Media Conflict and Peacebuilding in Africa

Media  Conflict and Peacebuilding in Africa

This book explores the role and place of popular, traditional and digital media platforms in the mediatization, representation and performance of various conflicts and peacebuilding interventions in the African context.

Author: Jacinta Maweu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000361421

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 288

This book explores the role and place of popular, traditional and digital media platforms in the mediatization, representation and performance of various conflicts and peacebuilding interventions in the African context. The role of the media in conflict is often depicted as either ‘good’ (as symbolized by peace journalism) and ‘bad’ (as exemplified by war journalism), but this book moves beyond this binary to highlight the ‘in-between’ role that the media often plays in times of conflict. The volume does not only focus on the relationship between mass media, conflict and peacebuilding processes but it broadens its scope by critically analysing the dynamic and emergent roles of popular and digital media platforms in a continent where the semi-literate and oral communities still rely heavily on popular communication platforms to get news and information. Whilst social media platforms have been hailed for their assumed democratic and digital dividends, this book does not only focus on these positive aspects but also shines a light on dark forms of participation which are fuelling racial, gender, ethnic, political and religious conflicts in highly polarized and stratified societies. Highlighting the many ways in which traditional, digital and popular media can be used to both escalate conflicts and promote peacebuilding, this volume will be a useful resource for students, researchers and civil society groups interested in peace and conflict studies, journalism and media studies in different contexts within Africa.
Categories: Political Science

Media Conflict and Peacebuilding in Africa

Media Conflict and Peacebuilding in Africa

This book explores the role and place of popular, traditional and digital media platforms in the mediatization, representation and performance of various conflicts and peacebuilding interventions in the African context.

Author: Jacinta Mwende Maweu

Publisher:

ISBN: 0367360284

Category: Mass media and peace

Page: 264

View: 193

This book explores the role and place of popular, traditional and digital media platforms in the mediatization, representation and performance of various conflicts and peacebuilding interventions in the African context. The role of the media in conflict is often depicted as either 'good' (as symbolized by peace journalism) or 'bad' (as exemplified by war journalism), but this book moves beyond this binary to highlight the 'in-between' role that the media often plays in times of conflict. The volume does not only focus on the relationship between mass media, conflict and peacebuilding processes but it broadens its scope by critically analysing the dynamic and emergent roles of popular and digital media platforms in a continent where the semi-literate and oral communities still rely heavily on popular communication platforms to get news and information. Whilst social media platforms have been hailed for their assumed democratic and digital dividends, this book does not only focus on these positive aspects but also shines a light on dark forms of participation which are fuelling racial, gender, ethnic, political and religious conflicts in highly polarized and stratified societies. Highlighting the many ways in which traditional, digital and popular media can be used to both escalate conflicts and promote peacebuilding, this volume will be a useful resource for students, researchers and civil society groups interested in peace and conflict studies, journalism and media studies in different contexts within Africa.
Categories: Mass media and peace

Peace Journalism in East Africa

Peace Journalism in East Africa

This concise edited collection explores the practice of Peace Journalism in East Africa, focusing specifically on the unique political and economic contexts of Uganda and Kenya.

Author: Fredrick Ogenga

Publisher: Routledge Focus on Journalism Studies

ISBN: 0367250683

Category:

Page: 102

View: 453

This concise edited collection explores the practice of peace journalism in East Africa, focusing specifically on the unique political and economic contexts of Uganda and Kenya. The book offers a refreshing path towards transformative journalism in East Africa through imbibing pan-African institutional methodological approaches and the African philosophies of Utu (humanity), Umoja (unity) and Harambee (collective responsibility) as news values. Contributions from key academics demonstrate how media practices that are supportive of peace can prevent the escalation of conflict and promote its nonviolent resolution. The chapters cumulatively represent a rich repertoire of experiences and cases that skillfully tell the story of the connections between media and peacebuilding in East Africa, while also avoiding romanticizing peace journalism as an end to itself or using it as an excuse for censorship. This cutting-edge research book is a valuable resource for academics in journalism, media studies, communication, peace and conflict studies, and sociology.
Categories:

Peace Journalism in East Africa

Peace Journalism in East Africa

This concise edited collection explores the practice of peace journalism in East Africa, focusing specifically on the unique political and economic contexts of Uganda and Kenya.

Author: Fredrick Ogenga

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000124194

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 492

This concise edited collection explores the practice of peace journalism in East Africa, focusing specifically on the unique political and economic contexts of Uganda and Kenya. The book offers a refreshing path towards transformative journalism in East Africa through imbibing pan-African institutional methodological approaches and the African philosophies of Utu (humanity), Umoja (unity) and Harambee (collective responsibility) as news values. Contributions from key academics demonstrate how media practices that are supportive of peace can prevent the escalation of conflict and promote its nonviolent resolution. The chapters cumulatively represent a rich repertoire of experiences and cases that skillfully tell the story of the connections between media and peacebuilding in East Africa, while also avoiding romanticizing peace journalism as an end to itself or using it as an excuse for censorship. This cutting-edge research book is a valuable resource for academics in journalism, media studies, communication, peace and conflict studies, and sociology.
Categories: Social Science

Elections and the Media in Post Conflict Africa

Elections and the Media in Post Conflict Africa

Giving a voice to African journalists and analysing the work they have been publishing or broadcasting during these elections, African media specialist Marie-Soleil Frere explores if and how the local media fulfilled their duties.

Author: Marie-Soleil Frere

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781780320205

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 452

Over the past ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Rwanda all organized pluralist elections in a post conflict context, having experienced an armed conflict which either interrupted or prevented democratization processes. These polls were organized with the support of the international community, which viewed them as a crucial step in the peace-building process. The local media's role throughout was supposed to be to ensure that an electoral process is actually 'free and fair' - a role that becomes even more crucial in countries where the media have previously being perceived as warmongers or peace-builders in the conflicts. Giving a voice to African journalists and analysing the work they have been publishing or broadcasting during these elections, African media specialist Marie-Soleil Frere explores if and how the local media fulfilled their duties. In doing so, the book reveals journalists' professional challenges at a time when much is expected from the media, as well as the intense political pressure faced that can make their work particularly difficult. Insightful and comprehensive, Elections and the Media in Post-Conflict Africa underlines both the importance and the fragility of the role of the media in a democratic system.
Categories: Political Science

Reporting Human Rights Conflicts and Peacebuilding

Reporting Human Rights  Conflicts  and Peacebuilding

This book focuses on the reporting of human rights in broadly defined times of conflict.

Author: Ibrahim Seaga Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030107192

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 185

This book focuses on the reporting of human rights in broadly defined times of conflict. It brings together scholarly and professional perspectives on the role of the media in constructing human rights and peacebuilding options in conflict and post-conflict environments, drawing on case studies from Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia. It also provides critical reflections on the challenges faced by journalists and explores the implications of constructing human rights and peacebuilding options in their day-to-day professional activities. The chapters embrace a variety of theoretical, empirical and methodological approaches and will benefit students, scholars and media professionals alike.
Categories: Social Science

Communication and Peace

Communication and Peace

This book analyses the use of communication in resolving conflicts, with a focus on de-escalation and processes of peacebuilding and peace formation.

Author: Julia Hoffmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317680475

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 724

This book analyses the use of communication in resolving conflicts, with a focus on de-escalation and processes of peacebuilding and peace formation. From the employment of hate radio in the Rwanda genocide, to the current conflict between Russia and the Ukraine following events in the Crimea, communication and the media are widely recognized as powerful tools in conflicts and war. Although there has been significant academic attention on the relationship between the media, conflict and war, academic efforts to understand this relationship have tended to focus primarily on the links between communication and conflict, rather than on communication and peace. In order to make sense of peace it is essential to look at communication in its many facets, mediated or not. This is true within many of the diverse strands that make up the field of communication and peace, but it is also true in the sense that a holistic and interdisciplinary approach is missing from the literature. This book addresses this widely acknowledged lacuna by providing an interdisciplinary perspective on the field, bringing together relevant, but so far largely isolated, streams of research. In doing so, it aims to provide a platform for further reflection of the meaning of, and requirements for, peace in our contemporary world with a focus on de-escalation, conflict transformation, reconciliation and processes of peacebuilding – as opposed to conflict escalation or crisis intervention. This volume will be of much interest to students of peace and conflict studies, peacebuilding, media and communication studies, security studies and IR in general.
Categories: Political Science

Peace and Conflict in Africa

Peace and Conflict in Africa

This book presents the first comprehensive overview of conflict and peace across the continent.

Author: David Francis

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 9781848137493

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 549

Nowhere in the world is the demand for peace more prominent and challenging than in Africa. From state collapse and anarchy in Somalia to protracted wars and rampant corruption in the Congo; from bloody civil wars and extreme poverty in Sierra Leone to humanitarian crisis and authoritarianism in Sudan, the continent is the focus of growing political and media attention. This book presents the first comprehensive overview of conflict and peace across the continent. Bringing together a range of leading academics from Africa and beyond, Peace and Conflict in Africa is an ideal introduction to key themes of conflict resolution, peacebuilding, security and development. The book's stress on the importance of indigenous Africa approaches to creating peace makes it an innovative and exciting intervention in the field.
Categories: Political Science

Our Brains at War

Our Brains at War

On Being Mortal -- The Amygdala Hijack -- Us and Others -- My Truth or Your Truth? -- The Lure of Extremism -- Follow the Leader -- Accultured Norms -- New Horizons, New Tribes -- The Next Adaptation? -- Peacebuilding More Successfully?

Author: Mari Fitzduff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197512654

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 234

"This chapter introduces people to the basics of what readers need to know about social psychology, i.e. the study of how people's feelings, ideas and behaviours are influenced by the presence of others. It also looks at the increasingly important bio/neural factors such as genes, brain structure and hormonal processes that are now being examined and understood as relevant to any study of human behaviour, including group conflicts. In addition, it provides a brief introduction to the various methodologies that are increasingly able to measure social behavior, such as fMRI, electroencephalography, DNA analysis and hormonal testing"--
Categories: Political Science

Environmental Conflicts and Peacebuilding in Africa

Environmental Conflicts and Peacebuilding in Africa

This collection of essays also covers domestic security issues, such as policing, ethno-religious conflicts, local conflicts between farmers and herdsmen, and strategies of conflict resolution affecting the environment.

Author: Kelechi Johnmary Ani

Publisher:

ISBN: 168053209X

Category: Environmental justice

Page: 298

View: 137

"Environmental Conflicts and Peacebuilding in Africa covers pressing issues of environmental politics, such as environmental activism and litigation, climate change, conservation, the challenges of coastal communities, flood prevention, and waste management. Oil subsidy removal, rule of law, and the roles of media and religion are also closely considered. This collection of essays also covers domestic security issues, such as policing, ethno-religious conflicts, local conflicts between farmers and herdsmen, and strategies of conflict resolution affecting the environment. Other issues under discussion include peacebuilding, urban machine politics, the place of children and youth in nation building, and the intersection of politics and psychology in self-determination struggles. Of vital importance to any student of modern Africa, these chapters offer a solid and detailed compendium of readings to contextualize key international relations subjects in the real world. The compendium is also a fitting tribute to the life's work of one of the brightest scholarly minds Africa has produced"--
Categories: Environmental justice

Social Media Impacts on Conflict and Democracy

Social Media Impacts on Conflict and Democracy

Social media technology is having a dramatic impact on social and political dynamics around the world. The contributors to this book document and illustrate this "techtonic" shift on violent conflict and democratic processes.

Author: Lisa Schirch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000378917

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 270

Social media technology is having a dramatic impact on social and political dynamics around the world. The contributors to this book document and illustrate this "techtonic" shift on violent conflict and democratic processes. They present vivid examples and case studies from countries in Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Latin America as well as Northern Ireland. Each author maps an array of peacebuilding solutions to social media threats, including coordinated action by civil society, governments and tech companies to protect human minds, relationships and institutions. Solutions presented include inoculating society with a new digital literacy agenda, designing technology for positive social impacts, and regulating technology to prohibit the worst behaviours. A must-read both for political scientists and policymakers trying to understand the impact of social media, and media studies scholars looking for a global perspective.
Categories: Political Science

Social Media and Elections in Africa Volume 2

Social Media and Elections in Africa  Volume 2

She studied journalism and media studies at Rhodes University, ... in the Global South and co-editing a book on media, conflict and peacebuilding in Africa.

Author: Martin N. Ndlela

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030326821

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 814

This book, the second of two volumes, explores the challenges and opportunities presented by the increased presence of social media within African politics. Electoral processes in Africa have assumed new dimensions due to the influence of social media. As social media permeates different aspects of elections, it is ostensibly creating new challenges and opportunities. Most evident are the challenges of hate speech, misogyny and incivility. This book considers the impact of digital media before, during, and after elections, as well as authorities' attempts to legislate and regulate the internet in response. Contributions to this volume analyse social media posts, transgressive images, newspaper articles, and include case studies of Algeria, Zimbabwe, Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria and Uganda. This results in the delivery of an original depiction of the use of social media in a variety of African contexts. This book will appeal to academics and students of media and communication studies, political studies, journalism, sociology, and African studies.
Categories: Social Science

Women s Leadership in Peace Building

Women s Leadership in Peace Building

Providing insight into the politics of the Ebola epidemic, Van Reisen's opening gambit is the claim that the UK government has repurposed a health crisis into a security challenge.

Author: Mirjam van Reisen

Publisher:

ISBN: 1592219942

Category: Africa

Page: 416

View: 750

Providing insight into the politics of the Ebola epidemic, Van Reisen's opening gambit is the claim that the UK government has repurposed a health crisis into a security challenge. Rather than discussing Ebola as a humanitarian crisis, the rhetoric surrounding it has been used to ramp up the fear and stigma surrounding African immigrants into the UK. Van Reisen offers an unusual solution to the lack of humane discourse in the media: promote more women.
Categories: Africa

Conflict and Peace Building in Divided Societies

Conflict and Peace Building in Divided Societies

This groundbreaking book provides an integrated account of ethnic, nationality and sectarian conflicts in the contemporary world including the role of collective myths, the mass media and the ethnification of identities as contributors to ...

Author: Anthony Oberschall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134128136

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 978

This groundbreaking book provides an integrated account of ethnic, nationality and sectarian conflicts in the contemporary world including the role of collective myths, the mass media and the ethnification of identities as contributors to ethnic conflicts and wars. In addition to many examples from the last two decades, Oberschall provides a comprehensive overview of the conflict and peace processes in Bosnia, Northern Ireland and the Middle East. Oberschall analyzes: peace building through constitutional design power sharing governance disarming combatants, post-accord security and refugee return transitional justice (truth and reconciliation commissions, war crimes tribunals) economic and social reconstruction in a multiethnic society. In addition to many examples from the last two decades, Oberschall provides a comprehensive overview of the conflict and peace processes for Bosnia, Northern Ireland, and Israel-Palestinians. He argues that insurgency creates contentious issues over and above the original root causes of the conflict, that the internal divisions within the adversaries trigger conflicts that jeopardize peace processes, and that security and rebuilding a failed state are a precondition for lasting peace and a democratic polity. This book will be essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers and academics interested in the fields of peace studies, war and conflict studies, ethnic studies and political sociology.
Categories: Political Science

Conflict and Peacebuilding in the African Great Lakes Region

Conflict and Peacebuilding in the African Great Lakes Region

She is the author of Elections and the Media in Post-conflict Africa (2011), The Media and Conflicts in Central Africa (2007), Medias et Communications ...

Author: Kenneth Omeje

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253008480

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 903

Driven by genocide, civil war, political instabilities, ethnic and pastoral hostilities, the African Great Lakes Region, primarily Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Burundi, has been overwhelmingly defined by conflict. Kenneth Omeje, Tricia Redeker Hepner, and an international group of scholars, many from the Great Lakes region, focus on the interlocking conflicts and efforts toward peace in this multidisciplinary volume. These essays present a range of debates and perspectives on the history and politics of conflict, highlighting the complex internal and external sources of both persistent tension and creative peacebuilding. Taken together, the essays illustrate that no single perspective or approach can adequately capture the dynamics of conflict or offer successful strategies for sustainable peace in the region.
Categories: Political Science

Before Emergency Conflict Prevention and the Media

Before Emergency  Conflict Prevention and the Media

This book is about two prominent issues: conflict prevention, and the media.

Author: M. Aguirre

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 9788498305111

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 572

This book is about two prominent issues: conflict prevention, and the media. Conflict prevention is a challenging concept for the media because journalists normally work on current affairs: reporting what is going on now, not trying to change the course of events in the medium or long term. However, the media can also play a determinant role in conflict prevention by providing swift and reliable information of emerging or potential conflicts to local and external actors. Governments, international organizations and public opinion alike need in-depth understanding of pre- and post-conflict social, economic, cultural and political environments in order to fully understand the benefits and feasibility of preventive policies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Media Mobilization and Human Rights

Media  Mobilization  and Human Rights

These are just some of the questions addressed in Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights, which investigates the assumption that exposure to human rights violations in countries far away causes people to respond with activism.

Author: Tristan Anne Borer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781780320694

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 158

What impact do mass media portrayals of atrocities have on activism? Why do these news stories sometimes mobilize people, while at other times they are met with indifference? Do different forms of media have greater or lesser impacts on mobilization? These are just some of the questions addressed in Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights, which investigates the assumption that exposure to human rights violations in countries far away causes people to respond with activism. Turning a critical eye on existing scholarship, which argues either that viewing and reading about violence can serve as a force for good (through increased activism) or as a source of evil (by objectifying and exploiting the victims of violence), the authors argue that reality is far more complex, and that there is nothing inherently positive or negative about exposure to the suffering of others. In exploring this, the book offers an array of case studies: from human rights reporting in Mexican newspapers to the impact of media imagery on humanitarian intervention in Somalia; from the influence of celebrity activism to the growing role of social media. By examining a variety of media forms, from television and radio to social networking, the interdisciplinary set of authors present radical new ways of thinking about the intersection of media portrayals of human suffering and activist responses to them.
Categories: Social Science

Peacebuilding

Peacebuilding

"We genuinely believe that any action in or around existing or potential conflict areas has an influence on war and peace. Building sustainable peace is not just a matter of direct intervention through mediation.

Author: Luc Reychler

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 1555879373

Category: Social Science

Page: 573

View: 860

"We genuinely believe that any action in or around existing or potential conflict areas has an influence on war and peace. Building sustainable peace is not just a matter of direct intervention through mediation. It also requires indirect intervention through development and relief aid, media coverage, or any other activity relating to existing or potential violent conflicts. Peacebuilding: A Field Guide therefore aims at making the reader aware of the bigger picture involved in the building of sustainable peace, while also providing some real guidelines on how to maximize all contributions to peacebuilding."--Preface.
Categories: Social Science

Impact of Communication and the Media on Ethnic Conflict

Impact of Communication and the Media on Ethnic Conflict

Impact of Communication and the Media on Ethnic Conflict focuses on both the positive and negative outcomes of communication and media usage, as well as the overall perceptions of these elements, within conflicting populations.

Author: Gibson, Steven

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466697294

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 772

Throughout the world, cultural and racial clashes remain a major hurdle to development and progress. Though some areas are experiencing successful intercultural communications which pave the way for peaceful negotiations, there are still many regions experiencing severe turmoil. Impact of Communication and the Media on Ethnic Conflict focuses on both the positive and negative outcomes of communication and media usage, as well as the overall perceptions of these elements, within conflicting populations. Featuring theoretical perspectives on various intergroup interaction experiences within contemporary ethnic controversies, this publication will appeal to scholars, researchers, professors, and practitioners interested in ethnic studies, conflict resolution, communications, and global peace building.
Categories: Social Science