Materials Characterization

Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods

Author: Yang Leng

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

View: 6931

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Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions - in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.
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A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

Author: John P. Sibilia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471186335

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 7338

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This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing. Over 100 materials methodologies, evaluations, chemical analyses, physical testing, and scientific computing techniques are covered, including the fields of molecular spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, chromatography, chemical analysis, x-ray analysis, microscopy, surface science, thermal analysis, and polymer characterization. All of the.
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Materials Chemistry

Author: Bradley D. Fahlman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402412557

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 815

View: 2756

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The 3rd edition of this successful textbook continues to build on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field — in a concise format. The 3rd edition offers significant updates throughout, with expanded sections on sustainability, energy storage, metal-organic frameworks, solid electrolytes, solvothermal/microwave syntheses, integrated circuits, and nanotoxicity. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions.
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Materials Analysis in Forensic Science

Author: Max M. Houck

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128006730

Category: Law

Page: 530

View: 9419

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The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward. This volume, Materials Analysis in Forensic Science will serve as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching materials analysis in forensic science. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials and professional issues the reader may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, the Advanced Forensic Science Series is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of materials analysis Contains information on a wide variety of trace evidence Covers methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, and field deployable devices Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions
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Handbook of Biophotonics

Author: Jürgen Popp,Valery V. Tuchin,Arthur Chiou,Stefan H. Heinemann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527410481

Category: Science

Page: 1131

View: 5833

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This debut edition of Visualizing Physical Geography encompasses the science of physical geography from local to global scales, using a uniquely visual approach to take students on a journey from the top layers of the Earth’s atmosphere to the rocks underlying the ocean basins to the forests of the farthest continents. As students explore the critical topics of physical geography, their study of the climate, surface features, and habitats around the world uses basic concepts of ecology, geology, chemistry, environmental science, biology, and physics and many other disciplines. Visualizing Physical Geography reinforces these interacting components and, with its premier art program, vividly illustrates the interconnectedness of physical processes that weave together to create our planet’s dynamic surface and atmosphere. Visualizing Geography relies heavily on other visuals with text to elucidate concepts for students and solidify their understanding of them. The goal is to help students understand the world around them and interpret what they see in a meaningful, accurate and exciting way. The content, design and layout of the text takes advantage of the full capacity in which students process information – visual as well as verbal. Visualizing Geography also helps students examine their own personal studying and learning styles with several new pedagogical aids –– encouraging students to apply what they are learning to their everyday lives. Visualizing Geography continues to offer ongoing study tips and psychological techniques for mastering the material. Most importantly students are provided with numerous opportunities to immediately access their understanding.
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Practical Materials Characterization

Author: Mauro Sardela

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461492815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 237

View: 3321

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Practical Materials Characterization covers the most common materials analysis techniques in a single volume. It stands as a quick reference for experienced users, as a learning tool for students, and as a guide for the understanding of typical data interpretation for anyone looking at results from a range of analytical techniques. The book includes analytical methods covering microstructural, surface, morphological, and optical characterization of materials with emphasis on microscopic structural, electronic, biological, and mechanical properties. Many examples in this volume cover cutting-edge technologies such as nanomaterials and life sciences.
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Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

The Search for the Right Tools

Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid,Jorge Bravo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527664637

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 740

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Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.
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Lubricants

Introduction to Properties and Performance

Author: Marika Torbacke,Åsa Kassman Rudolphi,Elisabet Kassfeldt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118799712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 2766

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Those working with tribology often have a background inmechanical engineering, while people working with lubricantdevelopment have a chemistry/chemical engineering background. Thismeans they have a tradition of approaching problems in differentways. Today’s product development puts higher demands ontiming and quality, requiring collaboration between people withdifferent backgrounds. However, they can lack understanding of eachother’s challenges as well as a common language, and so thisbook aims to bridge the gap between these two areas. Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performanceprovides an easy to understand overview of tribology and lubricantchemistry. The first part of the book is theoretical and providesan introduction to tribological contact, friction, wear andlubrication, as well as the basic concepts regarding properties andthe most commonly made analyses on lubricants. Base fluids andtheir properties and common additives used in lubricants are alsocovered. The second part of the book is hands-on and introduces thereader to the actual formulations and the evaluation of theirperformance. Different applications and their correspondinglubricant formulations are considered and tribological test methodsare discussed. Finally used oil characterisation and surfacecharacterisation are covered which give the reader an introductionto different methods of characterising used oils and surfaces,respectively. Key features: Combines chemistry and tribology of lubricants into one unifiedapproach Covers the fundamental theory, describing lubricant propertiesas well as base fluids and additives Contains practical information on the formulations oflubricants and evaluates their performance Considers applications of lubricants in hydraulics, gears andcombustion engines Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performance isa comprehensive reference for industry practitioners (tribologists,lubricant technicians, and lubricant chemists, etc) and is also anexcellent source of information for graduate and undergraduatestudents.
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Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids

Structure and Properties

Author: Zbigniew H. Stachurski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527682198

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 1018

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Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.
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