Math on Trial

Math on Trial

Math on Trial tells the story of ten trials in which mathematical arguments were used—and disastrously misused—as evidence.

Author: Leila Schneps

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780465037940

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 306

In the wrong hands, math can be deadly. Even the simplest numbers can become powerful forces when manipulated by journalists, politicians or other public figures, but in the case of the law your liberty—and your life—can depend on the right calculation. Math on Trial tells the story of ten trials in which mathematical arguments were used—and disastrously misused—as evidence. Despite years of math classes, most people (and most jurors) fail to detect even simple mathematical sophistry, resulting in such horrors as a medical expert’s faulty calculation of probabilities providing the key evidence for a British mother’s conviction for the murder of her two babies. The conviction was later overturned, but three years in prison took its toll—Sally Clark died of acute alcohol intoxication in March of 2007. Mathematicians Leila Schneps and Coralie Colmez use a wide range of examples, from a mid-19th-century dispute over wills that became a signal case in the forensic use of mathematics, to the conviction and subsequent exoneration of Amanda Knox, to show how the improper application of mathematical concepts can mean the difference between walking free and life in prison. The cases discussed include: -The Case of Amanda Knox (How a judge’s denial of a second DNA test may have destroyed a chance to reveal the truth about Meredith Kercher’s murder) -The Case of Joe Sneed (How a fabricated probability framed a son for his parents’ grisly killing) -The Case of Sally Clark (How multiplying non-independent probabilities landed an innocent mother in jail for the murder of her children) -The Case of Janet Collins (How unjustified estimates combined with a miscalculated probability convicted an innocent couple of violent robbery) A colorful narrative of mathematical abuse featuring such characters as Charles Ponzi, Alfred Dreyfus, Hetty Green, and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Math on Trial shows that legal expertise isn’t everything when it comes to proving a man innocent.
Categories: Mathematics

Character in the Criminal Trial

Character in the Criminal Trial

A decent narrative account is L. Schneps and C. Colmez, Math on Trial: How
Numbers Get Used and Abused in the Courtroom (New York: Basic Books, 2013)
, ch 1; for more legal detail, see R. Nobles and D. Schiff, 'A Story of Miscarriage: ...

Author: Mike Redmayne

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191057045

Category: Law

Page: 330

View: 618

If a defendant is on trial for a crime such as burglary, to what extent should the fact that he has a previous conviction for burglary feature in his trial? Should the prosecution be allowed to tell the jury about the previous conviction as evidence that the defendant is more likely to have committed burglary? Should the judge give the defendant a longer sentence because he has a previous conviction? These are the fundamental questions examined in Character in the Criminal Trial. Including an in-depth analysis of the character evidence provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, this book assesses the arguments for and against using character evidence to prove a defendant's guilt. It explores the sentencing provisions in the same Act, as well as the general use of criminal record and other character evidence to aggravate and mitigate sentence. Issues examined in the course of the book include: psychological and philosophical debates about the stability of character; criminological research on recidivism and the nature of criminal careers; ethical debates about the use of prior behaviour to prove current or future offending; the process of reasoning underlying the use of bad character evidence; whether bad character evidence is prejudicial; and the use of risk assessment instruments to classify offenders as dangerous. By combining insights from law, psychology, criminology, and philosophy, Redmayne reassesses the use of character in the criminal trial and reflects on the significance of the law's increasing emphasis on character.
Categories: Law

Trial

Trial

Ask to get on our mailing list and receive our newsletter STRUCTURES without
cost or obligation. ... N. you can overcome the limitations of ordinary courtroom
presentations—cumbersome models, lifeless charts, graphs, diagrams, ... based
on information from a variety of sources, including expert analysis, empirical data,
and mathematical models. ... Yet, a sizeable number of New Mexico lawyers
report that joint custody requests are being used to gain economic leverage to
get the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105061382417

Category: Law

Page:

View: 499

Categories: Law

Library Journal

Library Journal

Children's Mathematical Development examines number - skills Mathematical
development from infancy through adolescence . ... of children's testimony is a
highly debated topic in America's courtrooms , universities , and professional
organizations . ... of analysis , the authors examine real life cases in which
children were key witnesses in criminal child abuse trials . ... used and skills can
be learned to help solve problems , improve communication , and handle stress
more effectively .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002765366

Category: Libraries

Page:

View: 752

Categories: Libraries

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International

Participants in the “ labeling " condition were told each member's expertise
before beginning the first trial , and asked to ... social environment to
undergraduate students ' persistence in physical science , mathematical , and
engineering majors . ... ISBN : 0-493-27510 - X . Major Professor : Douglas L.
Epperson Order Number DA3016702 This study explored the extent to ... The
present experiment examined the influence of these different courtroom
procedures , judges ' non - verbal ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105112755777

Category: Dissertations, Academic

Page:

View: 236

Categories: Dissertations, Academic

Trends and Issues

Trends and Issues

Changes in public attitudes toward drug and alcohol abuse have resulted in
more aggressive enforcement and prosecution of these and other types ... In
many circuits , sophisticated mathematical modeling is now used to standardize
workloads . ... In Cook County , night courts have been instituted for drug cases to
increase the number of criminal trials that can be processed in existing courtroom
space .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112047061558

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page:

View: 653

Categories: Criminal justice, Administration of

The Northwestern Reporter

The Northwestern Reporter

Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER where the other partner
admitted being present corporation and associates ... 166 N. W. 1007 Action of
trial court in refusing to declare mistrial on account of disturbance outside
courtroom, due to plaintiff in personal injury action hollering after she left stand,
held not abuse of discretion, in view of amount awarded. ... verdict for damages
not capable of mathematical calculation and largely discretionary with the jury
whenever he feels ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3500089

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page:

View: 886

Categories: Law reports, digests, etc

West s Southern Reporter

West s Southern Reporter

We are also aware of the possibility that such a procedure can be abused. ... The
determination is not simply a mathematical calculation, based on the number of
alleged public policy interests or state interests ... We can envision situations
where a witness in Tallahassee, who is unable to travel due to illness or disability
, can testify via satellite in a courtroom in Miami. ... The court shall order a
commission to be issued to take the deposition of the witnesses to be used in the
trial and that ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4428068

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page:

View: 348

Categories: Law reports, digests, etc

West s Pacific Digest Beginning 367 P 2d

West s Pacific Digest  Beginning 367 P 2d

For later cases see same Topic and Key Number in Pocket Part Wash . ... court
did not abuse its discretion in not abuse of discretion , even though more
admitting into evidence a model of the centralthan two years had elapsed
between event izer , where the model was used for illustrative involved and time
of trial , in view of testimo - purposes only and where any ... Admission , in action
by pe - if material to the issues , may become admissidestrian for injuries
sustained in fall on side ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105060119273

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page:

View: 390

Categories: Law reports, digests, etc

Film Video Finder

Film   Video Finder

Examines a number of nondestructive methods which can be used to meet the
same end and which produce large cost ... U-matic Math Factory, Module I-Sets
Series Color (P) Develops understanding of inequality and equality of numbers
and ... 7 U-matic Child Abuse Series Color (PRO) Teaches the diagnosis of
failure to thrive and explains the hospital therapy ... Dist - INSTRU Nonverbal
Communication in the Trial 50 MIN VHS / U-matic Effective Communication in the
Courtroom ...

Author:

Publisher: Plexus Publishing (NJ)

ISBN: UCSD:31822023995558

Category: Motion pictures

Page: 4300

View: 541

Categories: Motion pictures

Complex Litigation at the Millenium

Complex Litigation at the Millenium

At a minimum , an expert's testimony should be ruled invalid only upon a finding
of abuse of scientific discretion , namely ... unless all scientists who go beyond
stating that atoms exist and that there are myriad stars are banned from the
courtroom . 3. ... The number of subjective elements in a theory will gradually be
reduced over time , but never to zero . ... reasonable measures of reliability in a
particular case is a matter that the law grants the trial judge broad latitude to
determine .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X006120406

Category: Complex litigation

Page: 415

View: 107

Categories: Complex litigation

New Scientist

New Scientist

If more than 80 per cent of all murdered women , abused or not , are killed by
their partner , " the presence of abuse may ... into the " ultimate issue " error :
explicitly equating the ( small ) number P ( ETH ) with a suspect ' s likelihood of
innocence . ... flies out of the courtroom window long before Bayes can even be
applied - because the probabilities used are wrong . ... stumped by such counter -
intuitive results : surveys show that 85 to 90 per cent of health professionals get it
wrong too ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015085201120

Category: Science

Page:

View: 231

Categories: Science

The Criminal Law Reporter

The Criminal Law Reporter

At the revocation proceeding , the trial judge found that the defendant had
violated the counseling condition of his ... a good - faith effort to work on his
sexual abuse problem , which resulted in his being dropped from two counseling
programs . ... intimidating setting - in chambers — is less degrading and less
embarrassing than a courtroom hearing , ” it observed . ... of defense
eviSCIENTISTS DISPUTE VALIDITY OF MATH USED IN REPORTING RESULTS
OF DNA TESTS Databases ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000008523833

Category: Criminal law

Page:

View: 694

Categories: Criminal law

West s Pacific Digest

West s Pacific Digest

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000004572879

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page:

View: 296

Categories: Law reports, digests, etc

Toward Freedom

Toward Freedom

Only treatments proven to be safe and effective should be used on human beings
. ... The books also said that dreaming about abuse , or even thinking that
something might have hap - pened , proved that it ... Along with those calls , they '
ve also heard from an increasing number of former patients who ' d been led to
believe that ... Carlson decided to find a lawyer . ... In January 1996 , after the
longest psychiatric malpractice trial in US his - tory , Barden and colleagues won
the case ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015068907941

Category: Europe

Page:

View: 275

Categories: Europe

South Western Reporter Second Series

South Western Reporter  Second Series

Cases Argued and Determined in the Courts of Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri,
Tennessee, Texas : with Key Number Annotations ... compensation case
although employer's physician on cross examination testified that exact
mathematical percentage ... Request for production could not be used to force
worker's compensation carrier to reduce information concerning ... though
employee had remained in courtroom throughout trial of worker's compensation
action wherein worker alleged ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4427463

Category: Law reports, digests, etc

Page:

View: 972

Categories: Law reports, digests, etc

Vanity Fair

Vanity Fair

The civil action is scheduled to resume a week after the criminal trial ends: new
courtroom, same characters. ... Elizabeth Loewy, the veteran head of the Elder
Abuse Unit, and Peirce Moser, a relative newcomer to the office, had begun ...
remember people, and could no longer handle simple math since numbers - - By
John ELIGON had become “incomprehensible. ... (Brooke Astor had left her
daughter-in-law only two used fur coats—an insult harking back to the furtrading
roots of the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132680385

Category: Dressmaking

Page:

View: 766

Categories: Dressmaking