Megacatastrophes

Megacatastrophes

To get an idea of how likely and threatening are each of the types of megacatastrophe we'll be talking about, the “Catastrophometer” appears at the end of each chapter. This will show a value from 0 (absolutely no need to worry) to 10 ...

Author: David Darling

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781780740270

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 590

Acerbic dark humour meets hardcore science in this mind-boggling exploration of the nine worst ways the world could end Which will get us first? The supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park? An asteroid hurtling through outer space? Black holes from CERN gobbling up the solar system? An army of deranged nanobots? Or – who knows – alien invasion? Armed with lavish illustrations and their one-of-a-kind “Catastrophometer”, Dr David Darling and Dr Dirk Schulze-Makuch introduce the disasters you never saw coming, unpicking the science that makes them genuine possibilities, and providing everything from survival tips to danger ratings. So sit back, face the inevitable, and discover the delights of the nine oddest ways the world could end.
Categories: Science

Megacatastrophes

Megacatastrophes

Armed with lavish illustrations and their one-of-a-kind “Catastrophometer”, Dr David Darling and Dr Dirk Schulze-Makuch introduce the disasters you never saw coming, unpicking the science that makes them genuine possibilities, and ...

Author: David Darling

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1851689478

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 423

Which will get us first? The supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park? An asteroid hurtling through outer space? Black holes from CERN gobbling up the solar system? An army of deranged nanobots? Or – who knows – alien invasion? Armed with lavish illustrations and their one-of-a-kind “Catastrophometer”, Dr David Darling and Dr Dirk Schulze-Makuch introduce the disasters you never saw coming, unpicking the science that makes them genuine possibilities, and providing everything from survival tips to danger ratings. So sit back, face the inevitable, and discover the delights of the nine oddest ways the world could end.
Categories: Science

Needs of the Present Challenges for the Future

Needs of the Present  Challenges for the Future

In the developed world, there remains a threat of a terrorism megacatastrophe should terrorists obtain and deploy weapons ... build in greater safety limits to their books of business when it comes to the potential for megacatastrophes.

Author: Theodore H. Moran

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821370025

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 271

View: 926

This volume is the latest in a series based on the MIGA (Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency)-Georgetown University Symposium on International Political Risk Management, with contributions from experts from the international investment, finance, insurance, and legal fields. Highlights include a treatment of regulatory risk in emerging markets by three distinguished lawyers, a proposal for a new type of war risk insurance coverage, the examination of the risk management needs of the international power sector from both legal and user perspectives, and a discussion of the future of the international investment insurance industry by leading private and public sector industry representatives.
Categories: Business & Economics

Law and Recovery From Disaster Hurricane Katrina

Law and Recovery From Disaster  Hurricane Katrina

whether any of these risks will manifest into future megacatastrophes.28 It is also doubtful whether these risks are somehow quantifiable for the purposes of the all ubiquitous costbenefit analysis.29 Ultimately, Katrina and 9/11 may ...

Author: Robin Paul Malloy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351922845

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 817

In August of 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast of the United States, directly affecting 1.5 million people. Only one year earlier, an Indian Ocean tsunami struck Indonesia, destroying or damaging more than 370,000 homes. As forces of nature, hurricanes, tsunamis, earthquakes and floods are not limited to occurrences in any one community or any one country. In Law and Recovery from Disaster: Hurricane Katrina, attention is focused on the ability of law and legal institutions to not only survive such disasters but to effectively facilitate recovery. Using Hurricane Katrina as a lens, contributors address a wide range of issues of interest to people concerned about property law, disaster preparedness, housing, insurance, small business recovery, land use planning and the needs of people with disabilities. While Hurricane Katrina is the focal point for discussion, the lessons learned are readily applicable to a variety of disaster situations in a wide range of global settings.
Categories: Law

Small States in the Global Economy

Small States in the Global Economy

Special megacatastrophe programmes In the USA , the states of Hawaii , Florida and California have special programmes to deal with megacatastrophes . Hawaii . The Hawaii Hurricane Relief Fund ( HHRF ) works as follows .

Author: David Peretz

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 0850926785

Category: Petits États - Conditions économiques - Congrès

Page: 615

View: 700

This collection of papers presented to the Commonwealth Secretariat/World Bank Joint Task Force conferences sets out an agenda for future national, regional and international actions to address economic vulnerabilities of small states.
Categories: Petits États - Conditions économiques - Congrès

Catastrophe Risk Management

Catastrophe Risk Management

Special Megacatastrophe Programs In the U.S., the states of Hawaii, Florida, and California have special programs to deal with megacatastrophes. Hawaii. The Hawaii Hurricane Relief Fund works as follows: Insurance companies are allowed ...

Author: John D. Pollner

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN:

Category: Disaster insurance

Page: 126

View: 924

In providing support for disaster-prone areas such as the Caribbean, the development community has begun to progress from disaster reconstruction assistance to funding for investment in mitigation as an explicit tool for sustainable development. Now it must enter a new phase, applying risk transfer mechanisms to address the financial risk of exposure to catastrophic events that require funding beyond what can be controlled solely through mitigation and physical measures.
Categories: Disaster insurance

Catastrophic Risk

Catastrophic Risk

Author: Erik Banks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470015452

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 931

Catastrophic risk is one of the most significant and challenging areas of corporate risk management. Analyze this risk for your company with Catastrophic Risk and make sure you have sufficient resources to absorb losses and avoid financial distress. The first comprehensive volume to address this topic from a financial perspective, this book is a guide to the worst financial risks threatening companies and industries today. Author Eric Banks begins with a consideration of ?catastrophe? and its mplications, looks at the state of actuarial and financial modelling of catastrophe risks, and discusses the creation of a risk management framework that will enable the efficient and secure management of exposure. Catastrophic Risk is essential reading if you're a corporate treasurer, CFO, or insurance/financial risk manager responsible for corporate risk management. Order your copy today.
Categories: Business & Economics

Deep Time

Deep Time

He is also the author of Teleportation: The Impossible Leap, Zen Physics, The Universal Book of Astronomy, The Complete Book of Spaceflight, and The Universal Book of Mathematics, as well as more than 30 children's books.

Author: David Darling

Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.

ISBN: 9781622873227

Category: Science

Page: 103

View: 627

What would it be like to see the whole history of the universe, from the moment of creation to the farthest future? Deep Time shows us - through the eyes of a single particle that emerges from the fires of genesis then journeys across countless billions of years to glimpse the ultimate fate of the cosmos. Along the way, we watch the formation of stars and galaxies, narrowly avoid falling into a black hole, witness the birth of the sun and earth, trace the evolution of life and intelligence, and blast off into space again with our particle now part of the Voyager 2 spacecraft. Then we travel on, across immense vistas of space and time, toward the end of all things - and a strange new beginning." David Darling is the author of about 50 books, including narrative science titles Megacatastrophes!, We Are Not Alone, Gravity's Arc, Equations of Eternity, a New York Times Notable Book, and Deep Time. He is also the author of Teleportation: The Impossible Leap, Zen Physics, The Universal Book of Astronomy, The Complete Book of Spaceflight, and The Universal Book of Mathematics, as well as more than 30 children's books. His articles and reviews have appeared in Astronomy, Omni, Penthouse, New Scientist, the New York Times, and the Guardian among others. He has lectured widely, including at the Royal Institution in London. David Darling was born in Glossop, Derbyshire, England, lived in the United States for many years, and now lives in Dundee, Scotland. He earned his B.Sc. in physics from Sheffield University in 1974 and his Ph.D. in astronomy from Manchester University in 1977. David Darling is also a professional singer/songwriter and runs a major science website. Please visit the Worlds of David Darling - www.daviddarling.info Keywords - Universe, Astrophysics, Astronomy, Particle, Space, Cosmos, Evolution, David Darling, Sun, Earth, Travel
Categories: Science

The Extraterrestrial Encyclopedia

The Extraterrestrial Encyclopedia

The book is written in an engaging style for the layperson and contains numerous B&W illustrations.

Author: David Darling

Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.

ISBN: 9781506901442

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 234

The Extraterrestrial Encyclopedia is an A-to-Z of the search for life in the Universe. Entries cover astrobiology, the origins and evolution of life, the hunt for exoplanets, SETI, and extraterrestrial life in science fiction, philosophy, and popular speculation (including UFOs). The book is written in an engaging style for the layperson and contains numerous B&W illustrations. Keywords: Encylopedia, ET, SETI, Science, Extraterrestrial, Origins, Evolution, Planets, Universe, David, Darling, Dirk, Schulze Makuch, Stars, Life
Categories: Science

Managing Catastrophic Disaster Risks Using Alternative Risk Financing and Pooled Insurance Structures

Managing Catastrophic Disaster Risks Using Alternative Risk Financing and Pooled Insurance Structures

Special Megacatastrophe Programs . In the U.S. , the states of Hawaii , Florida , and California have special programs to deal with megacatastrophes . Hawaii . The Hawaii Hurricane Relief Fund works as follows : Insurance companies are ...

Author: John D. Pollner

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821349171

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 118

View: 697

This report examines the existing constraints and opportunities to implement a catastrophe insurance system which can resolve the key obstacles currently impeding broader implementation of a risk funding approach. The four main pillars in such a strategy involve: strengthening the insurance sector regulatory requirements and supervision; establishment of broad based pooled catastrophe funding structures with efficient risk transfer tools; promoting public insurance policies linked to programs for loss reduction in the uninsured sectors; and strengthening the risk assessment and enforcement of structural measures such as zoning and building code compliance.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Financing of Catastrophe Risk

The Financing of Catastrophe Risk

Equally important, the stop-loss feature of the proposed reinsurance contract would transform what is now paralyzing uncertainty into manageable risk by shifting the liability for potential megacatastrophes from private insurers to the ...

Author: Kenneth A. Froot

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226266251

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 111

Is it possible that the insurance and reinsurance industries cannot handle a major catastrophe? Ten years ago, the notion that the overall cost of a single catastrophic event might exceed $10 billion was unthinkable. With ever increasing property-casualty risks and unabated growth in hazard-prone areas, insurers and reinsurers now envision the possibility of disaster losses of $50 to $100 billion in the United States. Against this backdrop, the capitalization of the insurance and reinsurance industries has become a crucial concern. While it remains unlikely that a single event might entirely bankrupt these industries, a big catastrophe could place firms under severe stress, jeopardizing both policy holders and investors and causing profound ripple effects throughout the U.S. economy. The Financing of Catastrophe Risk assembles an impressive roster of experts from academia and industry to explore the disturbing yet realistic assumption that a large catastrophic event is inevitable. The essays offer tangible means of both reassessing and raising the level of preparedness throughout the insurance and reinsurance industries.
Categories: Business & Economics

S 1043 the Natural Disaster Protection and Insurance Act of 1995

S  1043  the Natural Disaster Protection and Insurance Act of 1995

It does so by improving the way rates are set for disaster coverage and by providing a mechanism to pool the risk of megacatastrophes as efficiently as possible . The NDIC is a reasonable approach to dealing with the consequences of ...

Author: United States

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210014039950

Category: Disaster insurance

Page: 95

View: 880

Categories: Disaster insurance

Homeowners Insurance Availability in Disaster Prone Areas

Homeowners  Insurance Availability in Disaster Prone Areas

As a Member from the state of Florida , I am all too well aware of the problems created by megacatastrophes , such as hurricanes . The aftermath of these disasters involves much more than immediate property destruction and the loss of ...

Author: USGPO Staff

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000031931618

Category: Disaster insurance

Page: 121

View: 709

Categories: Disaster insurance

100th Anniversary Earthquake Conference

100th Anniversary Earthquake Conference

... Matthew Hoehler ( University of Stuttgart ) 8:35 8NCEE - 2167 Hotspots - A Global Overview of the Potential for Seismic MegaCatastrophes Arthur Lerner - Lam * ( Lamont - Doherty Earth Observatory ) 9:45 8NCEE - 1592 Development of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105121784222

Category: Buildings

Page: 188

View: 657

Categories: Buildings

Alien Encounter

Alien Encounter

In this novel, the author combines many topics related to state-of-the-art research in the field of astrobiology with fictional elements to produce a thrilling page turner.

Author: Dirk Schulze-Makuch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319019611

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 773

It has been nearly 100 years since the Apollo moon landings, when Jack and Vladimir, two astronauts on a mission to Venus, discover a mysterious void related to indigenous life on the planet. Subsequently more voids are detected on Earth, Mars, Titan, and, quite ominously, inside a planetoid emerging from the Kuiper belt. Jack is sent to investigate the voids in the Solar System and intercept the planetoid - which, as becomes increasingly clear, is inhabited by alien life forms. Jack and his crew will have little time to understand their alien biochemistry, abilities, behavior patterns, resilience, and technology, but also how these life forms relate to the voids. Humankind's first encounter with these exotic life forms couldn't be more fateful, becoming a race against time to save life on Earth and to reveal the true nature of the voids, which seem to be intrinsically related to life and the universe itself. In this novel, the author combines many topics related to state-of-the-art research in the field of astrobiology with fictional elements to produce a thrilling page turner. This new version significantly develops the astrobiological denouement of the plot and features an extensive non-technical appendix where the underlying science is presented and discussed. From the reviews of the first edition (Voids of Eternity: Alien Encounter) Here's a thrilling yarn in the best "hard SF" tradition of Asimov, James Hogan, and Ben Bova, written by a scientist who knows all about the possibilities of life in the solar system and beyond. Dirk Schulze-Makuch weaves into his book all the astrobiological themes he's worked on in recent years -- speculation about creatures in the atmosphere of Venus and on and under the surface of Mars and Titan -- together with some well-informed Eastern philosophy and a cracking good space battle. A great first novel from a rising talent. Highly recommended. David Darling, on amazon.com, 2009 The research interests of Dr. Schulze-Makuch, currently a professor at Washington State University, focus on evolutionary adaptation strategies of organisms in their natural environment, particularly extreme environments such as found on other planetary bodies. Dirk Schulze-Makuch is best known for his publications on extraterrestrial life, being coauthor of three books on the topic: We Are Not Alone: Why We Have Already Found Extraterrestrial Life (2010), Cosmic Biology: How Life could Evolve on Other Worlds (2010), and Life in the Universe: Expectations and Constraints (2004). In 2011 he published with Paul Davies A One Way Mission to Mars: Colonizing the Red Planet and in 2012 with David Darling Megacatastrophes! Nine Strange Ways the World Could End.
Categories: Science

The Future of Risk Management

The Future of Risk Management

Responding to threats of climate change megacatastrophes (Policy Research Working Paper No. 5127). Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en ...

Author: Howard Kunreuther

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812251326

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 502

Whether man-made or naturally occurring, large-scale disasters can cause fatalities and injuries, devastate property and communities, savage the environment, impose significant financial burdens on individuals and firms, and test political leadership. Moreover, global challenges such as climate change and terrorism reveal the interdependent and interconnected nature of our current moment: what occurs in one nation or geographical region is likely to have effects across the globe. Our information age creates new and more integrated forms of communication that incur risks that are difficult to evaluate, let alone anticipate. All of this makes clear that innovative approaches to assessing and managing risk are urgently required. When catastrophic risk management was in its inception thirty years ago, scientists and engineers would provide estimates of the probability of specific types of accidents and their potential consequences. Economists would then propose risk management policies based on those experts' estimates with little thought as to how this data would be used by interested parties. Today, however, the disciplines of finance, geography, history, insurance, marketing, political science, sociology, and the decision sciences combine scientific knowledge on risk assessment with a better appreciation for the importance of improving individual and collective decision-making processes. The essays in this volume highlight past research, recent discoveries, and open questions written by leading thinkers in risk management and behavioral sciences. The Future of Risk Management provides scholars, businesses, civil servants, and the concerned public tools for making more informed decisions and developing long-term strategies for reducing future losses from potentially catastrophic events. Contributors: Mona Ahmadiani, Joshua D. Baker, W. J. Wouter Botzen, Cary Coglianese, Gregory Colson, Jeffrey Czajkowski, Nate Dieckmann, Robin Dillon, Baruch Fischhoff, Jeffrey A. Friedman, Robin Gregory, Robert W. Klein, Carolyn Kousky, Howard Kunreuther, Craig E. Landry, Barbara Mellers, Robert J. Meyer, Erwann Michel-Kerjan, Robert Muir-Wood, Mark Pauly, Lisa Robinson, Adam Rose, Paul J. H. Schoemaker, Paul Slovic, Phil Tetlock, Daniel Västfjäll, W. Kip Viscusi, Elke U. Weber, Richard Zeckhauser.
Categories: Political Science

The Sustainable Economy

The Sustainable Economy

As Weitzman shouted when he took his Paul Revere midnight ride through the streets of academic journals, the megacatastrophes could be coming, the mega-catastrophes could be coming. You're probably yearning to dismiss Weitzman and ...

Author: Robert Devine

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9780593311172

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 565

An original, engaging guide to creating a sustainable economy that will combat global warming while also improving our quality of life. Pick an environmental issue. Maybe air pollution, toxic waste, or deforestation. These all seem like solid choices, but none of these is actually an environmental problem--at least, not at its heart. Deep down, they are economic problems. Nearly all the issues we classify as environmental stem from defects in the DNA of America's current market system. This is emphatically true of our greatest environmental threat: global warming. With a focus on climate change, journalist and author Robert S. Devine reveals the fundamental flaws in the economy that enable environmental degradation. The Sustainable Economy is a book about economics, but it skips the equations and eases through the jargon, opting instead for compelling stories and surprising humor. Readers will encounter high-tech narwhals, struggling coal workers, orbiting giant mirrors, the kids who are suing the U.S. government over climate policy, and vanishing Alaskan towns. The Sustainable Economy looks at many of the most pressing climate issues, such as melting ice caps and farm-killing droughts, but by viewing them through the revealing lens of economics, the book delivers a fresh perspective. Devine shows how the basic mechanisms of supply and demand fail when it comes to global warming and the environment. Fortunately, he also lays out a path to an improved economy that can boost our well-being while also fostering a healthy environment. Most importantly, The Sustainable Economy shows how we can overcome the political and personal obstacles blocking progress toward a sustainable, just, and prosperous economy.
Categories: Nature

Responding To Threats of Climate Change Mega Catastrophes

Responding To Threats of Climate Change Mega Catastrophes

Abstract: There is a low but uncertain probability that climate change could trigger "mega-catastrophes," severe and at least partly irreversible adverse effects across broad regions.

Author: Carolyn Kousky

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:502145377

Category: Atmosphere

Page: 26

View: 362

There is a low but uncertain probability that climate change could trigger "mega-catastrophes," severe and at least partly irreversible adverse effects across broad regions. This paper first discusses the state of current knowledge and the defining characteristics of potential climate change mega-catastrophes. While some of these characteristics present difficulties for using standard rational choice methods to evaluate response options, there is still a need to balance the benefits and costs of different possible responses with appropriate attention to the uncertainties. To that end, the authors present a qualitative analysis of three options for mitigating the risk of climate mega-catastrophes - drastic abatement of greenhouse gas emissions, development and implementation of geoengineering, and large-scale ex ante adaptation - against the criteria of efficacy, cost, robustness, and flexibility. They discuss the composition of a sound portfolio of initial investments in reducing the risk of climate change mega-catastrophes.
Categories: Atmosphere

International Political Risk Management Needs of the present challenges for the future

International Political Risk Management  Needs of the present  challenges for the future

In the developed world , there remains a threat of a terrorism megacatastrophe should terrorists obtain and deploy ... build in greater safety limits to their books of business when it comes to the potential for megacatastrophes .

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: UCSD:31822035209865

Category: International business enterprises

Page:

View: 629

Categories: International business enterprises

Soul Search a Scientist Explores the Afterlife

Soul Search  a Scientist Explores the Afterlife

Darling's other titles include The Universal Book of Astronomy, and The Complete Book of Spaceflight, as well as more than 30 children's books.

Author: David Darling

Publisher: First Edition Design Pub.

ISBN: 9781622870509

Category: Religion

Page: 88

View: 202

What happens when we die? Does everything we are just stop? Is consciousness lost forever? Or does some vital spark inside us, a spirit or a soul, live on? We find it almost impossible to think about not having a mind, of our awareness being snuffed out like a candle. Yet the stark fact is that within a century or so, everyone alive today - all six billion of us - will be dead. Humans are the only creatures on earth that know they are going to die. But that foreknowledge has come fairly recently and it flies in the face of four billion years of evolution. Those eons have genetically conditioned us to do all we can to preserve ourselves and our kin. The result is that we are caught in a dilemma. We are programmed to survive by our genes yet made painfully aware of our mortality by our forward-looking brain. If we admit that death is inevitable, then our will to survive may be fatally weakened. On the other hand, if we deny death, we have to turn a blind eye to a patent fact of the real world. Only one avenue of escape is possible - belief in an afterlife. With this we can face the nightmare that death poses to the rational mind. We distance ourselves from death by institutionalizing it. Whereas in earlier times most people spent their last days at home in the bosom of family and friends, today four-fifths of us are removed to hospitals or nursing homes. We are hidden from the gaze of the young and healthy and tended to by strangers. As the end approaches, we are discreetly moved to wards for the terminally ill and plugged into life-support machines. Technology takes over. And when we do eventually die, it is often the inadequacy of the equipment or the shortcomings of the treatment that are blamed. Instead of accepting death as a natural and inevitable fact of life, we are in danger of convincing ourselves that, given further medical advances, we shall be able to stave it off for as long as we like. "Some people want to achieve immortality through their works or their descendants," said Woody Allen. "I want to achieve it through not dying." Now, for the first time, science seems to be holding out the slender hope of cheating death. Already, some of our vital parts can be replaced with natural or synthetic substitutes. In time, it seems, the transplant surgeon will be able to do for a human being what any competent mechanic in a well-equipped garage can do for a car. Key words - Death, Reincarnation, Consciousness, Cosmos, Science, Soul, Afterlife, Universe Author Bio - David Darling is the author of more than 40 titles including narrative science titles: Megacatastrophes!, We Are Not Alone, Gravity's Arc, Equations of Eternity, a New York Times Notable Book, and Deep Time. He is also the author of the bestseller-The Universal Book of Mathematics: From Abracadabra to Zeno's Paradoxes. Darling's other titles include The Universal Book of Astronomy, and The Complete Book of Spaceflight, as well as more than 30 children's books. His articles and reviews have appeared in Astronomy, Omni, Penthouse, New Scientist, the New York Times, and the Guardian, among others. David Darling was born in Glossop, Derbyshire, England, on July 29, 1953, and grew up in the beautiful Peak District, close to Kinder Scout for those who know the area. He went to New Mills Grammar School and then on to Sheffield University, where he earned his B.Sc. in physics in 1974, and Manchester University, for my Ph.D. in astronomy in 1977. David Darling's interests, apart from his work and family, include singing, song-writing, and playing guitar, walking, and travel.
Categories: Religion