Body language is one of the most complex and effective studies in psychology and psychiatry.
Author: Danilo H. Gomes
Publisher: Babelcube Inc.
Body language is one of the most complex and effective studies in psychology and psychiatry. Reading human gesture techniques are present in police investigations, psychotherapy clinics, schools and other related places. While generally being assertive, observing body gestures can provide some confusing and ambiguous information. When dealing with micro facial expressions, the chances of getting it right are very high, in addition, your observation provides more accurate information.
Later, Ekman and Friesen (1974) demonstrated the occurrence of micro- expressions in a frameby-frame analysis of interviews with depressed inpatients. Micro-expressions are involuntary facial expressions that last between 1 / 5 and 1
/ 25 of ...
Author: Manas K. Mandal
This important volume provides a holistic understanding of the cultural, psychological, neurological and biological elements involved in human facial expressions and of computational models in the analyses of expressions. It includes methodological and technical discussions by leading scholars across the world on the subject. Automated and manual analysis of facial expressions, involving cultural, gender, age and other variables, is a growing and important area of research with important implications for cross-cultural interaction and communication of emotion, including security and clinical studies. This volume also provides a broad framework for the understanding of facial expressions of emotion with inputs drawn from the behavioural sciences, computational sciences and neurosciences.
Author: José-Miguel Fernández-DolsPublish On: 2017-04-14
Measurement issues: Have micro-expressions been overlooked? Partly to
support the assumption that facial expressions in laboratory and natural settings
are frequently inhibited in accordance with display rules, several proponents of
Author: José-Miguel Fernández-Dols
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The importance of facial expressions has led to a steadily growing body of empirical findings and theoretical analyses. Every decade has seen work that extends or challenges previous thinking on facial expression. The Science of Facial Expression provides an updated review of the current psychology of facial expression . This book summarizes current conclusions and conceptual frameworks from leading figures who have shaped the field in their various subfields, and will therefore be of interest to practitioners, students, and researchers of emotion in cognitive psychology, neuroscience, biology, anthropology, linguistics, affective computing, and homeland security. Organized in eleven thematic sections, The Science of Facial Expression offers a broad perspective of the "geography" of the science of facial expression. It reviews the scientific history of emotion perception and the evolutionary origins and functions of facial expression. It includes an updated compilation on the great debate around Basic Emotion Theory versus Behavioral Ecology and Psychological constructionism. The developmental psychology and social psychology of facial expressions is explored in the role of facial expressions in child development, social interactions, and culture. The book also covers appraisal theory, concepts, neural and behavioral processes, and lesser-known facial behaviors such as yawing, vocal crying, and vomiting. In addition, the book reflects that research on the "expression of emotion" is moving towards a significance of context in the production and interpretation of facial expression The authors expose various fundamental questions and controversies yet to be resolved, but in doing so, open many sources of inspiration to pursue in the scientific study of facial expression.
of arousal broadly generalizes to a large range of facial expressions, irrespective
of whether they are shown as pictures or in their natural dynamic form. However,
compared to the valence dimension, the interpretation of this dimension is more ...
Author: Kathrin Kaulard
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
One of the defining attributes of the human species is sophisticated communication, for which facial expressions are crucial. Traditional research has so far mainly investigated a minority of 6 basic emotional expressions displayed as pictures. Despite the important insights of this approach, its ecological validity is limited: facial movements express more than emotions, and facial expressions are more than just pictures. The objective of the present thesis is therefore to improve the understanding of facial expression recognition by investigating the internal representations of a large range of facial expressions, displayed both as static pictures and as dynamic videos. To this end, it was necessary to develop and validate a new facial expression database which includes 20.000 stimuli of 55 expressions (study 1). Perceptual representations of the six basic emotional expressions were found previously to rely on evaluation of valence and arousal; study 2 showed that this evaluation generalises to many more expressions, particularly when displayed as videos. While it is widely accepted that knowledge influences perception, how these are linked is largely unknown; study 3 investigated this question by asking how knowledge about facial expressions, instantiated as conceptual representations, relates to perceptual representations of these expressions. A strong link was found which changed with the kind of expressions and the type of display. In probably the most extensive behavioural studies (with regards to the number of facial expressions used) to date, this thesis suggests that there are commonalities but also differences in processing of emotional and of other types of facial expressions. Thus, to understand facial expression processing, one needs to consider more than the 6 basic emotional expressions. These findings outline first steps towards a new domain in facial expression research, which has implications for a number of research and application fields where facial expressions play a role, ranging from social, developmental, and clinical psychology to computer vision and affective computing research.
A Delaunay-Based Temporal Coding Model for Micro-expression Recognition
Zhaoyu Lu, Ziqi Luo, Huicheng Zheng(B), ... Previous psychological study shows
that even human being can only recognize micro-expressions with low average ...
Author: C.V. Jawahar
The three-volume set, consisting of LNCS 9008, 9009, and 9010, contains carefully reviewed and selected papers presented at 15 workshops held in conjunction with the 12th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, ACCV 2014, in Singapore, in November 2014. The 153 full papers presented were selected from numerous submissions. LNCS 9008 contains the papers selected for the Workshop on Human Gait and Action Analysis in the Wild, the Second International Workshop on Big Data in 3D Computer Vision, the Workshop on Deep Learning on Visual Data, the Workshop on Scene Understanding for Autonomous Systems, and the Workshop on Robust Local Descriptors for Computer Vision. LNCS 9009 contains the papers selected for the Workshop on Emerging Topics on Image Restoration and Enhancement, the First International Workshop on Robust Reading, the Second Workshop on User-Centred Computer Vision, the International Workshop on Video Segmentation in Computer Vision, the Workshop: My Car Has Eyes: Intelligent Vehicle with Vision Technology, the Third Workshop on E-Heritage, and the Workshop on Computer Vision for Affective Computing. LNCS 9010 contains the papers selected for the Workshop on Feature and Similarity for Computer Vision, the Third International Workshop on Intelligent Mobile and Egocentric Vision, and the Workshop on Human Identification for Surveillance.
In This Book, You Will Learn: Understand The Different Types Of Body Expression The Basics Of Reading The Body Language The Forms And Implication Of Tiniest Body Language The Interpretation Of The Body Languages The Micro-Expression Master
Author: RD king
If You Could Read Everyone Life A Book – You Can Have Better Career, Great Relationships And Become Successful! Is the fact that you would like to learn about micro-expression skills but just don't know how making your life difficult... maybe even miserable? First, you are NOT alone! It may seem like it sometimes, but not knowing how to get better your skills is far more common than you’d think. Learn How You Can Identify Someone Else Micro Expression – By Giving Them What They Want, You Can Literally Get What You Want From Them! The Costs of NOT Getting All The Info You Need Are Just Too High! This Book Below Will Show You Exactly What You Need To Do To Finally Have and Understand the micro-expression master techniques! This powerful tool will provide you with everything you need to know to be a success and achieve your goal of getting your traffic generation business to a successful place. In This Book, You Will Learn: Understand The Different Types Of Body Expression The Basics Of Reading The Body Language The Forms And Implication Of Tiniest Body Language The Interpretation Of The Body Languages The Micro-Expression Master
And, to help you better understand our own emotions and those of others, this book describes not only what these emotions look like when expressed on the face, but also what they feel like when you experience them.
Author: Paul Ekman
Can you tell when someone who is actually afraid is trying to look angry? Can you tell when someone is feigning surprise? With the help of 'Unmasking the face', you will be able to improve your recognition of the facial clues to emotion, increase your ability to detect 'facial deceit', and develop a keener awareness of the way your own face reflects your emotions. Using scores of photographs of faces that reflect the emotions of surprise, fear, disgust, anger, happiness, and sadness, the authors of 'Unmasking the face' explain how to identify correctly these basic emotions and how to tell when people try to mask, simulate, or neutralize them. And, to help you better understand our own emotions and those of others, this book describes not only what these emotions look like when expressed on the face, but also what they feel like when you experience them. In addition, this book features several practical exercises that will help actors, teachers, salesmen, counselors, nurses, and physicians - and everyone else who deals with people - to become adept, perceptive readers of the facial expressions of emotion.
COVERT DETECTION OF MICRO-EXPRESSIONS IN THE FACE The most
forthcoming attempt to unravel deception without the awareness of the target is to
look at the behaviour of that individual and figure out whether or not that person
Author: Pär Anders Granhag
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts
Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action
Coding System (FACS) Paul Ekman, Erika L. ... (cf. where Mary dissimulates her
true feelings with a smile, her real emotions only appeared as micro-expressions)
Author: Paul Ekman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
While we have known for centuries that facial expressions can reveal what people are thinking and feeling, it is only recently that the face has been studied scientifically for what it can tell us about internal states, social behavior, and psychopathology. Today's widely available, sophisticated measuring systems have allowed us to conduct a wealth of new research on facial behavior that has contributed enormously to our understanding of the relationship between facial expression and human psychology. The chapters in this volume present the state-of-the-art in this research. They address key topics and questions, such as the dynamic and morphological differences between voluntary and involuntary expressions, the relationship between what people show on their faces and what they say they feel, whether it is possible to use facial behavior to draw distinctions among psychiatric populations, and how far research on automating facial measurement has progressed. The book also includes follow-up commentary on all of the original research presented and a concluding integration and critique of all the contributions made by Paul Ekman. As an essential reference for all those working in the area of facial analysis and expression, this volume will be indispensable for a wide range of professionals and students in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and behavioral medicine.
Some of the observable expressions include anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness,
surprise, and contempt. Dr. Ekman eventually developed the Facial Action
Coding System (FACS) to categorize every conceivable human facial expression.
Author: Darrell D. Dorrell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The definitive, must-have guide for the forensic accounting professional Financial Forensics Body of Knowledge is the unique, innovative, and definitive guide and technical reference work for the financial forensics and/or forensic accounting professional, including nearly 300 forensic tools, techniques, methods and methodologies apply to virtually all civil, criminal and dispute matters. Many of the tools have never before been published. It defines the profession: "The Art & Science of Investigating People & Money." It defines Forensic Operators: "...financial forensics-capable personnel... possess unique and specific skills, knowledge, experience, education, training, and integrity to function in the financial forensics discipline." It defines why: "If you understand financial forensics you understand fraud, but not vice versa" by applying financial forensics to all aspects of the financial community. It contains a book-within-a-book Companion Section for financial valuation and litigation specialists. It defines foundational financial forensics/forensic accounting methodologies: FAIM, Forensic Accounting Investigation Methodology, ICE/SCORE, CICO, APD, forensic lexicology, and others. It contains a Reader Lookup Table that permits everyone in the financial community to immediately focus on the pertinent issues.
Facial Recognition Technology and the Culture of Surveillance Kelly A. Gates ...
125 Video from a wide range of sources could be processed for detection of micro-expressions, from interrogations to employment interviews and courtroom ...
Author: Kelly A. Gates
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Social Science
Since the 1960s, a significant effort has been underway to program computers to “see” the human face—to develop automated systems for identifying faces and distinguishing them from one another—commonly known as Facial Recognition Technology. While computer scientists are developing FRT in order to design more intelligent and interactive machines, businesses and states agencies view the technology as uniquely suited for “smart” surveillance—systems that automate the labor of monitoring in order to increase their efficacy and spread their reach. Tracking this technological pursuit, Our Biometric Future identifies FRT as a prime example of the failed technocratic approach to governance, where new technologies are pursued as shortsighted solutions to complex social problems. Culling news stories, press releases, policy statements, PR kits and other materials, Kelly Gates provides evidence that, instead of providing more security for more people, the pursuit of FRT is being driven by the priorities of corporations, law enforcement and state security agencies, all convinced of the technology’s necessity and unhindered by its complicated and potentially destructive social consequences. By focusing on the politics of developing and deploying these technologies, Our Biometric Future argues not for the inevitability of a particular technological future, but for its profound contingency and contestability.
Author: Marian Stewart BartlettPublish On: 2001-06-30
a number of facial clues to deceit , including information about whether an
expression is posed or genuine and leakage of emotional signals that an ...
Spontaneous and voluntary facial expressions are mediated by different neural
Author: Marian Stewart Bartlett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Face Image Analysis by Unsupervised Learning explores adaptive approaches to image analysis. It draws upon principles of unsupervised learning and information theory to adapt processing to the immediate task environment. In contrast to more traditional approaches to image analysis in which relevant structure is determined in advance and extracted using hand-engineered techniques, Face Image Analysis by Unsupervised Learning explores methods that have roots in biological vision and/or learn about the image structure directly from the image ensemble. Particular attention is paid to unsupervised learning techniques for encoding the statistical dependencies in the image ensemble. The first part of this volume reviews unsupervised learning, information theory, independent component analysis, and their relation to biological vision. Next, a face image representation using independent component analysis (ICA) is developed, which is an unsupervised learning technique based on optimal information transfer between neurons. The ICA representation is compared to a number of other face representations including eigenfaces and Gabor wavelets on tasks of identity recognition and expression analysis. Finally, methods for learning features that are robust to changes in viewpoint and lighting are presented. These studies provide evidence that encoding input dependencies through unsupervised learning is an effective strategy for face recognition. Face Image Analysis by Unsupervised Learning is suitable as a secondary text for a graduate-level course, and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry.
The Research Topic reveals that research on the recognition of microexpressions is diverse but progressing. This is not surprising given that this topic receives more and more attention due to its promising potential applications.
Author: Xunbing Shen
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
As a Chinese saying goes, “Look at the weather when you step out; look at men’s faces when you step in.” Recognizing expressions is a very common activity in daily life. People can infer someone’s inner emotions from his or her facial expressions. However, not everyone writes their emotion on their face; someone may suppress true emotion and express a false facial expression depending on politeness, context, culture, or status. The suppressed expressions can be expressed fleetingly in the form of microexpressions, which usually last only 1/25 to 1/5 second. Microexpressions were of importance for many practical applications because it reflects the true inner feeling, such as national security, deception detection, clinical therapy, emotion analysis, and human-computer interaction. The recognition of microexpressions is the premise of application of microexpression and now the recognition of microexpressions are getting more and more attention. However, perceiving other’s microexpressions is not easy. The context, culture, and perceiver himself affect the recognition of microexpression. There are considerable efforts in the field of psychology, neuroscience, and computer science to recognize facial microexpressions. This Researc Topic illuminates the latest advances in interdisciplinary understanding how microexpressions are perceived and recognized. The authors contribute from diverse perspectives in the current research topic by using behavioral experiment, EEG, fMRI, and computer vision techniques. They investigated how humans recognize macroexpressions and microexpressions in term of modulating factors (e.g., gender, duration) and the underlying neural mechanisms, and how machine recognition algorithms and models are developed and inspired by the human recognition data. The Research Topic reveals that research on the recognition of microexpressions is diverse but progressing. This is not surprising given that this topic receives more and more attention due to its promising potential applications. As new techniques and theories develop, it is likely that efficient and effective algorithms for recognizing microexpression will become possible. We hope that these articles provide a look into that future.
The big idea Paul Ekman pioneered the study of the connection between
people's emotions and their facial expressions. His initial work focused on
understanding non-verbal communication in relationships (Ekman and Friesen,
Author: Stefan Cantore
Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers
Category: Business & Economics
Top Business Psychology Models is a quick, accessible overview to the fundamental theories and frameworks that will help you understand human behaviour, emotions and cognition at work. Each model is presented in a short and crisply written summary, which could be easily converted into materials for use in training or in coaching conversations. Clear, succinct and well-referenced chapters also offer routes into accessing further information. Free of academic jargon, Top Business Psychology Models explains all the main theories and models used by psychologists, giving you all the essential information to immediately implement business psychology techniques in your organization.
Adding to the somewhat artificial , context - free aspect of the emotion recognition
instrument , is the presentation of a series of randomly arranged facial expressions to subjects . Ekman has shown that properly prepared still photos
can be ...
These flashes are called micro-expressions, facial gestures that last a fraction of
a second but tend to reveal our truest feelings in ... Ekman found that some
people could detect and interpret these micro-expressions better than others.
Author: John Medina
Publisher: Pear Press
Category: Family & Relationships
What’s the single most important thing you can do during pregnancy? What does watching TV do to a child’s brain? What’s the best way to handle temper tantrums? Scientists know. In his New York Times bestseller Brain Rules, Dr. John Medina showed us how our brains really work—and why we ought to redesign our workplaces and schools. Now, in Brain Rules for Baby, he shares what the latest science says about how to raise smart and happy children from zero to five. This book is destined to revolutionize parenting. Just one of the surprises: The best way to get your children into the college of their choice? Teach them impulse control. Brain Rules for Baby bridges the gap between what scientists know and what parents practice. Through fascinating and funny stories, Medina, a developmental molecular biologist and dad, unravels how a child’s brain develops – and what you can do to optimize it. You will view your children—and how to raise them—in a whole new light. You’ll learn: Where nature ends and nurture begins Why men should do more household chores What you do when emotions run hot affects how your baby turns out, because babies need to feel safe above all TV is harmful for children under 2 Your child’s ability to relate to others predicts her future math performance Smart and happy are inseparable. Pursuing your child’s intellectual success at the expense of his happiness achieves neither Praising effort is better than praising intelligence The best predictor of academic performance is not IQ. It’s self-control What you do right now—before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and through the first five years—will affect your children for the rest of their lives. Brain Rules for Baby is an indispensable guide.
Shawn thinslices the innocence of the actor on the strength of the video evidence
—namely, the micro-expressions of ... Dr. Ekman was a guest on Philosophy Talk
, a call-in radio talk show, to discuss how thin-slicing facial expressions is a ...
Author: Robert Arp
Publisher: Open Court
“I’m getting something,” says Shawn, assuming a look of intense concentration and pressing his fingertips to the sides of his head. Shawn Spencer uses lies, pretense, and distraction to get at the truth. But can pseudoscience and fakery really be so helpful? And if they can be, is it ethical to employ them? Psych and Philosophy takes an entertaining tour through the philosophical issues raised by a fake psychic. Can faulty logic get to the truth quicker than good logic? Are other people to blame for Shawn’s deceptions, because they’re more ready to credit him with supernatural powers than with superior natural powers? Is instinct more important than smart thinking—in police work and in life? Is it ethical to tell lies to promote the truth (and protect the public from criminals)? Almost every episode of Psych revolves around a grisly death, treated humorously by the repartee between Shawn and Gus. The show has much to tell us about human ways of coping with death, as well as about the problem of justified knowledge, the ethics of law enforcement, and the interaction of love, friendship, loyalty, and professionalism.