This volume establishes how English language constructs were measured in Cambridge English examinations over the period 1913 to 2012.
Author: Cyril J. Weir
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Foreign Language Study
This volume establishes how English language constructs were measured in Cambridge English examinations over the period 1913 to 2012. An addition to the Studies in Language Testing series, this volume provides an overview of English language testing over the last century, with coverage of key theoretical and practical aspects of the assessment of reading, listening, writing and speaking skills. It includes examples of the Cambridge English exams, old and new, and is the first volume to describe in a systematic way the different theoretical influences which have shaped the development of the constructs underlying Cambridge English exams in the last 100 years.
Since adapt and select aspects of the PIHS were negatively correlated to Terra
Nova , a traditional achievement measure , the construct of practical intelligence
as measured by adapt and select appears to be inversely related to the construct
The bottom portion of figure 3 illustrates the use of SEM to derive estimates of
relations among the constructs that are unaffected by random measurement error
. Employing this latent variable approach , the estimated stability of the construct
Validity The validity of a scale is the extent to which it measures the construct of
interest ( Foster & Cone , 1995 ) . Hence , scale developers sometimes use the
term construct validity . There are many types of validity , including a ) concurrent
Author: Nicola Susanne Schutte
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
John Malouff is Associate Professor of Psychology at Nova Southeastern University in Florida.
Because of the nature of the measured constructs , research resources were
devoted to an extensive measure development and cross - validation
methodology ( Bagozzi 1984 ) . " Such a methodology follows the logic of
construct explication ...
Construct Validity Although the construct validity of a measurement scale has
been defined in various ways in the psychometric literature (e.g., Bohrnstedt,
1970; Cronbach & Meehl, 1955; Nunnally, 1978), a predominant perspective
views a ...
Author: Emeritus Professor of Educational Psychology Cecil R Reynolds, PhDPublish On: 1999
One possible solution to the problem of unreliability and invalidity might then be
to collect multiple measures of the poorly measured constructs , factor - analyze
each construct , and then use the factor scores in subsequent analyses ( path ...
Author: Emeritus Professor of Educational Psychology Cecil R Reynolds, PhD
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
As the standard reference in the field, this edited handbook focuses on how a school psychologist can operate and create change within the educational system instead of focusing solely on the diagnosis and treatment of an individual. Chapters have been updated and revised to provide a contemporary view of the field.
judgments will not be made by the S whose behavior is being measured but will
be judgments of S by peers , family ... One method of identifying derived etics
consists of identifying those aspects of measured constructs that have proven to ...
2 HF 5549 Abstract A2 The construct validity of organizational commitment has
recently been W92 no . 91-10 investigated in several studies . The authors of
these studies have concluded that organizational commitment is a valid construct
The effect of recall on test - retest coefficients reported by Ellsworth , Foster ,
Childers , et al . is likely to have been less , because the measures were
administered ten days apart ( on the average ) . Although measures of most constructs listed ...
I call this the top - down construct validity problem . The other situation ( Figure 6 )
is the bottom - up problem : you are given a measurement procedure - one that
you or somebody else has dreamed up , and maybe developed through ...
Fifth , an admissible construct must be symptomatic and basic change is partly
rebehavior - relevant and subject to observa - ... Some improvement jectively measured constructs . would mean that the patient ' s test scores and other
Measurement Model Test for Formatively Measured Constructs To evaluate the
formative measurement items for three managerial role performances, we
followed the formative measurement model assessment procedure suggested by
Author: Faizan Ali
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
Ten chapters discuss key aspects of advanced PLS analysis and its practical applications, covering new guidelines and improvements in the use of PLS-PM as well as various individual topics.
The major ways to estimate the validity of measurement are ( 1 ) construct validity
, ( 2 ) content validity , ( 3 ) ... of interest to other constructs such that a theoretical
framework is developed for the marketing phenomenon being measured .
Author: Thomas C. Kinnear
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
This very applied approach to the managerial use of marketing research is designed and organized by the steps in the marketing research process. Great care has been taken to deal with the technical aspects of marketing research in a manner that allows the reader to apply research procedures to real applications in a pragmatic, step-by-step, "here's how to do it" fashion. The revision contains 35 cases; 14 new to this edition. The changes to the Fifth Edition include the addition of substantial insights and examples on international marketing research. Major new illustrations entitled Global Marketing Research Dynamics appear throughout the text. Three marketing research databases available on a PC-disk, accompany each copy of the book and contain real results from actual marketing research studies and are all keyed to the major PC-based analysis packages: SPSS-PC, SAS-PC, SYSTAT-PC, and MYSTAT-PC.
REPEATED MEASURES AND THE FORMATION OF COMPOSITE VARIABLES
In many repeated - measures designs each of the repeated measures can be
viewed as a replication of the measurement of some underlying construct .
Author: Robert Rosenthal
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social
Category: Political Science
This is a classic advanced undergraduate/graduate text in research methods which requires statistics as a prerequisite. The first half of the text concentrates on research methods and the second half introduces students to advanced statistical procedures.
1.4 Constructs and Variables In any given population , members typically differ
on particular characteristics or measured constructs . For example , if we take a
group of 20 - year - olds and measure them on a physical attribute such as weight
Author: Madhabi Chatterji
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
This book is excellent for responding to NCLB mandates and NCATE requirements for preparing K-12 teachers, school leaders, professionals and researchers inassessment design and use of data for informing day-to-day practices. It presents material in practitioner-friendly, straightforward and readable language, without watering down concepts and with minimal use of statistics. Instructors will find that the book provides a balanced treatment of traditional and performance assessment methods. Design, validation, and use of assessment tools for a variety of purposes are addressed through the use of a common Process Model and six User Paths. To improve testing practices, the 1999 AERA, APA & NCME standards are cited throughout. Numerous case studies, examples, demonstrations, tables, and a web-based computer module support the book.
Measurement invariance evaluates the psychometric equivalence of a latent
unobservable construct (such as a basic value) ... suggesting that the items in the
TwIVI have measured constructs equivalently across samples (Model 1:
Author: James Weinberg
Publisher: Bristol University Press
Category: Political Science
Departing from dominant traditions in studies of the UK Parliament and its politicians, Who Enters Politics and Why? approaches the study of elite agency in Westminster from an original and rigorous approach grounded in psychological political science. This unique analysis considers the ways people enter in to politics, and how they represent their constituents as parliamentarians once they are there. Drawing on a survey of more than 100 MPs and in-depth interviews, James Weinberg assesses the demographics and characteristics of UK politicians. Through methodical analysis of attitudes and ideologies, he gets to the core of their motivations and the values that influence Parliamentary behaviour and policy making. This is a fresh psychological approach to political science that exposes the increasing disconnect between MPs and the public, and casts new light on the question of whether we really get the politicians we deserve.
4 might be attributed to random measurement error , were it not for the fact that
the text - recall measures used by Hertzog et al . ... Indeed , longitudinal
variability can reflect validly and reliably measured constructs that are highly
organized yet ...
Author: Fredda Blanchard-Fields
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
This upper-level text for advanced undergraduate students in Human Development, Social Work, Psychology and Gerontology Departments is part of the McGraw-Hill Series in Developmental Psychology. This book addresses cognitive and intellectual changes in adulthood and aging, utilizing the work of the most prominent scholars in the field. Chapters are contributed by 20 renowned colleagues on topics such as foundations, intelligence, information processing, memory, and cognition in context. Each contributor discusses specific issues or trends in his/her area of Adult Development. The volume is edited by two noted scholars in Cognitive Aging, and contains an introductory chapter by the editors that integrates the topics discussed.
sampling directly from the behaviors or skills to be measured , construct validity
must be established by indirect means . ... analogies , block designs , vocabulary
measures , and still more , are used as vehicles for measuring constructs .
rom a leve a precise blished can be done by relating each construct to a few
basic psychological elements of conceptual ... ( symptoms , measurements ) ; it
should facilitate the development of methods to measure not yet measured constructs .