Technological Development and Science in the Industrial Age

Technological Development and Science in the Industrial Age

New Perspectives on the Science-Technology Relationship P. Kroes, M. Bakker. REFERENCES Abernathy, William J ., Clark ... Callon, Michel, Law, JOhn, and Rip, Arie: 1986, Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology, London: Macmillan.

Author: P. Kroes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401580106

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 108

Historians and philosophers of technology are searching for new approaches to the study of the interaction between science and technology. New conceptual frameworks are necessary since the idea that technology is simply applied science is nothing short of a myth. The papers contained in this volume deal primarily with cognitive and social aspects of the science-technology issue. One of the most salient features of these papers is that they show a major methodological shift in studying the interaction between science and technology. Discussions of the science-technology issue have long been dominated by the demarcartion problem and related semantic issues about the notions `science' and `technology', and the `technology is applied science' thesis. Instead of general `global' interpretation schemes and models of the interaction between science and technology, detailed empirical case studies of cognitive and institutional connections between `science' and `technology' constitute the hard core of this book. The book will be of interest to philosophers of science, historians and philosophers of technology and science and sociologists of science.
Categories: History

digitalSTS

digitalSTS

In this mode of engagement it becomes possible to simultaneously make controversy mapping relevant for its users and manage a necessarily ... In Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology, edited by Michel Callon, John Law, ...

Author: Janet Vertesi

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691190600

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 458

New perspectives on digital scholarship that speak to today's computational realities Scholars across the humanities, social sciences, and information sciences are grappling with how best to study virtual environments, use computational tools in their research, and engage audiences with their results. Classic work in science and technology studies (STS) has played a central role in how these fields analyze digital technologies, but many of its key examples do not speak to today’s computational realities. This groundbreaking collection brings together a world-class group of contributors to refresh the canon for contemporary digital scholarship. In twenty-five pioneering and incisive essays, this unique digital field guide offers innovative new approaches to digital scholarship, the design of digital tools and objects, and the deployment of critically grounded technologies for analysis and discovery. Contributors cover a broad range of topics, including software development, hackathons, digitized objects, diversity in the tech sector, and distributed scientific collaborations. They discuss methodological considerations of social networks and data analysis, design projects that can translate STS concepts into durable scientific work, and much more. Featuring a concise introduction by Janet Vertesi and David Ribes and accompanied by an interactive microsite, this book provides new perspectives on digital scholarship that will shape the agenda for tomorrow’s generation of STS researchers and practitioners.
Categories: Science

The New Production of Knowledge

The New Production of Knowledge

They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies.

Author: Michael Gibbons

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0803977948

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 755

In this provocative and broad-ranging work, the authors argue that the ways in which knowledge - scientific, social and cultural - is produced are undergoing fundamental changes at the end of the twentieth century. They claim that these changes mark a distinct shift into a new mode of knowledge production which is replacing or reforming established institutions, disciplines, practices and policies. Identifying features of the new mode of knowledge production - reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, heterogeneity - the authors show how these features connect with the changing role of knowledge in social relations. While the knowledge produced by research and development in science and technology is accorded central concern, the
Categories: Social Science

Scholarship in the Digital Age

Scholarship in the Digital Age

<http://www.cdlib .org/> (accessed July 8, 2006). Callon, M. (1986). The Sociology of an Actor-Network: The Case of the Electric Vehicle. In Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology: Sociology of Science in the Real World, ed.

Author: Christine L. Borgman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262250665

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 517

An exploration of the technical, social, legal, and economic aspects of the scholarly infrastructure needed to support research activities in all fields in the twenty-first century. Scholars in all fields now have access to an unprecedented wealth of online information, tools, and services. The Internet lies at the core of an information infrastructure for distributed, data-intensive, and collaborative research. Although much attention has been paid to the new technologies making this possible, from digitized books to sensor networks, it is the underlying social and policy changes that will have the most lasting effect on the scholarly enterprise. In Scholarship in the Digital Age, Christine Borgman explores the technical, social, legal, and economic aspects of the kind of infrastructure that we should be building for scholarly research in the twenty-first century. Borgman describes the roles that information technology plays at every stage in the life cycle of a research project and contrasts these new capabilities with the relatively stable system of scholarly communication, which remains based on publishing in journals, books, and conference proceedings. No framework for the impending “data deluge” exists comparable to that for publishing. Analyzing scholarly practices in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, Borgman compares each discipline's approach to infrastructure issues. In the process, she challenges the many stakeholders in the scholarly infrastructure—scholars, publishers, libraries, funding agencies, and others—to look beyond their own domains to address the interaction of technical, legal, economic, social, political, and disciplinary concerns. Scholarship in the Digital Age will provoke a stimulating conversation among all who depend on a rich and robust scholarly environment.
Categories: Computers

Digital Cognitive Technologies

Digital Cognitive Technologies

[BOW 99] BowkER G.C., STAR S.L., Sorting Things Out. Classification and Its Consequences, MIT Press, Cambridge, United States, 1999. [CAL 86] CALLON M., LAW J., RIP A. (eds.), Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology, Macmillan, ...

Author: Claire Brossard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118599853

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 921

Digital Cognitive Technologies is an interdisciplinary book which assesses the socio-technical stakes of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), which are at the core of the ?Knowledge Society.? This book addresses eight major issues, analyzed by authors writing from a Human and Social Science and a Science and Technology perspective. The contributions seek to explore whether and how ICTs are changing our perception of time, space, social structures and networks, document writing and dissemination, sense-making and interpretation, cooperation, politics, and the dynamics of collective activity (socio-informatics).
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Technology and Social Theory

Technology and Social Theory

Callon, M. (1986b) 'The Sociology of an Actor-Network: the Case of the Electric Vehicle' in M. Callon, J. Law and A. Rip (eds) Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology: Sociology of Science in the Real World (London: Macmillan), ...

Author: Steve Matthewman

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9780230343955

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 809

From the everyday and unnoticed to the newsworthy and cutting edge, technology is undoubtedly a fundamental element of our daily lives. While saving us time and effort, it can also shape our environment, mediate our relationships, and simultaneously solve problems and create new ones. In studying technology we gain an insight into how society is constructed, maintained and transformed. Unravelling and explaining the complex connections between technology and the social contexts in which it is used, Technology and Social Theory guides the reader through 150 years of thinking in this ever evolving field. The chapters critically evaluate a broad range of theorists, from Marx to Foucault, Orwell to Elias, alongside empirical examples which show theory in action. The significance of technology is assessed within both public spheres and intimate spaces, shedding light on its integral role in society. Showing how theory maps the way for further research, and in turn how new advances in research can inform theory, this book is invaluable reading for students and researchers in Sociology, Social theory, Science and Technology Studies and the Media.
Categories: Social Science

Information Cosmopolitics

Information Cosmopolitics

In M. Callon, J. Law, & A. Rip (Eds.), Mapping the dynamics of science and technology: Sociology of science in the real world (pp. 19À34). London: The Macmillan Press. Callon, M. (1986b). Some elements of a sociology of translation: ...

Author: Edin Tabak

Publisher: Chandos Publishing

ISBN: 9780081001288

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 796

Information Cosmopolitics explores interaction between nationalist and information sharing practices in academic communities with a view to understanding the potential impacts of these interactions. This book is also a resounding critique of existing theories and methods as well as the launching point for the proposition of an alternate approach. Dominant approaches in the Information Behaviour (IB) field are investigated, as well as questions existing theoretical approaches to nationalism and cosmopolitanism. The concept of information cosmopolitics is introduced as an approach for tracing information practices and enabling research participants to perform their own narratives and positionings, and that the focus of information studies should be on tracing the continuous circulation of processes of individualisation and collectivization. Provide an alternative to the dominant approaches in the field of Information Behaviour Offers a novel theoretical model to trace information practices Questions existing approaches to nationalism and cosmopolitanism
Categories: Business & Economics

Social Theory for Teacher Education Research

Social Theory for Teacher Education Research

Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology: Sociology of Science in the Real World, 19–34, London: MacMillan. Callon, M. (1987), “Society in the Making: The Study of Technology as a Tool for Sociological Analysis,” in W. Bijker, ...

Author: Kathleen Nolan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350086401

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 947

Traditionally, teacher education research theory and practice have had a technical-rational focus on productions of knowledge, skills, performance and accountability. Such a focus serves to (re)produce current educational systems instead of noticing and critiquing the wider modes of domination that permeate schools and school systems. In Social Theory for Teacher Education Research, Kathleen Nolan, Jennifer Tupper and the contributors make arguments for drawing on social theories to inform research in teacher education - research that moves the agenda beyond technical-rational concerns toward building a critically reflexive stance for noticing and unpacking the socio-political contexts of schooling. The theories discussed include Actor-Network Theory (ANT), Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) and la didactique du plurilinguisme, and social theorists covered include Barad, Bernstein, Bourdieu, Braidotti, Deleuze, Foucault, Heidegger, and Nussbaum. The chapters in this book make explicit how innovative social theory-driven research can challenge and change teacher education practices and the learning experiences of students.
Categories: Education

Springer Handbook of Science and Technology Indicators

Springer Handbook of Science and Technology Indicators

He has published over 50 articles dealing with science mapping and related metrics. His current interests include understanding the structure and dynamics of science, technology, and the missions and motives that drive them.

Author: Wolfgang Glänzel

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030025113

Category: Science

Page: 1103

View: 321

This handbook presents the state of the art of quantitative methods and models to understand and assess the science and technology system. Focusing on various aspects of the development and application of indicators derived from data on scholarly publications, patents and electronic communications, the individual chapters, written by leading experts, discuss theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, highlight their policy context and relevance, and point to future research directions. A substantial portion of the book is dedicated to detailed descriptions and analyses of data sources, presenting both traditional and advanced approaches. It addresses the main bibliographic metrics and indexes, such as the journal impact factor and the h-index, as well as altmetric and webometric indicators and science mapping techniques on different levels of aggregation and in the context of their value for the assessment of research performance as well as their impact on research policy and society. It also presents and critically discusses various national research evaluation systems. Complementing the sections reflecting on the science system, the technology section includes multiple chapters that explain different aspects of patent statistics, patent classification and database search methods to retrieve patent-related information. In addition, it examines the relevance of trademarks and standards as additional technological indicators. The Springer Handbook of Science and Technology Indicators is an invaluable resource for practitioners, scientists and policy makers wanting a systematic and thorough analysis of the potential and limitations of the various approaches to assess research and research performance.
Categories: Science

Symbolic Interaction and Cultural Studies

Symbolic Interaction and Cultural Studies

"The Specificity of the Scientific Field and the Social Conditions of the Progress of Reason." Social Science Information 14: ... Pp. 19-34 in Michel Callon, John Law, and Ari Rip, eds., Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology.

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226041050

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 227

Symbolic interactionism, resolutely empirical in practice, shares theoretical concerns with cultural studies and humanistic discourse. Recognizing that the humanities have engaged many of the important intellectual currents of the last twenty-five years in ways that sociology has not, the contributors to this volume fully acknowledge that the boundary between the social sciences and the humanities has begun to dissolve. This challenging volume explores that border area.
Categories: Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology

The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology

Bloor, D. (1999) 'Anti-Latour', Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 30(1): 81–112. Bourdieu, P. (1993) The Field of Cultural Production: Essays ... Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology. London: Macmillan. pp. 19–34.

Author: David Inglis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473958685

Category: Social Science

Page: 636

View: 290

Cultural sociology - or the sociology of culture - has grown from a minority interest in the 1970s to become one of the largest and most vibrant areas within sociology globally. In The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology, a global range of experts explore the theory, methodology and innovations that make up this ever-expanding field. The Handbook's 40 original chapters have been organised into five thematic sections: Theoretical Paradigms Major Methodological Perspectives Domains of Inquiry Cultural Sociology in Contexts Cultural Sociology and Other Analytical Approaches Both comprehensive and current, The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology will be an essential reference tool for both advanced students and scholars across sociology, cultural studies and media studies.
Categories: Social Science

Prosthetic Bodies

Prosthetic Bodies

The Construction of the Fetus and the Couple as Patients in Reproductive Technologies I. van der Ploeg. Bleier, R. (1984) Science and Gender: A ... Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology. Sociology of Science in the Real World.

Author: I. van der Ploeg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401598477

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 610

Among the vast literature on contemporary reproductive technologies, Prosthetic Bodies stands out in its effective combination of insights, methods, and theories from the history of medicine, constructivist science and technology studies, and feminist theory. The double focus on IVF and related techniques, and fetal treatment and surgery, enables the identification of debatable tendencies within today's reproductive medicine: the translation of ever more medical problems basically unrelated to women's own reproductive health - and, in the case of fetal diagnosis and treatment, sometimes formerly even unrelated to reproduction as such - into medical indications for invasive, often highly experimental interventions in women's bodies. The analyses show how, through the operations and workings of reproductive technologies themselves, as well as a variety of discursive mechanisms within scientific language, today's recasting of men's fertility problems and children's congenital anomalies as women's reproductive problems comes to appear inevitable. The book challenges the ability of traditional forms of medical ethics and law to adequately identify this incremental process. The careful analyses and arguments in Prosthetic Bodies will be relevant to students of science and technology, gender studies, philosophy, medical ethics, and law, and others interested in the cultural, ethical, and political ramifications of contemporary reproductive technologies.
Categories: Philosophy

Mapping Scientific Frontiers

Mapping Scientific Frontiers

This is an examination of the history and the state of the art of the quest for visualizing scientific knowledge and the dynamics of its development.

Author: Chaomei Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447151289

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 980

This is an examination of the history and the state of the art of the quest for visualizing scientific knowledge and the dynamics of its development. Through an interdisciplinary perspective this book presents profound visions, pivotal advances, and insightful contributions made by generations of researchers and professionals, which portrays a holistic view of the underlying principles and mechanisms of the development of science. This updated and extended second edition: highlights the latest advances in mapping scientific frontiers examines the foundations of strategies, principles, and design patterns provides an integrated and holistic account of major developments across disciplinary boundaries “Anyone who tries to follow the exponential growth of the literature on citation analysis and scientometrics knows how difficult it is to keep pace. Chaomei Chen has identified the significant methods and applications in visual graphics and made them clear to the uninitiated. Derek Price would have loved this book which not only pays homage to him but also to the key players in information science and a wide variety of others in the sociology and history of science.” – Eugene Garfield “This is a wide ranging book on information visualization, with a specific focus on science mapping. Science mapping is still in its infancy and many intellectual challenges remain to be investigated and many of which are outlined in the final chapter. In this new edition Chaomei Chen has provided an essential text, useful both as a primer for new entrants and as a comprehensive overview of recent developments for the seasoned practitioner.” – Henry Small Chaomei Chen is a Professor in the College of Information Science and Technology at Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA, and a ChangJiang Scholar at Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Information Visualization and the author of Turning Points: The Nature of Creativity (Springer, 2012) and Information Visualization: Beyond the Horizon (Springer, 2004, 2006).
Categories: Computers

Science Technology and the Ageing Society

Science  Technology and the Ageing Society

Çalışkan, K. and Callon, M. (2010) 'Economization, part 2: Research programme for the study of markets', Economy and Society, ... in R. Coombs, P. Saviotti and V. Walsh (eds) Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology, pp. 70–83.

Author: Tiago Moreira

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317602200

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 501

Ageing is widely recognised as one of the social and economic challenges in the contemporary, globalised world, for which scientific, technological and medical solutions are continuously sought. This book proposes that science and technology also played a crucial role in the creation and transformation of the ageing society itself. Drawing on existing work on science, technology and ageing in sociology, anthropology, history of science, geography and social gerontology, Science, Technology and the Ageing Society explores the complex, interweaving relationship between expertise, scientific and technological standards and social, normatively embedded age identities. Through a series of case studies focusing on older people, science and technology, medical research about ageing and ageing-related illnesses, and the role of expertise in the management of ageing populations, Moreira challenges the idea that aging is a problem for the individual and society. Tracing the epistemic and technological infrastructures that underpin multiple of ways of aging, this timely volume is a crucial tool for undergraduate and graduate students interested in social gerontology, health and social care, sociology of aging, science and technology studies and medical sociology.
Categories: Social Science

Differences in Medicine

Differences in Medicine

In Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology , edited by M. Callon et al . London : Macmillan . 1987. Society in the Making : The Study of Technology as a Tool for Sociological Analysis . In The Social Construction of Technological ...

Author: Marc Berg

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822321742

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 342

The way different medical practices differently construct their object.
Categories: Medical

Science Dynamics and Research Production

Science Dynamics and Research Production

Scientometrics 11, 295–324 (1987) L. Leydesdorrf, T. Schank, Dynamic animations of journal maps: indicators of ... 59, 1810–1818 (2008) L. Leydesdorff, I. Rafols, Local emergence and global diffusion of research technologies: an ...

Author: Nikolay K. Vitanov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319416311

Category: Mathematics

Page: 285

View: 205

This book deals with methods to evaluate scientific productivity. In the book statistical methods, deterministic and stochastic models and numerous indexes are discussed that will help the reader to understand the nonlinear science dynamics and to be able to develop or construct systems for appropriate evaluation of research productivity and management of research groups and organizations. The dynamics of science structures and systems is complex, and the evaluation of research productivity requires a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods and measures. The book has three parts. The first part is devoted to mathematical models describing the importance of science for economic growth and systems for the evaluation of research organizations of different size. The second part contains descriptions and discussions of numerous indexes for the evaluation of the productivity of researchers and groups of researchers of different size (up to the comparison of research productivities of research communities of nations). Part three contains discussions of non-Gaussian laws connected to scientific productivity and presents various deterministic and stochastic models of science dynamics and research productivity. The book shows that many famous fat tail distributions as well as many deterministic and stochastic models and processes, which are well known from physics, theory of extreme events or population dynamics, occur also in the description of dynamics of scientific systems and in the description of the characteristics of research productivity. This is not a surprise as scientific systems are nonlinear, open and dissipative.
Categories: Mathematics

Concise Encyclopedia of Comparative Sociology

Concise Encyclopedia of Comparative Sociology

Colonialism was justified on the basis of the colonizer having superior technologies and science compared to the colonialized cultures (Adas ... Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology: Sociology of Science in the Real World ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004266179

Category: Social Science

Page: 700

View: 452

This book is a collection of essays intended to communicate effectively the current state of knowledge in comparative sociology, the major aim of which is to identify similarities and differences between and among societies. Forty significant biographies are included.
Categories: Social Science

Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century The New Dynamic

Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century  The New Dynamic

Figures de la “soutenabilité” dans des bases de données scientifiques du “Web of Science”. ... A new clinical collective for French cancer genetics a heterogeneous mapping analysis. ... Mapping the dynamics ofscience and technology.

Author: Ika Darnhofer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400745032

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 490

View: 891

Farming Systems Research has three core characteristics: it builds on systems thinking, it depends on the close collaboration between social and biophysical sciences, and it relies on participation to build co-learning processes. Farming Systems Research posits that to contribute towards sustainable rural development, both interdisciplinary collaborations and local actor engagement are needed. Together, they allow for changes in understanding and changes in practices. This book gives an overview of the insights generated in 20 years of Farming Systems Research. It retraces the emergence and development of Farming Systems Research in Europe, summarises the state-of-the-art for key areas, and provides an outlook on new explorations, especially those tackling the dynamic nature of farming systems and their interaction with the natural environment and the context of action.
Categories: Technology & Engineering