Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice

The Ontology and Epistemology of the Exact Sciences

Author: Jody Azzouni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521442237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 249

View: 8333

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Jody Azzouni argues in this original and exciting study that mathematical knowledge really is a special kind of knowledge with its own special means of gathering evidence. He analyzes the linguistic pitfalls and misperceptions philosophers in this field are often prone to, and explores the misapplications of epistemic principles from the empirical sciences to the exact sciences. What emerges is a picture of mathematics both sensitive to mathematical practice, and to the ontological and epistemological issues that concern philosophers.
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The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics

Author: Michael J. Loux,Dean W. Zimmerman

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199284221

Category: Philosophy

Page: 724

View: 7375

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Some of the world's specialists provide in this handbook essays about what kinds of things there are, in what ways they exist, and how they relate to each other. They give the word on such topics as identity, modality, time, causation, persons and minds, freedom, and vagueness.
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God and Abstract Objects

The Coherence of Theism: Aseity

Author: William Lane Craig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319553844

Category: Philosophy

Page: 540

View: 3437

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This book is an exploration and defense of the coherence of classical theism’s doctrine of divine aseity in the face of the challenge posed by Platonism with respect to abstract objects. A synoptic work in analytic philosophy of religion, the book engages discussions in philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and metaontology. It addresses absolute creationism, non-Platonic realism, fictionalism, neutralism, and alternative logics and semantics, among other topics. The book offers a helpful taxonomy of the wide range of options available to the classical theist for dealing with the challenge of Platonism. It probes in detail the diverse views on the reality of abstract objects and their compatibility with classical theism. It contains a most thorough discussion, rooted in careful exegesis, of the biblical and patristic basis of the doctrine of divine aseity. Finally, it challenges the influential Quinean metaontological theses concerning the way in which we make ontological commitments.
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Humanizing Mathematics and its Philosophy

Essays Celebrating the 90th Birthday of Reuben Hersh

Author: Bharath Sriraman

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 331961231X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 8860

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This Festschrift contains numerous colorful and eclectic essays from well-known mathematicians, philosophers, logicians, and linguists celebrating the 90th birthday of Reuben Hersh. The essays offer, in part, attempts to answer the following questions set forth by Reuben himself as a focus for this volume: Can practicing mathematicians, as such, contribute anything to the philosophy of math? Can or should philosophers of math, as such, say anything to practicing mathematicians? Twenty or fifty years from now, what will be similar, and what will, or could, or should be altogether different: About the philosophy of math? About math education? About math research institutions? About data processing and scientific computing? The essays also offer glimpses into Reuben’s fertile mind and his lasting influence on the mathematical community, as well as revealing the diverse roots, obstacles and philosophical dispositions that characterize the working lives of mathematicians. With contributions from a veritable “who’s who” list of 20th century luminaries from mathematics and philosophy, as well as from Reuben himself, this volume will appeal to a wide variety of readers from curious undergraduates to prominent mathematicians.
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Truth, Objects, Infinity

New Perspectives on the Philosophy of Paul Benacerraf

Author: Fabrice Pataut

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319459805

Category: Philosophy

Page: 309

View: 9032

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This volume features essays about and by Paul Benacerraf, whose ideas have circulated in the philosophical community since the early nineteen sixties, shaping key areas in the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of language, the philosophy of logic, and epistemology. The book started as a workshop held in Paris at the Collège de France in May 2012 with the participation of Paul Benacerraf. The introduction addresses the methodological point of the legitimate use of so-called “Princess Margaret Premises” in drawing philosophical conclusions from Gödel’s first incompleteness theorem. The book is then divided into three sections. The first is devoted to an assessment of the improved version of the original dilemma of “Mathematical Truth” due to Hartry Field: the challenge to the platonist is now to explain the reliability of our mathematical beliefs given the very subject matter of mathematics, either pure or applied. The second addresses the issue of the ontological status of numbers: Frege’s logicism, fictionalism, structuralism, and Bourbaki’s theory of structures are called up for an appraisal of Benacerraf’s negative conclusions of “What Numbers Could Not Be.” The third is devoted to supertasks and bears witness to the unique standing of Benacerraf’s first publication: “Tasks, Super-Tasks, and Modern Eleatics” in debates on Zeno’s paradox and associated paradoxes, infinitary mathematics, and constructivism and finitism in the philosophy of mathematics. Two yet unpublished essays by Benacerraf have been included in the volume: an early version of “Mathematical Truth” from 1968 and an essay on “What Numbers Could Not Be” from the mid 1970’s. A complete chronological bibliography of Benacerraf’s work to 2016 is provided.Essays by Jody Azzouni, Paul Benacerraf, Justin Clarke-Doane, Sébastien Gandon, Brice Halimi, Jon Pérez Laraudogoitia, Mary Leng, Antonio León-Sánchez and Ana C. León-Mejía, Marco Panza, Fabrice Pataut, Philippe de Rouilhan, Andrea Sereni, and Stewart Shapiro.
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A Companion to Relativism

Author: Steven D. Hales

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444392487

Category: Philosophy

Page: 648

View: 8805

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A Companion to Relativism presents original contributions from leading scholars that address the latest thinking on the role of relativism in the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of science, logic, and metaphysics. Features original contributions from many of the leading figures working on various aspects of relativism Presents a substantial, broad range of current thinking about relativism Addresses relativism from many of the major subfields of philosophy, including philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of science, logic, and metaphysics
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New Trends in the History and Philosophy of Mathematics

Author: Tinne Hoff Kjeldsen,Stig Andur Pedersen,Lise Mariane Sonne-Hansen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788778386069

Category: Mathematics

Page: 161

View: 7494

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This book is a collection of papers presented at the conference New Trends in the History and Philosophy of Mathematics held at the University of Roskilde, Denmark, 6-8 August 1998. The purpose of the meeting was to present some of the new ideas on the study of mathematics, its character and the nature of its development. During the last decades work in history and philosophy of mathematics has led to several new original views on mathematics. Both new methods and angles of study have been introduced, and old views of, say, the nature of mathematical theories and proofs have been challenged. For instance, disciplines as etnohistorical studies of mathematics and the sociology of mathematics have resulted in several new insights, and classical historians of mathematics are also experimenting with new perspectives. In a similar way philosophy of mathematics has witnessed rather deep changes. Classical foundational studies have been challenged by new broader perspectives. The aim was to provide a forum within which historians of mathematics, philosophers, and mathematicians could exchange ideas and discuss different new approaches in the history and philosophy of mathematics. The book includes papers by Joan Richards, Henk J. M. Bos, Donald MacKenzie, Arthur Jaffe, Jody Azzouni and Paulus Gerdes. It also includes an extended introduction.
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The indispensability of mathematics

Author: Mark Colyvan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 1279

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The Quine-Putnam indispensability argument in the philosophy of mathematics urges us to place mathematical entities on the same ontological footing as other theoretical entities essential to our best scientific theories. Recently, the argument has come under serious scrutiny, with many influential philosophers unconvinced of its cogency. This book not only outlines the indispensability argument in considerable detail but also defends it against various challenges.
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Educational Perspectives on Mathematics As Semiosis

From Thinking to Interpreting to Knowing

Author: Myrdene Anderson

Publisher: Legas Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

View: 4073

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Mathematics education research routinely receives the attention of educators, mathematicians, linguists, psychologists, anthropologists, and others. In this volume, the induction of students into mathematical meaning-making is studied through the prism of these several disciplines. What unites all such approaches to pedagogy and to the assessment of pegagogy- and to the subject matter of mathematics itself - is semiotics. Myrdene Anderson teaches at Purdue University, Adalira Saenz-Ludlow teaches at the U of North Carolina, Shea Zetlweger is former chair at Mount Union College, Ohio, Victor V. Cifarelli teaches at the U. ol North Carolina.
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