Mathematics: A Simple Tool for Geologists

Author: David Waltham

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780748744978

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1312

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Mathematics: A Simple Tool for Geologists is for students who did not follow mathematics through to the end of their school careers, and the graduates and professionals whose mathematics have become rusty and are looking for a refresher course. This second edition contains many new problems and also has associated spreadsheets on the World Wide Web designed to improve students' understanding. These spreadsheets can also be used to solve many of the problems students are likely to encounter during the remainder of their geological careers.
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Mathematics

A Simple Tool for Geologists

Author: David Waltham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444312367

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 7211

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This book is for students who did not follow mathematics through tothe end of their school careers, and graduates and professionalswho are looking for a refresher course. This new edition containsmany new problems and also has associated spreadsheets designed toimprove students' understanding. These spreadsheets can also beused to solve many of the problems students are likely to encounterduring the remainder of their geological careers. The book aims to teach simple mathematics using geologicalexamples to illustrate mathematical ideas. This approach emphasizesthe relevance of mathematics to geology, helps to motivate thereader and gives examples of mathematical concepts in a contextfamiliar to the reader. With an increasing use of computers andquantitative methods in all aspects of geology it is vital thatgeologists be seen as numerate as their colleagues in otherphysical sciences. The book begins by discussing basic tools suchas the use of symbols to represent geological quantities and theuse of scientific notation for expressing very large and very smallnumbers. Simple functional relationships between geologicalvariables are then covered (for example, straight lines,polynomials, logarithms) followed by chapters on algebraicmanipulations. The mid-part of the book is devoted to trigonometry(including an introduction to vectors) and statistics. The last twochapters give an introduction to differential and integralcalculus. The book is prepared with a large number of workedexamples and problems for the students to attempt themselves.Answers to all the questions are given at the end of the book.
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Physics for Geologists, Second Edition

Author: Richard Chapman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415288057

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 5339

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All geologists need a broad understanding of science to understand the processes they study and analytical techniques. In particular, geology students need to grasp the basic physics behind these processes, which this book provides in plain language and simple mathematics. It gives the reader information that will enable him to ascertain the validity of what he reads in scientific literature. Water, an essential component of geology, is emphasized, and many published errors on water are discernible when armed with this text. This updated edition discusses a wide range of topics, including electromagnetic radiation from optics to gamma rays, atomic structure and age-dating, heat and heat flow, electricity and magnetism, stress and strain, sea waves, acoustics, and fluids and fluid flow. The book gives basic definitions and dimensions and also some warnings about misunderstanding mathematical statistics, particularly of linear regression analysis, and unenlightened computation.
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Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470656654

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4960

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Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, and geoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basic chemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third edition of this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such ‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucid and accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition has been strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience and incorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters 1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geological processes. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces the wave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types of chemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse and distinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey the geologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain their formation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. The book concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendices cover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list the chemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in the book.
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Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

Author: Gary Nichols

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687779

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9649

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This fully revised and updated edition introduces the reader to sedimentology and stratigraphic principles, and provides tools for the interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. The processes of formation, transport and deposition of sediment are considered and then applied to develop conceptual models for the full range of sedimentary environments, from deserts to deep seas and reefs to rivers. Different approaches to using stratigraphic principles to date and correlate strata are also considered, in order to provide a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of sedimentology and stratigraphy. The text and figures are designed to be accessible to anyone completely new to the subject, and all of the illustrative material is provided in an accompanying CD-ROM. High-resolution versions of these images can also be downloaded from the companion website for this book at: www.wiley.com/go/nicholssedimentology.
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