What is Mathematics?

An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods

Author: Herbert Robbins Richard Courant (Ian Stewart),Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences Richard Courant,Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins,Ian Stewart,Professor of Mathematics Herbert Robbins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195105193

Category: Mathematics

Page: 566

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A discussion of fundamental mathematical principles from algebra to elementary calculus designed to promote constructive mathematical reasoning.
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Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Gowers

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780192853615

Category: Mathematics

Page: 143

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The aim of this volume is to explain the differences between research-level mathematics and the maths taught at school. Most differences are philosophical and the first few chapters are about general aspects of mathematical thought.
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Mathematics

Author: Timothy Gowers

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.

ISBN: 9781402768972

Category: Mathematics

Page: 180

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Mathematics is a subject we are all exposed to in our daily lives, but one that many of us fear. Timothy Gowers’s entertaining overview of the topic explains the differences between what we learn at school and advanced mathematics, and helps the math phobic emerge with a clearer understanding of such paradoxical-sounding concepts as “infinity,” “curved space,” and “imaginary numbers.” From basic ideas to philosophical queries to common sociological questions about the mathematical community, this book unravels the mysteries of space and numbers.
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Mathematics and War

Author: Bernhelm Booß-Bavnbek,Bernhelm Booss,Jens Høyrup,Jens Hoyrup

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764316341

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

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Mathematics has for centuries been stimulated, financed and credited by military purposes. Some mathematical thoughts and mathematical technology have also been vital in war. During World War II mathematical work by the Anti-Hitler coalition was part of an aspiration to serve humanity and not help destroy it. At present, it is not an easy task to view the bellicose potentials of mathematics in a proper perspective. The book presents historical evidence and recent changes in the interaction between mathematics and the military. It discusses the new mathematically enhanced development of military technology which seems to have changed the very character of modern warfare.
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What is Mathematics, Really?

Author: Reuben Hersh

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195130874

Category: Mathematics

Page: 343

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Reflecting an insider's view of mathematical life, the author argues that mathematics must be historically evolved, and intelligible only in a social context.
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Cultural Foundations of Mathematics

The Nature of Mathematical Proof and the Transmission of the Calculus from India to Europe in the 16th C. CE

Author: C. K. Raju

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 9788131708712

Category: Calculus

Page: 477

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The Volume Examines, In Depth, The Implications Of Indian History And Philosophy For Contemporary Mathematics And Science. The Conclusions Challenge Current Formal Mathematics And Its Basis In The Western Dogma That Deduction Is Infallible (Or That It Is Less Fallible Than Induction). The Development Of The Calculus In India, Over A Thousand Years, Is Exhaustively Documented In This Volume, Along With Novel Insights, And Is Related To The Key Sources Of Wealth-Monsoon-Dependent Agriculture And Navigation Required For Overseas Trade - And The Corresponding Requirement Of Timekeeping. Refecting The Usual Double Standard Of Evidence Used To Construct Eurocentric History, A Single, New Standard Of Evidence For Transmissions Is Proposed. Using This, It Is Pointed Out That Jesuits In Cochin, Following The Toledo Model Of Translation, Had Long-Term Opportunity To Transmit Indian Calculus Texts To Europe. The European Navigational Problem Of Determining Latitude, Longitude, And Loxodromes, And The 1582 Gregorian Calendar-Reform, Provided Ample Motivation. The Mathematics In These Earlier Indian Texts Suddenly Starts Appearing In European Works From The Mid-16Th Century Onwards, Providing Compelling Circumstantial Evidence. While The Calculus In India Had Valid Pramana, This Differed From Western Notions Of Proof, And The Indian (Algorismus) Notion Of Number Differed From The European (Abacus) Notion. Hence, Like Their Earlier Difficulties With The Algorismus, Europeans Had Difficulties In Understanding The Calculus, Which, Like Computer Technology, Enhanced The Ability To Calculate, Albeit In A Way Regarded As Epistemologically Insecure. Present-Day Difficulties In Learning Mathematics Are Related, Via Phylogeny Is Ontogeny , To These Historical Difficulties In Assimilating Imported Mathematics. An Appendix Takes Up Further Contemporary Implications Of The New Philosophy Of Mathematics For The Extension Of The Calculus, Which Is Needed To Handle The Infinities Arising In The Study Of Shock Waves And The Renormalization Problem Of Quantum Field Theory.
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Street Mathematics and School Mathematics

Author: Terezinha Nunes,Terezinha Nunes Carraher,Analucia Dias Schliemann,David William Carraher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521388139

Category: Education

Page: 170

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People who learn to solve problems 'on the job' often have to do it differently from people who learn in theory. Practical knowledge and theoretical knowledge is different in some ways but similar in other ways - or else one would end up with wrong solutions to the problems. Mathematics is also like this. People who learn to calculate, for example, because they are involved in commerce frequently have a more practical way of doing mathematics than the way we are taught at school. This book is about the differences between what we call practical knowledge of mathematics - that is street mathematics - and mathematics learned in school, which is not learned in practice. The authors look at the differences between these two ways of solving mathematical problems and discuss their advantages and disadvantages. They also discuss ways of trying to put theory and practice together in mathematics teaching.
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A Century of Mathematics in America

Author: Richard Askey

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821801246

Category: Mathematics

Page: 477

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In the 100 years since the founding of the AMS, the American mathematical community has grown from a small group heavily dependent on European mathematicians to a large and influential group that in many areas sets the standard for the rest of the world. By the 1930s, there was a flourishing mathematical community to welcome the influx of mathematicians fleeing Europe. This volume, the first in the History of Mathematics series, brings together a variety of perspectives on the political, social, and mathematical forces that have shaped the American mathematical community in the past century.
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A History of Mathematics

Author: Florian Cajori

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821821022

Category: Mathematics

Page: 524

View: 2026

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Originally issued in 1893, this popular Fifth Edition (1991) covers the period from antiquity to the close of World War I, with major emphasis on advanced mathematics and, in particular, the advanced mathematics of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In one concise volume, this unique book presents an interesting and reliable account of mathematics history for those who cannot devote themselves to an intensive study. The book is a must for personal and departmental libraries alike. Cajori has mastered the art of incorporating an enormous amount of specific detail into a smooth-flowing narrative. The Index - for example - contains not just the 300 to 400 names one would expect to find, but over 1,600. And, for example, one will not only find John Pell, but will learn who he was and some specifics of what he did (and that the Pell equation was named erroneously after him).In addition, one will come across Anna J. Pell and learn of her work on biorthogonal systems; one will find not only H. Lebesgue but the not unimportant (even if not major) V.A. Lebesgue. Of the Bernoullis one will find not three or four but all eight. One will find R. Sturm as well as C. Sturm; M. Ricci as well as G. Ricci; V. Riccati as well as J.F. Riccati; Wolfgang Bolyai as well as J. Bolyai; the mathematician Martin Ohm as well as the physicist G.S. Ohm; M. Riesz as well as F. Riesz; H.G. Grassmann as well as H. Grassmann; H.P. Babbage who continued the work of his father C. Babbage; R. Fuchs as well as the more famous L. Fuchs; A. Quetelet as well as L.A.J. Quetelet; P.M. Hahn and Hans Hahn; E. Blaschke and W. Blaschke; J. Picard as well as the more famous C.E. Picard; B. Pascal (of course) and also Ernesto Pascal and Etienne Pascal; and, the historically important V.J. Bouniakovski and W.A. Steklov, seldom mentioned at the time outside the Soviet literature.
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An Introduction to Mathematics

Author: Alfred North Whitehead

Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press, 1958 [c1948]

ISBN: 9780195002119

Category: Law

Page: 191

View: 9227

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Examines the history and development of mathematical concepts and how the contemporary student may use them
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