Membranes and Membrane Processes

Membranes and Membrane Processes

In this volume are collected papers presented at the First Europe Japan Congress on Membrane and Membrane processes, held in Stresa in June 1984.

Author: Enrico Drioli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489920195

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 651

View: 943

During the past two decades Membrane Science and Technology has made tremendous progress and has changed from a simple laboratory tool to large scale processes with numerous applications in Medicine and Industry. In this volume are collected papers presented at the First Europe Japan Congress on Membrane and Membrane processes, held in Stresa in June 1984. Other contributions to the Conference will be published in a special issue of the Journal of Membrane Science. This Conference was organized by the European Society of Membrane Science and Technology and the Membrane Society of Japan, to bring together European Scientists and Engineers face to face with their colleagues from Japan; in both countries membrane processes will play a strategic role in many industrial areas in the 1990s, as predicted by the Japanese project for Next Generation Industries and by the EEC Project on Basic Techno logical Research (BRITE). The large number of participants, of about four hundred from twenty six countries including USA, Australia, China and Brazil, the quality of the Plenary Lectures and Scientific Communications made the Conference a significant international success.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes

The book Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes is based on the idea of developing a reference which will cover most relevant and “state-of-the-art” approaches in membrane modeling.

Author: Anirban Roy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119536062

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 682

The book Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes is based on the idea of developing a reference which will cover most relevant and “state-of-the-art” approaches in membrane modeling. This book explores almost every major aspect of modeling and the techniques applied in membrane separation studies and applications. This includes first principle-based models, thermodynamics models, computational fluid dynamics simulations, molecular dynamics simulations, and artificial intelligence-based modeling for membrane separation processes. These models have been discussed in light of various applications ranging from desalination to gas separation. In addition, this breakthrough new volume covers the fundamentals of polymer membrane pore formation mechanisms, covering not only a wide range of modeling techniques, but also has various facets of membrane-based applications. Thus, this book can be an excellent source for a holistic perspective on membranes in general, as well as a comprehensive and valuable reference work. Whether a veteran engineer in the field or lab or a student in chemical or process engineering, this latest volume in the “Advances in Membrane Processes” is a must-have, along with the first book in the series, Membrane Processes, also available from Wiley-Scrivener.
Categories: Science

Membranes and Membrane Processes

Membranes and Membrane Processes

Author: Italy)) Europe-Japan Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes ((1984 : Stresa

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:959387450

Category: Membranes

Page:

View: 745

Categories: Membranes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Author: Takeshi Matsuura

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849342023

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 302

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.
Categories: Science

Membrane Processes in Biotechnology and Pharmaceutics

Membrane Processes in Biotechnology and Pharmaceutics

This book provides a state-of-the art overview of the classical membrane processes used in pharmaceutical and biochemical engineering and biotechnology, such as ultrafiltration, microfiltration, virus filtration, membrane chromatography, ...

Author: Catherine Charcosset

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444563378

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 316

Membrane processes are increasingly used in pharmaceutical and biochemical engineering and biotechnology for concentration and purification, synthesis of molecules and drug delivery systems, and support for biochemical reactions. This book provides a state-of-the art overview of the classical membrane processes used in pharmaceutical and biochemical engineering and biotechnology, such as ultrafiltration, microfiltration, virus filtration, membrane chromatography, membrane emulsification, liquid membranes and membrane bioreactors. It describes the general rules (principles, choice of configurations, membranes, parameters, etc.), recent developments (fouling control, increase permeate flux and selectivity, etc.), applications, and theoretical descriptions. Further, it presents emerging processes such as solvent resistant nanofiltration and membrane crystallization. Presents classical membrane processes such as ultrafiltration, microfiltration, virus filtration, membrane chromatography, membrane emulsification, liquid membranes and membrane bioreactors Presents emerging processes such as solvent resistant nanofiltration and membrane crystallization Gives a complete description of each technique (principles, membrane materials and devices, fouling control, and theoretical description) Contains numerous examples of applications Includes a uniform notation throughout the book enhancing the presentation and understanding of the content Includes extensive list of references
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology

The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields.

Author: R.D. Noble

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080536182

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 738

View: 989

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Membrane Technology Applications to Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Membrane Technology  Applications to Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Membrane-based separation processes contributed to recover water, raw materials and energy and to achieve simultaneously pollution control. Along this book emphasis will be given to this fast growing area of process technology.

Author: Ana Caetano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401102117

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 199

View: 652

This publication presents the lectures given at the course on Advanced Separation Technology for Industrial Waste Minimization: Environmental and Analytical Aspects (13-15 October, 1992, Ispra, Italy) organized jointly by the Technical University of Lisbon, University of Calabria and the Environment Institute of the Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European Communities at Ispra. This course is integrated in a programme for education and training in Advanced Separation Technology for Industrial Waste Minimization supported by the Community Action Programme for Education and Training for Technology (COMETT II). The lecture material is based on case studies of importance to textile, tanneries, pulp and paper, metal finishing and electroplating, food, and other industries. Environmental regulations have lead industrial engineers to search for more efficient, less energy consuming and less waste producing processes. Membrane-based separation processes contributed to recover water, raw materials and energy and to achieve simultaneously pollution control. Along this book emphasis will be given to this fast growing area of process technology.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

III . 2 Preparation of synthetic membranes 72 III . 3 Phase inversion membranes 75 III. 3. 1 Preparation by evaporation 76 III . 3. 2 Precipitation. from the vapour phase 76 III . 3. 3 Precipitation by controlled evaporation 76 Thermal ...

Author: J. Mulder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400917668

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 758

III . 2 Preparation of synthetic membranes 72 III . 3 Phase inversion membranes 75 III. 3. 1 Preparation by evaporation 76 III . 3. 2 Precipitation. from the vapour phase 76 III . 3. 3 Precipitation by controlled evaporation 76 Thermal precipitation 76 III . 3. 4 III . 3. 5 Immersion precipitation 77 Preparation techniques for immersion precipitation 77 III . 4 Flat membranes 77 III . 4. 1 78 III . 4. 2 Tubular membranes 81 III . 5 Preparation techniques for composite membranes 82 III. 5. 1 Interfacial polymerisation Dip-coating 83 III . 5. 2 III . 5. 3 Plasma polymerisation 86 III . 5. 4 Modification of homogeneous dense membranes 87 III . 6 Phase separation in polymer systems 89 III . 6. 1 Introduction 89 III . 6. 1. 1 Thermodynamics 89 III . 6. 2 Demixing processes 99 III . 6. 2. 1 Binary mixtures 99 III . 6. 2. 2 Ternary systems 102 III . 6. 3 Crystallisation 104 III . 6. 4 Gelation 106 III . 6. 5 Vitrification 108 III . 6. 6 Thermal precipitation 109 III . 6. 7 Immersion precipitation 110 III . 6. 8 Diffusional aspects 114 III . 6. 9 Mechanism of membrane formation 117 III. 7 Influence of various parameters on membrane morphology 123 III. 7. 1 Choice of solvent-nonsolvent system 123 III . 7. 2 Choice of the polymer 129 III . 7. 3 Polymer concentration 130 III . 7. 4 Composition of the coagulation bath 132 III . 7. 5 Composition of the casting solution 133 III . 7.
Categories: Science

Membrane Technology and Applications

Membrane Technology and Applications

Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization ...

Author: Richard W. Baker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470854456

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 829

Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.
Categories: Science

Membranes and Membrane Technologies

Membranes and Membrane Technologies

We hope this collection will be useful and interesting to a broad audience of researchers and engineers.

Author: Stanislav Kolisnychenko

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9783035734225

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2002

View: 542

The topic collection “Membranes and Membrane Technologies” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2012 up to 2017 and it covers a wide range of engineering solutions in the field of properties research, development, and production of various types of membranes and their use in the technologies for the treatment of the drink water and wastewater, gas separation, bioindustry, etc. We hope this collection will be useful and interesting to a broad audience of researchers and engineers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

ICOM 87

ICOM 87

Author: Nihon Maku Gakkai

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:79248151

Category:

Page:

View: 475

Categories:

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

Although the book was written with the student in mind it can also serve as a first introduction for engineers, chemists, and technicians in all kind of industries who wish to learn the basics of membrane technology.

Author: J. Mulder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401708357

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 378

Membranes playa central role in our daily life, or as indicated by one of my foreign colleagues, Richard Bowen, 'If you are tired of membranes, you are tired of life' . Biological membranes are hardly used in industrial applications, but separations with synthetic membranes have become increasingly important. Today, membrane processes are used in a wide range of applications and their numbers will certainly increase. Therefore, there is a need for well educated and qualified engineers, chemists, scientists and technicians who have been taught the basic principles of membrane technology. However, despite the growing importance of membrane processes, there are only a few universities that include membrane technology in their regular curricula. One of the reasons for this may be the lack of a comprehensive textbook. For me, this was one of the driving forces for writing a textbook on the basic principles of membrane technology which provides a broad view on the various aspects of membrane technology. I realise that membrane technology covers a broad field but nevertheless I have tried to describe the basic principles of the various disciplines. Although the book was written with the student in mind it can also serve as a first introduction for engineers, chemists, and technicians in all kind of industries who wish to learn the basics of membrane technology.
Categories: Science

Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications

Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications

This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes ...

Author: Norman N Li

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118211540

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1016

View: 252

Advanced membranes-from fundamentals and membrane chemistry to manufacturing and applications A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental principles and theories of separation and purification by membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major industrial applications. It goes far beyond the basics to address the formulation and industrial manufacture of membranes and applications. This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for gas separations; and membranes for fuel cell uses Addresses six major topics: membranes and applications in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical applications; gas separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and energy applications; and membrane materials and characterization Includes discussions of important strategic issues and the future of membrane technology With chapters contributed by leading experts in their specific areas and a practical focus, this is the definitive reference for professionals in industrial manufacturing and separations and research and development; practitioners in the manufacture and applications of membranes; scientists in water treatment, pharmaceutical, food, and fuel cell processing industries; process engineers; and others. It is also an excellent resource for researchers in industry and academia and graduate students taking courses in separations and membranes and related fields.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

The chapters of this book are based upon lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification (March 21 - April 2, 1993, Curia, Portugal), organized as a successor and update to a ...

Author: J.G. Crespo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401583404

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 423

The chapters of this book are based upon lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification (March 21 - April 2, 1993, Curia, Portugal), organized as a successor and update to a similar Institute that took place 10 years ago (p.M.Bungay, H.K. Lonsdale, M.N. de Pinho (Eds.): Synthetic Membranes: Science, Engineering and Applications, NATO ASI Series, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986). The decade between the two NATO Institutes witnesses the transition from individually researched membrane processes to an applied and established membrane separation technology, as is reflected by the contents of the corresponding proceeding volumes. By and large, the first volume presents itself as a textbook on membrane processes, still valid, while the present volume focuses on areas of separation need as amenable to membrane processing: Biotechnology and Environmental Technology. Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into "Membranes in Biotechnology" (11 papers), "Membranes in Environmental Technology" (6 papers), and "New Concepts" (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on "Energy Requirements" and "Education", i.e., membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state of the art of applied membrane processing and may well augment the more fundamental approach of its predecessor.
Categories: Science

Synthetic Membrane Process

Synthetic Membrane Process

The book reviews water and wastewater hyperfiltration, ultrafiltration, and electrodialysis, as well as the economics of these processes. The text approaches the topics from the standpoint of chemical engineering.

Author: Georges Belfort

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323145817

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 566

View: 833

Synthetic Membrane Processes: Fundamentals and Water Applications presents a summary of some of the theoretical developments in membrane and fluid transport. The book reviews water and wastewater hyperfiltration, ultrafiltration, and electrodialysis, as well as the economics of these processes. The text approaches the topics from the standpoint of chemical engineering. It provides a description of procedures for maintaining reasonable fluxes with a balanced pretreatment, cleaning, and fluid management program. The different structures of water and aqueous systems, hyperfiltration membranes, and the polarization phenomena in membrane processes are also discussed. The text provides concrete examples of the desalting experience and water and wastewater treatment in the United States, Europe, and Japan. The book targets those in the water and wastewater field and is also generally useful for teaching and for anyone interested in adapting membrane technology to separation or concentration applications.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications.

Author: H Strathmann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080509401

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 989

Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes

Discussing the technology and its applications, Membrane Processes: A Technology Guide investigates the differing requirements of industry today.

Author: Peter T Cardew

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781847551344

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 499

Discussing the technology and its applications, Membrane Processes: A Technology Guide investigates the differing requirements of industry today. Driven by increasing water quality demands, the technological spotlight is now on the application of membranes to potable water, and several significant examples of filtration processes are given. Encompassing the fundamentals of design and operation of membranes, feasibility of use and economics as well as applications in water, paint and other industries, this coverage of the key aspects of membrane technology will be welcomed by technologists, engineers and scientists in a variety of disciplines.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas.

Author: K. Scott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401106276

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 518

Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.
Categories: Science

Effective Industrial Membrane Processes Benefits and Opportunities

Effective Industrial Membrane Processes  Benefits and Opportunities

All but the most critical reader should find some items of interest. The Committee would admit to not fulftlling all of thier aims, although those delegates who attended the meeting in Edinburgh judged it a success.

Author: M.K. Turner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401136822

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 615

The aim of the Technical Advisory Committee, in planning the c~:>Dtent of this meeting, was to illustrate the range of separation processes in which the use of membranes was practical and effective at an industrial scale. As Professor Strathmann reveals, the market for process equipment built around membranes is now worth about $5x1(f annually, and it seemed important to review this technology, and to point the direction of future technical advances. All but the most critical reader should find some items of interest. The Committee would admit to not fulftlling all of thier aims, although those delegates who attended the meeting in Edinburgh judged it a success. In the event it provided representative examples of processes from the food and beverage industry, from water treatment, and from the chemical industry, of which the removal of alcohol from fermented beverages, shipboard desalination and solvent recovery are three. The major uses of charged membranes and sterile processes are not covered, nor 9 is the largest market, $1.2x10 annually, for artificial kidney dialysis. However, it is interesting to see artificial kidney now finding an alternative use as a reactor for the production of monoclonal antibodies. We are also reminded by Professor Michel of the importance and efficiency of natural membranes in the kidney under conditions where fouling is crucial to their performance and enhances their selectivity.
Categories: Science

Membrane Technology

Membrane Technology

This book outlines several established applications of membranes in the chemical industry, reviews the available membranes and membrane processes for the field, and discusses the huge potential of this technology in chemical processes.

Author: Suzana Pereira Nunes

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: UOM:39015050762544

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 981

Membrane Technology - a clean and energy saving alternative to traditional/conventional processes. Developed from a useful laboratory technique to a commercial separation technology, today it has widespread and rapidly expanding use in the chemical industry. It has established applications in areas such as hydrogen separation and recovery of organic vapors from process gas streams, and selective transport of organic solvents, and it is opening new perspectives for catalytic conversion in membrane reactors. Membrane technology provides a unique solution for industrial waste treatment and for controlled production of valuable chemicals. This book outlines several established applications of membranes in the chemical industry, reviews the available membranes and membrane processes for the field, and discusses the huge potential of this technology in chemical processes. Each chapter has been written by an international leading expert with extensive industrial experience in the field.
Categories: Science