Methodological Thinking in Psychology

Methodological Thinking in Psychology

This book brings together contributions from leading scholars in different fields of psychology - cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, cultural psychology, methodology of psychology.

Author: Aaro Toomela

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607524311

Category: Psychology

Page: 345

View: 555

A volume in Advances in Cultural Psychology Series Editor: Jaan Valsiner, Clark University In recent years an increasing dissatisfaction with methods and thinking in psychology as a science can be observed. The discipline is operating under the tension between the traditional quantitative and the new qualitative methodologies. New approaches emerge in different fields of psychology and education-each of them trying to go beyond limitations of the mainstream. These new approaches, however, tend to be "historically blind" - seemingly novel ideas have actually been common in some period in the history of psychology. Knowledge of historical trends in that context becomes crucial because analysis of historical changes in psychology is informative regarding the potential of "new/old and forgotten" approaches in the study of psyche. Some approaches in psychology disappeared due to inherent limitations of them; the others disappeared due to purely non-scientific reasons. And some new approaches were rejected long ago for well-justified scientific reasons. This book brings together contributions from leading scholars in different fields of psychology - cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, cultural psychology, methodology of psychology. Each of the contributors discusses methodological issues that were more thoroughly understood more than half a century ago than they are now. Overall, the contributions support the idea that in important ways 60 years old psychology was far ahead of the most recent trends in mainstream psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Methodological Thinking in Psychology

Methodological Thinking in Psychology

This book brings together contributions from leading scholars in different fields of psychology – cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, cultural psychology, methodology of psychology.

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607524328

Category: Education

Page: 359

View: 660

In recent years an increasing dissatisfaction with methods and thinking in psychology as a science can be observed. The discipline is operating under the tension between the traditional quantitative and the new qualitative methodologies. New approaches emerge in different fields of psychology and education—each of them trying to go beyond limitations of the mainstream. These new approaches, however, tend to be “historically blind” – seemingly novel ideas have actually been common in some period in the history of psychology. Knowledge of historical trends in that context becomes crucial because analysis of historical changes in psychology is informative regarding the potential of “new/old and forgotten” approaches in the study of psyche. Some approaches in psychology disappeared due to inherent limitations of them; the others disappeared due to purely nonscientific reasons. And some new approaches were rejected long ago for welljustified scientific reasons. This book brings together contributions from leading scholars in different fields of psychology – cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, cultural psychology, methodology of psychology. Each of the contributors discusses methodological issues that were more thoroughly understood more than half a century ago than they are now. Overall, the contributions support the idea that in important ways 60 years old psychology was far ahead of the most recent trends in mainstream psychology.
Categories: Education

Methodological Thinking

Methodological Thinking

The book provides a concise overview of the basic principles of social research, including the characteristics of research questions, the importance of literature reviews, variations in data generation techniques, and sampling.

Author: Donileen R. Loseke

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781506304724

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 636

Focused on the underlying logic behind social research, Methodological Thinking: Basic Principles of Social Research Design by Donileen R. Loseke encourages readers to understand research methods as a way of thinking. The book provides a concise overview of the basic principles of social research, including the characteristics of research questions, the importance of literature reviews, variations in data generation techniques, and sampling. The Second Edition includes a revised chapter on research foundations, with focus on the philosophy of science and ethics; an emphasis on critical thinking; additional attention to evaluating research; and a new selection of briefer, multidisciplinary journal articles designed to be accessible to a wide variety of readers.
Categories: Social Science

Methodological Problems with the Academic Sources of Popular Psychology

Methodological Problems with the Academic Sources of Popular Psychology

Metaphors in psychological conceptualization and explanation. In A. Toomela & J
. Valsiner (eds.). Methodological Thinking in Psychology: 60 Years Gone Astray?
Charlotte, NC: IAP. Druckerman, P. (2012). Bringing Up Bebe. New York: ...

Author: Robert Ausch

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498524155

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

View: 752

Methodological Problems with the Academic Sources of Popular Psychologyexamines the relationship between academic and popular psychology from a critical perspective based in university-based research. This book looks at the methodological problems in psychology in relation to experimentalism, statistical inference, and psychological measurement./span
Categories: Psychology

From Methodology to Methods in Human Psychology

From Methodology to Methods in Human Psychology

Methodological thinking in psychology: 60 years gone astray? Charlotte, NC:
Information Age Publishers. Valsiner, J. (1984). Two alternative epistemological
frameworks in psychology: The typological and variational modes of thinking.

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319610641

Category: Psychology

Page: 115

View: 686

This Brief aims to provide a theoretically innovative introduction to the methodology of the human sciences. It presents a new version of methodology, as a system of mutually linked acts of creating knowledge where both abstract and concrete features of research are intricately intertwined. It shows how the constructions of particular methods that are used in the science of psychology are interdependent with general psychology. This is exemplified as the Methodology Cycle. The need for an emphasis on the Methodology Cycle grows out of the habitual presentation of methods as if they were independent from the assumptions which they are built upon, with the ultimate goal of searching for and creating universal principles. Chapters discuss the Methodology Cycle and its uses in various areas of empirical study in psychological functions. Featured topics in this Brief include: The strict separation between methodology and methods. Introspection, the primary method of psychology. Extrospection, the act of introspection turned outwards. Generalization and its effect on uniqueness. From Methodology to Methods in Human Psychology will be of interest to psychologists, undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers.
Categories: Psychology

The Constructive Mind

The Constructive Mind

Forgotten methodology: Vygotsky's case. In A. Toomela and J. Valsiner (Eds.),
Methodological thinking in psychology (pp. 267–96). Charlotte, NC: Info Age.
Vygotsky, L. (1987). The collected works of L.S. Vygotsky. Volume 4: The history
of the ...

Author: Brady Wagoner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108124928

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 403

The Constructive Mind is an integrative study of the psychologist Frederic Bartlett's (1886-1969) life, work and legacy. Bartlett is most famous for the idea that remembering is constructive and for the concept of schema; for him, 'constructive' meant that human beings are future-oriented and flexibly adaptive to new circumstances. This book shows how his notion of construction is also central to understanding social psychology and cultural dynamics, as well as other psychological processes such as perceiving, imagining and thinking. Wagoner contextualises the development of Bartlett's key ideas in relation to his predecessors and contemporaries. Furthermore, he applies Bartlett's constructive analysis of cultural transmission in order to chart how his ideas were appropriated and transformed by others that followed. As such this book can also be read as a case study in the continuous reconstruction of ideas in science.
Categories: Psychology

Exploring the Complexities of Human Action

Exploring the Complexities of Human Action

Reflections on some neglected ideas about psychological measurement from the
personalistic perspective of William Stern (1871–1938). In A. Toomela & J.
Valsiner (Eds.), Methodological thinking in psychology: 60 years gone astray? (
pp.

Author: Catherine Raeff

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190050436

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 279

"Exploring the Complexities of Human Action offers a bold theoretical framework for thinking systematically and integratively about what people do as they go about their complex lives in all corners of the world. The book offers a vision of humanity that promotes empathic understanding of complex human beings that can bring people together to pursue common goals. Raeff sets the stage for conceptualizing human action by characterizing what people do in terms of the complexities of holism, dynamics, variability, and multi-causality. She also constructively questions some conventional practices and assumptions in psychology (e.g., fragmenting, objectifying, aggregating, deterministic causality). Raeff then articulates a systems conceptualization of action that emphasizes multiple and interrelated processes. This integrative conceptualization holds that action is constituted by simultaneously occurring and interrelated individual, social, cultural, bodily, and environmental processes. Action is further conceptualized in terms of simultaneously occurring and interrelated psychological processes (e.g., sensing, perceiving, thinking, feeling, interacting, self/identity), as well as developmental processes. This theoretical framework is informed by research in varied cultures, and accessible examples are used to illustrate major concepts and claims. Raeff also discusses some implications and applications of the theoretical framework for investigating the complexities of human action. The book shows how the theoretical framework can be used to think about a wide range of action, from eating to art. Raeff uses the theoretical framework to consider varied vexing human issues, including mind-body connections, diversity, extremism, and freedom, as well as how action is simultaneously universal, culturally particular, and individualized"--
Categories: Psychology

Where Culture and Mind Meet

Where Culture and Mind Meet

This volume further advances these objectives through an exploration of core concepts (especially, normativity, liminality, and resistance), cultural psychology’s foundations in philosophy, and the translation of theory into a methodology ...

Author: Brady Wagoner

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781648022586

Category: Psychology

Page: 253

View: 947

Cultural psychology explores the mutual constitution of persons-minds and socialcultural worlds. It aims to be both transdisciplinary and international in its approach, and to develop theoretical models that remain faithful to people’s lived experiences. This volume further advances these objectives through an exploration of core concepts (especially, normativity, liminality, and resistance), cultural psychology’s foundations in philosophy, and the translation of theory into a methodology for investigating distinctly human ways of relating to the world.
Categories: Psychology

Soviet Psychology

Soviet Psychology

This methodological imperative of present - day empirical research is not in
accord with the goal of studying ... 5 ) is one of the major practical contributions
that his legacy can have for modernizing our present methodological thinking .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037063313

Category: American periodicals

Page:

View: 765

Contains unabridged translations of articles from all major Soviet journals in the field.
Categories: American periodicals

Dynamic Process Methodology in the Social and Developmental Sciences

Dynamic Process Methodology in the Social and Developmental Sciences

This handbook is set up to bring together pertinent methodological scholarship from all over the world, and equally from the quantitative and qualitative orientations to methodology.

Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038795922X

Category: Psychology

Page: 668

View: 116

All psychological processes—like biological and social ones—are dynamic. Phenomena of nature, society, and the human psyche are context bound, constantly changing, and variable. This feature of reality is often not recognized in the social sciences where we operate with averaged data and with homogeneous stereotypes, and consider our consistency to be the cornerstone of rational being. Yet we are all inconsistent in our actions within a day, or from, one day to the next, and much of such inconsistency is of positive value for our survival and development. Our inconsistent behaviors and thoughts may appear chaotic, yet there is generality within this highly variable dynamic. The task of scientific methodologies—qualitative and quantitative—is to find out what that generality is. It is the aim of this handbook to bring into one framework various directions of construction of methodology of the dynamic processes that exist in the social sciences at the beginning of the 21st century. This handbook is set up to bring together pertinent methodological scholarship from all over the world, and equally from the quantitative and qualitative orientations to methodology. In addition to consolidating the pertinent knowledge base for the purposes of its further growth, this book serves the major educational role of bringing practitioners—students, researchers, and professionals interested in applications—the state of the art know-how about how to think about extracting evidence from single cases, and about the formal mathematical-statistical tools to use for these purposes.
Categories: Psychology

Methodological Advances in Research on Emotion and Education

Methodological Advances in Research on Emotion and Education

This volume presents different conceptual and theoretical frameworks as well as research methods that have helped educational researchers to study emotions.

Author: Michalinos Zembylas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319290492

Category: Education

Page: 299

View: 222

This volume presents different conceptual and theoretical frameworks as well as research methods that have helped educational researchers to study emotions. It includes innovative approaches that push the methodological boundaries that have served educational researchers until now and proposes new ways of researching emotions in educational contexts. In particular, this edited volume provides a historical frame for studying emotions. It connects theoretical/epistemological views with choice of research methods and describes specific methods helpful in doing research on emotions as they are grounded in different theoretical and disciplinary traditions such as psychology, philosophy, sociology, history, political science, cultural studies, and feminist studies. Finally, it appreciates the contextual and international dimensions of studying emotions in education and contributes to ongoing debates about the implications of our methodological choices for understanding emotion in education. This combination of variety, timeliness, potential for transformation of the field, and uniqueness make this a very valuable resource to introduce new scholars in the field alongside established scholars.
Categories: Education

How to Think Like a Psychologist

How to Think Like a Psychologist

This text is appropriate for freshman through senior-level courses in Introductory Psychology, Research Methods, Critical Thinking, Educational Research, or other courses that deal with philosophical and methodological assumptions of ...

Author: Donald McBurney

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 0130150460

Category: Medical

Page: 114

View: 254

Featuring an informal writing style throughout, this unique book uses a question-and-answer format to explore some of the most common questions asked about psychology. Topics feature many everyday examples, and include exercises that encourage readers to think critically and to relate the material to their own lives. The book also features discussion of common misconceptions and impediments to understanding psychology.
Categories: Medical

The Journal of Philosophy Psychology and Scientific Methods

The Journal of Philosophy  Psychology and Scientific Methods

This , of course , is a methodological , not an ontological dualism ; hence is
paradoxical only for him who forgets its methodological origin . Psychology
illustrates this split in scientific thinking . And psychology too often fails to
remember that its ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:319510019268872

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 627

Categories: Electronic journals

The German Journal of Psychology

The German Journal of Psychology

A chapter about logical thinking contains material on various concepts , followed
by a comparative essay on American and Soviet approaches . Of methodological
interest are the experiments showing conceptual difficulties in adults ( Piaget ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105006697986

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 640

Categories: Psychology

Historical Foundations of Modern Psychology

Historical Foundations of Modern Psychology

Rather , many of us have become methodological behaviorists in order to
become good cognitive psychologists ( Mandler , 1979 , p ... They attempt to
match the outputs of computer programs with self - reports of subjects engaged in
thinking .

Author: Howard H. Kendler

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951000971875C

Category: Psychology

Page: 477

View: 371

Intended as a core text in history of psychology courses or as a supplemental text in experimental psychology methodology courses. In this text, the author explains how and why psychology has developed in its own distinctive fashion. Unlike most traditional texts, this one evaluates each system of psychological thought by employing a common methodological frame of reference.
Categories: Psychology

The Psychology of Efficient Thinking

The Psychology of Efficient Thinking

Logic is the principal , though not the only , source of methodological rules of
thinking . Logic instructs us in the requirements of straight reasoning and
inference , explains the various types and fallacies of discourse , describes the
conditions of ...

Author: Zbigniew Pietrasiński

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: UVA:X000934420

Category: Thought and thinking

Page: 202

View: 188

Categories: Thought and thinking

Psychology a Study of a Science

Psychology  a Study of a Science

If the limits of methodological , strategic , or programmatic thinking relative to their
constructive role in the development of science are now seen as tighter ones ,
such thought is not therefore to be regarded as less important or valuable . On
the ...

Author: Sigmund Koch

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435028103497

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 773

Categories: Psychology

Psychology a Study of a Science Formulations of the person and the social context

Psychology  a Study of a Science  Formulations of the person and the social context

If the limits of methodological , strategic , or programmatic thinking relative to their
constructive role in the development of science are now seen as tighter ones ,
such thought is not therefore to be regarded as less important or valuable . On
the ...

Author: Sigmund Koch

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015003317784

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 864

Categories: Psychology

Journal of Phenomenological Psychology

Journal of Phenomenological Psychology

THE THINK ALOUD METHOD IN DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH * Christopher M.
Aanstoos The aim of this article is to show how phenomenology ... Second , a re -
examination of methodology is particularly needed in the psychology of thinking .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3967806

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 879

Categories: Electronic journals