Memory Truth and Justice in Contemporary Latin America

Memory  Truth  and Justice in Contemporary Latin America

This powerful text provides the first systematic analysis of the second wave of memory and justice mobilization throughout the region.

Author: Roberta Villalón

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442267268

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 134

As new social actors have emerged in Latin America, the process of dealing with the legacy of still-unresolved human rights abuses has been significantly reinvigorated. This powerful text provides the first systematic analysis of the second wave of memory and justice mobilization throughout the region. A multidisciplinary group of authors, many from the global south, consider the changed political, economic, and social conditions that have led to new forms of social action. They trace the growth of human rights groups as fundamental political organizations in the post-dictatorship era, the participation of public authorities in the investigation and persecution of human rights abusers, and the implementation of national and international human rights legislation. Pairing clear explanations of concepts and debates with cases studies, the book offers a unique opportunity for students to understand and interpret the history and politics of a range of Latin American countries.
Categories: History

The Struggle for Memory in Latin America

The Struggle for Memory in Latin America

This book examines the struggles that unfolded in Latin America over the memory of the pasts of political violence experienced by the countries of the continent in the second half of the twentieth century: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia ...

Author: Eugenia Allier-Montaño

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137514485

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 749

This multi-disciplinary volume analyzes struggles over the memory of past political violence in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the United States, Guatemala, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. Each chapter offers a comprehensive history of the political violence that occurred in the second half of the twentieth century, analyzing its links with 1) the international context of the cold war, 2) the particular forms of repression and authoritarianism that prevailed in the domestic setting, 3) the social inequalities that were reinforced, and 4) the political, economic, and cultural transformations that Latin American societies were undergoing at the time. Considering the different paths that Latin American countries have taken in their efforts to confront history, the chapters examine how relevant actors look back on past events and vie with one another to give these events meaning in the public sphere. For each country examined, contributors consider the initiatives of transnational, regional, and national actors, as well as factors including class, gender, ethnicity, and geographic location. Chapters give political- and social-historical perspectives and employ tools from a variety of disciplines, including memory studies, history, political science, sociology, and anthropology.
Categories: Political Science

Reconstructing Criminality in Latin America

Reconstructing Criminality in Latin America

Torture and abuse are standard practice among contemporary Argentine police
forces . ... heightened police violence and behavior outside the rule of law recalls
the past , prevents ( and forbids ) forgetting , and renews civil society's efforts to
seek truth and justice . The " blood ” memory and unspeakable horrors of the past
reappear as a recurring obsession - even among those who want to heal
society's ...

Author: Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: Scholarly Resources Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105028552789

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 780

The only reader currently available on criminality in Latin America, Reconstructing Criminality in Latin America reconstructs the way in which different Latin American societies have viewed, described, defined, and reacted to criminal behavior. Crime in Latin America is explored in terms of gender, race, class, and criminological theory. The highly readable essays in this book explore how Catholic notions of sin, natural law, the 'divine' rights of absolutist monarchs, liberal rights of 'man,' positivism, and social Darwinism received a sympathetic, even enthusiastic, endorsement from policy makers throughout Latin America. Reconstructing Criminality in Latin America also shows how new methodologies have given scholars deeper insight into the significance of crime in Latin American societies. The selections testify that the insights of scholars like Eric Hobsbawm and Michel Foucault are the foundations of modern histories of crime in Latin America. This book is ideal for criminal justice, sociology, and Latin American social history courses.
Categories: History

Assessing the Long Term Impact of Truth Commissions

Assessing the Long Term Impact of Truth Commissions

'Truth and Justice in the Consolidation of Democracy in Chile and Uruguay'.
Comparative ... Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America, Chile and
Uruguay. New York: ... The Politics of Memory: Transitional Justice in
Democratizing Societies. New York: ... Law and Contemporary Problems 59(4): 9
–28. Baxter ...

Author: Anita Ferrara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317804659

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 590

In 1990, after the end of the Pinochet regime, the newly-elected democratic government of Chile established a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to investigate and report on some of the worst human rights violations committed under the seventeen-year military dictatorship. The Chilean TRC was one of the first truth commissions established in the world. This book examines whether and how the work of the Chilean TRC contributed to the transition to democracy in Chile and to subsequent developments in accountability and transformation in that country. The book takes a long term view on the Chilean TRC asking to what extent and how the truth commission contributed to the development of the transitional justice measures that ensued, and how the relationship with those subsequent developments was established over time.It argues that, contrary to the views and expectations of those who considered that the Chilean TRC was of limited success, that the Chilean TRC has, in fact, over the longer term, played a key role as an enabler of justice and a means by which ethical and institutional transformation has occurred within Chile. With the benefit of this historical perspective, the book concludes that the impact of truth commissions in general needs to be carefully reviewed in light of the Chilean experience. This book will be of great interest and use to students and scholars of conflict resolution, criminal international law, and comparative legal systems in Latin America.
Categories: Law

Latin America After Neoliberalism

Latin America After Neoliberalism

When Mexico ratified the 2002 Inter-American Convention on Forced
Disappearances of Persons, according to Daniel Wilkinson of Human Rights
Watch, ... Thus, they take up these perspectives as witnesses to such events and
as active subjects who have the right to demand justice. By doing so, they seek to
historically support and reconstruct a memory of truth that informs contemporary
events.

Author: Eric Hershberg

Publisher:

ISBN: 1595581065

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 588

Offers in in-depth overview of the sweeping social, political, and economic changes across modern-day Latin America, in a collection of essays that look at the causes, implications, and future of the influx of progressive governments in the region and the resulting neoliberal ideas, dissent, and resistance to U.S. economic and political dominance. Simultaneous.
Categories: Business & Economics

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting American Anthropological Association

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting    American Anthropological Association

I construct a dialogue between the administration of justice at the local level , and
the construction of a nation - wide rule of law . ... rights , truth and justice , to a
rigorous examination of the history and social life of these concepts as they are
put into practice . ... Incorporating the lithic variability present at both the intrasite
and local landscape levels , an integrated ap proach ... Case studies from women
' s movements in India and Latin American will provide the context for analysis .

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106019431268

Category: Anthropology

Page:

View: 793

Categories: Anthropology

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International

... study of social practices and in their novels undermine the official discourse as
they magnify their voices to claim for justice . ... Adviser : Susan Strehle Order
Number DA3241629 National Trauma in Postdictatorship Latin American
Literature ... the urgent need for the retrieval of traumatic memories and their
articulation in the present as the key elements to freedom ... I use the South
African and Chilean Truth and Reconciliation Commissions as metaphors for
Ariel Dorfman ' s Death ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123442498

Category: Dissertations, Academic

Page:

View: 644

Categories: Dissertations, Academic

The Contemporary

The Contemporary

... to the revered memory of V.I. Lenin , the leader of the greatest revolution , the
founder of the first socialist country in Soviet Russia . ... The historic October '
Revolution stirred up a great awakening among the oppressed people of Asia ,
Africa and Latin America . ... peace , truth and justice to strive relentlessly for the
establishment of a scientific soeial order and lasting peace in this strife - torn
world ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015020185222

Category:

Page:

View: 108

Categories:

The Culture of Dissenting Memory

The Culture of Dissenting Memory

This volume deals with the manifold ways in which histories are debated and indeed historicity and historiography themselves are interrogated via the narrative modes of the truth commissions.

Author: Véronique Tadjo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780429534362

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 172

View: 884

This volume deals with the manifold ways in which histories are debated and indeed historicity and historiography themselves are interrogated via the narrative modes of the truth commissions. It traces the various medial responses (memoirs, fiction, poetry, film, art) which have emerged in the wake of the truth commissions. The 1990s and the 2000s saw a spate of so-called truth commissions across the Global South. From the inaugural truth commissions in post-juntas 1980s Latin America, to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission set up by the incoming post-apartheid government in South Africa and the twinned gacaca courts and National Unity and Reconciliation Commission in Rwanda and that in indigenous Australia, various truth commissions have sought to lay bare human rights abuses. The chapters in this volume explore how truth commissions crystallized a long tradition of dissenting and resisting cultures of memorialization in the public sphere across the Global South and provided a significant template for contemporary attempts to work through episodes of violence and oppression across the region. Drawing on studies from Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia, this book illuminates the modes in which societies remember and negotiate with traumatic pasts. This book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of human rights, popular culture and art, literature, media, politics and history.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Representations of Transnational Violence Children in Contemporary Latin American Film Literature and Drawings

Representations of Transnational Violence  Children in Contemporary Latin American Film  Literature  and Drawings

Within the works selected, I explore ways in which children can become sites of memory and justice through acts of witnessing, empathy, and the universal claim of natural law, with a primary focus on transnational and multidirectional ...

Author: Cheri Robinson

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1078229834

Category:

Page: 287

View: 121

In this study, I examine representational strategies revolving around extreme violence and child/adolescent protagonists in films, literature, children's drawings, and legal/political discourses in contemporary Latin American culture from an interdisciplinary approach. I analyze the mobilizing potential and uses of representations of child protagonists affected by violence and the cultures of impunity that facilitate its circulation. Within the works selected, I explore ways in which children can become sites of memory and justice through acts of witnessing, empathy, and the universal claim of natural law, with a primary focus on transnational and multidirectional depictions of violence (i.e. a violence in circulation) in extra-juridical, politicized, or aberrant environments in Latin American works. The historical periods contextualizing this study include the Argentine military dictatorship (1976-1983) and its interconnectedness to the violence of WWII and the Holocaust in Reina Roffi 's "La noche en blanco" (Chapter 1), the impact of transnational trajectories of genocidal violence in Argentine South Patagonia in 1959-1960 as depicted by Luci a Puenzo's novel Wakolda (Chapter 2), Argentina's transition to democracy (1990s) and the critical questions it raised regarding appropriated children and amnesty/justice in Dir. Gasti n Biraben's Cautiva (Chapter 3), and the circulation of the traumatic in an orphanage in Mexican director Guillermo del Toro's filmic interpretation of violence during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) in El espinazo del diablo (Chapter 4, Part A). My research investigates inter-discursivities from a non-traditional approach to literature, film, and archival drawings, which include fictional (diegetic) drawings by Spanish children (in del Toro's films) and non-fictional drawings made by Argentine children in exile in the Netherlands (Chapter 4, Part B). I extensively focus on analyzing instances of children's experiences with what I term "recycled violence." This repetition of extreme violence is demonstrated in certain works in their trans-temporal and trans-spatial return to the pain and horrors of the Holocaust or to other unresolved periods of violence still resounding in the present moment. In the works analyzed, child protagonists are enormously affected by political decisions, wars, and the severe breakdown of law and order. Considering these extraordinary circumstances, it is important to justly address the traumas/wounds caused by the radical and systemic violence of those who should protect them - guardians who instead inflict violence. Injustices are approached in this study through an exploration of the concepts of spectatorship and witnessing, the imperative of the Good Samaritan or ethical responsibility, and possible connections of truth and testimony to justice. Finally, I postulate that child/adolescent protagonists may facilitate the establishment of a fortified empathy in an audience/readership numb from an incessant bombardment by violence, among other reasons for the use of children in works revisiting periods of extreme violence.
Categories:

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

I construct a dialogue between the administration of justice at the local level , and
the construction of a nation - wide rule of law . ... rights , truth and justice , to a
rigorous examination of the history and social life of these concepts as they are
put into practice . ... Incorporating the lithic variability present at both the intrasite
and local landscape levels , an integrated ap proach ... Case studies from
women's movements in India and Latin American will provide the context for
analysis .

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122761427

Category: Anthropology

Page:

View: 332

Categories: Anthropology

Who Cares

Who Cares

CONCLUSIONS The research summarized above and the examples drawn from
Latin America question the necessary ... or its consequences are not so distant
from those that underly contemporary U . S . theory and practice of mothering (
see Arditti ... the connections among women and men and draws on these ties to
develop strategies for demanding truth and justice . ... Memory and identity
become the basis for human dignity and a strategy against the danger of
collective amnesia ...

Author: Mary M. Brabeck

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: UVA:X001740977

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 685

Across societies and throughout time, women have been traditionally classified as caregivers and relationship builders. However, as we enter the future, the roles of girls and women are changing. Who Cares? offers investigations from theoretical and empirical perspectives into the ever changing views about the responsibilities of women. The contributors explore the arguments for and against the traditional view that the ethic of care is associated with girls and women and the ethic of justice with boys and men. Who Cares? presents the work of scholars from philosophy, theology, psychology, and education who critically examine the questions surrounding the ever changing roles of women.
Categories: Social Science

Report of the Task Force on the Establishment of a Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission

Report of the Task Force on the Establishment of a Truth  Justice  and Reconciliation Commission

Lessons for South Africa about Truth , Justice and Crime in Brazil , " Latin
American Report , 2 ; Hanh Thich Nhat . ... Unearthing Memory : The Present
Struggle over the Past , ” 32 ( 2 ) , September / October ; NACLA Report on the
Americas .

Author: Kenya. Task Force on the Establishment of a Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015060606681

Category: Amnesty

Page: 162

View: 924

Categories: Amnesty

Items Issues

Items   Issues

... Memory of Repression : Comparative Perspectives on Democratization
Processes in Latin America's Southern Cone and Peru . ... and political debates
over collective and individual memories of violence take place in contemporary
Latin America . In addressing these themes , the essays contained X in this book
raise provocative questions about truth , justice , silence , and memory in archival
research ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X006192294

Category: Social sciences

Page:

View: 246

Categories: Social sciences

Genocide

Genocide

Truth, Memory, and Representation Professor Alexander Laban Hinton,
Alexander Laban Hinton, Kevin Lewis O'Neill. Mizuno , Kumiko 2003 ... Asian
Survey : A Bimonthly Review of Contemporary Asian Affairs 42 ( 4 ) : 623-641 .
2005 A Not - So - Distant ... 2002 Popkin , Margaret , and Naomi Roht - Arriaza
1995 Truth as Justice : Investigatory Commissions in Latin America . In
Transitional Justice ...

Author: Professor Alexander Laban Hinton

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132214581

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 289

Leading anthropologists consider issues of truth, memory, and representation in the aftermath of genocides in the Balkans, Guatemala, Indonesia, East Timor, Germany, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Sudan.
Categories: Political Science

Shaping Truth Reshaping Justice

Shaping Truth  Reshaping Justice

the setting up of a commission can politicize and thus influence the procedures
and outcomes of a truth commission . ... Abuses : Of Prosecution and Truth
Commissions , ” 59 Law and Contemporary Problems 81 ( 1996 ) ; Wole Soyinka
, “ Memory , Truth and Healing ... James L . Gibson , “ Truth , Justice , and
Reconciliation : Judging the Fairness of Amnesty in South Africa , ” American
Journal of Political ...

Author: Nneoma V. Nwogu

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015073654090

Category: History

Page: 131

View: 280

Shaping Truth, Reshaping Justice is the first scholarly analysis of the Nigerian truth commission and provides academic material for a comparative study of African truth commissions. It relates to other academic analyses of truth commissions by uniquely providing an exposition and examination of the Nigerian truth experience.
Categories: History

Spaces of Representation

Spaces of Representation

This book illuminates the contemporary cultural production of Guatemala by highlighting peace and social justice - not as accomplished political and economic goals, but as perpetual motives for social transformation in Central America.

Author: Michael T. Millar

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 0820476110

Category: History

Page: 129

View: 250

Spaces of Representation: The Struggle for Social Justice in Postwar Guatemala juxtaposes a variety of contemporary Guatemalan discourses - literary fiction, testimonio, historical and political documents, and popular drama - calling into question such notions as truth, clarification, memory, and storytelling in the representation of human experience. It analyzes these texts in an effort to further a broader understanding of the dynamic social tensions that continue to exist in Guatemala despite the signing of the 1996 Peace Accords. This book illuminates the contemporary cultural production of Guatemala by highlighting peace and social justice - not as accomplished political and economic goals, but as perpetual motives for social transformation in Central America.
Categories: History

The Merits of Memory

The Merits of Memory

Carsten Humlebæk explores memories of the Spanish Civil War in contemporary
Spanish politics , where a “ pact of silence ... Juan E. Méndez , “ Latin American
Experiences of Accountability , ” The Politics of Memory : Truth , Healing , and ...

Author: Hans-Jürgen Grabbe

Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter

ISBN: UOM:39015079271923

Category: Psychology

Page: 404

View: 182

Papers presented at an international conference held in June 2005 in Wittenberg, Germany.
Categories: Psychology

Post Conflict Literature

Post Conflict Literature

This book brings together a variety of perspectives to explore the role of literature in the aftermath of political conflict, studying the ways in which writers approach violent conflict and the equally important subject of peace.

Author: Chris Andrews

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317425052

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 252

View: 288

This book brings together a variety of perspectives to explore the role of literature in the aftermath of political conflict, studying the ways in which writers approach violent conflict and the equally important subject of peace. Essays put insights from Peace and Conflict Studies into dialog with the unique ways in which literature attempts to understand the past, and to reimagine both the present and the future, exploring concepts like truth and reconciliation, post-traumatic memory, historical reckoning, therapeutic storytelling, transitional justice, archival memory, and questions about victimhood and reparation. Drawing on a range of literary texts and addressing a variety of post-conflict societies, this volume charts and explores the ways in which literature attempts to depict and make sense of this new philosophical terrain. As such, it aims to offer a self-conscious examination of literature, and the discipline of literary studies, considering the ability of both to interrogate and explore the legacies of political and civil conflict around the world. The book focuses on the experience of post-Apartheid South Africa, post-Troubles Northern Ireland, and post-dictatorship Latin America. The recent history of these regions, and in particular their acute experience of ethno-religious and civil conflict, make them highly productive contexts in which to begin examining the role of literature in the aftermath of social trauma. Rather than a definitive account of the subject, the collection defines a new field for literary studies, and opens it up to scholars working in other regional and national contexts. To this end, the book includes essays on post-1989 Germany, post-9/11 United States, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Sierra Leone, and narratives of asylum seeker/refugee communities. This volume’s comparative frame draws on well-established precedents for thinking about the cultural politics of these regions, making it a valuable resource for scholars of Comparative Literature, Peace and Conflicts Studies, Human Rights, Transitional Justice, and the Politics of Literature.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Contemporary Cinema of Latin America

Contemporary Cinema of Latin America

As long as the Amnesty Law still stands , the Rettig report can achieve little in
terms of justice for the victims . An in - depth ... Justiniano's film dramatizes the
two concepts of memory and denial , which determine how to interpret
contemporary Chilean history . In Amnesia ... As a medium , film can bring the
dead back to life and present its own version of the truth through images of the
past . The film can be ...

Author: Deborah Shaw

Publisher: Burns & Oates

ISBN: UOM:39015059984859

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 206

View: 896

This book focuses on a selection of internationally known Latin American films. The chapters are organized around national categories, grounding the readings not only in the context of social and political conditions, but also in those of each national film industry. It is a very useful text for students of the region's cultural output, as well as for students of film studies who wish to learn more about the innovative and often controversial films discussed. Contents: Introduction 1. Cuba: From Memories of Underdevelopment to Strawberry and Chocolate 2. Mexico: Like Water for Chocolate and Amores Perros 3. Chile: Searching the Past for the Future in Amnesia and The Frontier 4. Argentina: The Voyage and I the Worst of All 5. Brazil: National Identity and the Family in Pixote and Central Station Conclusion; Filmography; Bibliography; Index
Categories: Performing Arts