Mixed Effects Models and Extensions in Ecology with R

Author: Alain Zuur,Elena N. Ieno,Neil Walker,Anatoly A. Saveliev,Graham M. Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387874586

Category: Science

Page: 574

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This book discusses advanced statistical methods that can be used to analyse ecological data. Most environmental collected data are measured repeatedly over time, or space and this requires the use of GLMM or GAMM methods. The book starts by revising regression, additive modelling, GAM and GLM, and then discusses dealing with spatial or temporal dependencies and nested data.
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Exploring Studbooks for Wildlife Management and Conservation

Author: F.P.G. Princée

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319500325

Category: Nature

Page: 291

View: 5146

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Many endangered species of wild animals are managed in captivity through studbooks. In this book these data-rich resources are mined in innovative, integrated and statistically tested ways to maximise information gain for conservation practice – whether for captive or released/reintroduced or managed wild populations. This book is thus an important tool for all species managers, and for students and researchers in small population biology and wildlife conservation. The book's studbook analyses are grouped in three interrelated sections: natural history, demography and genetics. Statistical tests to determine the significance of results or to compare results between subgroups are undertaken throughout. Real studbooks of a variety of species, e.g. cranes, wolverines, blesbok, illustrate the practical applications and interpretations of the analyses and statistics. The “natural history” section presents analyses to determine baseline species information such as litter size, inter-birth interval, longevity and seasonality. “Demography” covers census(-style) analyses, age-class based life tables, comparative survival analyses and population projections. Solutions for dealing with small sample sizes are included.Inbreeding depression and unconscious selection form the main focus of the “genetics” section. Survival and life table analyses are used to assess inbreeding effects. Quantitative genetics methods are applied to natural history traits as a tool to monitor genetic variation. A fourth section on “conservation” shows how data from captive populations can be used where natural history data from wild populations are missing. A real example uses studbook data to inform Population Viability Analysis. The final section deals with issues related to incomplete and missing data and statistical topics. The purpose-written open-source software programs “Population Management Library (PML)” and “studbookR” used for analyses in the book, are available at www.princee.com.
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Advances in the Study of Behavior

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128024747

Category: Psychology

Page: 354

View: 1058

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This is a special 50th year anniversary volume of Advances in the Study of Behavior with contributions from past and present editors and authors of the serial. Initiated 50 years ago, Advances in the Study of Behavior strives to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior. That number is still expanding. This volume makes another important "contribution to the development of the field" by presenting theoretical ideas and research to those studying animal behavior and to their colleagues in neighboring fields. 50th year anniversary edition, the serial strives to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior Makes another important contribution to the development of the field Presents theoretical ideas and research to those studying animal behavior and to their colleagues in neighboring fields
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Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128004266

Category: Science

Page: 2132

View: 6494

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Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology is the definitive go-to reference in the field of evolutionary biology. It provides a fully comprehensive review of the field in an easy to search structure. Under the collective leadership of fifteen distinguished section editors, it is comprised of articles written by leading experts in the field, providing a full review of the current status of each topic. The articles are up-to-date and fully illustrated with in-text references that allow readers to easily access primary literature. While all entries are authoritative and valuable to those with advanced understanding of evolutionary biology, they are also intended to be accessible to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Broad topics include the history of evolutionary biology, population genetics, quantitative genetics; speciation, life history evolution, evolution of sex and mating systems, evolutionary biogeography, evolutionary developmental biology, molecular and genome evolution, coevolution, phylogenetic methods, microbial evolution, diversification of plants and fungi, diversification of animals, and applied evolution. Presents fully comprehensive content, allowing easy access to fundamental information and links to primary research Contains concise articles by leading experts in the field that ensures current coverage of each topic Provides ancillary learning tools like tables, illustrations, and multimedia features to assist with the comprehension process
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Statistical Benchmarks for Quantum Transport in Complex Systems

From Characterisation to Design

Author: Mattia Walschaers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319931512

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 823

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This book introduces a variety of statistical tools for characterising and designing the dynamical features of complex quantum systems. These tools are applied in the contexts of energy transfer in photosynthesis, and boson sampling. In dynamical quantum systems, complexity typically manifests itself via the interference of a rapidly growing number of paths that connect the initial and final states. The book presents the language of graphs and networks, providing a useful framework to discuss such scenarios and explore the rich phenomenology of transport phenomena. As the complexity increases, deterministic approaches rapidly become intractable, which leaves statistics as a viable alternative.
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Invasive Lionfish

A Guide to Control and Management

Author: James Adiel Morris (Jr.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic books

Page: 113

View: 8070

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Describes best practices and strategies for control and management of an invasive fish species in the tropical western Atlantic and Caribbean.
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Perspectives in Human Growth, Development and Maturation

Author: Parasmani Dasgupta,Roland Hauspie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401598010

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 1017

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One morning in 1969, out of the blue, I received a letter which both distressed and astonished me. It was from a Prof. S. R. Das in Calcutta, who requested me to accept, for eventual analysis, a mountain of anthropometric data he had accumulated, as he was ill and did not expect to survive to analyse it himself. The data provided the astonishment; twenty-two anthropometric characters recorded every six months or a year, over a period of 14 years, in a mixed longitudinal study of some 560 children, aged six months to twenty years. Most were in families with siblings also in the study, and every child was measured every time by S. R. Das himself. The archive was unique, combining the personal anthropometry of R. H. Whitehouse in the Harpenden Growth Study and the family approach of the Fels Growth Study. This was a study of which neither I, nor anyone of my acquaintance, had heard. Even in India, Prof. Das' work was scarcely known. It turned out Das was a scholarly man, quiet and unassuming, absolutely committed to his Sarsuna-Barisha Growth Study,just the obverse of the professional showman. Clearly this was not a request I could refuse, although I already had in hand enough projects to occupy Siva himself.
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Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2003

forjemos el futuro

Author: Organización Mundial de la Salud

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9243562436

Category: Medical

Page: 140

View: 2413

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«Tenemos verdaderamente la posibilidad de realizar progresos hacia una vida más larga y más sana para millones de personas.» «Es preciso seguir trabajando aumentar la asignación de recursos e intensificar la colaboración entre los distintos asociados.» - Dr. Jong-Wook Lee Director General OMS El Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2003 - Forjemos el futuro predice que en los próximos años se lograrán importantes mejoras sanitarias en el mundo. El Dr. Jong-Wook Lee Director General de la OMS afirma que la OMS tiene la ambición de «ayudar a todos los seres humanos en especial a los más pobres a forjar un futuro mejor». El informe sostiene que una nueva campaña que permita mejorar la salud y hacerla más equitativa es una parte esencial de la labor internacional en pro de la justicia y la seguridad. Partiendo de lo aprendido del pasado en particular con relación al movimiento de la Salud para Todos puesto en marcha hace 25 años el informe de este año se centra en las principales mejoras sanitarias que se podrán alcanzar en los próximos años y muestra cómo la OMS y la comunidad sanitaria internacional pueden lograr esos objetivos. Con el telón de fondo de las ambiciosas metas que representan los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio el Informe sobre la salud en el mundo 2003 presenta una perspectiva general que comprende un análisis de los principales desafíos sanitarios actuales y un programa de acción para mejorar la salud en el mundo. En la sección dedicada a las enfermedades infecciosas se señala que ha de prestarse especial atención al VIH/SIDA a la poliomielitis cuya erradicación está cerca y a las nuevas infecciones de las que el SRAS es un ejemplo ilustrativo. Otra sección importante trata de la salud de la mujer y el niño. La sección dedicada a las enfermedades no transmisibles se centra en las enfermedades cardiovasculares los traumatismos y la prosecución de la lucha antitabáquica. Con el fin de lograr las mejoras sanitarias que están a su alcance los países han de contar con sistemas de salud eficaces. El informe muestra cómo pueden robustecerse esos sistemas combinando los servicios de atención primaria y los servicios especializados mediante una red eficiente e integrada de referencia. En ese aspecto al igual que en toda su labor la OMS reitera su compromiso de colaborar con los países para responder a los retos sanitarios a nivel nacional y local.
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