Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences

Author: Gerald R. North,John A. Pyle,Fuqing Zhang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123822262

Category: Science

Page: 2998

View: 8740

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Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd Edition is an authoritative resource covering all aspects of atmospheric sciences, including both theory and applications. With more than 320 articles and 1,600 figures and photographs, this revised version of the award-winning first edition offers comprehensive coverage of this important field. The six volumes in this set contain broad-ranging articles on topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction. The Encyclopedia is an ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences. It is written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Covers all aspects of atmospheric sciences—including both theory and applications Presents more than 320 articles and more than 1,600 figures and photographs Broad-ranging articles include topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction An ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences
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Climate Dynamics of the Tropics

Author: S. Hastenrath

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401131562

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 854

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The first edition of my book "Climate and Circulation of the Tropics" was reasonably up to date to the middle of 1985. In a second printing in 1988 it was possible to complete a few literature references and to correct some misprints. However, vigorous research has taken place over the past five years in various areas of tropical climate dynamics, especially in the atmosphere-ocean mechanisms of climate anomalies, climate prediction, ocean circulation, and paleoclimates. Promising progress has also been made in the application of general circulation modelling to tropical climate problems. In the present second edition, named "Climate Dynamics of the Tropics", I have attempted to incorporate much of the recent work to late 1990. Chapters 8 and 9 have been essentially re-written, and major additions have been made to Chapters 4 and 12 in particular. I would like to acknowledge the continued support by the U.S. National Science Foundation over the past five years. B. Parthasarathy, Poona, and H. Lessmann, San Salvador, sent me updates of data series not easily accessible. I have benefitted from discussions with numerous colleagues in the United States and overseas. In the preparation of this second edition, Marilyn Wolff patiently transferred my illegible hand-written drafts onto word processor. Dierk Polzin and Dan Skemp assisted me with the creation of the page masters and the subject index and Christopher Collimore with the author index.
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Coral Reefs of the Eastern Tropical Pacific

Persistence and Loss in a Dynamic Environment

Author: Peter W. Glynn,Derek P. Manzello,Ian C. Enochs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401774994

Category: Science

Page: 657

View: 2641

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This book documents and examines the state of health of coral reefs in the eastern tropical Pacific region. It touches on the occurrence of coral reefs in the waters of surrounding countries, and it explores their biogeography, biodiversity and condition relative to the El Niño southern oscillation and human impacts. Additionally contained within is a field that presents information on many of the species presented in the preceding chapters.
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Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales

Author: Peter U. Clark,Robert S. Webb,Lloyd D. Keigwin

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 087590095X

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 4987

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Contributors describe the current understanding of abrupt climate variations that have occurred at millennial to submillennial time scales, events now recognized as characteristics of the global climate during the last glaciation. Subjects covered include analysis of modern climate and ocean dynamics, paleoclimate reconstructions derived from the marine, terrestrial and ice core records, and paleoclimate modeling studies. The breadth of global paleoclimate knowledge presented here provides information required to answer many questions and provides a road map to address remaining problems. Most material is from a June 1998 conference. Lacks a subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System

Author: William K.-M. Lau,Duane E. Waliser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540272502

Category: Science

Page: 437

View: 8437

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This is the first comprehensive review of intra-seasonal variability (ISV); the contents are balanced between observation, theory and modeling. Starting with an overview of ISV and historical observations, the book addresses the coupling between ocean and atmosphere, and the worldwide role of ISV in monsoon variability. Also considered are the connections between oscillations like the Madden, Julian and El Nino/Southern and short-term climate.
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Climate-Ocean Interaction

Author: M.E. Schlesinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400920938

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 926

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Preface This book is the culmination of a workshop jointly organized by NATO and CEC on Climate-Ocean Interaction which was held at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University during 26-30 September 1988. The objective of the ARW was to assess the current status of research on climate-ocean interaction, with a major focus on the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice models and their application in the study of past, present and possible future climates. This book contains 16 chapters divided into four parts: Introduction; Observations of the Climate of the Ocean; Modelling the Atmospheric, Oceanic and Sea Ice Components of the Climatic System; and Simulating the Variability of Climate on Short, Medium and Long Time Scales. A fifth part contains the reports of the five Working Groups on: Climate Observations, Modelling, ENSO Modelling and Prediction, Climate-Ocean Interaction on TIme Scales of Decades to Centuries, and Impact of Paleoclimatic Proxy Data on Climate Modelling. Preface ix Acknowledgements I thank Howard Cattle and Neil Wells for their guidance and assistance as members of the Workshop Organizing Committee. I particularly thank Michael Davey for all his efforts as Local Organizer to make the ARW a success. I also thank the staff of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University, for their help with the arrangements for the ARW.
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Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change

A Science Strategy

Author: Panel on Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309523869

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 6450

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Society today may be more vulnerable to global-scale, long-term, climate change than ever before. Even without any human influence, past records show that climate can be expected to continue to undergo considerable change over decades to centuries. Measures for adaption and mitigation will call for policy decisions based on a sound scientific foundation. Better understanding and prediction of climate variations can be achieved most efficiently through a nationally recognized "dec-cen" science plan. This book articulates the scientific issues that must be addressed to advance us efficiently toward that understanding and outlines the data collection and modeling needed.
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Beyond El Niño

decadal and interdecadal climate variability : with 168 figures and 7 tables

Author: Antonio Navarra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540636625

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 2533

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The book provides a consistent treatment of climate variability at time scales longer than interannual. The first part describes what we know of the observed decadal variability, identifying the major phenomena that are involved. The second part contains contributions describing the present level of understanding of decadal variability. Researchers and students will find the book useful as a reference, and scientists in related disciplines (geology, biogeochemistry, paleoclimatology) will have an overview of current knowledge.
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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows

Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations

Author: Thomas von Larcher,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118855922

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 3798

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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from LaboratoryExperiments and Numerical Simulations provides a broad overview ofrecent progress in using laboratory experiments and numericalsimulations to model atmospheric and oceanic fluid motions. Thisvolume not only surveys novel research topics in laboratoryexperimentation, but also highlights recent developments in thecorresponding computational simulations. As computing power growsexponentially and better numerical codes are developed, theinterplay between numerical simulations and laboratory experimentsis gaining paramount importance within the scientific community.The lessons learnt from the laboratory–model comparisons inthis volume will act as a source of inspiration for the nextgeneration of experiments and simulations. Volume highlightsinclude: Topics pertaining to atmospheric science, climatephysics, physical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics Overview of the most advanced experimental andcomputational research in geophysics Recent developments in numerical simulations ofatmospheric and oceanic fluid motion Unique comparative analysis of the experimentaland numerical approaches to modeling fluid flow Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows will be a valuableresource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals inthe fields of geophysics, atmospheric sciences, oceanography,climate science, hydrology, and experimental geosciences.
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