Models of My Life

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026269185X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 415

View: 2040

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In this candid and witty autobiography, Nobel laureate Herbert A. Simon looks at his distinguished and varied career, continually asking himself whether (and how) what he learned as a scientist helps to explain other aspects of his life.A brilliant polymath in an age of increasing specialization, Simon is one of those rare scholars whose work defines fields of inquiry. Crossing disciplinary lines in half a dozen fields, Simon's story encompasses an explosion in the information sciences, the transformation of psychology by the information-processing paradigm, and the use of computer simulation for modeling the behavior of highly complex systems.Simon's theory of bounded rationality led to a Nobel Prize in economics, and his work on building machines that think -- based on the notion that human intelligence is the rule-governed manipulation of symbols -- laid conceptual foundations for the new cognitive science. Subsequently, contrasting metaphors of the maze (Simon's view) and of the mind (neural nets) have dominated the artificial intelligence debate.There is also a warm account of his successful marriage and of an unconsummated love affair, letters to his children, columns, a short story, and political and personal intrigue in academe.
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The Sciences of the Artificial

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262537532

Category: Computers

Page: 256

View: 3177

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Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence in the expanded and updated third edition from 1996, with a new introduction by John E. Laird. Herbert Simon's classic and influential The Sciences of the Artificial declares definitively that there can be a science not only of natural phenomena but also of what is artificial. Exploring the commonalities of artificial systems, including economic systems, the business firm, artificial intelligence, complex engineering projects, and social plans, Simon argues that designed systems are a valid field of study, and he proposes a science of design. For this third edition, originally published in 1996, Simon added new material that takes into account advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. Simon won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1978 for his research into the decision-making process within economic organizations and the Turing Award (considered by some the computer science equivalent to the Nobel) with Allen Newell in 1975 for contributions to artificial intelligence, the psychology of human cognition, and list processing. The Sciences of the Artificial distills the essence of Simon's thought accessibly and coherently. This reissue of the third edition makes a pioneering work available to a new audience.
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Models of a Man

Essays in Memory of Herbert A. Simon

Author: Associate Professor of Economics at Naval Postgraduate School Mie Augier,Herbert Alexander Simon,Mie Augier,James G. March

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262012089

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 553

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Herbert Simon (1916-2001), in the course of a long and distinguished career in thesocial and behavioral sciences, made lasting contributions to many disciplines, including economics,psychology, computer science, and artificial intelligence. In 1978 he was awarded the Nobel Prize ineconomics for his research into the decision-making process within economic organizations. Hiswell-known book The Sciences of the Artificial addresses the implications of the decision-making andproblem-solving processes for the social sciences.This book (the title is a variation on the titleof Simon's autobiography, Models of My Life) is a collection of short essays, all original, bycolleagues from many fields who felt Simon's influence and mourn his loss. Mixing reminiscence andanalysis, the book represents "a small acknowledgment of a large debt."Each of the more than fortycontributors was asked to write about the one work by Simon that he or she had found mostinfluential. The editors then grouped the essays into four sections: "Modeling Man," "Organizationsand Administration," "Modeling Systems," and "Minds and Machines." The contributors include suchprominent figures as Kenneth Arrow, William Baumol, William Cooper, Gerd Gigerenzer, DanielKahneman, David Klahr, Franco Modigliani, Paul Samuelson, and Vernon Smith. Although they considertopics as disparate as "Is Bounded Rationality Unboundedly Rational?" and "Personal Recollectionsfrom 15 Years of Monthly Meetings," each essay is a testament to the legacy of Herbert Simon -- tosee the unity rather than the divergences among disciplines.
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Cognitive Developments in Economics

Author: Salvatore Rizzello

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134402198

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 5672

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Cognitive Developments in Economics proposes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of human problem solving, choice, decision-making and change, to explain economic transactions, and the nature and evolution of organisations and institutions. The book contributes to a large spectrum of economic fields such as consumer theory, economics of the firm, economics of innovation, evolutionary economics and experimental economics.
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Handbook of Psychology, History of Psychology

Author: Donald K. Freedheim

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471264393

Category: Psychology

Page: 588

View: 6786

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Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.
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Personal Brands

Manage Your Life with Talent and Turn it into a Unique Experience

Author: Roberto Álvarez del Blanco

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230302874

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 7870

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The personal brand, like commercial brands, can become a means of affirming identity, highlighting ability and establishing reputation. Successful, stand-out people build their personal brand and make it count in their professional and personal lives. This book shows how to build and manage your personal brand.
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Economic Thought Since Keynes

A History and Dictionary of Major Economists

Author: Michel Beaud,Gilles Dostaler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134711522

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 7205

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Economic Thought Since Keynes provides a concise overview of changing economic thought in the latter part of the twentieth century. Part 1 gives an analysis of topics including: * Keynes and the General Theory, * the triumph of interventionism, * the neoclassical synthesis, * the resurgence of liberalism. Part 11 gives a concise biography of the 150 most influential economists since Keynes. This invaluable book will be a useful reference tool for anyone teaching or studying economics.
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Annual review of political science

Author: Annual Reviews, Inc

Publisher: Annual Reviews

ISBN: 9780824333065

Category: Political science

Page: 559

View: 5655

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The mission of Annual review of political science is to provide systematic, periodic examinations of the field through critical authoritative reviews. The comprehensive critical review not only summarizes a topic but also roots out errors of fact or concept and provokes discussion that will lead to new research activity. Each review contains title, author(s), key words, abstracts, review and bibliography.
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On the Origins of Cognitive Science

The Mechanization of the Mind

Author: Jean-Pierre Dupuy

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262512398

Category: Computers

Page: 210

View: 5878

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An examination of the fundamental role cybernetics played in the birth of cognitive science and the light this sheds on current controversies.
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