Mechanics of Pre-industrial Technology

An Introduction to the Mechanics of Ancient and Traditional Material Culture

Author: Brian Cotterell,Johan Kamminga

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521428712

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 325

View: 1791

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First general account of the mechanics behind pre-industrial technology, combining the skills of an engineer and an archaeologist.
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Pre-Industrial Cities and Technology

Author: Colin Chant,David Goodman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134636199

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9537

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This, the first book in the series, explores cities from the earliest earth built settlements to the dawn of the industrial age exploring ancient, Medieval, early modern and renaissance cities. Among the cities examined are Uruk, Babylon, Thebes, Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Baghdad, Siena, Florence, Antwerp, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Mexico City, Timbuktu, Great Zimbabwe, Hangzhou, Beijing and Hankou Among the technologies discussed are: irrigation, water transport, urban public transport, aqueducts, building materials such as brick and Roman concrete, weaponry and fortifications, street lighting and public clocks.
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The Sounds and Colors of Power

The Sacred Metallurgical Technology of Ancient West Mexico

Author: Dorothy Hosler

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262082303

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 3927

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"This major study suggests that prehispanic metallurgy was adopted in western Mexico ca. AD 600 from northern South America. Presents technical analyses and a comprehensive theory for development of Mesoamerican metallurgy. Argues that metals were a ritual and elite material that expressed sacredness and social relations"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
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Fractography

Observing, Measuring and Interpreting Fracture Surface Topography

Author: Derek Hull

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521646840

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 6254

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An advanced 1999 text for those working in materials science and related inter-disciplinary subjects.
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Mesoamerican Lithic Technology

Experimentation and Interpretation

Author: Kenn Hirth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874807653

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 8309

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Any overview of prehispanic society in the Americas would identify its obsidian core-blade production as a unique and highly inventive technology. Normally termed prismatic blades, these long, parallel-sided flakes are among the sharpest cutting tools ever produced by humans. Their standardized form permitted interchangeable use, and such blades became the cutting tool of choice throughout Mesoamerica between 600-800 B.C. Because considerable production skill is required, increased demand may have stimulated the appearance of craft specialists who played an integral role in Mesoamerican society. Some investigators have argued that control over obsidian also had a significant effect on the development and organization of chiefdom and state-level societies. While researchers have long recognized the potential of obsidian studies, recent work has focused primarily on compositional analysis to reconstruct trade and distribution networks. Study of blade production has received much less attention, and many aspects of this highly evolved craft are still lost. This volume seeks to identify current research questions in Mesoamerican lithic technology and to demonstrate that replication studies coupled with experimental research design are valuable analytical approaches to such questions.
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Super Structures

The Science of Bridges, Buildings, Dams, and Other Feats of Engineering

Author: Mark Denny

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801894360

Category: Mathematics

Page: 266

View: 2191

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Ever wonder how a graceful and slender bridge can support enormous loads over truly astonishing spans? Why domes and free-standing arches survive earthquakes that flatten the rest of a city? Physicist Mark Denny looks at the large structures around us—tall buildings, long bridges, and big dams—and explains how they were designed and built and why they sometimes collapse, topple, or burst. Denny uses clear, accessible language to explain the physics behind such iconic structures as the Parthenon, the Eiffel Tower, the Forth Rail Bridge in Edinburgh, and Hoover Dam. His friendly approach allows readers to appreciate the core principles that keep these engineering marvels upright without having to master complex mathematical equations. Employing history, humor, and simple physics to consider such topics as when to use screws or nails, what trusses are, why iron beams are often I-shaped, and why medieval cathedrals have buttresses, Denny succeeds once again in making physics fun.
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The American Historical Association's guide to historical literature

Author: Mary Beth Norton

Publisher: Oxford Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 2027

View: 6280

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This entirely new edition of a keystone reference is the place to start researching any topic in any field of history. Hundreds of historians from around the world have selected and provided commentary on the best and most useful works in their fields--almost 27,000 annotated citations--to provide unprecedented bibliographic guidance of extraordinary breadth, from prehistory to the twentieth century. Presented in an accessible format, this completely new work has been ten years in planning and execution. It is divided into sections arranged by chronology and national and regional history, with each section introduced by a brief historiographical essay. And it also contains expanded coverage of Africa, Asia, and North and South America. Each bibliographic citation is identified by a unique reference number and includes all essential data, along with a brief critical annotation written by a specialist in the field. Also included are guides to the contributors of annotations and complete author and subject indexes. An indispensable work for scholars, students, librarians, and general readers, the AHA Guide to Historical Literature is essential for anyone who is serious about history.
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