Marijuana A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Marijuana  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

This single-volume resource provides sound, up-to-date information and authoritative resources for research on the controversial topics of the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes and the effects of marijuana use on ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440850523

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 101

This single-volume resource provides sound, up-to-date information and authoritative resources for research on the controversial topics of the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes and the effects of marijuana use on society. • Provides readers with an in-depth understanding of the way in which marijuana has been treated in the nation's long-running "war on drugs" • Presents arguments both for and against the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes • Offers a variety of resources that readers can use for further study of the subject • Contains a chapter with selections from important documents in the history of marijuana use, including laws and court cases that deal with the substance and its use and abuse
Categories: Social Science

Gun Control in the United States A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Gun Control in the United States  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

Series Illegal Immigration: A Reference Handbook, second edition Michael C. LeMay ... second edition Angela Lumpkin Marijuana: A Reference Handbook, ...

Author: Gregg Lee Carter

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440835674

Category: Political Science

Page: 401

View: 852

This up-to-date second-edition work will stimulate and clarify readers' thinking on the key issues surrounding guns in the United States—especially on the debate over gun control. • Provides a balanced view of the contemporary gun debate in the United States, explaining the positions of both gun rights proponents and advocates of stricter gun control without demonizing either • Draws on a vast array of research in criminology, history, law, medicine, politics, and social science to provide one of the most comprehensive single-source references on gun issues • Presents current and historical data on U.S. gun violence—including homicides, suicides, and accidental shoots—and places these numbers against international statistics on gun violence, thereby providing the context to enable readers to reach their own opinion on the gun debate
Categories: Political Science

Substance Abuse A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Substance Abuse  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

In addition to describing the nature of licit and illicit drugs, the beneficial and harmful effects drugs can have on the human body, and factors that may lead to abuse and/or substance abuse, this book covers subtopics such as drug testing ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440854781

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 366

View: 692

This go-to resource on substance abuse supplies the broad background knowledge and historical information needed to understand this important sociological issue and provides readers with a range of additional sources for continuing their study of the topic. • Offers a broad introduction to the physiological, anatomical, and psychological changes associated with substance use and a variety of perspectives from subject experts with special knowledge of and/or experience with substance abuse problems • Provides an easily accessible list of nearly 100 books, articles, reports, and electronic sources with additional information on the topic of substance abuse • Addresses sociological aspects of drug use and the current debate over the legalization of certain drugs, such as medical and recreational marijuana • Includes a collection of relevant data and documents, an extensive annotated bibliography, a chronology, and a glossary
Categories: Health & Fitness

Nuclear Power A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Nuclear Power  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

Series Child Soldiers: A Reference Handbook David M. Rosen Medical ... A Reference Handbook Paul J. Springer Marijuana: A Reference Handbook David E. Newton ...

Author: Harry Henderson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610693974

Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 437

Provides timely and up-to-date facts, context, perspectives, and tools to make informed decisions about nuclear energy. • Surveys five decades of controversy and examines the effects of nuclear disasters • Explains why nuclear power is being proposed as an important solution to the problem of global climate change • Supplies opinions from experts and advocates regarding the future of the nuclear industry • Provides overview information on technical topics such as the nuclear power cycle, from uranium mine to waste storage; and the differences between reactor designs and their associated benefits and risks
Categories: Science

Healthcare Reform in America A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Healthcare Reform in America  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

Series Marijuana: A Reference Handbook David E. Newton Religious Nationalism: ... A Reference Handbook, Second Edition Jeff Bumgarner Fracking: A Reference ...

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610699662

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 343

View: 872

This valuable handbook makes the U.S. health care system understandable, reviews the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or "Obamacare," describes past health care reform efforts, and covers the important organizations and people involved in U.S. health care reform. • Provides clear, accessible information that enables readers to understand the history and key issues in the development and reform of the U.S. health care system • Presents short essays that discuss specific issues from the perspective of the expert contributor • Includes an index to assist researchers in finding information and resources on specific topics, a bibliography that lists the sources cited throughout the book and recommended additional reading, and a glossary of health care-specific terms
Categories: Health & Fitness

Human Trafficking A Reference Handbook

Human Trafficking  A Reference Handbook

Series The Minimum Wage: A Reference Handbook Oren M. Levin-Waldman ... second edition Angela Lumpkin Marijuana: A Reference Handbook, second edition David ...

Author: Alexis A. Aronowitz

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440834851

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 632

Offering an up-to-date and comprehensive resource for students and general readers investigating human trafficking, this book examines the phenomenon in its many forms, the factors contributing to its existence, the victims it affects, and those who perpetrate this horrific crime. • Provides readers with a greater understanding of the complexities of human trafficking—from lack of clarity in the definition to the problem of identifying victims—and how human trafficking differs from human smuggling • Enables a greater appreciation for the social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors that contribute to human trafficking and suggests how these crimes should be addressed • Suggests measures that have been introduced and must be applied more extensively to combat trafficking and protect potential victims
Categories: Political Science

Campus Sexual Assault A Reference Handbook

Campus Sexual Assault  A Reference Handbook

Series Same-Sex Marriage: A Reference Handbook, second edition David E. Newton DNA ... second edition Angela Lumpkin Marijuana: A Reference Handbook, ...

Author: Alison E. Hatch

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440841408

Category: Education

Page: 341

View: 699

This invaluable reference text thoroughly examines the alarming epidemic of campus sexual assault, including a discussion of laws, high-profile cases, controversies, and proposed solutions. • Provides coverage of a timely topic that helps contextualize the issue by providing historical background and contemporary analysis of key events, laws, people, and controversies • Presents perspectives from individuals with firsthand experience with the issue of campus sexual assault, including a Title IX investigator, a college counselor, a sexual assault nurse, as well as community advocates and survivors • Explores strategies and changes that could serve to prevent assaults from occurring
Categories: Education

Juvenile Justice A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Juvenile Justice  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

A Reference Handbook Donald J. Shoemaker, Timothy W. Wolfe ... When he examined her purse, the administrator found evidence of marijuana possession, ...

Author: Donald J. Shoemaker

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440840753

Category: Law

Page: 314

View: 138

Authoritative, current, and easy to use, this book is an outstanding resource for readers looking to gain an accurate and thorough understanding of American juvenile justice. • Presents historical and contemporary data in an easy-to-understand fashion that survey the complex history of the juvenile justice system and allow readers to better comprehend the key issues • Includes a perspectives chapter that enables readers to hear voices from individuals with different backgrounds who are concerned with juvenile justice • Provides an ideal resource for general readers who want to learn more about the history and current events concerning juvenile justice as well as students without previous background knowledge of the subject • Contains a chronology of key moments in the history of juvenile justice in the United States as well as a glossary of key terms and definitions to guide the reader
Categories: Law

Prisons in the United States A Reference Handbook

Prisons in the United States  A Reference Handbook

Series Global Pandemic Threats: A Reference Handbook Michael C. LeMay ... edition Angela Lumpkin Marijuana: A Reference Handbook, second edition David E.

Author: Cyndi Banks

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440844386

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 874

Offering perspectives from a range of experts, both academic and nonacademic, this reference book examines the development of prisons in the United States and addresses the principal contemporary issues and controversies of our prisons and prison systems. • Presents a comprehensive yet succinct history of the development of men's and women's prisons in the United States • Offers a range of author perspectives that identify and explore the principal issues associated with prisons and imprisonment • Documents the shift from an intent to reform inmates in prisons to retribution and an attempt to remove all criminals from society, using prisons for "warehousing" of undesired elements • Provides a complete reference guide for the understanding of prisons and imprisonment as a punishment
Categories: Social Science

Profiling and Criminal Justice in America A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Profiling and Criminal Justice in America  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

A Reference Handbook Jeff Bumgarner ... The patrolman smelled marihuana smoke as he was walking toward the stopped vehicle, and he seized marihuana in plain ...

Author: Jeff Bumgarner

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610698528

Category: Social Science

Page: 377

View: 789

An unbiased examination of profiling in the criminal justice system—one of the most hotly contested public policy issues—on the streets, in the courts, and in the jails and prisons of America. • Presents essays from scholars in the field on both sides of the debate to provide fair and objective information that allow readers to consider the interests of equality and fairness on one side versus public safety and crime fighting on the other • Examines profiling along a wide range of variables—race, religion, gender, and sexual orientation—rather than addressing only racial profiling • Covers more recent events in profiling such as Arizona SB 1070, the "Stop and Frisk" policy in New York City, and the TSA's profiling of Muslims as well as older cases such as Whren vs. United States • Provides summaries and analyses of key court cases relating to the permissibility and impermissibility of profiling
Categories: Social Science

The American Political Party System A Reference Handbook

The American Political Party System  A Reference Handbook

Series Marijuana: A Reference Handbook, second edition David E. Newton Gun Control in the United States: A Reference Handbook, second edition Gregg Lee ...

Author: Michael C. LeMay

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440854125

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 564

What historical factors transformed American politics into the institution we know today? This in-depth look at America's party system traces its efficacy, sustainability, and popularity through six influential presidencies spanning 1790 to the present day. • Theorizes how the presidencies of Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, McKinley, FDR, and Ronald Reagan marked the beginning of a new political party system at the time and considers how Obama's election might signal the latest transformation • Contains essays that explain how political beliefs affect party identification, examine each party's platform on national security issues, and identify the effects the Trump campaign has on the Republican Party • Features 15 primary documents including excerpts from the Federalist Papers and relevant sections of the U.S. Constitution • Includes maps, bar and line graphs, and pie charts to illustrate key elements of the party system
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Modern Sport Ethics A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Modern Sport Ethics  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

“Miss. among 14 States with Progressive Marijuana Laws.” The Clarion-Ledger. Available at http:// www.clarionledger.com/story/dailyledes/2014/07/28/ ...

Author: Angela Lumpkin

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440851162

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 396

View: 316

The descriptions and examples of unethical behaviors in sport in this book will challenge readers to rethink how they view sport and question whether participating in sport builds character—especially at the youth and amateur levels. • Describes and analyzes key ethical issues, such as cheating, fair play, violence, discriminatory actions, and the use of performance-enhancing drugs, in a single volume • Identifies how ethical problems in sport affect sport in the United States and internationally but also significantly impact society overall • Examines significant events and influential individuals to provide a historical and sociological context for understanding how and why individuals behave unethically in sport • Provides a wealth of information and resources that describe how poor behaviors of athletes, coaches, and parents in sport can be changed through educational interventions and a reemphasis on values like integrity
Categories: Sports & Recreation

GMO Food A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

GMO Food  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

Second, the “paste pot” also occurs naturally in cells and is used to repair strands of DNA that have broken as a result of exposure to heat, light, ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440877773

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 757

GMO Food: A Reference Handbook offers an in-depth discussion of genetically modified food. It discusses the history of, opposition to, regulation of, and labeling of genetic modifications, along with the potential benefits and harm involved. GMO Food: A Reference Handbook is intended to serve as a research guide for young adults in high school and beyond. Students at all grade levels should be able to use the book as an introduction to the history of genetic engineering of organisms and the use of this technology for the development of new forms of crops and foods. They will learn briefly about historic methods of plant and animal modification (such as cross-breeding) and, in more detail, how discoveries since the late nineteenth century have greatly changed the process of plant and animal modification. These discoveries include important steps forward in genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetic engineering, and related fields. They will also learn about the variety of social, political, philosophical, economic, and other issues that have arisen alongside these scientific advances, as well as about some of the laws, regulations, and other solutions that have been developed for dealing with the range of attitudes about genetically modified foods. The second edition covers developments since 2014. Provides readers with the basic background they need about genetically modified foods in order to understand current issues Includes additional readings, a comprehensive chronology, a glossary, and other features to aid students' understanding of current issues and guide them in designing and conducting their own research Offers ideas for additional research from a list of important individuals and organizations Rounds out the author's expertise in perspectives essays that show readers a diversity of viewpoints
Categories: Political Science

Steroids and Doping in Sports A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Steroids and Doping in Sports  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

... 185 Bhasin, Shalender, 300 Biden, Joe, 168–170, 229 Big Book of Steroids, The (King), ... See marijuana Canseco, Jose, 99, 178–180, 314 carbon-12 (12C), ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440854828

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

View: 430

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to one of the most controversial issues in modern society—steroid abuse among athletes—as well as to the ongoing debate over the use and misuse of illegal substances in amateur and professional sporting events. • Helps readers towards an understanding of the nature of anabolic steroids and their effects on the human body, both beneficial and harmful • Comprises an extensive array of tools that permits students to continue their own research on the topic • Includes a glossary of terms that will aid readers in better understanding the technical language used in discussions of steroids and doping in sports • Introduces readers to the complex issue of testing for illegal drugs in both amateur and professional sports, and to methods of testing and problems involved with mediating the validity and reliability of tests • Introduces students to important individuals and organizations involved in steroid abuse and doping in sports, both historically and currently
Categories: Political Science

School Violence A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

School Violence  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

A Reference Handbook Laura L. Finley ... Samples were sent to an independent laboratory to test for amphetamines, marijuana, and cocaine.

Author: Laura L. Finley

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610696241

Category: Education

Page: 357

View: 164

A timely investigation of the history, legislation, and perpetrators of school violence, this guide debunks the myths and misconceptions about this terrible problem of national concern. With school violence on the rise, schools have implemented security safeguards like never before in the form of metal detectors, video cameras, and armed guards. School communities have mixed opinions regarding these drastic prevention measures—many welcome the protection, while some condemn the reminders of violence these tactics evoke. This comprehensive text introduces the history of school violence in the United States, providing an overview of proposed causes—from violent video games, to inadequate parental involvement, to bullying by classmates—and detailing the pros and cons of various deterrents. Experienced criminologist Laura Finley incorporates personal reflections, primary source data, and profiles of key figures to address the painful reality of school shootings and other violent acts. The text expounds upon the characteristics of victims, individuals who are most likely to carry out violence, and common types of assaults. Chapters include a discussion on current legislation; stories of infamous perpetrators; activists who are working to make schools safer; and school, community, and societal risk factors. • Addresses significant milestones in legislation and policies that have been enacted to respond to and prevent school violence • Contains an informative timeline of key events in the history of school violence and prevention • Highlights key court cases as well as data related to measuring violence • Provides a compilation of best practices for the prevention of school violence • Features perspectives from diverse viewpoints, including administrators, students, and academics
Categories: Education

DNA Technology A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

DNA Technology  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

... Gay and Lesbian Rights-A Resource Handbook (1994, 2009), The Ozone Dilemma ... Sexual Health (2010), The Animal Experimentation Debate (2013), Marijuana ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440850486

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 589

This accessibly written book introduces readers to DNA—one of the most important technologies for the manipulation of all forms of life, from simple bacteria to plants and animals. It also addresses the most important social, ethical, political, economic, and other issues raised by this form of technology. • Provides an engaging and readable introduction to the topic of DNA technology that enables anyone—even readers with a minimal background in science—to understand the science and technology involved in many of today's key social issues • Offers a thoroughly updated version of the information and topics first presented in the successful first edition of this book • Presents an extensive range of reference materials that include an extended annotated bibliography and extensive endnotes • Includes a Documents and Data chapter that provides excerpts from important laws, court cases, government reports, and other primary sources
Categories: Science

Same Sex Marriage A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Same Sex Marriage  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

... Gay and Lesbian Rights—A Resource Handbook (1994, 2009), The Ozone Dilemma ... Sexual Health (2010), The Animal Experimentation Debate (2013), Marijuana ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440850509

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 202

Same-sex marriage continues to be a polarizing subject in the United States and other parts of the world. This new edition of Same-Sex Marriage: A Reference Handbook brings readers up to date on the status of same-sex unions from social, legal, political, and historical perspectives. • Presents up-to-date coverage of important events in the modern history of same-sex marriage in the United States and other parts of the world as well as public opinion and statistics on same-sex marriage • Describes and explains changes in the legal status of same-sex marriage since the U.S. Supreme Court decision on Obergefell v. Hodges in 2015 • Outlines potential future directions of the ongoing debate over same-sex marriage • Provides an extensive bibliography, a collection of documents, a set of essays, and other resources for extended study of the topic
Categories: Social Science

Fracking A Reference Handbook

Fracking  A Reference Handbook

Series Military Robots and Drones: A Reference Handbook Paul J. Springer Marijuana: A Reference Handbook David E. Newton Religious Nationalism: A Reference ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610696920

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 871

The use of fracking is a tremendously important technology for the recovery of oil and gas, but the advantages and costs of fracking remain controversial. This book examines the issues and social, economic, political, and legal aspects of fracking in the United States. • Provides readers with a complete historical review of the origins, development, and expansion of the use of fracking • Explains the technical principles related to the use of fracking in clear, nontechnical language • Presents an unbiased review of the arguments for and against the use of fracking for the recovery of oil and gas • Supplies a summary of the history of the use of fracking in the United States
Categories: Science

Obesity A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Obesity  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

A Reference Handbook Judith S. Stern, Alexandra Kazaks. Could some of this be due to genetics? For example, we study certain rats and mice whose obesity is ...

Author: Judith S. Stern

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440838057

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 362

View: 341

Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in countries like the United States. This book provides a comprehensive summary of obesity in America and around the world, discussing the causes and proposing ways to help stem the tide and to help those who are overweight. • Provides clear, easy-to-understand, and useful information for general readers who want to learn more about the history and current events concerning obesity • Includes a Perspectives chapter that enables readers to hear voices from a range of individuals who are concerned with obesity, such as medical professionals and fat acceptance activists • Presents real-world strategies and solutions that readers can apply—and benefit from—in their own lives • Includes excerpts of key documents from the National Institutes of Health; the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; and the U.S. Surgeon General that inform how we as a society view, prevent, and treat obesity
Categories: Health & Fitness

Illegal Immigration A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Illegal Immigration  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition

A Reference Handbook Michael C. LeMay ... Jones-Correa, Michael, ed. ... It provides valuable insight into the new American urban melting pot by offering ...

Author: Michael C. LeMay

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440840135

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 862

A valuable resource for high school, college, and general readers, this book provides an up-to-date, comprehensive examination of illegal immigration in America, addressing its complex history, comparing its occurrence today with the past, and explaining why a solution is so difficult to enact. • Discusses in detail all of the proposed solutions to the illegal immigration problem in the United States • Enables the reader, on an objective and factual basis, to compare illegal immigration of today with the immigration of the past, and to assess for themselves whether today's immigrants are any more or less likely to be able to successfully assimilate into American society and economy • Provides perspective essays by a range of scholars, "think-tank" subject experts, and advocacy activists that give voice to various sides of the issue in a contrasting point/counterpoint fashion • Documents how the U.S. federal system of three levels and three branches of government complicates any effort and approach to resolving the illegal immigration problem • Includes an extensive, annotated bibliography of print and nonprint resources that directs readers toward further reading on the topic
Categories: Social Science