction to more advanced descriptions. The treatment is based on the quantal theory of scattering and its semiclassical limits, introduces realistic intermolecular forces, and includes computational aspects needed to calculate cross-sections and compare them with experimental data. It is motivated by a need to cover these subjects starting from the electronic structure and atomic conformation of molecules. The chapters provide an introduction to experimental methods where appropriate, and connect theory to applications for specific physical systems to obtain results that can be compared to experimental data.
Categories: Science

Chemical Kinetics of Gas Reactions

Chemical Kinetics of Gas Reactions

This book will be of value to reaction kinetics engineers and researchers.

Author: V. N. Kondrat'Ev

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483225180

Category: Science

Page: 826

View: 327

Chemical Kinetics of Gas Reactions explores the advances in gas kinetics and thermal, photochemical, electrical discharge, and radiation chemical reactions. This book is composed of 10 chapters, and begins with the presentation of general kinetic rules for simple and complex chemical reactions. The next chapters deal with the experimental methods for evaluating chemical reaction mechanisms and some theories of elementary chemical processes. These topics are followed by discussions on certain class of chemical reactions, including unimolecular, bimolecular, and termolecular reactions. The remaining chapters examine gas reactions, such as molecular collisions, photochemical reactions, chemical reactions in electrical discharge, chain reactions, and combustion. This book will be of value to reaction kinetics engineers and researchers.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

The book provides a self-contained introduction to the theory of granular gases for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates.

Author: Nikolai V. Brilliantov

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199588138

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 203

In contrast to molecular gases (for example, air), the particles of granular gases, such as a cloud of dust, lose part of their kinetic energy when they collide, giving rise to many exciting physical properties. The book provides a self-contained introduction to the theory of granular gases for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates.
Categories: Science

Gaskinetic Theory

Gaskinetic Theory

This introduction to the molecular theory of gases and modern transport theory includes such basic concepts as distribution function, classical theory of specific heats, binary collisions, mean free path and reaction rates, as well as ...

Author: Tamas I. Gombosi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521439663

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 494

This introduction to the molecular theory of gases and modern transport theory includes such basic concepts as distribution function, classical theory of specific heats, binary collisions, mean free path and reaction rates, as well as topics relevant to advanced transport theory.
Categories: Science

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory ...

Author: Leonard B. Loeb

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486495728

Category: Science

Page: 687

View: 113

A pioneering text in its field, this comprehensive study is one of the most valuable texts and references available. The author explores the classical kinetic theory in the first four chapters, with discussions of the mechanical picture of a perfect gas, the mean free path, and the distribution of molecular velocities. Tbhe fifth chapter deals with the more accurate equations of state, or Van der Waals' equation, and later chapters examine viscosity, heat conduction, surface phenomena, and Browninan movements. The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory to the conduction of electricity in gases. 1934 edition.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Processes in Gases and Plasmas

Kinetic Processes in Gases and Plasmas

The book is concerned with conditions produced by the interaction of an object with the atmosphere at hypersonic velocities.

Author: A Hochstim

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323149112

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 199

Kinetic Processes in Gases and Plasmas provides a survey of studies on transport and chemical kinetic processes in high temperature gases and plasmas. The book is concerned with conditions produced by the interaction of an object with the atmosphere at hypersonic velocities. The text also provides a foundation for the flow field equations which include chemical reactions and other transport processes, and to present in some detail the microscopic considerations underlying these calculations. Chapters are devoted to the discussion of topics such as the molecular theory of transport equations; transport processes in ionized gases; and inelastic energy transfer processes and chemical kinetics. Aerospace engineers, physicists, chemists, and astrophysicists will find the book a good reference material.
Categories: Science

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions

Part 1 of this book describes the theoretical and conceptual background of elementary gas-phase reactions, emphasizing the assumptions and limitations of each theoretical approach, as well as its strengths.

Author: Ian W. M. Smith

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9781483161990

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 771

Kinetics and Dynamics of Elementary Gas Reactions surveys the state of modern knowledge on elementary gas reactions to understand natural phenomena in terms of molecular behavior. Part 1 of this book describes the theoretical and conceptual background of elementary gas-phase reactions, emphasizing the assumptions and limitations of each theoretical approach, as well as its strengths. In Part 2, selected experimental results are considered to demonstrate the scope of present day techniques and illustrate the application of the theoretical ideas introduced in Part 1. This publication is intended primarily for working kineticists and chemists, but is also beneficial to graduate students.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.

Author: Walter Kauzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486273433

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 486

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.
Categories: Science

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIA

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIA

The dynamics of bimolecular reactions are elaborated in the last chapter. This volume is intended for graduate and physical chemistry students interested in kinetics of gas reactions.

Author: Willhelm Jost

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323147064

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 581

Physical Chemistry: An Advanced Treatise, Volume VIA: Kinetics of Gas Reactions discusses single reaction steps, such as transformations of atoms and molecules in specified velocities, impact parameters, and inner states into products of specified states. This book is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 covers formal kinetics, while Chapter 2 reviews the survey of kinetic theory, as one of the bases of reaction kinetics. The Born-Oppenheimer adiabatic approximation, valence bond method, and orbital symmetry in reaction kinetics are elaborated in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 is devoted to the theory of energy transfer in molecular collisions, considering the several possible types of energy exchange. Chapter 5 focuses on the molecular beam scattering experiments on elastic, inelastic, and reactive collisions. The dynamics of bimolecular reactions are elaborated in the last chapter. This volume is intended for graduate and physical chemistry students interested in kinetics of gas reactions.
Categories: Science

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

Author: Eugène Bloch

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89074766122

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: 178

View: 761

Categories: Kinetic theory of gases

Reaction Kinetics

Reaction Kinetics

Undergraduate physical chemistry and chemical kinetics students, as well as advanced students in other fields, such as biology and physics, will find this book invaluable.

Author: Keith J. Laidler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483222417

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 695

Reactions Kinetics: Volume I: Homogeneous Gas Reactions presents a general introduction to the subject of kinetics, including the basic laws of kinetics and the theoretical treatment of reaction rates. This four-chapter book deals mainly with homogeneous reactions in the gas phase. Chapter 1 presents the kinetic laws based on experimental results in terms of their simple concepts, with a special consideration of the way in which rates depend on concentration, while Chapter 2 deals with the interpretation of rates in terms of more fundamental theories. Chapter 3 covers the overall reactions that are believed to be elementary, such as the reaction between hydrogen and iodine, the reverse decomposition of hydrogen iodide, the corresponding reactions involving deuterium instead of hydrogen, and the dimerizations of butadiene and cyclopentadiene, as well as a few elementary termolecular reactions, all involving nitric oxide. This chapter also includes a general account of some of the elementary reactions that occur as steps in more complex mechanisms. Chapter 4 examines the reaction rates of numerous complex gas reactions. Undergraduate physical chemistry and chemical kinetics students, as well as advanced students in other fields, such as biology and physics, will find this book invaluable.
Categories: Science

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Appendices after each chapter

Author: Richard David Present

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4062564

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: 280

View: 197

Appendices after each chapter
Categories: Kinetic theory of gases

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIB

Kinetics Of Gas Reaction VIB

This is followed by separate chapters on collision processes and the theory of elastic scattering; and atom reactions, with a discussion of experimental techniques (static, flow, and pulse methods), among the selected examples being the ...

Author: Willhelm Jost

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323146562

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 330

Physical Chemistry: An Advanced Treatise: Kinetics of Gas Reactions, Volume VIB, is devoted to gas phase chemical reactions. The purpose of this treatise is to present a comprehensive treatment of physical chemistry for advanced students and investigators in a reasonably small number of volumes. An attempt has been made to include all important topics in physical chemistry together with borderline subjects which are of particular interest and importance. The book contains six chapters and begins with a study on the elastic and inelastic scattering of ions on molecules, including such topics as rainbow scattering, reactive scattering, and experimental procedures and results of high-resolution measurements. This is followed by separate chapters on collision processes and the theory of elastic scattering; and atom reactions, with a discussion of experimental techniques (static, flow, and pulse methods), among the selected examples being the reactions of H, O, C, and N atoms with alkanes, alkenes, acetylene, sulfur, and nitrogen compounds. Subsequent chapters deal with experimental methods and results obtained by several techniques of relaxation methods in gases; thermal unimolecular reactions; and the interactions between chemical reactions, transport processes, and flow phenomena.
Categories: Science

Gas Kinetics

Gas Kinetics

'Based on a course of lectures given at the University of Sussex.'

Author: G. L. Pratt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: UCAL:B4477772

Category: Chemical kinetics

Page: 246

View: 198

'Based on a course of lectures given at the University of Sussex.'
Categories: Chemical kinetics

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

A Kinetic Theory of Gases and Liquids

Originally published in 1920. PREFACE: THE object of writing this book is to formulate a Kinetic Theory of certain properties of matter, which shall apply equally well to matter in any state.

Author: Richard D. Kleeman

Publisher: Crastre Press

ISBN: 9781443724166

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 581

A KINETIC THEORY OF GASES AND LIQUIDS by RICHARD D. KLEEMAN. Originally published in 1920. PREFACE: THE object of writing this book is to formulate a Kinetic Theory of certain properties of matter, which shall apply equally well to matter in any state. The desirability of such a development need not be emphasized. The difficulty hitherto experienced in applying the results obtained in the case of the Kinetic Theory of Gases in the well-known form to liquids and intermediary states of matter has been pri marily due to the difficulty of properly interpretating molec ular interaction. In the case of gases this difficulty is in most part overcome by the introduction of the assumption that a molecule consists of a perfectly elastic sphere not surrounded by any field of force. But since such a state of affairs does not exist, the results obtained in the case of gases hold only in a general way, and the numerical constants involved are therefore of an indefinite nature, while in the case of dense gases and liquids this procedure does not lead to anything that is of use in explaining the facts. Instead of an atom, or molecule, consisting of a per fectly elastic sphere, it is more likely that each may be regarded simply as a center of forces of attraction and repulsion. If the exact nature of the field of force sur rounding atoms and molecules were known, it would be a definite mathematical problem to determine the resulting properties of matter. But our knowledge in this connection is at present not sufficiently extensive to permit a develop ment of the subject along these lines. But in whatever way the subject is developed fundamental progress will have been made only if molecular interaction is not, as is usually the case, represented by the collision of elastic spheres. It will be shown in this book that the subject may be developed to a considerable extent along sound mathe matical lines yielding important results without knowing the exact nature and immediate result of molecular interaction. Thus it will be found, for example, that the definition of the free path of a molecule in connection with viscosity, con duction of heat, diffusion, etc., may be given a form in each case not involving the exact nature of molecular interaction, which is mathematically quite definite, and which therefore applies equally well to the liquid and gaseous states. Since in the gaseous state each kind of path is proportional to the volume of the gas, its interest is then mainly associated with the characteristic factor of the volume which makes the product numerically equal to the path. A direct physical meaning may be given to this factor. In constructing a general Kinetic Theory the problem that presents itself first for investigation is the dependence of the velocity of translation of a molecule in a substance on its density and temperature. It is often assumed that this velocity is the same in the liquid as in the gaseous state at the same temperature. It can be shown, however, that this holds only for each molecule at the instant it passes through a point in the substance at which the forces of the surrounding molecules neutralize each other. The total average velocity corresponding to the whole path of a mole cule is usually much greater than the foregoing velocity in a liquid and dense gas on account of the effect of the molecular forces of attraction and repulsion...
Categories: Science

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

Author: Oskar Emil Meyer

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B50846

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: 472

View: 476

Categories: Kinetic theory of gases

Collisional Studies of Gaseous Molecular Lasers

Collisional Studies of Gaseous Molecular Lasers

Molecular collision studies at Princeton are reviewed.

Author: Herschel Rabitz

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:227457304

Category:

Page: 5

View: 359

Molecular collision studies at Princeton are reviewed. The areas of research involved are: CO laser kinetics; Global Collision Theory; Quantum Number Scaling and the Analysis of Spectral Line Shapes; Stochastic Theory of Molecular Collisions; and Vibration-Rotation Relaxation in Molecular Collisions. (Author).
Categories:

Introduction to Molecular Beams Gas Dynamics

Introduction to Molecular Beams Gas Dynamics

The book describes the main physical idea and mathematical methods of the gas dynamics of molecular beams, while the detailed derivation of results and equations is accompanied by an explanation of their physical meaning.

Author: Giovanni Sanna

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781860945564

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 920

Introduction to Molecular Beams Gas Dynamics is devoted to the theory and phenomenology of supersonic molecular beams. The book describes the main physical idea and mathematical methods of the gas dynamics of molecular beams, while the detailed derivation of results and equations is accompanied by an explanation of their physical meaning. Many of the applications of supersonic molecular beams are discussed, including their application to molecular spectroscopy, and the study of surface phonons by monoatomic and monokinetic beams, and the study of intermolecular potentials and the onset of condensation. The phenomenology of supersonic beams can appear complex to those not experienced in supersonic gas dynamics and, as a result, the few existing reviews on the topic generally assume a limited level of knowledge. The book begins with a quantitative description of the fundamental laws of gas dynamics and goes on to explain such phenomena. It analyzes the evolution of the gas jet from the continuum to the regime of almost free collisions between molecules, and includes numerous figures, illustrations, tables and references.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Atomic and Molecular Collisions

Introduction to Atomic and Molecular Collisions

In working with graduate students in engineering physics at the University of Virginia on research problems in gas kinetics, radiation biology, ion materials interactions, and upper-atmosphere chemistry, it became quite apparent that there ...

Author: R. E. Johnson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468484489

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 570

In working with graduate students in engineering physics at the University of Virginia on research problems in gas kinetics, radiation biology, ion materials interactions, and upper-atmosphere chemistry, it became quite apparent that there was no satisfactory text available to these students on atomic and molecular collisions. For graduate students in physics and quantum chemistry and researchers in atomic and molecular interactions there are a large number of excellent advanced texts. However, for students in applied science, who require some knowledge and understanding of col lision phenomena, such texts are of little use. These students often have some background in modern physics and/or chemistry but lack graduate level course work in quantum mechanics. Such students, however, tend to have a good intuitive grasp of classical mechanics and have been exposed to wave phenomena in some form (e. g. , electricity and magnetism, acoustics, etc. ). Further, their requirements in using collision processes and employing models do not generally include the use of formal scattering theory, a large fraction of the content of many advanced texts. In fact, most researchers who work in the area of atomic and molecular collisions tend to pride themselves on their ability to describe results using simple theoretical models based on classical and semiclassical methods.
Categories: Science