Telling the exciting story from a historical perspective, it shows how mathematical science advanced through the discoveries of the ancient Babylonians, Egyptians and Greeks, the great scholars of medieval Islam and Europe, and the ...

Author: Joel Levy

Publisher:

ISBN: 0233004874

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 251

Mathematics opens new doors to the amazing world of maths. Telling the exciting story from a historical perspective, it shows how mathematical science advanced through the discoveries of the ancient Babylonians, Egyptians and Greeks, the great scholars of medieval Islam and Europe, and the Renaissance and the birth of the Scientific Revolution. From the simplest concepts of numbers and arithmetic, geometry and algebra, trigonometry and calculus, right through to infinity and chaos theory, Mathematics introduces and explains the most important concepts in accessible, non-technical language.

Part history book, part puzzle book, The Curious History of the Riddle is fully illustrated with over 200 riddles interspersed throughout the text for solving.

Author: Marcel Danesi Ph.D.

Publisher: Wellfleet Press

ISBN: 9781577151982

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 192

View: 908

The Curious History of the Riddle investigates the fascinating origin and history of the riddle, from the very first riddle (the Riddle of the Sphinx) to the twenty-first century, with riddles found in pop culture, including movies (Us), television shows (Game of Thrones) video games, and escape rooms. Riddles are ageless, timeless, and so common that we hardly ever reflect upon what they are and how they originated. Most importantly, their invention helped in the development of lateral thinking, the form of thinking that is the foundation of all kinds of discoveries, from mathematics to science and beyond. In The Curious History of the Riddle, puzzle expert Marcel Danesi delves deep into the riddle's origin and history and covers these fascinating topics: 1. The Riddle of the Sphinx: Origins, Legends, Patterns What creature walks on all fours at dawn, two at midday, and three at twilight? (answer: man) 2. The Greek Anthology and the Exeter Book: Medieval Views and Uses of Riddles This chapter looks at the spread of the riddle in recreational and educational contexts. 3. The Merry Book of Riddles: Riddles in the Renaissance By the late Renaissance, riddles were being tailored more and more to produce humorous or whimsical effects. 4. Enigmas, Charades, and Conundrums: Riddles from the 1600s to the Twentieth Century After the Renaissance, riddles had become virtually every literate European person’s favorite form of recreation, and were included as regular features of many newspapers and periodicals 5. The Twentieth Century: Riddles as Children’s Literature In the twentieth century, riddles became specialized for children, spreading throughout children’s literature and educational manuals. 6. The Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries: Riddles Go to the Movies and Online In this chapter, the focus is on riddles in various entertainment media, from best-selling novels such as Harry Potter, to movies, such as the Batman series. 7. Connections: Riddles and Rebuses This chapter explores the structure of rebuses as visual riddles, connecting them historically. Part history book, part puzzle book, The Curious History of the Riddle is fully illustrated with over 200 riddles interspersed throughout the text for solving.

basis of the existence of mathematics. Reality is deliberately banned from mathematical thought, so much so that, in the seventeenth century, “geometry”
and—even more so—“geometer” were taken to mean “mathematics” and “
mathematician.

Author: Jean Eisenstaedt

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691186757

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 876

Black holes may obliterate most things that come near them, but they saved the theory of general relativity. Einstein's theory was quickly accepted as the true theory of gravity after its publication in 1915, but soon took a back seat in physics to quantum mechanics and languished for decades on the blackboards of mathematicians. Not until the existence of black holes by Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose in the 1960s, after Einstein's death, was the theory revived. Almost one hundred years after general relativity replaced Newton's theory of gravitation, The Curious History of Relativity tells the story of both events surrounding general relativity and the techniques employed by Einstein and the relativists to construct, develop, and understand his almost impenetrable theory. Jean Eisenstaedt, one of the world's leading experts on the subject, also discusses the theory's place in the evolution of twentieth-century physics. He describes the main stages in the development of general relativity: its beginnings, its strange crossing of the desert during Einstein's lifetime while under heated criticism, and its new life from the 1960s on, when it became vital to the understanding of black holes and the observation of exotic objects, and, eventually, to the discovery of the accelerating universe. We witness Einstein's construction of his theory, as well as the work of his fascinated, discouraged, and enthusiastic colleagues--physicists, mathematicians, and astronomers. Written with flair, The Curious History of Relativity poses--and answers--the difficult questions raised by Einstein's magnificent intellectual feat.

Levi, Mark. Classical Mechanics with Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control:
An Intuitive Introduction. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society, 2014.
Levy, Joel. A Curious History of Mathematics. London, UK: Andre Deutsch, 2013.

Author: Mircea Pitici

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691169651

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 216

This annual anthology brings together the year's finest mathematics writing from around the world. Featuring promising new voices alongside some of the foremost names in the field, The Best Writing on Mathematics 2015 makes available to a wide audience many articles not easily found anywhere else—and you don’t need to be a mathematician to enjoy them. These writings offer surprising insights into the nature, meaning, and practice of mathematics today. They delve into the history, philosophy, teaching, and everyday occurrences of math, and take readers behind the scenes of today’s hottest mathematical debates. Here David Hand explains why we should actually expect unlikely coincidences to happen; Arthur Benjamin and Ethan Brown unveil techniques for improvising custom-made magic number squares; Dana Mackenzie describes how mathematicians are making essential contributions to the development of synthetic biology; Steven Strogatz tells us why it’s worth writing about math for people who are alienated from it; Lisa Rougetet traces the earliest written descriptions of Nim, a popular game of mathematical strategy; Scott Aaronson looks at the unexpected implications of testing numbers for randomness; and much, much more. In addition to presenting the year’s most memorable writings on mathematics, this must-have anthology includes a bibliography of other notable writings and an introduction by the editor, Mircea Pitici. This book belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in where math has taken us—and where it is headed.

... Pettigrew's Bibliotheca Sussexiana , a descriptive Catalogue , with historical
and biographical notices of the MSS . and ... and affords an extremely singular
and curious historical picture of the Christian Church in the middle of the fifth
century ...

Introduces and explains the most important concepts in accessible, non-technical language. Along the way we meet the extraordinary characters who made great leaps in our understanding of mathematical concepts and theorems.

Author: Joel Levy

Publisher:

ISBN: 0233005447

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 693

Mathematics - A Curious Historyopens new doors to the amazing world of maths. Telling the exciting story from a historical perspective, it shows how mathematical science advanced through the discoveries of the ancient Babylonians, Egyptians and Greeks, the great scholars of medieval Islam and Europe, and the Renaissance and the birth of the Scientific Revolution. This is all explored in a real world context by the renowned science writer Joel Levy. From the simplest concepts of numbers and arithmetic, geometry and algebra, trigonometry and calculus, right through to infinity and chaos theory, Mathematics - A Curious Historyintroduces and explains the most important concepts in accessible, non-technical language. Along the way we meet the extraordinary characters who made great leaps in our understanding of mathematical concepts and theorems, from Pythagoras and Archimedes, to Fibonacci and Fermat, Godel and Turing.

One final option you might want to try before resorting to opiates and ice douches
is mathematics. One man who knew a thing or two about uncontrolled libido was
the Genevan philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778).

Author: Kate Lister

Publisher: Unbound Publishing

ISBN: 9781783528066

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 274

This is not a comprehensive study of every sexual quirk, kink and ritual across all cultures throughout time, as that would entail writing an encyclopaedia. Rather, this is a drop in the ocean, a paddle in the shallow end of sex history, but I hope you will get pleasantly wet nonetheless. The act of sex has not changed since people first worked out what went where, but the ways in which society dictates how sex is culturally understood and performed have varied significantly through the ages. Humans are the only creatures that stigmatise particular sexual practices, and sex remains a deeply divisive issue around the world. Attitudes will change and grow – hopefully for the better – but sex will never be free of stigma or shame unless we acknowledge where it has come from. Based on the popular research project Whores of Yore, and written with her distinctive humour and wit, A Curious History of Sex draws upon Dr Kate Lister’s extensive knowledge of sex history. From medieval impotence tests to twentieth-century testicle thefts, from the erotic frescoes of Pompeii, to modern-day sex doll brothels, Kate unashamedly roots around in the pants of history, debunking myths, challenging stereotypes and generally getting her hands dirty. This fascinating book is peppered with surprising and informative historical slang, and illustrated with eye-opening, toe-curling and meticulously sourced images from the past. You will laugh, you will wince and you will wonder just how much has actually changed.

In this visit to meeting , at the devotee of In this visit to the University of Kansas , I
had the pleasure of meeting , at the house of my sister Mrs . Green , a lately
graduated devotee of mathematics , a handsome , buoyant girl , Miss MacKinnon
...

Perfect for the knowledge-hungry and time-poor, this collection of graphics-led lessons makes engineering interesting and accessible. Everything you need to know—and more!—packed into one convenient volume.

Author: Joel Levy

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781645172703

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 176

View: 657

Key thinkers, theories, discoveries, and inventions explained on a single page! Instant Engineering pulls together all the pivotal engineering theories and discoveries into one concise volume. Each page contains a distinct “cheat sheet,” which tells you the most important facts in bite-size chunks, so you can feel like an expert in minutes! From Archimedes to Elon Musk, from pumps and pulleys to the steam engine, and from the canal boat to the space rocket—every key figure, theory, or term is expressed in succinct and lively text and graphics. Perfect for the knowledge-hungry and time-poor, this collection of graphics-led lessons makes engineering interesting and accessible. Everything you need to know—and more!—packed into one convenient volume.

Images, Ideas, and Communities Eberhard Knobloch. [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [
17] A curious historical detail emerged during research on this paper. The
American Mathematical Monthly, 33 (1926), 487–490, records the abstracts of
lectures ...

Author: Eberhard Knobloch

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0125996632

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 486

This volume contains nine essays dealing with historical issues of mathematics. The topics covered span three different approaches to the history of mathematics that may be considered both representative and vital tothe field. The first section, Images of Mathematics, addresses the historiographical and philosophical issues involved in determining the meaning of mathematical history. The second section, Differential Geometry and Analysis, traces the convoluted development of the ideas of differential geometry and analysis. The third section, Research Communities and International Collaboration, discusses the structure and interaction of mathematical communities through studies of the social fabric of the mathematical communities of the U.S. and China. Please provide.

Curves for the Mathematically Curious is a rigorous and enriching mathematical experience for anyone interested in curves, and the book is designed so that readers who choose can follow the details with pencil and paper.

Author: Julian Havil

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691197784

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 521

Ten amazing curves personally selected by one of today's most important math writers Curves for the Mathematically Curious is a thoughtfully curated collection of ten mathematical curves, selected by Julian Havil for their significance, mathematical interest, and beauty. Each chapter gives an account of the history and definition of a curve, providing a glimpse into the elegant and often surprising mathematics involved in its creation and evolution. In telling the ten stories, Havil introduces many mathematicians and other innovators, some whose fame has withstood the passing of years and others who have slipped into comparative obscurity. You will meet Pierre Bézier, who is known for his ubiquitous and eponymous curves, and Adolphe Quetelet, who trumpeted the ubiquity of the normal curve but whose name now hides behind the modern body mass index. These and other ingenious thinkers engaged with the challenges, incongruities, and insights to be found in these remarkable curves—and now you can share in this adventure. Curves for the Mathematically Curious is a rigorous and enriching mathematical experience for anyone interested in curves, and the book is designed so that readers who choose can follow the details with pencil and paper. Every curve has a story worth telling.

The very name of Ptolemy's masterpiece has its own curious history . The Greeks
called it Megale Syntaxis ( the Great Collection ) . Later translators from Greek
into Arabic , either through admiration or carelessness , combined the Arabic ...

This text concentrates on the history of those topics typically covered in an undergraduate curriculum or in secondary schools. It presents a full account of how mathematics has developed over the last 5000 years, and assorted problems of varying degrees of difficulty have been interspersed throughout the text.

As he grew up he became teacher of mathematics in his father's school . ... Most
persons would have remembered this incident as a curious story to tell ; but there
was one mind which wakened up at ance to a sense of the significance of the ...

There is a curious story connected with Cauchy's treatment of differential
equations . Cauchy never published an account of this second - year course ,
and it is only recently that proof sheets for the first 13 lectures of the course have
come to ...

Author: Victor J. Katz

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: UOM:49015002546076

Category: Mathematics

Page: 879

View: 729

One of the leading historians in the mathematics field, Victor Katz provides a world view of mathematics, balancing ancient, early modern, and modern history.

Author: American Mathematical SocietyPublish On: 2003

The Curious History of the School Protractor . Mathematics teachers and students
could be forgiven for taking the protractor for granted as an educational tool for
children . After all , the 2000 NCTM standards recommend that middle schoolers
...

The book will also capture the interest of the motivated general reader.

Author: Gerard O’Regan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447145349

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 489

This clearly written and enlightening textbook provides a concise, introductory guide to the key mathematical concepts and techniques used by computer scientists. Topics and features: ideal for self-study, offering many pedagogical features such as chapter-opening key topics, chapter introductions and summaries, review questions, and a glossary; places our current state of knowledge within the context of the contributions made by early civilizations, such as the ancient Babylonians, Egyptians and Greeks; examines the building blocks of mathematics, including sets, relations and functions; presents an introduction to logic, formal methods and software engineering; explains the fundamentals of number theory, and its application in cryptography; describes the basics of coding theory, language theory, and graph theory; discusses the concept of computability and decideability; includes concise coverage of calculus, probability and statistics, matrices, complex numbers and quaternions.

As he grew up he became teacher of mathematics in his father ' s school . ... Most
persons would have remembered this incident as a curious story to tell ; but there
was one mind which wakened up at ance to a sense of the significance of the ...

Janus , Februarius , time in history , could actually agree about something : Mars ,
and Aprilis were more Roman gods ... regardless of their religious belief , has a
last are of some relevance to me in my place of work , but of curious history .

804 . a ? curious story , to which we think there are grounds ? v . infra , append .
viii . for attaching some authority , it will appear that it was this same scholar who
attempted to instruct Abailard in the rudiments of mathematics . Tirric , as he is ...

Author: Reginald Lane Poole

Publisher: London, Society for promoting Christian knowledge; New York, The Macmillan Company