Maternal Effects in Mammals

Maternal Effects in Mammals

The first volume published on the subject in more than a decade, Maternal Effects in Mammals reflects advances in genomic, ecological, and behavioral research, as well new understandings of the evolutionary interplay between mothers and ...

Author: Dario Maestripieri

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226501222

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 134

Evolutionary maternal effects occur whenever a mother’s phenotypic traits directly affect her offspring’s phenotype, independent of the offspring’s genotype. Some of the phenotypic traits that result in maternal effects have a genetic basis, whereas others are environmentally determined. For example, the size of a litter produced by a mammalian mother—a trait with a strong genetic basis—can affect the growth rate of her offspring, while a mother’s dominance rank—an environmentally determined trait—can affect the dominance rank of her offspring. The first volume published on the subject in more than a decade, Maternal Effects in Mammals reflects advances in genomic, ecological, and behavioral research, as well new understandings of the evolutionary interplay between mothers and their offspring. Dario Maestripieri and Jill M. Mateo bring together a learned group of contributors to synthesize the vast literature on a range of species, highlight evolutionary processes that were previously overlooked, and propose new avenues of research. Maternal Effects in Mammals will serve as the most comprehensive compendium on and stimulus for interdisciplinary treatments of mammalian maternal effects.
Categories: Science

Mammal Societies

Mammal Societies

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 304–324. Chevrud, J.M. and Wolf, J.B. (2009)
Genetics and evolutionary consequences of maternal effects. In: Maternal Effects
in Mammals (eds D. Maestripieri and J.M. Mateo). Chicago: University of Chicago
 ...

Author: Tim Clutton-Brock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119095323

Category: Science

Page: 760

View: 738

The book aims to integrate our understanding of mammalian societies into a novel synthesis that is relevant to behavioural ecologists, ecologists, and anthropologists. It adopts a coherent structure that deals initially with the characteristics and strategies of females, before covering those of males, cooperative societies and hominid societies. It reviews our current understanding both of the structure of societies and of the strategies of individuals; it combines coverage of relevant areas of theory with coverage of interspecific comparisons, intraspecific comparisons and experiments; it explores both evolutionary causes of different traits and their ecological consequences; and it integrates research on different groups of mammals with research on primates and humans and attempts to put research on human societies into a broader perspective.
Categories: Science

Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

(2009) Maternal effects in mammals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Mappes, T. & Koskela, E. (2004) Genetic basis of the tradeoff between offspring
number and quality in the bank vole. Evolution, 58, 645–650. Marshall, D.J. &
Uller, T.

Author: Anne Charmantier

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191655968

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 760

Although the field of quantitative genetics - the study of the genetic basis of variation in quantitative characteristics such as body size, or reproductive success - is almost 100 years old, its application to the study of evolutionary processes in wild populations has expanded greatly over the last few decades. During this time, the use of 'wild quantitative genetics' has provided insights into a range of important questions in evolutionary ecology, ranging from studies conducting research in well-established fields such as life-history theory, behavioural ecology and sexual selection, to others addressing relatively new issues such as populations' responses to climate change or the process of senescence in natural environments. Across these fields, there is increasing appreciation of the need to quantify the genetic - rather than just the phenotypic - basis and diversity of key traits, the genetic basis of the associations between traits, and the interaction between these genetic effects and the environment. This research activity has been fuelled by methodological advances in both molecular genetics and statistics, as well as by exciting results emerging from laboratory studies of evolutionary quantitative genetics, and the increasing availability of suitable long-term datasets collected in natural populations, especially in animals. Quantitative Genetics in the Wild is the first book to synthesize the current level of knowledge in this exciting and rapidly-expanding area. This comprehensive volume also offers exciting perspectives for future studies in emerging areas, including the application of quantitative genetics to plants or arthropods, unraveling the molecular basis of variation in quantitative traits, or estimating non-additive genetic variance. Since this book deals with many fundamental questions in evolutionary ecology, it should be of interest to graduate, post-graduate students, and academics from a wide array of fields such as animal behaviour, ecology, evolution, and genetics.
Categories: Science

Mammalian Brain Development

Mammalian Brain Development

Maternal. Effects. on. HPA. Responses. to. Stress. To-date, most work has
focused on the molecular mechanisms by which manipulations (e.g., handling)
that alter the level of maternal LG-ABN induce and increase hippocampal GR
expression ...

Author: Damir Janigro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1607612879

Category: Medical

Page: 227

View: 624

Denis Noble Nearly a decade after completion of the first draft of the entire Human Genome sequence we are in a better position to assess the nature and the consequences of that heroic achievement, which can be seen as the culmination of the molecular biological revolution of the second half of the twentieth century. The achievement itself was celebrated at the highest levels (President and Prime Minister) on both sides of the Atlantic, and rightly so. DNA sequencing has become sufficiently c- mon now, even to the extent of being used in law courts, that it is easy to forget how technically difficult it was and how cleverly the sequencing teams solved those problems in the exciting race to finish by the turn of the century [1, 2]. The fanfares were misplaced, however, in an important respect. The metaphors used to describe the project and its biological significance gave the impression to the public at large, and to many scientists themselves, that this sequence would reveal the secrets of life. DNA had already been likened to a computer program [3]. The “genetic program” for life was therefore to be found in those sequences: A kind of map that had simply to be unfolded during development. The even more colo- ful “book of life” metaphor gave the promise that reading that book would lead to a veritable outpouring of new cures for diseases, hundreds of new drug targets, and a brave new world of medicine.
Categories: Medical

Mammalian Egg Transfer

Mammalian Egg Transfer

A significant maternal effect on birth weight has also been demonstrated in
rabbits128 and mice.129 The study in mice partitioned the maternal effect on
growth into pre- and post-natal phases and established the marked importance of
the ...

Author: Lewis Adams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351091138

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 443

Egg transfer was first performed in 1890, but for half a century it received scant attention. However, since 1950 the technique has become increasingly widely used - in the laboratory for fundamental studies and more recently in practice, both veterinary and medical, to boost reproductive potential of genetically superior cattle and to overcome sterility due to impaired rubal function in women. As a result, a considerable body of literature has accumulated, totaling well in excess of a thousand references. But till now there has not been a single comprehensive text devoted solely to this subject. The present work was designed to meet that need at a time when the field is fast expanding with new techniques and approaches constantly being evolved. One need only cite the tremendous rate of progress in human egg transfer in the last three years. The work embraces laboratory and farm animals and primates, including man, altogether representing a total of 16 species.
Categories: Medical

Group Decision Making in Humans and Animals

Group Decision Making in Humans and Animals

genotype or phenotype , then we would classify the B locus as having a maternal
effect , even if the exact effect depends on the offspring ' s genotype . In this case ,
we would say that the B locus has a maternal effect , but the effect depends on ...

Author: Larissa Conradt

Publisher:

ISBN: 0854037365

Category: Decision making

Page: 136

View: 749

Categories: Decision making

Gender and Parenthood

Gender and Parenthood

“A Multilevel Even History Analysis of the Effects of Grandmothers on Child
Mortality in a Historical German Population (Krummhorn, Ostfriesland, 1720–
1987).” Demographic ... “Mother Knows Best: Epigenetic Inheritance, Maternal
Effects, and the Evolution of Human Intelligence. ... In Maternal Effects in
Mammals, ed.

Author: W. Bradford Wilcox

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231530972

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 212

The essays in this collection deploy biological and social scientific perspectives to evaluate the transformative experience of parenthood for today's women and men. They map the similar and distinct roles mothers and fathers play in their children's lives and measure the effect of gendered parenting on child well-being, work and family arrangements, and the quality of couples' relationships. Contributors describe what happens to brains and bodies when women become mothers and men become fathers; whether the stakes are the same or different for each sex; why, across history and cultures, women are typically more involved in childcare than men; why some fathers are strongly present in their children's lives while others are not; and how the various commitments men and women make to parenting shape their approaches to paid work and romantic relationships. Considering recent changes in men's and women's familial duties, the growing number of single-parent families, and the impassioned tenor of same-sex marriage debates, this book adds sound scientific and theoretical insight to these issues, constituting a standout resource for those interested in the causes and consequences of contemporary gendered parenthood.
Categories: Psychology

Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction

Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction

The list of maternal effect genes continues to grow (Table 2.2) and includes gene
products likely to play similar roles in ... oogenesis and embryogenesis.127
TABLE 2.2 Maternal Effects genes Identified in Mammalian Oocytes Name
Protein ...

Author: Tony M. Plant

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123977694

Category: Science

Page: 2684

View: 874

The Fourth Edition of Knobil & Neill continues to serve as a reference aid for research, to provide the historical context to current research, and most importantly as an aid for graduate teaching on a broad range of topics in human and comparative reproduction. In the decade since the publication of the last edition, the study of reproductive physiology has undergone monumental changes. Chief among these advances are in the areas of stem cell development, signaling pathways, the role of inflammation in the regulatory processes in the various tissues, and the integration of new animal models which have led to a greater understanding of human disease. The new edition synthesizes all of this new information at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels of organization and present modern physiology a more understandable and comparative context. The Fourth Edition has been extensively revised, reflecting new fundamental advancements in this rapidly advancing field. Provides a common language for researchers across the fields of physiology, endocrinology, and biology to discuss their understanding of reproduction. Saves academic researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on reproductive physiology, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles.
Categories: Science

Principles of Behavioral Genetics

Principles of Behavioral Genetics

The environmental contribution to phenotypic variation can be dissected similarly
into common spatial and temporal environmental factors, intrauterine maternal
effects (in mammals), and residual environmental factors of unknown origin.

Author: Robert RH Anholt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080919898

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 453

Principles of Behavioral Genetics provides an introduction to the fascinating science that aims to understand how our genes determine what makes us tick. It presents a comprehensive overview of the relationship between genes, brain, and behavior. Introductory chapters give clear explanations of basic processes of the nervous system and fundamental principles of genetics of complex traits without excessive statistical jargon. Individual chapters describe the genetics of social interactions, olfaction and taste, memory and learning, circadian behavior, locomotion, sleep, and addiction, as well as the evolution of behavior. Whereas the focus is on genetics, neurobiological and ecological aspects are also included to provide intellectual breadth. The book uses examples that span the gamut from classical model organisms to non-model systems and human biology, and include both laboratory and field studies. Samples of historical information accentuate the text to provide the reader with an appreciation of the history of the field. This book will be a valuable resource for future generations of scientists who focus on the field of behavioral genetics. Defines the emerging science of behavioral genetics Engagingly written by two leading experts in behavioral genetics Clear explanations of basic quantitative genetic, neurogenetic and genomic applications to the study of behavior Numerous examples ranging from model organisms to non-model systems and humans Concise overviews and summaries for each chapter
Categories: Psychology

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Effect of egg size on size at and time to first feeding and metamorphosis in the
California newt. After Kaplan and Cooper (1984). component of the ... primates or
fetal alcohol syndrome of humans. In other mammals, maternal “temperament” ...

Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198028563

Category: Science

Page: 916

View: 816

The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.
Categories: Science

Advances in Marine Biology

Advances in Marine Biology

Summary of evidence of maternal effects Maternal effects and maternal
influences (see Box 1.1 for definitions) occur in many fish species via a range of
maternal and offspring traits, as described above in this review. Examples from
mammals ...

Author: D. W. Sims

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123743510

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 312

Advances in Marine Biology was first published in 1963 under the founding editorship of Sir Frederick S. Russell, FRS. Now edited by D.W. Sims (Marine Biological Association Laboratory, Plymouth, UK), with an internationally renowned Editorial Board, the serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics which will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, and biological oceanography. Eclectic volumes in the series are supplemented by thematic volumes on such topics as The Biology of Calanoid Copepods. * Highly cited review papers and thematic volumes in the broad area of marine biology * Complete review and synthesis of scientific work that exposes newcomers to a thorough understanding of the background in the field * Special attention given to high-quality figures and tables with color throughout
Categories: Science

Functional Teratogenesis

Functional Teratogenesis

maternal effect if the mean square for female parents differs significantly from the
mean square for the male parents ... Two components of prenatal maternal
effects must be clearly defined , especially in mammals : the intrauterine and the
 ...

Author: Tomoko Fujii

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:L0064734684

Category: Developmental toxicology

Page: 238

View: 110

Categories: Developmental toxicology

Larsen s Human Embryology E Book

Larsen s Human Embryology E Book

These consist of both maternal effect genes and four types of zygotic genes: gap
genes, pair-rule genes, segment polarity genes, and homeotic selector genes.
maternal effect genes play little or no role in early patterning of the mammalian ...

Author: Gary C. Schoenwolf

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781455727919

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 514

Larsen's Human Embryology works as a well-organized, straightforward guide to this highly complex subject, placing an emphasis on the clinical application of embryology and presenting it in an easily digestible manner. Ideal for visual students, this updated medical textbook includes a superior art program, brand-new online animations, and high-quality images throughout; clear descriptions and explanations of human embryonic development, based on all of the most up-to-date scientific discoveries and understanding, keep you abreast of the latest knowledge in the field. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Take advantage of the most current advances in molecular biology and genetics. Review the material in a flexible manner that meets your specific needs thanks to a user-friendly design. Access high-yield content and quickly locate key information with help from newly condensed text and additional summary tables. Take advantage of key pedagogical features such as opening "Summary" boxes. Visualize complex concepts more clearly than before through a superior art program and outstanding clinical content and images throughout. Reinforce your understanding of the material and how it will relate to real-life scenarios with "Embryology in Practice" clinical closers added to each chapter.
Categories: Medical

Research Investment Report

Research Investment Report

Experimental Determination of the Etiology of Maternal Effects in Swine T. M.
Wilken , B.S .; David G. McLaren , Ph.D . ... at Urbana - Champaign Justification In
many species of mammal , including pigs , the dam influences post - natal traits in
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89054838693

Category: Swine

Page:

View: 699

Categories: Swine

Congenital Defects New Directions in Research

Congenital Defects  New Directions in Research

SOME ASPECTS OF MATERNAL EFFECTS ON CONGENITAL
MALFORMATIONS F . Clarke Fraser In 1960 , Anne McLaren concluded a talk on
maternal effects in mammals by saying : “ Thus , the mammals have open to them
an alternative ...

Author: Dwight T. Janerich

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015003774778

Category: Abnormalities

Page: 294

View: 113

Categories: Abnormalities

Maternal Behavior in Mammals

Maternal Behavior in Mammals

However , the differences in care and the results Foster ( 1959 ) obtained with
some reciprocal Fı hybrids suggest that maternal effects are responsible (
Ressler , 1962 ) . Additional evidence for the plasticity of young Peromyscus is
provided ...

Author: Harriet Lange Rheingold

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4346886

Category: Animal behavior

Page: 349

View: 592

Categories: Animal behavior

Population Genetics

Population Genetics

Since the environmental contribution to the covariance among full sib littermates
arises from their common dam , it is frequently referred to as the maternal effect .
Mammalian full sibs who are not littermates occupy the same uterus , but at ...

Author: Donald P. Doolittle

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UOM:39015012592963

Category: Population genetics

Page: 264

View: 850

Categories: Population genetics

Marine Mammals Fisheries Tourism and Management Issues

Marine Mammals  Fisheries  Tourism and Management Issues

THE EFFECTS OF PROVISIONING ON MATERNAL CARE IN WILD
BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS, SHARK BAY, AUSTRALIA janet Mann and Courtney
Kemp: Common effects of or parameters associated with provisioning wildlife
Tomoisciurus.

Author: Nicholas Gales

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 9780643099265

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 529

Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues brings together contributions from 68 leading scientists from 12 countries to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date review on the way we manage our interactions with whales, dolphins, seals and dugongs. The book examines how we have fared conserving the world’s marine mammal populations, with a focus on the key issues of fisheries and tourism. From a unique southern hemisphere perspective, the authors consider how science informs the culling debate, how wild fisheries and aquaculture interact with marine mammal populations and how we might manage the effects of whale, dolphin and seal watching industries. The authors also address other issues such as the way in which ethics, genetics, acoustics, ecosystem models and pollution influence the management and conservation of marine mammals. Marine Mammals is an invaluable and accessible resource for all those involved with marine mammals, including scientists, managers, policy makers, industry representatives and students. Winner of a 2004 Whitley Award.
Categories: Science

MAMMALIAN EGG TRANSFER

MAMMALIAN EGG TRANSFER

The question is therefore raised whether such animals provide new opportunities
of understanding tumor rejection in resistant lines and tumor formation in
susceptible animals . B. Maternal Effects Embryo transfer can be used to
determine ...

Author: Cyril Edwin Adams

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN: UCAL:B4311499

Category: Medical

Page: 242

View: 645

Categories: Medical

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Previous research on trans - generational effects in mammals has focused on
maternal antibody ( matAb ) transfer , in particular , in relation to vaccination in
humans and mice . In birds , maternal transfer of antibodies via egg yolk to
offspring ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89099258808

Category: Meteorology

Page:

View: 279

Categories: Meteorology