Situational Method Engineering Fundamentals and Experiences

Situational Method Engineering  Fundamentals and Experiences

A method engineer should be able to directly and systematically improve specific quality attributes of a method, rather then rely solely on selecting and integrating method chunks from among existing practices.

Author: Jolita Ralyté

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387739465

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 539

Over the last decade, Method Engineering, defined as the engineering discipline to design, construct and adapt methods, including supportive tools, has emerged as the research and application area for using methods for systems development. This book contains the papers from the IFIP Working Group 8.1 conference on Situational Method Engineering.
Categories: Computers

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

S (u) S S ( ) mid-1950s, engineers in the aircraft industry have worked on developing approximate methods for the prediction of stresses induced in aircraft wings. In 1956, Turner et al. [1.2] presented a method for modeling the wing ...

Author: Singiresu S. Rao

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780128143643

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 782

View: 419

The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Sixth Edition, provides a thorough grounding in the mathematical principles behind the Finite Element Analysis technique—an analytical engineering tool originated in the 1960's by the aerospace and nuclear power industries to find usable, approximate solutions to problems with many complex variables. Rao shows how to set up finite element solutions in civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering applications. The new edition features updated real-world examples from MATLAB, Ansys and Abaqus, and a new chapter on additional FEM topics including extended FEM (X-FEM). Professional engineers will benefit from the introduction to the many useful applications of finite element analysis. Includes revised and updated chapters on MATLAB, Ansys and Abaqus Offers a new chapter, Additional Topics in Finite Element Method Includes discussion of practical considerations, errors and pitfalls in FEM singularity elements Features a brief presentation of recent developments in FEM including extended FEM (X-FEM), augmented FEM (A-FEM) and partition of unity FEM (POUFEM) Features improved pedagogy, including the addition of more design-oriented and practical examples and problems Covers real-life applications, sample review questions at the end of most chapters, and updated references
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

5.3 R.S. Schechter: The Variational Method in Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967. 5.4 C. Lanczos: The Variational Principles of Mechanics, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1970. 5.5 M. Gurtin: Variational principles for ...

Author: S. S. Rao

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780750678285

Category: Science

Page: 663

View: 340

With the revolution in readily available computing power, the finite element method has become one of the most important tools for the modern engineer. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the principles involved.
Categories: Science

The Finite Element Method for Engineers

The Finite Element Method for Engineers

presented at the Energy Technology Conference , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , Houston , Texas , September 18–23 , 1977 , pp . 83-101 . 13. C. A. Anderson and O. C. Zienkiewicz , “ Spontaneous Ignition : Finite Element ...

Author: Kenneth H. Huebner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471370789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 744

View: 205

A useful balance of theory, applications, and real-world examples The Finite Element Method for Engineers, Fourth Edition presents a clear, easy-to-understand explanation of finite element fundamentals and enables readers to use the method in research and in solving practical, real-life problems. It develops the basic finite element method mathematical formulation, beginning with physical considerations, proceeding to the well-established variation approach, and placing a strong emphasis on the versatile method of weighted residuals, which has shown itself to be important in nonstructural applications. The authors demonstrate the tremendous power of the finite element method to solve problems that classical methods cannot handle, including elasticity problems, general field problems, heat transfer problems, and fluid mechanics problems. They supply practical information on boundary conditions and mesh generation, and they offer a fresh perspective on finite element analysis with an overview of the current state of finite element optimal design. Supplemented with numerous real-world problems and examples taken directly from the authors' experience in industry and research, The Finite Element Method for Engineers, Fourth Edition gives readers the real insight needed to apply the method to challenging problems and to reason out solutions that cannot be found in any textbook.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Material Point Method for Geotechnical Engineering

The Material Point Method for Geotechnical Engineering

Numerical simulation of pile Installation in saturated sand using Material Point Method. Procedia Engineering. 2017;175:72–79. GavinK, CadoganD, TolooiyanA, CaseyP. The base resistance of non-displacement piles in sand. part i: field ...

Author: James Fern

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429648021

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 420

View: 503

This practical guide provides the best introduction to large deformation material point method (MPM) simulations for geotechnical engineering. It provides the basic theory, discusses the different numerical features used in large deformation simulations, and presents a number of applications -- providing references, examples and guidance when using MPM for practical applications. MPM covers problems in static and dynamic situations within a common framework. It also opens new frontiers in geotechnical modelling and numerical analysis. It represents a powerful tool for exploring large deformation behaviours of soils, structures and fluids, and their interactions, such as internal and external erosion, and post-liquefaction analysis; for instance the post-failure liquid-like behaviours of landslides, penetration problems such as CPT and pile installation, and scouring problems related to underwater pipelines. In the recent years, MPM has developed enough for its practical use in industry, apart from the increasing interest in the academic world.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Engineering Applications of Discrete Element Method

Engineering Applications of Discrete Element Method

The book series Engineering Applications of Computational Methods addresses the numerous applications of mathematical theory and latest computational or numerical methods in various fields of engineering. It emphasizes the practical ...

Author: Xuewen Wang

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811579776

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 195

This book introduces the engineering application of the discrete element method (DEM), especially the simulation analysis of the typical equipment (scraper conveyor, coal silos, subsoiler) in the coal and agricultural machinery. In this book, the DEM is applied to build rigid and loose coupling model, and the kinematic effect of the bulk materials, the mechanical effect of the interaction between the bulk materials, and the mechanical equipment in the operation process of the relevant equipment are studied. On this basis, the optimization design strategy of the relevant structure is proposed. This book effectively promotes the application of DEM in engineering, analyzes the operation state, failure mechanism, and operation effect of related equipment in operation, and provides theoretical basis for the optimal design of equipment. The book is intended for undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in mechanical engineering, researchers investigating coal and agricultural machinery, and engineers working on designing related equipments.
Categories: Science

The Observational Method in Civil Engineering

The Observational Method in Civil Engineering

Of course, observational methods in the general sense have been widely adopted throughout the centuries by builders and ... This report produced a detailed definition of the OM: “The Observational Method in ground engineering is a ...

Author: Alan Powderham

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000164855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 346

View: 482

The Observational Method (OM) is a natural and powerful technique that maximises economy while assuring safety. Its key features are highlighted in The Observational Method in Civil Engineering through eleven case histories from major infrastructure projects. They cover protection of adjacent structures including buildings and railway systems, bored and jacked tunnels, shafts and cofferdams, retaining walls, embankments, deep foundations, ground improvement and groundwater control. They illustrate how the OM can achieve more effective collaboration between the client and the design and construction teams, as well as how it can enhance the industry’s ability to learn from experience, thus improving future practice and stimulating innovation. Despite these advantages, the OM is significantly underused. The book demonstrates how the full potential of the OM can overcome a wide range of concerns and constraints. Other chapters address the advantages and limitations of the OM, the key role of progressive modification, the art of achieving agreement and the commercial and contractual environment. The book will appeal to a range of construction professionals, including civil, structural and geotechnical engineers, contractors and owners. It will also be of interest to students and researchers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Applications of the Finite Element Method in Geotechnical Engineering

Applications of the Finite Element Method in Geotechnical Engineering

Lysmer , John and Drake , Lawrence A. ( 1971 ) " A Finite Element Method for Seismology , " Chapt . ... Roger L. ( 1969 ) " Finite Dynamic Model for Infinite Media , Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division , ASCE , Vol . 95 , No.

Author: Chandrakant S. Desai

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105000590468

Category: Engineering mathematics

Page: 1227

View: 561

Categories: Engineering mathematics

A Service Engineering Method for Knowledge Intense Person Oriented Services

A Service Engineering Method for Knowledge Intense Person Oriented Services

EPOS synthesizes methods from service engineering, service design and interaction design. By extending service blueprinting and developing principles and guidelines for analyzing and informing design, EPOS guides the engineer through ...

Author: Philipp Menschner

Publisher: kassel university press GmbH

ISBN: 9783862197941

Category:

Page: 293

View: 297

Keine Angaben
Categories:

The Finite Element Method

The Finite Element Method

Some of these methods are more often used for practical engineering and science problems. This book can serve as a course that provides an introduction to numerical methods for partial differential equations for graduate students.

Author: Zhangxin Chen

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789813100657

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 399

This Finite Element Method offers a fundamental and practical introduction to the finite element method, its variants, and their applications in engineering. Every concept is introduced in the simplest possible setting, while maintaining a level of treatment that is as rigorous as possible without being unnecessarily abstract. Various finite elements in one, two, and three space dimensions are introduced, and their applications to elliptic, parabolic, hyperbolic, and nonlinear equations and to solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and porous media flow problems are addressed. The variants include the control volume, multipoint flux approximation, nonconforming, mixed, discontinuous, characteristic, adaptive, and multiscale finite element methods. Illustrative computer programs in Fortran and C++ are described. An extensive set of exercises are provided in each chapter. This book serves as a text a for one-semester course for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students and as a professional reference for engineers, mathematicians, and scientists.
Categories: Mathematics

Extended Finite Element Method

Extended Finite Element Method

Mergheim J, Kuhl E, Steinmann P. A finite element method for the computational modeling of cohesive cracks. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering 2005; 63: 276–289. Merle R, Dolbow J. Solving thermal and phase ...

Author: Amir R. Khoei

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118457689

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 955

Introduces the theory and applications of the extended finite element method (XFEM) in the linear and nonlinear problems of continua, structures and geomechanics Extended Finite Element Method: Theory and Applications introduces the theory and applications of the extended finite element method (XFEM) in the linear and nonlinear problems of continua, structures and geomechanics. The XFEM approach is based on an extension of standard finite element method based on the partition of unity method. Extended Finite Element Method: Theory and Applications begins by introducing the concept of partition of unity, various enrichment functions, and fundamentals of XFEM formulation. It then covers the theory and application of XFEM in large deformations, plasticity and contact problems. The implementation of XFEM in fracture mechanics, including the linear, cohesive, and ductile crack propagation is also covered. The theory and applications of the XFEM in multiphase fluid flow, including the hydraulic fracturing in soil saturated media and crack propagation in thermo-hydro-mechanical porous media, is also discussed in detail. Introduces the theory and applications of the extended finite element method (XFEM) in the linear and nonlinear problems of continua, structures and geomechanics Explores the concept of partition of unity, various enrichment functions, and fundamentals of XFEM formulation. Covers numerous applications of XFEM including fracture mechanics, large deformation, plasticity, multiphase flow, hydraulic fracturing and contact problems Accompanied by a website hosting source code and examples
Categories: Science

The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method

The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method

Analysis of transient wave scattering and its applications to site response analysis using the scaled boundary finite-element method. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 98, 191–205. Béchet, E., Cuilliere, J. C., Trochu, F., 2002.

Author: Chongmin Song

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119388463

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 527

An informative look at the theory, computer implementation, and application of the scaled boundary finite element method This reliable resource, complete with MATLAB, is an easy-to-understand introduction to the fundamental principles of the scaled boundary finite element method. It establishes the theory of the scaled boundary finite element method systematically as a general numerical procedure, providing the reader with a sound knowledge to expand the applications of this method to a broader scope. The book also presents the applications of the scaled boundary finite element to illustrate its salient features and potentials. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method: Introduction to Theory and Implementation covers the static and dynamic stress analysis of solids in two and three dimensions. The relevant concepts, theory and modelling issues of the scaled boundary finite element method are discussed and the unique features of the method are highlighted. The applications in computational fracture mechanics are detailed with numerical examples. A unified mesh generation procedure based on quadtree/octree algorithm is described. It also presents examples of fully automatic stress analysis of geometric models in NURBS, STL and digital images. Written in lucid and easy to understand language by the co-inventor of the scaled boundary element method Provides MATLAB as an integral part of the book with the code cross-referenced in the text and the use of the code illustrated by examples Presents new developments in the scaled boundary finite element method with illustrative examples so that readers can appreciate the significant features and potentials of this novel method—especially in emerging technologies such as 3D printing, virtual reality, and digital image-based analysis The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method: Introduction to Theory and Implementation is an ideal book for researchers, software developers, numerical analysts, and postgraduate students in many fields of engineering and science.
Categories: Science

Computational Modeling of Masonry Structures Using the Discrete Element Method

Computational Modeling of Masonry Structures Using the Discrete Element Method

In Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering. Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. doi:10.1007/97894-007–0053–6_12 Psycharis, I. N. (1990). Dynamic behaviour of rocking two-block assemblies.

Author: Sarhosis, Vasilis

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522502326

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 505

View: 847

The Discrete Element Method (DEM) has emerged as a solution to predicting load capacities of masonry structures. As one of many numerical methods and computational solutions being applied to evaluate masonry structures, further research on DEM tools and methodologies is essential for further advancement. Computational Modeling of Masonry Structures Using the Discrete Element Method explores the latest digital solutions for the analysis and modeling of brick, stone, concrete, granite, limestone, and glass block structures. Focusing on critical research on mathematical and computational methods for masonry analysis, this publication is a pivotal reference source for scholars, engineers, consultants, and graduate-level engineering students.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Finite Element Methods in Engineering

Finite Element Methods in Engineering

International Conference on Finite Element Methods in Engineering. The University of New South Wales 1974 268 7 . CONCLUSION The described mesh grading techniques have been shown to be very effective in obtaining more accurate solutions ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4388522

Category: Finite element method

Page:

View: 265

Categories: Finite element method

Vehicle Scanning Method for Bridges

Vehicle Scanning Method for Bridges

Solution of the free vibration equation of a multi span bridge deck by local estimation method. Engineering Structures 48: 695–703. Hahn, S.L. (1966). Hilbert Transform in Signal Processing. Boston: Artech House Publishers.

Author: Yeong-Bin Yang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119539582

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 500

View: 496

Presents the first ever guide for vehicle scanning of the dynamic properties of bridges Written by the leading author on the subject of vehicle scanning method (VSM) for bridges, this book allows engineers to monitor every bridge of concern on a regular and routine basis, for the purpose of maintenance and damage detection. It includes a review of the existing literature on the topic and presents the basic concept of extracting bridge frequencies from a moving test vehicle fitted with vibration sensors. How road surface roughness affects the vehicle scanning method is considered and a finite element simulation is conducted to demonstrate how surface roughness affects the vehicle response. Case studies and experimental results are also included. Vehicle Scanning Method for Bridges covers an enhanced technique for extracting higher bridge frequencies. It examines the effect of road roughness on extraction of bridge frequencies, and looks at a dual vehicle technique for suppressing the effect of road roughness. A filtering technique for eliminating the effect of road roughness is also presented. In addition, the book covers the identification of bridge mode shapes, contact-point response for modal identification of bridges, and damage detection of bridges—all through the use of a moving test vehicle. The first book on vehicle scanning of the dynamic properties of bridges Written by the leading author on the subject Includes a state-of-the-art review of the existing works on the vehicle scanning method (VSM) Presents the basic concepts for extracting bridge frequencies from a moving test vehicle fitted with vibration sensors Includes case studies and experimental results The first book to fully cover scanning the dynamic properties of bridges with a vehicle, Vehicle Scanning Method for Bridges is an excellent resource for researchers and engineers working in civil engineering, including bridge engineering and structural health monitoring.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Multi Agent Systems and Applications IV

Multi Agent Systems and Applications IV

Zhang, T.I., Kendall, E. and Jiang, H., 2002, An agent-oriented software engineering methodology with applications of ... Brinkkemper, S., 1996, Method engineering: engineering of information systems development methods and tools, ...

Author: Michal Pechoucek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540317319

Category: Computers

Page: 670

View: 310

The aim of the CEEMAS conference series is to provide a biennial forum for the presentation of multi-agent research and development results. With its p- ticular geographicalorientation towards Central and Eastern Europe, CEEMAS has become an internationally recognised event with participants from all over the world. After the successful CEEMAS conferences in St. Petersburg (1999), Cracow (2001) and Prague (2003), the 2005 CEEMAS conference takes place in Budapest. The programme committee of the conference series consists of est- lished researchers from the region and renowned international colleagues, sh- ing the prominent rank of CEEMAS among the leading events in multi-agent systems. In the very competitive ?eld of agent oriented conferences and workshops nowadays(suchasAAMAS,WI/IAT,EUMAS,CIA,MATES)thespecialpro?le of CEEMAS is that it is trying to bridge the gap between applied research achievements and theoretical research activities. Our ambition is to provide a forum for presenting theoretical research with an evident application potential, implemented application prototypes and their properties, as well as industrial case studies of successful (but also unsuccessful) agent technology deployments. This is why the CEEMAS proceedings volume provides a collection of research and application papers. The technical research paper section of the proceedings (see pages 11–499) contains pure research papers as well as research results in application settings while the application papers section (see pages 500–530) contains papers focused on application aspects. The goal is to demonstrate the real life value and commercial reality of multi-agent systems as well as to foster communication between academia and industry in this ?eld.
Categories: Computers

Probabilistic Methods in Geotechnical Engineering

Probabilistic Methods in Geotechnical Engineering

To save time and money , engineers have used indirect tests such as index properties and cone penetration tests either in place ... Tang , et al ( 1993 ) presented a method for analyzing the uncertainties involving the use of empirical ...

Author: K.S. Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000099775

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 669

The proceedings of this conference contain keynote addresses on recent developments in geotechnical reliability and limit state design in geotechnics. It also contains invited lectures on such topics as modelling of soil variability, simulation of random fields and probability of rock joints. Contents: Keynote addresses on recent development on geotechnical reliability and limit state design in geotechnics, and invited lectures on modelling of soil variability, simulation of random field, probabilistic of rock joints, and probabilistic design of foundations and slopes. Other papers on analytical techniques in geotechnical reliability, modelling of soil properties, and probabilistic analysis of slopes, embankments and foundations.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Finite Element Method for Fluid Dynamics

The Finite Element Method for Fluid Dynamics

A two-dimensional FEM adaptive moving-node method for steady Euler flow simulation. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics in Engineering, 71:315–340, 1988. R. Löhner. Adaptive remeshing for transient problems.

Author: Olek C Zienkiewicz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080455594

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 430

Dealing with general problems in fluid mechanics, convection diffusion, compressible and incompressible laminar and turbulent flow, shallow water flows and waves, this is the leading text and reference for engineers working with fluid dynamics in fields including aerospace engineering, vehicle design, thermal engineering and many other engineering applications. The new edition is a complete fluids text and reference in its own right. Along with its companion volumes it forms part of the indispensable Finite Element Method series. New material in this edition includes sub-grid scale modelling; artificial compressibility; full new chapters on turbulent flows, free surface flows and porous medium flows; expanded shallow water flows plus long, medium and short waves; and advances in parallel computing. A complete, stand-alone reference on fluid mechanics applications of the FEM for mechanical, aeronautical, automotive, marine, chemical and civil engineers. Extensive new coverage of turbulent flow and free surface treatments
Categories: Science

Traffic Engineering Handbook

Traffic Engineering Handbook

ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers), Brian Wolshon, Anurag Pande. For spots, agencies usually calculate the ... The critical collision rate method has been widely used among traffic engineers. In this method, the observed crash ...

Author: ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118762301

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 688

View: 786

"The Traffic Engineering Handbook is a comprehensive practice-oriented reference that presents the fundamental concepts of traffic engineering, commensurate with the state of the practice"--
Categories: Technology & Engineering