A Course in Modern Geometries

Author: Judith N. Cederberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738315

Category: Mathematics

Page: 233

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A Course in Modern Geometries is designed for a junior-senior level course for mathematics majors, including those who plan to teach in secondary school. Chapter 1 presents several finite geometries in an axiomatic framework. Chapter 2 introduces Euclid's geometry and the basic ideas of non-Euclidean geometry. The synthetic approach of Chapters 1 - 2 is followed by the analytic treatment of transformations of the Euclidean plane in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 presents plane projective geometry both synthetically and analytically. The extensive use of matrix representations of groups of transformations in Chapters 3 - 4 reinforces ideas from linear algebra and serves as excellent preparation for a course in abstract algebra. Each chapter includes a list of suggested sources for applications and/or related topics.
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Modern Geometries

Non-Euclidean, Projective, and Discrete

Author: Michael Henle

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130323132

Category: Mathematics

Page: 389

View: 7117

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Engaging, accessible, and extensively illustrated, this brief, but solid introduction to modern geometry describes geometry as it is understood and used by contemporary mathematicians and theoretical scientists. Basically non-Euclidean in approach, it relates geometry to familiar ideas from analytic geometry, staying firmly in the Cartesian plane. It uses the principle geometric concept of congruence or geometric transformation--introducing and using the Erlanger Program explicitly throughout. It features significant modern applications of geometry--e.g., the geometry of relativity, symmetry, art and crystallography, finite geometry and computation. Covers a full range of topics from plane geometry, projective geometry, solid geometry, discrete geometry, and axiom systems. For anyone interested in an introduction to geometry used by contemporary mathematicians and theoretical scientists.
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A Course in Modern Geometries

Author: Judith Cederberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387989723

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 7994

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Designed for a junior-senior level course for mathematics majors, including those who plan to teach in secondary school. The first chapter presents several finite geometries in an axiomatic framework, while Chapter 2 continues the synthetic approach in introducing both Euclids and ideas of non-Euclidean geometry. There follows a new introduction to symmetry and hands-on explorations of isometries that precedes an extensive analytic treatment of similarities and affinities. Chapter 4 presents plane projective geometry both synthetically and analytically, and the new Chapter 5 uses a descriptive and exploratory approach to introduce chaos theory and fractal geometry, stressing the self-similarity of fractals and their generation by transformations from Chapter 3. Throughout, each chapter includes a list of suggested resources for applications or related topics in areas such as art and history, plus this second edition points to Web locations of author-developed guides for dynamic software explorations of the Poincaré model, isometries, projectivities, conics and fractals. Parallel versions are available for "Cabri Geometry" and "Geometers Sketchpad".
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Modern Geometries

Author: James R. Smart

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534351885

Category: Mathematics

Page: 451

View: 5259

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This comprehensive, best-selling text focuses on the study of many different geometries -- rather than a single geometry -- and is thoroughly modern in its approach. Each chapter is essentially a short course on one aspect of modern geometry, including finite geometries, the geometry of transformations, convexity, advanced Euclidian geometry, inversion, projective geometry, geometric aspects of topology, and non-Euclidean geometries. This edition reflects the recommendations of the COMAP proceedings on Geometry's Future, the NCTM standards, and the Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics. References to a new companion text, Active Geometry by David A. Thomas encourage students to explore the geometry of motion through the use of computer software. Using Active Geometry at the beginning of various sections allows professors to give students a somewhat more intuitive introduction using current technology before moving on to more abstract concepts and theorems.
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Modern Geometries

The Analytic Approach

Author: Michael Henle

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780131934184

Category: Mathematics

Page: 372

View: 6870

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This text updates the teaching of college geometry based upon three fundamental ideas: geometries only approximate reality; the best presentation of a geometry is by transformation groups; and points and other geometric objects should be co-ordinated. The work is designed to be engaging and accessible, and it describes geometry as it is understood and used by contemporary mathematicians and theoretical scientists.
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A Survey of Classical and Modern Geometries

With Computer Activities

Author: Arthur Baragar

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 5593

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This book emphasizes the beauty of geometry using a modern approach. Models & computer exercises help readers to cultivate geometric intuition. Topics include Euclidean Geometry, Hand Constructions, Geometer's Sketch Pad, Hyperbolic Geometry, Tilings & Lattices, Spherical Geometry, Projective Geometry, Finite Geometry, and Modern Geometry Research. Ideal for geometry at an intermediate level.
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Modern Geometry

Author: David A. Thomas

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534365509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 7533

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MODERN GEOMETRY was written to provide undergraduate and graduate level mathematics education students with an introduction to both Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries, appropriate to their needs as future junior and senior high school mathematics teachers. MODERN GEOMETRY provides a systematic survey of Euclidean, hyperbolic, transformation, fractal, and projective geometries. This approach is consistent with the recommendations of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), and other professional organizations active in the preparation and continuing professional development of K-12 mathematics teachers.
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Modern Geometry— Methods and Applications

Part II: The Geometry and Topology of Manifolds

Author: B.A. Dubrovin,A.T. Fomenko,S.P. Novikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387961620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

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Up until recently, Riemannian geometry and basic topology were not included, even by departments or faculties of mathematics, as compulsory subjects in a university-level mathematical education. The standard courses in the classical differential geometry of curves and surfaces which were given instead (and still are given in some places) have come gradually to be viewed as anachronisms. However, there has been hitherto no unanimous agreement as to exactly how such courses should be brought up to date, that is to say, which parts of modern geometry should be regarded as absolutely essential to a modern mathematical education, and what might be the appropriate level of abstractness of their exposition. The task of designing a modernized course in geometry was begun in 1971 in the mechanics division of the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Moscow State University. The subject-matter and level of abstractness of its exposition were dictated by the view that, in addition to the geometry of curves and surfaces, the following topics are certainly useful in the various areas of application of mathematics (especially in elasticity and relativity, to name but two), and are therefore essential: the theory of tensors (including covariant differentiation of them); Riemannian curvature; geodesics and the calculus of variations (including the conservation laws and Hamiltonian formalism); the particular case of skew-symmetric tensors (i. e.
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Modern Geometry with Applications

Author: George A. Jennings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 204

View: 5952

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This introduction to modern geometry differs from other books in the field due to its emphasis on applications and its discussion of special relativity as a major example of a non-Euclidean geometry. Additionally, it covers the two important areas of non-Euclidean geometry, spherical geometry and projective geometry, as well as emphasising transformations, and conics and planetary orbits. Much emphasis is placed on applications throughout the book, which motivate the topics, and many additional applications are given in the exercises. It makes an excellent introduction for those who need to know how geometry is used in addition to its formal theory.
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