Material Characterization Tests

Material Characterization Tests

The first edition of this book was welcomed not only by the conservation profession but also by those working in archaeology and museums who need to know from what materials objects are made, the compounds that are associated with them or ...

Author: Nancy Odegaard

Publisher:

ISBN: 1909492205

Category: Art

Page: 242

View: 299

The first edition of this book was welcomed not only by the conservation profession but also by those working in archaeology and museums who need to know from what materials objects are made, the compounds that are associated with them or the characteristics of the materials used to package or store them. This second edition (reprint) includes modifications to several of the procedures described - tests for metals, inorganic compounds, organic and synthetic materials as well as several tests that help to characterize materials. The tests are applicable to a wide range of object classes including metal, textile, leather, paper, plastics and architectural materials. In addition to presenting the detailed methodology for carrying out each test, the authors have evaluated the effectiveness of each test in order to assist the reader in selecting the most applicable test and interpreting the results.
Categories: Art

Material Characterization and Testing of Cured in place Pipe to Resist Earthquake Related Ground Deformation

Material Characterization and Testing of Cured in place Pipe to Resist Earthquake Related Ground Deformation

The CIPP used in this work is commercially available as Aqua-pipe, manufactured by Sanexen Environmental Services, Inc. to rehabilitate water mains.

Author: Natalie Lucia Mottl

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1200300643

Category:

Page: 93

View: 543

This thesis summarizes the testing procedures and key results of full-scale tests on Cured-In-Place Pipe (CIPP) to evaluate its performance under earthquake induced ground deformation. The CIPP used in this work is commercially available as Aqua-pipe, manufactured by Sanexen Environmental Services, Inc. to rehabilitate water mains. The investigation covered in this work includes tensile coupon tests, direct tension tests, friction tests, and direct shear tests. The test results improve the understanding and characterization of the axial force vs. displacement relationship for CIPP movement relative to the host pipe, lining/pipe interface friction, and the effects of geometry, internal pressure, and repeated loading on the axial force vs. relative displacement relationship. The direct tension test results show that the mobilization of axial force is affected by Mode II fracture propagation, friction between the exterior surface of the lining and interior surface of the host pipe, and geometric resistance generated by the relative movement of the lining within a host pipe of variable inside diameter. The most important finding from the direct tension tests is that substantial additional axial forces may be mobilized after debonding as the lining is affected by geometric interference caused by movement through a pipe with variable internal diameter. The test results provide a first-time confirmation of this loading mechanism. The friction tests show that the axial load response is independent of loading rate, with a similar load range and maximum load for the tests conducted at 1 in. (25 mm)/min, 10 in. (250 mm)/min, and 100 in. (2500 mm)/min. The first friction test, done under no pressure, developed larger axial forces due to the greater frictional resistance between the lining and pipe than in a subsequent test under the same testing conditions and geometry. The difference in the axial loads show that over-cleaned field pipes or new ductile iron pipes can have a greater frictional resistance between the lining and pipe than properly cleaned or previously loaded pipes. The most important result from the friction tests involves the influence of internal pressure on axial load response. As the internal pressure increased, the axial load for a given displacement increased linearly. Regressions of axial load vs. internal pressure at the same levels of displacement show a clear linear relationship with similar slopes. The results of the direct shear tests for new ductile iron and field cast iron pipes show a coefficient of friction of 0.61. This value represents the relatively smooth debonded lining surface conditions representative of the CIPP cleaning and lining process for old cast iron water mains. It also represents the interface between the lining and new ductile iron pipe after repeated displacements. The test results show that a coefficient of friction of 0.84 is a good estimate for lining/pipe interfaces that are rough and irregular.
Categories:

National Transonic Facility Fan Blade Prepreg Material Characterization Tests

National Transonic Facility Fan Blade Prepreg Material Characterization Tests

The test program developed for the basic prepreg materials used in process development work and fabrication of the National Transonic Facility fan blade is presented.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NASA:31769000549843

Category:

Page: 82

View: 825

The test program developed for the basic prepreg materials used in process development work and fabrication of the National Transonic Facility fan blade is presented. The basic prepreg materials and the design laminate are characterized at 89 K ( -300 deg F), RT (room temperature), and 366 K (200 deg F). A discussion of the characterization tests, test equipment, and test data is presented. Material test results in the warp direction are given for tensile, compressive, fatigue (tension-tension), interlaminar shear and thermal expansion.
Categories:

Long and Deep Tunnels

Long and Deep Tunnels

Advanced Testing and Characterization of Bituminous Materials – Loizos, Partl,
Scarpas & Al-Qadi (eds) ©2009 Taylor ... I.B. Kazatchkov, P. Michalica, J. Stastna
& L. Zanzotto Bituminous Materials Chair, Schulich School of Engineering, ...

Author: Vittorio Guglielmetti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415558549

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 500

View: 381

The design and construction of “long and deep” tunnels, i.e. tunnels under mountains, characterised by either considerable length and/or overburden, represent a considerable challenge. The scope of this book is not to instruct how to design and construct such tunnels but to share a method to identify the potential hazards related to the process of designing and constructing long and deep tunnels, to produce a relevant comprehensive analysis and listing, to quantify the probability and consequences, and to design proper mitigation measures and countermeasures. The design, developed using probabilistic methods, is verified during execution by means of the so called Plan for Advance of the Tunnel (PAT) method, which allows adapting the design and control parameters of the future stretches of the tunnel to the results of the stretches already finished, using the monitoring data base. Numerous criteria are given to identify the key parameters, necessary for the PAT procedure. Best practices of excavation management with the help of real time monitoring and control are also provided. Furthermore cost and time evaluation systems are analysed. Finally, contractual aspects related to construction by contract are investigated, for best development and application of models more appropriate for tunnelling-construction contracts. The work will be of interest to practising engineers, designers, consultants and students in mining, underground, tunnelling, transportation and construction engineering, as well as to foundation and geological engineers, urban planners/developers and architects.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis Second Edition Edited by John P. Sibilia This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing.

Author: John P. Sibilia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471186333

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 981

Written both for the novice and for the experienced scientist, this miniature encyclopedia concisely describes over one hundred materials methodologies, including evaluation, chemical analysis, and physical testing techniques. Each technique is presented in terms of its use, sample requirements, and the engineering principles behind its methodology. Real life industrial and academic applications are also described to give the reader an understanding of the significance and utilization of technique. There is also a discussion of the limitations of each technique.
Categories: Science

T T Chen Honorary Symposium on Hydrometallurgy Electrometallurgy and Materials Characterization

T T  Chen Honorary Symposium on Hydrometallurgy  Electrometallurgy and Materials Characterization

Field Test Results. The 60-day exposure resulted in small but measurable
material loss. Although longer ... Phase 11 Materials Tests Phase 1 testing had
reviewed a large range of options and test methodologies. Phase II focused on
selecting ...

Author: Shijie Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118364840

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 803

View: 349

Proceedings of a symposium sponsored by the Hydrometallurgy and Electrometallurgy Committee and the Materials Characterization Committee of the Extraction and Processing Division of TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) Held during the TMS 2012 Annual Meeting & Exhibition Orlando, Florida, USA March 11-15, 2012
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The ISRM Suggested Methods for Rock Characterization Testing and Monitoring 2007 2014

The ISRM Suggested Methods for Rock Characterization  Testing and Monitoring  2007 2014

Adnan. Aydin. 1 Introduction Ultrasonic testing is one of the most widely used
nondestructive testing methods for rock material characterization (Lama and
Vutukuri 1978). The method is based on the generation, transmission and
reception of ...

Author: R. Ulusay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319077130

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 834

This book is a collection of ISRM suggested methods for testing or measuring properties of rocks and rock masses both in the laboratory and in situ, as well as for monitoring the performance of rock engineering structures. The first collection (Yellow Book) has been published in 1981. In order to provide access to all the Suggested Methods in one volume, the ISRM Blue Book was published in 2007 (by the ISRM via the Turkish National Group) and contains the complete set of Suggested Methods from 1974 to 2006 inclusive. The papers in this most recent volume have been published during the last seven years in international journals, mainly in Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering. They offer guidance for rock characterization procedures and laboratory and field testing and monitoring in rock engineering. These methods provide a definitive procedure for the identification, measurement and evaluation of one or more qualities, characteristics or properties of rocks or rock systems that produces a test result.
Categories: Science

Materials Characterization by Thermomechanical Analysis

Materials Characterization by Thermomechanical Analysis

Science. REFERENCE: Neag, C. M, "Thermomechanical Analysis in Materials
Science," Material Characterization by Thermomechanical Analysis, ASTMSTP
1136, A. T. Riga and C. M. Neag, Eds., American Society for Testing and
Materials, ...

Author: Alan T. Riga

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 0803114346

Category: Materials

Page: 195

View: 466

Fifteen papers from the symposium held in Philadelphia, March 1990, examine the uses of thermomechanical analysis and thermodilatometry in materials science, addressing instrumentation, techniques, and applications. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.
Categories: Materials

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials Characterization and ceramic matrix composites

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials  Characterization and ceramic matrix composites

In the last three decades , several micro tests have been developed to
characterize the fiber / matrix interfacial ... matrix are perfectly bonded and the
matrix material is perfectly plastic , the interfacial shear strength T can then be
calculated by a ...

Author: Anoush Poursartip

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 1855732254

Category: Ceramic-matrix composites

Page: 872

View: 128

Categories: Ceramic-matrix composites

Dynamic Torsion Test for the Mechanical Characterization of Soft Biological Tissues

Dynamic Torsion Test for the Mechanical Characterization of Soft Biological Tissues

he determination of the mechanical properties of viscoelastic materials through
dynamic torsion tests requires an accurate ... of the analytical and finite element
models developed to this end and used for the inverse material characterization.

Author: Davide Valtorta

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783867271844

Category:

Page: 156

View: 453

Categories:

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis

Written in easy-to-read and -use format, this book updates and revises its bestselling predecessor to become the most complete, comprehensive resource on plastics testing.

Author: Vishu Shah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470100417

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 873

Written in easy-to-read and -use format, this book updates and revises its bestselling predecessor to become the most complete, comprehensive resource on plastics testing. This book has an emphasis on significance of test methods and interpretation of results. The book covers all aspects of plastics testing, failure analysis, and quality assurance - including chapters on identification analysis, failure analysis, and case studies. The book concludes with a substantial appendix with useful data, charts and tables for ready reference. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic NDE for Structure and Material Characterization

Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic NDE for Structure and Material Characterization

12.7.mm). was. attached. to. a. material. testing. system. (AG-50kNI,. Shimazu. ...
Tests.on.five.kinds.of.the.maximum.displacement,.1,.2,.3,.4,.and. 6.5.mm ... 836
Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic NDE for Structure and Material Characterization.

Author: Tribikram Kundu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439836637

Category: Science

Page: 890

View: 827

Most books on nondestructive evaluation (NDE) focus either on the theoretical background or on advanced applications. Bridging the gap between the two, Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic NDE for Structure and Material Characterization: Engineering and Biomedical Applications brings together the principles, equations, and applications of ultrasonic and electromagnetic NDE in a single, authoritative resource. This is also one of the first books to incorporate a number of popular NDE methods based on electromagnetic techniques. Combines Engineering and Biological Material Characterization Techniques in One Book The book begins with the relevant fundamentals of mechanics and electromagnetic theory, derives the basic equations, and then, step by step, covers state-of-the-art topics and applications of ultrasonic and electromagnetic NDE that are at the forefront of research. These include engineering, biological, and clinical applications such as structural health monitoring, acoustic microscopy, the characterization of biological cells, and terahertz imaging. Covers Numerous Applications of Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic Techniques—from the Traditional to the Advanced Written in plain language by some of the world’s leading experts, the book includes worked-out examples and exercises that make this an outstanding resource for coursework. The coverage of traditional and advanced NDE applications also appeals to practicing engineers and researchers.
Categories: Science

Experimental Methods in Tribology

Experimental Methods in Tribology

T E S T S P E C I M E N S 6.1 INTRODUCTION It is well documented that
tribological behaviour of a material depends on its material properties/
characteristics and characterization of test specimens is an essential stage in any
tribological ...

Author: Gwidon Stachowiak

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080472737

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 471

This is an indespensible guide to both researchers in academia and industry who wish to perform tribological experiments more effectively. With an extensive range of illustrations which communicate the basic concepts in experimental methods tribology more effectively than text alone. An extensive citation list is also provided at the end of each chapter facilitating a more thorough navigation through a particular subject. * Contains extensive illustrations * Highlights limitations of current techniques
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials Fourth Edition

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials  Fourth Edition

Compression. Testing. 14.1 Introduction Composite materials have largely been
used in relatively thin laminate forms (i.e., ... necessary to develop and
standardize corresponding through-thickness material property characterization
tests.

Author: Leif A. Carlsson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439848593

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 379

View: 491

Over the last three decades, the evolution of techniques for the experimental testing of composite materials has struggled to keep up with the advances and broadening areas of application of the composite materials themselves. In recent years, however, much work has been done to consolidate and better understand the test methods being used. Finally, a consensus regarding the best available methods exists, and definitive recommendations can be made. Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials provides a succinct, authoritative treatment of the best available methods for determining the mechanical properties, thermal expansion coefficients, and fracture and strength data for composite materials. With an emphasis firmly on practical matters, it presents processing techniques, specimen preparation, analyses of test methods, test procedures, and data reduction schemes. Five chapters covering specific aspects of lamina testing are followed by discussions extending those principles to laminate responses. The treatment concludes by exploring composite durability issues with a detailed examination of defects and fracture mechanics. The Fourth Edition is revised to include: New figures, updated ASTM standards, and an expanded index Major additions in processing of thermoset resins, neat resin tests, sandwich structures, cure analyses, damage tolerance tests, single fiber tests, fiber matrix interface tests, interlaminar tension tests, through-thickness tension and compression tests, open-hole compression tests, falling weight impact tests, compression-after-impact tests, sandwich beam and core tests, and more With its concise format, detailed procedures, and expert assessments, this book is an outstanding resource for composites manufacturing and test engineers, lab technicians, and other industry professionals, as well as students, academia, and government research and engineering organizations. It brings together all of the most appropriate and widely accepted test methods developed to date.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Elastic plastic Fracture Test Methods

Elastic plastic Fracture Test Methods

... Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, 1984, pp. 104-116.
ABSTRACT: ./-initiation values and ./-resistance curves are the most promising
candidates for the characterization of fracture resistance of materials used in the
transition ...

Author: E. T. Wessel

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 0803104197

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 948

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Boundary layer Transition Experiments on Pre ablated Graphite Nosetips in a Hyperballistics Range

Boundary layer Transition Experiments on Pre ablated Graphite Nosetips in a Hyperballistics Range

Daniel C. Reda, Robert A. Leverance. B. Material Surface Roughness
Characterization Detailed graphite microroughness and material property
characterization tests were conducted ( 11 ) on two ATJ - S graphite nosetips ,
one polished and ...

Author: Daniel C. Reda

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015095247170

Category: Ablation (Aerothermodynamics)

Page: 81

View: 287

An experimental program was conducted to test the validity of extrapolating the PANT (Passive Nosetip Technology) boundary-layer transition correlation, based on wind-tunnel/calorimeter-model results, to actual nosetip materials exposed to actual reentry environments. Pre-ablated ATJ-S graphite nosetips were flown on specific ballistics range trajectories through both air and nitrogen (with and without ablation). Surface temperature contours were measured via electrooptical pyrometry, from which transition zone presence and location were inferred. Significant discrepancies were noted between predicted and experimentally observed transition zone behavior, as influenced by Reynolds number and wall-temperature effects. A question was raised concerning characterization of a surface microroughness distribution, for transition purpose, by its median value. In addition, significant surface roughness effects on laminar-flow heat-transfer rates were noted.
Categories: Ablation (Aerothermodynamics)

Mechanical Tests for Bituminous Mixes Characterization Design and Quality Control

Mechanical Tests for Bituminous Mixes   Characterization  Design and Quality Control

PRACTICE. P.RENKEN Institut für Straßenwesen, Technische Universität
Braunschweig, Germany 1 Introduction There is a great number of material tests
in existance showing a high degree of technical achievement and precision.
Such tests ...

Author: E. Eustacchio

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203626993

Category: Architecture

Page: 672

View: 532

This book forms the Proceedings of an International RILEM Symposium, the fourth in the series, on Testing of Bituminous Mixes in Budapest, Hungary, October 1990. The aim of the Symposium is to promote tests for the characterization, design and quality control of bituminous mixes which combine the best features of traditional and modern approaches. Among the topics covered are specimen preparation, tests with unique loading (Marshall test, uniaxial tension and creep tests etc), which are used for mix design or control of mechanical properties, and tests with repeated loading, which give information on fatigue, permanent deformation and moduli, especially for mix design.
Categories: Architecture

Computational Methods and Experiments in Materials Characterization II

Computational Methods and Experiments in Materials Characterization II

It is planned to perform fracture experiments at different moisture contents ,
namely 6 , 12 , 18 and 30 percent to follow the ... com , ISSN 1743 - 3533 ( on -
line ) 124 Computational Methods and Experiments in Material Characterisation
II.

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845640314

Category: Computers

Page: 354

View: 315

Bringing together the work of practitioners in many fields of engineering, materials and computational science, this book includes most of the papers presented at the Second International Conference on Material Characterisation. Compiled with the central aim of encouraging interaction between experimentalists and modelers, the contributions featured are divided under the following sections: MICROSTRUCTURES ? Composites; Alloys; Ceramics; Cements; Foams; Suspensions; Biomaterials; Thin Films; Coatings. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS - Optical Imaging; SEM, TEM; X-Ray Microtomography; Ultrasonic Techniques; NMR/MRI; Micro/Nano Indentation; Thermal Analysis; Surface Chemistry. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS - Continuum Methods (FEM, FV, BEM); Particle Models (MD, DPD, Lattice-Boltzmann); Montecarlo Methods; Cellular Automata; Hybrid Multiscale Methods; and Damage Mechanics.
Categories: Computers

Application of Imaging Techniques to Mechanics of Materials and Structures Volume 4

Application of Imaging Techniques to Mechanics of Materials and Structures  Volume 4

Soft biomaterials are notoriously difficult to characterize, since they are typically
nonlinear, anisotropic, viscoelastic, and ... Namely, material characterization tests
can shed new light on tissue and organ physiology and the relationships ...

Author: Tom Proulx

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441997968

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 462

View: 536

This the fourth volume of six from the Annual Conference of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, 2010, brings together 58 chapters on Application of Imaging Techniques to Mechanics of Materials and Structure. It presents findings from experimental and computational investigations involving a range of imaging techniques including Recovery of 3D Stress Intensity Factors From Surface Full-field Measurements, Identification of Cohesive-zone Laws From Crack-tip Deformation Fields, Application of High Speed Digital Image Correlation for Vibration Mode Shape Analysis, Characterization of Aluminum Alloys Using a 3D Full Field Measurement, and Low Strain Rate Measurements on Explosives Using DIC.
Categories: Technology & Engineering